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A comprehensive and multidisciplinary review of the fundamental concepts and medical applications of nanomaterials development technology Nanomedicine offers a range of multi-interdisciplinary approaches and brings together the field of chemistry, pharmaceutical science, biology, and clinical medicines by focusing on design and preparation of biodegradable or non-biodegradable biomaterials for their biological, medical, and pharmaceutical applications. Nanomaterials in Advanced Medicine reviews the concepts and applications of the combination of the technology of biology and engineering that are emerging as an integral aspect of today's advanced medicine. Nanomedicine provides the technology for imaging, cancer treatment, medical tools, bone treatment, drug delivery, diagnostic tests, drug development, angiogenesis and aims to exploit the improved and often novel physical, chemical, and biological properties of materials at the nanometer scale. Designed to provide a broad survey of the field, Nanomaterials in Advanced Medicine is divided into three main sections: Nanophysics, Nanochemistry, and Nanomedicine. Each chapter describes in detail the most current and valuable methods available and contains numerous references to the primary literature. This important book: -Offers a field guide for biologists and physicians who want to explore the fascinating world of nanotechnology -Contains a comprehensive review of the topic from a noted expert in the field -Includes an introduction to nanotechnology and explores the synthesis, structure and properties of various types of nanobiomaterials -Bridges the gap between various aspects of nanomaterials? development technology and their applications Written for pharmaceutical chemists, biotechnologists, life scientists, materials scientists, polymer chemists, and biochemists, Nanomaterials in Advanced Medicine provides a must-have guide to the fundamental concepts and current applications of nanomaterials in the medical field.
This edited volume comprises the proceedings of ICACE-2015. In the recent past Chemical Engineering as a discipline has been diversifying into several frontier areas and this volume addresses the advances in core Chemical Engineering as well as allied fields. The contents of this volume focus on energy and environmental applications of chemical engineering research and on materials science aspects of chemical engineering. This book will be useful to researchers, students, and professionals, particularly those working on interdisciplinary applications of Chemical Engineering problems.
There are a large number of books available on fuel cells; however,
the majority are on specific types of fuel cells such as solid
oxide fuel cells, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, or on
specific technical aspects of fuel cells, e.g., the system or stack
engineering. Thus, there is a need for a book focused on materials
requirements in fuel cells. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel
Cells is a concise source of the most important and key materials
and catalysts in low-temperature fuel cells. A related book will
cover key materials in high-temperature fuel cells. The two books
form part of the "Materials for Sustainable Energy &
An expert overview of current research, applications, and economic and environmental advantages The study and development of new homogeneous catalysts based on first-row metals (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) has grown significantly due to the economic and environmental advantages that non-noble metals present. Base metals offer reduced cost, greater supply, and lower toxicity levels than noble metals?enabling greater opportunity for scientific investigation and increased development of practical applications. Non-Noble Metal Catalysis provides an authoritative survey of the field, from fundamental concepts and computational methods to industrial applications and reaction classes. Recognized experts in organometallic chemistry and homogeneous catalysis, the authors present a comprehensive overview of the conceptual and practical aspects of non-noble metal catalysts. Examination of topics including non-innocent ligands, proton-coupled electron transfer, and multi-nuclear complexes provide essential background information, while areas such as kinetic lability and lifetimes of intermediates reflect current research and shifting trends in the field. This timely book demonstrates the efficacy of base metal catalysts in the pharmaceutical, fine-chemical, and agrochemical industries, addressing both environmental and economic concerns. Providing essential conceptual and practical exploration, this valuable resource: -Illustrates how unravelling new reactivity patterns can lead to new catalysts and new applications -Highlights the multiple advantages of using non-noble metals in homogenous catalysis -Demonstrates how the availability of non-noble metal catalysis reduces costs and leads to immense savings for the chemical industry -Reveals how non-noble metal catalysis are more sustainable than noble metals such as palladium or platinum Non-Noble Metal Catalysis: Molecular Approaches and Reactions is an indispensable source of up-to-date information for catalytic chemists, organic chemists, industrial chemists, organometallic chemists, and those seeking to broaden their knowledge of catalytic chemistry.
In this book, some interesting technologies and applications dedicated to adhesives are presented and discussed. First, the interference fitted and adhesively bonded joints are extensively studied as an effective means to increase the transferable load while reducing both the weight and the stress level of the joined components. In such type of joints, the influence of the assembly technique on the shear strength of the joints has been investigated. Therefore, the shear strength of hybrid joints realised by 'press fitting', by 'shrink fitting' or by 'cryogenic fitting' were compared in order to suggest the best way of joining both for technological and economic importance. Then, some design aspects for practical application (for instance in the automotive steel wheel) were analysed. The adhesive and interference contributions to the resultant resistance of the hybrid joint were carried out with particular attention to the phenomena occurring at the interface. The effect of the adhesive nature, its curing technology and its mechanical response were strongly related to the type of adhesive exploited. Also, the static and fatigue strength properties of press fitted and adhesively bonded joints was studied by considering their Engagement Ratio, which is the ratio between the coupling length and the coupling diameter. Coupling and decoupling tests have been performed both on press-fitted and adhesively bonded specimens and on pin-collar samples, considering four different levels for the Engagement Ratio.
This proceedings contains a collection of 20 papers from the following five 2014 Materials Science and Technology (MS&T'14) symposia: * Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management in the 21st Century * Green Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing V * Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry * Materials for Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion, and Sequestration * Materials Development for Nuclear Applications and Extreme Environments
A full-color guide for architects and design professionals to the selection and application of steel Steel Surfaces, fourth in Zahner's Architectural Metals Series, provides a comprehensive and authoritative treatment of steel applications in architecture and art. It offers architecture and design professionals the information they need to ensure proper maintenance and fabrication techniques through detailed information and full-color images. It covers everything from the history of the metal and choosing the right alloy, to detailed information on a variety of surface and chemical finishes and corrosion resistance. The book also features case studies that offer strategies for designing and executing successful projects using steel. Steel Surfaces is filled with illustrated case studies that present comprehensive coverage of how steel is used in creating surfaces for building exteriors, interiors, and art finishes. All the books in Zahner's Architectural Metals Series offer in-depth coverage of today's most commonly used metals in architecture and art. This visual guide: Features full-color images of a variety of steel finishes, colors, textures, and forms Includes case studies with performance data that feature strategies on how to design and execute successful projects using steel Offers methods to address corrosion, before and after it occurs Explains the significance of the different alloys and the forms available to the designer Discusses what to expect when using steel in various exposures Written for architecture professionals, metal fabricators and developers, architecture students, designers, and artists working with metals, Steel Surfaces offers a logical framework for the selection and application of steel in all aspects of architecture.
The Light Metals symposia are a key part of the TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, presenting the most recent developments, discoveries, and practices in primary aluminum science and technology. Publishing the proceedings from these important symposia, the Light Metals volume has become the definitive reference in the field of aluminum production and related light metal technologies. The 2014 collection includes papers from the following symposia: *Alumina and Bauxite *Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications *Aluminum Processing *Aluminum Reduction Technology *Cast Shop for Aluminum Production *Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production *Light-metal Matrix (Nano)-composites
The Light Metals symposia are a key part of the TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, presenting the most recent developments, discoveries, and practices in primary aluminum science and technology. Publishing the proceedings from these important symposia, the Light Metals volume has become the definitive reference in the field of aluminum production and related light metal technologies. The 2015 collection includes papers from the following symposia: 1.Alumina and Bauxite 2.Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications 3.Aluminum Processing 4.Aluminum Reduction Technology 5.Cast Shop for Aluminum Production 6.Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production 7.Strip Casting of Light Metals
Drawing together topics from a wide range of disciplines, this text provides a comprehensive insight into the fundamentals of magnetic biosensors and the applications of magnetic nanoparticles in medicine. Internationally renowned researchers showcase topics ranging from the basic physical principles of magnetism to the detection and manipulation, synthesis protocols and natural occurrence of magnetic nanoparticles. Up-to-date examples of their clinical usage and research applications in the biomedical fields of sensing by diverse magnetic detection methods, in imaging by MRI and in therapeutic strategies such as hyperthermia, are also discussed, providing a thorough introduction to this rapidly developing field. Each chapter features questions with answers, highlighted definition boxes, and numerous illustrations which help readers grasp key concepts. Mathematical tools, together with key literature references, provide a strong underpinning for the material, making it ideal for graduate students, lecturers, medical researchers and industrial scientific strategists.
One of the first books new engineers and technicians read; best seller. This new edition preserves the previous editions-focusing on the metallurgical and materials evaluation for failure mode identification. Comprehensive information covering the basic principles and practices are clearly explained. Recent technical knowledge and analysis tools are added: Addition of fatigue striation counting, modelling, and crack rate prediction Addition of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (MIC) technology Elevated temperature updates
This book is focused primarily on polymer nanocomposites, based on the author's research experience as well as open literature. This text is divided into three parts. Part I Fundamentals, Processing, and Characterizations - consists of an introduction to nanotechnology, an overview of commonly used nanomaterials, their origins, manufacturing, properties, and current and potential applications as well as the basics of polymer matrices and composites, selection of resin matrix and nanomaterials, processing, and characterizing of multifunctional polymer nanocomposites. Part II Multifunctional Properties and Applications - consists of seven chapters that discuss the important properties as well as current applications of these polymer nanocomposites. Part III Concerns and Outlook - consists of two chapters that discuss the environmental and health impacts for nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites. The environmental health and safety aspects of nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites, risk assessment and safety standards, and fire toxicity of polymer nanocomposites are studied. In the final chapter, a brief overview of opportunities, trends, and challenges of polymer nanocomposites are included. Throughout the book, the theme is developed that polymer nanocomposites are a whole family of polymeric materials whose properties are capable of being tailored to meet specific applications. This volume serves as a general introduction to students and researchers just entering the field and to scholars from other subfields seeking information."
The most important first premise in science is that mass can be neither created nor destroyed. It is also becoming clear that natural laws dictate that mass be connected to energy. In effect, mass-balance provides the only governing equation that is both necessary and sufficient. Clearly, this compels a paradigm shift in scientific study. If a process is engineered' in violation of natural principles of material production, the balance will be irreversibly disturbed, and the outcome of such a violated process both unpredictable and harmful to future generations. The post-Renaissance mode of technology development is based on an analogous corollary principle of mass production. This is an approach characterised by an excessive focus on quantity to the detriment of establishing or upholding definitive criteria as to quality. In order to make mass-produced materials acceptable to the consumer, non-scientific means have been used to cover up true properties of both materials and energy. As a result, today technologies ranging from photovoltaic electricity to genetically-modified crop production to mass-produced pharmaceutical products are considered to be in harmony with nature. On the other hand, herbal medicine is dismissed as quackery and direct solar energy usage as pseudo-science. Nobel Laureates, such as the prize-winning chemist Robert Curl, have not shied from pronouncing this development mode a technological disaster'.
Solid state composites and hybrid systems offer multifunctional applications in various fields of human life, demonstrating solutions to the key problems of the environment, human health, biology, medicine, electronics, energy harvesting and storage. Exploring this innovative field of research, this book details the wide range of materials, techniques, and approaches utilised in composite and hybrid structures in recent years. It will be of interest not only for experienced researchers but also for postgraduate students and young researchers entering the fields of nanoscience, material sciences, and bioengineering. Features: Contains the latest research developments in the materials, techniques, patents, and approaches in the field Includes both fundamental aspects and applied research Edited by two highly experienced researchers
This first integrated approach to the thermomechanics of materials deals equally with the atomic scale, the mesoscale of microstructures and morphology, as well as the macroscopic level of actual components and workpieces for applications. With some 85 examples and 150 problems, it covers the three important material classes of ceramics, polymers, and metals in a didactic manner. The author surveys mechanical material behavior at both the introductory and advanced level, providing reading incentive to both students as well as specialists in such disciplines as materials science, chemistry, physics, and mechanical engineering. About 40 short biographies of important relevant historical persons constitute a special feature of this book. Backed by five appendices on symbols, units and abbreviations, data on material properties, properties of plane areas, statistics, and a summary of contact mechanics.
The use of conducting polymers for the anticorrosion protection of metals has attracted great interest during the last 30 years. The design and development of conducting polymers-based coating systems with commercial viability is expected to be advanced by applying nanotechnology and has received substantial attention recently. This book begins with corrosion fundamentals and ends with an emphasis on developments made in conducting polymer science and technology using nanotechnology. Additionally, it gives a detailed account of experimental methods of corrosion testing.
This comprehensive text covers the basic physics of the solid state starting at an elementary level suitable for undergraduates but then advancing, in stages, to a graduate and advanced graduate level. In addition to treating the fundamental elastic, electrical, thermal, magnetic, structural, electronic, transport, optical, mechanical and compositional properties, we also discuss topics like superfluidity and superconductivity along with special topics such as strongly correlated systems, high-temperature superconductors, the quantum Hall effects, and graphene. Particular emphasis is given to so-called first principles calculations utilizing modern density functional theory which for many systems now allow accurate calculations of the electronic, magnetic, and thermal properties.
A long overdue update, this edition of Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials is a complete revision of its predecessor. While it provides relatively minor updates to the first two sections, the third section contains vast updates to reflect the enormous progress made in applications in the past 15 years, particularly in magnetic recording. The book includes significant updates to soft magnetic materials, hard magnetic materials, magnetic data storage, and magnetic evaluation of materials. It also adds new information on magneto-transport, small particles, nanomagnetism, magnetic semiconductors, spintronics, and high-frequency magnetism. See What's New in the Third Edition New coverage of applications of magnetism and magnetic materials, especially in magnetic recording Additional exercises with complete worked-out solutions at the end of the book Updated references at the end of each chapter The book adopts an unusual but effectively focused question-answer framework. Each major head is introduced by a question followed by an attempt to answer. This approach maintains attention to the subject matter at hand and clarifies the objective of each section without needless digression. Each chapter also features updated and new exercise problems, accompanied by a solutions manual at the back of the book. This edition gives you an excellent introduction to the key and current theories, practices, and applications of magnetics and magnetic materials.
This book covers the properties of biomaterials that have found wide clinical applications, while also reviewing the state-of-the-art in the development towards future medical applications, starting with a brief introduction to the history of biomaterials used in hip arthroplasty. The book then reviews general types of biomaterials - polymers, ceramics, and metals, as well as different material structures such as porous materials and coatings and their applications - before exploring various current research trends, such as biodegradable and porous metals, shape memory alloys, bioactive biomaterials and coatings, and nanometals used in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer. In turn, the book discusses a range of methods and approaches used in connection with biomaterial properties and characterization - chemical properties, biocompatibility, in vivo behaviour characterisation, as well as genotoxicity and mutagenicity - and reviews various diagnostic techniques: histopathological analysis, imagining techniques, and methods for physicochemical and spectroscopic characterization. Properties of stent deployment procedures in cardiovascular surgeries, from aspects of prediction, development and deployment of stent geometries are presented on the basis of novel modelling approaches. The last part of the book presents the clinical applications of biomaterials, together with case studies in dentistry, knee and hip prosthesis. Reflecting the efforts of a multidisciplinary team of authors, gathering chemical engineers, medical doctors, physicists and engineers, it presents a rich blend of perspectives on the application of biomaterials in clinical practice. The book will provide clinicians with an essential review of currently available solutions in specific medical areas, also incorporating non-medical solutions and standpoints, thus offering them a broader selection of materials and implantable solutions. This work is the result of joint efforts of various academic and research institutions participating in WIMB Tempus project, 543898-TEMPUS-1-2013-1-ES-TEMPUS-JPHES, "Development of Sustainable Interrelations between Education, Research and Innovation at WBC Universities in Nanotechnologies and Advanced Materials where Innovation Means Business", co-funded by the Tempus Programme of the European Union.
This book is a profound compendium on strain gages and their application in materials science and all fields of engineering. It covers both the theoretical and practical aspects of strength and stress analysis using the technique of strain gages. A brief historical review about strain gage inventions is looking at the "who, when and how". The comprehensive bibliography leads to additional background information. Particular consideration is given to the stress analysis in order to verify the mechanical properties and capacity of components with focus on stability and serviceability, optimization, and safety checks, as well as in order to foresee inspection and monitoring. The practice-oriented descriptions of the principles of the measurement, installation and experimental set-ups derives from the author`s own experiences in the field. Particular emphasis is laid on the correct planning and assessment of measurements, and on the interpretation of the results. Step-by-step guidance is given for many application examples, and comments help to avoid typical mistakes. The book is an indispensable reference work for experts who need to analyze structures and have to plan measurements which lead to reliable results. The book is instructive for practitioners who must install reliable measurement circuits and judge the results. The book is also recommended for beginners to get familiar with the problems and to learn about the possibilities and the limits of the strain gage technique. (Package: Print + ePDF)
Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are crystalline compounds consisting of rigid organic molecules held together and organized by metal ions or clusters. Special interests in these materials arise from the fact that many are highly porous and can be used for storage of small molecules, for example H2 or CO2. Consequently, the materials are ideal candidates for a wide range of applications including gas storage, separation technologies and catalysis. Potential applications include the storage of hydrogen for fuel-cell cars, and the removal and storage of carbon dioxide in sustainable technical processes. MOFs offer the inorganic chemist and materials scientist a wide range of new synthetic possibilities and open the doors to new and exciting basic research. Metal-Organic Frameworks Materials provides a solid basis for the understanding of MOFs and insights into new inorganic materials structures and properties. The volume also reflects progress that has been made in recent years, presenting a wide range of new applications including state-of-the art developments in the promising technology for alternative fuels. The comprehensive volume investigates structures, symmetry, supramolecular chemistry, surface engineering, recognition, properties, and reactions. The content from this book will be added online to the Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry: http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eibc
As the ability to produce nanomaterials advances, it becomes more important to understand how the energy of the atoms in these materials is affected by their reduced dimensions. Written by an acclaimed author team, Kinetics in Nanoscale Materials is the first book to discuss simple but effective models of the systems and processes that have recently been discovered. The text provides researchers and graduate students with a combination of the novelty of nanoscale processes and systems with the transparency of mathematical models and generality of basic ideas relating to nanoscience and nanotechnology.
"Made to Measure" introduces a general audience to one of today's most exciting areas of scientific research: materials science. Philip Ball describes how scientists are currently inventing thousands of new materials, ranging from synthetic skin, blood, and bone to substances that repair themselves and adapt to their environment, that swell and flex like muscles, that repel any ink or paint, and that capture and store the energy of the Sun. He shows how all this is being accomplished precisely because, for the first time in history, materials are being "made to measure": designed for particular applications, rather than discovered in nature or by haphazard experimentation. Now scientists literally put new materials together on the drawing board in the same way that a blueprint is specified for a house or an electronic circuit. But the designers are working not with skylights and alcoves, not with transistors and capacitors, but with molecules and atoms.
This book is written in the same engaging manner as Ball's popular book on chemistry, "Designing the Molecular World," and it links insights from chemistry, biology, and physics with those from engineering as it outlines the various areas in which new materials will transform our lives in the twenty-first century. The chapters provide vignettes from a broad range of selected areas of materials science and can be read as separate essays. The subjects include photonic materials, materials for information storage, smart materials, biomaterials, biomedical materials, materials for clean energy, porous materials, diamond and hard materials, new polymers, and surfaces and interfaces.
Mercury cadmium telluride (MCT) is the third most well-regarded semiconductor after silicon and gallium arsenide and is the material of choice for use in infrared sensing and imaging. The reason for this is that MCT can be 'tuned' to the desired IR wavelength by varying the cadmium concentration.
"Mercury Cadmium Telluride: Growth, Properties and Applications" provides both an introduction for newcomers, and a comprehensive review of this fascinating material. Part One discusses the history and current status of both bulk and epitaxial growth techniques, Part Two is concerned with the wide range of properties of MCT, and Part Three covers the various device types that have been developed using MCT. Each chapter opens with some historical background and theory before presenting current research. Coverage includes: Bulk growth and properties of MCT and CdZnTe for MCT epitaxial growthLiquid phase epitaxy (LPE) growthMetal-organic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE)Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE)Alternative substratesMechanical, thermal and optical properties of MCTDefects, diffusion, doping and annealingDry device processingPhotoconductive and photovoltaic detectorsAvalanche photodiode detectorsRoom-temperature IR detectors
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