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A practical guide to research for architects and designers--now updated and expanded
From searching for the best glass to prevent glare to determining how clients might react to the color choice for restaurant walls, research is a crucial tool that architects must master in order to effectively address the technical, aesthetic, and behavioral issues that arise in their work.
This book's unique coverage of research methods is specifically targeted to help professional designers and researchers better conduct and understand research. Part I explores basic research issues and concepts, and includes chapters on relating theory to method and design to research. Part II gives a comprehensive treatment of specific strategies for investigating built forms. In all, the book covers seven types of research, including historical, qualitative, correlational, experimental, simulation, logical argumentation, and case studies and mixed methods.
Features new to this edition include: Strategies for investigation, practical examples, and resources for additional informationA look at current trends and innovations in researchCoverage of design studio-based research that shows how strategies described in the book can be employed in real lifeA discussion of digital media and online researchNew and updated examples of research studiesA new chapter on the relationship between design and research
"Architectural Research Methods" is an essential reference for architecture students and researchers as well as architects, interior designers, landscape architects, and building product manufacturers.
Alston Moor is a large rural parish in Cumbria which historically both depended upon and provided important services for the agricultural and mineral industries of the North Pennines.Much of the area's settlement is dispersed among hamlets and single farmsteads. Isolated from major northern cities such as Carlisle and Newcastle by the surrounding hills and moors, the parish's wild upland landscape provides a conditioning influence on a distinctive tradition of vernacular building types, ranging from the bastle to its later 18th- and 19th-century derivatives and 'mine shops' providing lodgings for miners close to their place of work. Found across the parish, and with urban variants present in Alston itself, these buildings have in common first-floor living accommodation whilst the ground floor is used for cow-byres in more rural areas and for general storage, workshops and shops in urban and industrial contexts. This development of the bastle, a fortified house type found on both sides of the Anglo-Saxon border is nationally significant yet remains under-examined at the level of architectural and historical synthesis. This publication presents an informed account of Alston Moor's vernacular buildings from their earliest survival onwards, and sets them within their regional and national context. It explores how houses of various types combine with a rich legacy of public and industrial buildings to create places of distinctive character. It takes a whole-landscape view of the area, relating its buildings and settlements to the wider patterns of landscape evolution resulting from agricultural and industrial activity and the development of communications.
This provocative book argues that it is high time the practice of architecture moved away from the ego-fuelled grand visions of `starchitects' to a networked, collaborative, inclusive model inspired by 21st-century trends such as crowd-sourcing, open access and mass customization. But how can collaborative design avoid becoming design-by-committee? Carlo Ratti and Matthew Claudel deftly navigate this and other vital questions, considering along the way the applications of open-source architecture not only conceptually, but also in practice. Open Source Architecture is a rallying cry to students and open-minded professionals seeking new perspectives on a profession that the authors passionately believe to be moribund.
In the wake of architectural giants from Frank Lloyd Wright to Frank Gehry, contemporary Southern California architects began exploring experimental new forms and creating a distinctive--and heretofore unexamined--urban style. Considered as a group for the first time, the story of their advancements, metamorphosis, and digressions inspires innovation and demonstrates a thoughtful relationship to new design perspectives and a changing urban environment. This major new book, illustrated with an impressive range of photographs and sketches, brings together perspectives from prominent historians, curators, and professors. New Sculpturalism in the Southern California Architecture compliments an exhibition of the same name to be held at The Geffen Contemporary at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles in May 2013, and is part of the Getty Research Institute series The Los Angeles Architecture, 1940-1990. Four original essays will examine Southern California experimental architecture from 1987 though today. Christopher Mount will emphasize the distinctive way these new works focus on form and take shape as their primary consideration in their unique "New Sculpturalism." Nicholas Olsberg will trace a history of Southern California architecture before Gehry. Margaret Crawford will look at Los Angeles's particular brand of urbanism in relation to contemporary architecture while TBD will consider "Sci-Arc" (The Southern California Institute of Architecture)'s method of teaching and how it has shaped Los Angeles today. A section devoted to client interviews will allow insight into process of creation, and the respected art world figure Jeffrey Dietch will contribute a Foreword. Together with a stunning collection of images, this book promises to present a groundbreaking examination of new developments in an important school of contemporary American architecture.
The interplay of psychology, design, and politics in experiments with urban open space As suburbanization, racial conflict, and the consequences of urban renewal threatened New York City with "urban crisis," the administration of Mayor John V. Lindsay (1966-1973) experimented with a broad array of projects in open spaces to affirm the value of city life. Mariana Mogilevich provides a fascinating history of a watershed moment when designers, government administrators, and residents sought to remake the city in the image of a diverse, free, and democratic society. New pedestrian malls, residential plazas, playgrounds in vacant lots, and parks on postindustrial waterfronts promised everyday spaces for play, social interaction, and participation in the life of the city. Whereas designers had long created urban spaces for a broad amorphous public, Mogilevich demonstrates how political pressures and the influence of the psychological sciences led them to a new conception of public space that included diverse publics and encouraged individual flourishing. Drawing on extensive archival research, site work, interviews, and the analysis of film and photographs, The Invention of Public Space considers familiar figures, such as William H. Whyte and Jane Jacobs, in a new light and foregrounds the important work of landscape architects Paul Friedberg and Lawrence Halprin and the architects of New York City's Urban Design Group. The Invention of Public Space brings together psychology, politics, and design to uncover a critical moment of transformation in our understanding of city life and reveals the emergence of a concept of public space that remains today a powerful, if unrealized, aspiration.
American architecture is astonishingly varied. From Indian sites in New Mexico and Arizona, to the most fashionable contemporary buildings of Chicago and New York, this book uses the most up-to-date scholarship to engage with themes of community, technology, the environment, economy, and aesthetics. This exciting new history of American architecture offers a stimulating insight into the interdependence of Americans, their architecture, their relationship to each other and the landscape.
`extraordinarily illuminating ... the thematic structure and innovative historiographical method will fundamentally transform our understanding of American architecture and urbanism' Professor Daniel Bluestone, University of Virginia
`essentially reinvents American architectural history ... incisive and entertaining' Professor Kenneth A. Breisch, Southern California Institute of Architecture
In this unprecedentedly wide-ranging account of art, design, and architecture in the complex Central Europe of the Austro-Hungarian Empire during its momentous last decades, Elizabeth Clegg achieves a forceful integration of political and cultural developments. Comparing the situation in eight cities2;among them Vienna, Prague, Budapest, Cracow, and Zagreb2;the author highlights contrasts, rivalries, parallels, and interconnections across this colorful and important region. The book deals with all the chief ethnic/national categories of Austria-Hungary and embraces all the visual arts. Focusing on their public display, appraisal, and consumption, Clegg shows how the harmonious/antagonistic coexistence of institutions, publications, and events gave rise to the dynamic art life of a period that would end in a turning point for Central Europe. As vividly revealed, this was a time and place marked by a simultaneous fear and celebration of ethnic, linguistic, and cultural diversity that has enormous international resonance a century later.
Every day we are constantly bombarded by information from newspapers, magazines, outdoor advertising, television and radio, mobile phones and the Internet. In order to stand out from the crowd Contemporary Designers have added graphs and charts as a simple was to convey complex information. Infographics and Data Visualisation looks at the classification, techniques and interpretation of Infographic Design and is full of full colour examples of their use in the Business, Lifestyle, Travel, Environmental and many other sectors.
The essays in this collection represent the type of research that has reshaped our understanding of early American architecture over the past thirty years. Carl R. Lounsbury, three-time winner of the prestigious Abbott Lowell Cummings Award offered by the Vernacular Architecture Forum, traces the manner in which domestic, ecclesiastical, and public architecture illuminate the dynamics and aspirations of early American society. Architectural forms carried social meanings and gave physical shape to the way people perceived their place in the world and interacted with others during the colonial and early national periods. Lounsbury examines the emergence of regional building traditions and cultural landscapes as they evolved in response to the environment, social and economic conditions, technological capabilities, craft skills, and labor organization. In wide-ranging essays and in more detailed case studies, Lounsbury looks at a number of recurring issues, including English precedents for particular building types, the elusive meaning of regionalism as an organizational principle, the influence of Protestant theology on church design, and the precariousness of interpreting architectural history based solely on standing structures.
While the Chesapeake is the principal focus of much of this book, Lounsbury also considers building practices in Savannah, Charleston and the low country, the Middle Atlantic colonies, and New England. Chronologically, the essays span the early seventeenth century--the period of first European settlement of the East Coast--through the early nineteenth century when emerging national patterns transformed the design and ornamentation of American churches and meetinghouses. The concluding essays move from architectural history to historic preservation and address the effects of twentieth-century design aesthetics on the restoration of Colonial Williamsburg.
Icons includes 45 projects from 10 world-renowned hotel groups such as Marriott, Accor, Hyatt, Hilton, Starwood and Inter-Continental from first hand sketches through to post completion photographs. Includes The Peninsula Hotel in Tokyo, Four Seasons in los Angeles, Sofitel Phnom Penh.
Just over 180 years ago, the city of Houston was nothing more than an alligator-infested swamp along the Buffalo Bayou that spread onto a flat, endless plain. Today, it is a sprawling, architecturally and culturally diverse metropolis. How did one transform into the other in such a short period? Improbable Metropolis uses the built environment as a guide to explore the remarkable evolution that Houston has undergone from 1836 to the present. Houston's architecture, an indicator of its culture and prosperity, has been inconsistent, often predictable, sometimes bizarre, and occasionally extraordinary. Industries from cotton, lumber, sugar, and rail and water transportation, to petroleum, healthcare, biomedical research, and aerospace have each in turn brought profit and attention to Houston. Each created an associated building boom, expanding the city's architectural sophistication, its footprint, and its cultural breadth. Providing a template for architectural investigations of other American cities, Improbable Metropolis is an important addition to the literature on Texas history.
Treehouses & Playhouses You Can Build shows how average "do-it-yourself" families can easily and affordably bring to life a "Hobbit's Treehouse," a "Pirate's Playhouse," or a "Crow's Nest" in their own backyards! There are a lot of books out there filled with enchanting photos of elaborate treehouses and playhouses built by professionals and costing tens of thousands to build. For the rest of us, there's bit of elbow grease, a lot of imagination, a trip to the hardware store-and Treehouses & Playhouses You Can Build.
Authors David and Jeanie Stiles are the best-selling authors of a number of books on treehouses with sales of over 150,000 copies. They have created another straightforward how-to-build book filled with beautiful hand-drawn step-by-step illustrations that are easy to follow and describe in detail how to create each project. They include tips on budgeting, using basic tools, buying materials, and kid- and adult-friendly instructions! Even for DIY novice types, this book simplifies the building process and inspires families of all types to work together and build cool stuff.
Completed projects receive more public attention than the process of their creation and so the myth that architects design buildings alone lives on. In fact, architects work with a great many others and the relationships that develop, particularly with clients, have a significant impact on design. "Design through Dialogue" explores the relationship between client and architect through the lens of four overlapping activities that occur during any project: relating, talking, exploring and transforming.
Cases of design and collaboration range from smaller scale retail, residential and educational projects in the US, Sweden, the UK and the Pacific Rim to large institutions, including Seattle's Central Library, the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington DC, the Supreme Court in Jerusalem and the Museum of New Zealand. Material is taken from interviews with clients and architects and research in psychotherapy, group dynamics and design studies. Throughout the book aspects of process are linked to design outcomes to illustrate how architects and clients collaborate creatively.
Text in English, German and Spanish. Over the last decade the island of Lanzarote has become one of the favourite tourism destinations in the Canary Islands. However, our interest is more one of artistic than of touristic discovery, and this would be virtually unthinkable without the work of an artist who fell in love with this wonderful paradise. We refer to Cesar Manrique (1919-1992), who was able to see and reveal to us the unique beauties arising out of the happy marriage of the four elements believed by the Greeks to form the whole of creation: air, earth, fire and water. In fact, after returning to his island in 1968 after a period spent in New York, Manrique dedicated himself passionately to realising his utopia, to renew Lanzarote out of his own sources. Among Manrique's best known works on Lanzarote are the Casa Museo del Campesino, the Jameos del Agua, the Mirador del Rio, the Cactus Garden and his own house in the Taro de Tahiche. Manrique's house in Taro de Tahiche, which nowadays houses the Cesar Manrique Foundation, can be considered as a 'work in progress' as it was built over a period of almost 25 years and was still not completed upon the artist's death. Arising out of the five interconnected volcanic bubbles of the underground storey, it has become a metaphor for the amorous meeting of man with Mother Earth, the latter being understood, to use Bruno Taut's expression, as 'a fine home for living'. The spaces on the upper floor can be virtually mistaken for the white cubic buildings dispersed throughout the island. But when we cross their thresholds, we have the unique feeling that here something was created which is really new. In fact, Manrique -- enemy in equal measure of the 'pastiche' of regionalism and the off-key International Style blind to differentiation -- sifted the vernacular with certain modern filters such as Frank Lloyd Wright, Mies van der Rohe or Le Corbusier, and at the same time he gave it such a specific stamp that the final result became indigenous and unmistakable. Simon Marchan Fiz is professor of aesthetics in Madrid. Like Marchan Fiz, Pedro Martinez de Albornoz lives in Madrid. The photographs shown in this book are the best photographic interpretation of one of Manrique's work up to now.
There are many studies of Venice's art, architecture and culture, but this fascinating and wonderfully illustrated book takes a unique approach to the famous city. Marko Pogacnik draws on the four classic elements of earth, water, fire and air, as well as yin and yang and alchemy, and discovers that nothing in Venice is by chance: its shape and layout, as well as its most famous palaces and places of worship, all form a continuous hidden path through the city. Pogacnik brings his formidable experience with landscapes and lithopuncture to bear on this most stunning of cityscapes. Illustrated with over 250 stunning photographs and diagrams.
'A gorgeous book with beautiful photos, and a historical document to boot.' - Steve Wright, BBC Radio 2
Lady Carnarvon’s love of history is richly rewarded at Highclere Castle with its mine of family records going back some 300 years. She has delved into the archives to create a book that invites you inside the Castle, past and present. Throughout the centuries, Highclere has welcomed Royalty, Statesmen, Egyptologists and pioneers of technology along with men and women from the worlds of music, art and letters. The etiquette of the invitation, the balance of guests at a weekend house party, their ‘placement’ at dinners, and the entertainment of friends, as well as the domestic management required to execute the perfect occasion, have all preoccupied successive generations of châtelaines. This book tells the story four real life weekends - from 1866 to 1936 - when the great and the good gathered at Highclere to change the world in some large or small part. It then reflects on how the current Countess entertains 'At Home' at Highclere today.
Each weekend showcases the life of the house, both upstairs with the rich and famous and below stairs with the staff and employees. You are transported to a world where guests were collected from the long since defunct Highclere Station in carriages or later in the earliest cars having had the train stop specifically for them and where the allocation of the most prestigious bedrooms really did matter. It looks at what should be served for dinner, the hot topics of conversation and gossip, traditional breakfasts and shooting parties with the Prince of Wales. She explores how menus were, and still are now, put together with the chef, what were the de rigueur cocktails of the day (and why) – and how to make them at home wherever you are. Each chapter will explore some of the recipes and, where practical, have adaptations and photos of the recipes which can be cooked in today’s kitchens. Many recipes are little-changed to this day and Lady Carnarvon shares her commentary on their context at Highclere.
‘Highclere works hard to steer a steady course in today’s world, but the Castle was built for entertainment and pleasure, for convivial weekends. I hope this book gives a glimpse inside a great house, with mouth-watering recipes, eye-catching photographs and fascinating stories about some of the remarkable people who have stayed here.’ – Lady Carnarvon
With elegance and authority, "Buildings of Hawaii" presents the architecture of the six major islands in the Hawaii chain. Don J. Hibbard delves into the development of the state's distinct blending of the building traditions of the East and West within a subtropical island context. The first in-depth examination of the architecture of the Islands, Buildings of Hawaii covers structures from the early nineteenth century through the first decade of the new millennium. Included are Japanese temples, Chinese society halls, the only royal palaces in the United States, the earliest known reinforced concrete public buildings in the country, and the only nineteenth-century British-made iron bridge in the nation. Not only are masterworks of such mainland architects as Bertram Goodhue, Julia Morgan, Ralph Adams Cram, Skidmore, Owings and Merril LLP, Edward Killingsworth, and I. M. Pei considered, but vernacular single-wall building traditions of the plantation period abound. In addition, Hibbard's entries examine the various distinct regional designs developed over the course of the twentieth century, and includes brief biographies of Hawaii's major architects. More than 250 illustrations--including photographs, maps, and drawings--give further detail to the more than 400 entries.
"A volume in the Buildings of the United States series of the Society of Architectural Historians "
The most important book ever written on architecture. Early Roman aesthetics, technology, classical orders, site selection, all other aspects. Morgan translation.
Formed in 1991, Richard Murphy Architects' early reputation was built on highly crafted and innovative domestic work in Edinburgh, Scotland. The practice has grown both in size and range of commissions, working across the UK and Ireland, in Europe and Sri Lanka and, more than two decades on, has amassed an extensive portfolio, designing buildings and spaces for the arts, education, housing, health, public and community use, as well as masterplanning. Richard Murphy Architects makes careful responses to complex contexts--whether insertion, extension or new-build, the practice's projects develop a dialogue between existing and new, intimacy and scale. large or small scale, public or private, each scheme harnesses plan, form, materials and detailing to produce a subtle, sensitively-considered result. Covering projects from Edinburgh's fruitmarket gallery to the British high commission in Colombo, Sri Lanka, from schemes for large housing association clients to the intimate scale of the Maggie's Cancer Caring Centre in Edinburgh, this survey of Richard Murphy Architects' work presents a series of fascinating projects, and charts the development of a key contemporary architectural practice from the late twentieth century into the twenty-first.
Eloquent Spaces adopts the twin analytic of meaning and community to write a fresh history of building in early India. It presents a new perspective on the principles and practices of early Indian architecture. Defining it broadly over a range of space uses, the book argues for architecture as a form of cultural production as well as public consumption. Ten chapters by leading archaeologists, architects, historians and philosophers, examining different architectural sites and landscapes, including Sanchi, Moodabidri, Srinagar, Chidambaram, Patan, Konark, Basgo and Puri, demonstrate the need to look beyond the built form to its spirit, beyond aesthetics to cognition, and thereby to integrating architecture with its myriad living contexts. The volume captures some of the semantic diversity inherent in premodern Indian traditions of civic building, both sacred and secular, which were, however, unified in their insistence on enacting meaning and a transcendent validity over and above utility and beauty of form. The book is a quest for a culturally rooted architecture as an alternative to the growing crisis of disembededness that informs modern praxis. This volume will be of interest to scholars and practitioners of architecture, ancient Indian history, philosophy, art history and cultural studies.
Built around three sacred springs, the Jin Shrines complex (Jinci), near Taiyuan in Shanxi province, contains a wealth of ancient art and architecture dating back to the Northern Song dynasty (960-1127). The complex's 1,500-year-long textual record allows us to compare physical and written evidence to understand how the built environment was manipulated to communicate ideas about divinity, identity, and status. Jinci's significance varied over time according to both its patrons' needs and changes in the political and physical landscape. The impact of these changes can be read in the physical development of the site.
Using an interdisciplinary approach drawing on the research of archaeologists, anthropologists, and religious, social, and art historians, this book seeks to recover the motivations behind the creation of religious art, including temple buildings, sculpture, and wall paintings. Through an examination of building style and site organization, the author illuminates the multiplicity of meanings projected by buildings within a sacred landscape and the ability of competing patronage groups to modify those meanings with text and context, thereby affecting the identity of the deities housed within them. This study of the art and architecture of Jinci is thus about divine creations and their power to create divinity.
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