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This book provides the most up-to-date coverage of the combined use of imaging modalities in order to acquire important functional and morphological information on cardiovascular disease and enhance disease detection. The recent developments in PET/MRI, cardiac CT, PET/CT and SPECT/CT and their impact on clinical practice are explained and special attention is also devoted to imaging parameters and protocols for use in practice and research. The utility of multimodality imaging techniques for diagnosis and evaluation is discussed in the context of various clinical scenarios, including ischemic cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, myocardial fibrosis, cardiac sarcoidosis and atherosclerotic plaque disease. Written by renowned researchers and clinicians, the book is an ideal concise reference on today's most advanced imaging techniques. It will appeal to all clinicians, trainees and technicians who are involved in the diagnosis and risk assessment of cardiovascular disease.
This important title brings together a distinguished panel of thought-leaders, known for their insights into the development and application of minimally-invasive surgical and endovascular techniques, to provide a comprehensive and discerning compendium of our most current knowledge and state-of-the-art procedures in the management of cerebral vascular diseases. Written in a style that is accessible to students and experienced practitioners alike, the book covers all the important recent advances that have reshaped the field in dramatic ways. Emphasizing how surgical and endovascular techniques are complementary, the volume includes illuminating chapters on the nexus of endovascular and conventional "open" cerebrovascular surgery, including patient assessment and practice in a hybrid operating environment, utilizing the best methods to achieve optimal outcomes. A major addition to the clinical literature, Management of Cerebrovascular Disorders: A Comprehensive, Multidisciplinary Approach will be of significant interest to neurosurgeons, neurologists, neuroradiologists, neurointensivists, students, residents, fellows, and specialized attending physicians.
This open access book focuses on diagnostic and interventional imaging of the chest, breast, heart, and vessels. It consists of a remarkable collection of contributions authored by internationally respected experts, featuring the most recent diagnostic developments and technological advances with a highly didactical approach. The chapters are disease-oriented and cover all the relevant imaging modalities, including standard radiography, CT, nuclear medicine with PET, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, as well as imaging-guided interventions. As such, it presents a comprehensive review of current knowledge on imaging of the heart and chest, as well as thoracic interventions and a selection of "hot topics". The book is intended for radiologists, however, it is also of interest to clinicians in oncology, cardiology, and pulmonology.
Concise, fact-based and packed with images and illustrations The EACVI Echo Handbook is the perfect companion for making both every day and complex clinical decisions. Designed and written by leading experts in the field of echocardiography for use in the clinical arena, this practical handbook provides the necessary information for reviewing, or consulting while performing or reporting on an echo or making clinical decisions based on echo findings. Disease-focussed and succinct, it covers the information needed to accurately perform and interpret echocardiograms, including how to set up the echo-machine to optimize an examination and how to perform echocardiographic disease assessment; the clinical indicators, procedures and contraindications. Linked to EACVI recommendations and the EACVI Core Curriculum The EACVI Echo Handbook is an essential and easily accessible manual on using echocardiography for sonographers and trainee cardiologists that should never be left behind when performing an echocardiogram.
Professional ECG ruler, for reading: 2 x RR (25 mm/s) 1 x RR (50 mm/s) 3 x RR (25 mm/s) 3 x RR (50 mm/s) 4 x RR (25 mm/s) Amplitudes (mV) Times, intervals (s) Conversion: heart rate - RR interval Table. heart rate - PR interval - relative QT interval
Most patients with critical cardiac or thoracic conditions will at some stage pass through the cardiothoracic critical care unit. Critical care presents more complex clinical data than any other area of medicine. The new edition of Core Topics in Cardiothoracic Critical Care focuses on the latest practise in the management of patients in cardiothoracic intensive care. The practice of cardiothoracic critical care medicine is constantly evolving, and this new edition reflects the modernized learning styles for trainees. Each chapter includes key learning points as well as sample multiple choice questions and answers to assist in exam preparation. This edition also features updated chapters on ECMO, perioperative management of patients undergoing emergency cardiothoracic surgery, and advanced modes of organ support for patients. This text provides key knowledge in a concise and accessible manner for trainees, clinicians and consultants from specialities and disciplines such as cardiology and anaesthesia, and nursing and physiotherapy.
This book provides comprehensive analysis into individualized patient care, and applying evidence-based medicine while integrating basic medical knowledge with applied medicine. The Editor and the contributors not only discuss important issues on hypertension management and its deleterious consequences if it is not well-controlled, but also highlight the important signaling pathways involved in the pathogenesis of hypertensive heart disease and cardiac hypertrophy.
This issue of Heart Failure Clinics, Guest Edited by Dr. Pasquale Perrone Filardi, will focus on Hormonal and Metabolic Abnormalities in Heart Failure Patients. This issue is one of four selected for the year by the series Consulting Editor, Eduardo Bossone. Topics include, but are not limited to, Glucose metabolism abnormalities in heart failure patients, Diabetic cardiomyopathy, New oral antidiabetics in chronic heart failure, Metabolic syndrome and heart failure, Eritropoietin anemia and iron vs. exercise capacity in chronic heart failure, Prognostic value of hormonal abnormalities in heart failure patients, Hormonal Replacement Therapy in Heart Failure, The management of thyroid abnormalities in chronic heart failure, Acromegaly and heart failure, Beta-receptor signaling and heart failure, and Evaluation of cardiac metabolism by magnetic resonance spectroscopy in heart failure.
This concise and accessible text provides an integrated overview of the cardiovascular system - considering the basic sciences which underpin the system and applying this knowledge to clinical practice and therapeutics. A general introduction to the cardiovascular system is followed by chapters on key topics such as anatomy and histology, blood and body fluids, biochemistry, excitation-contraction coupling, form and function, integration and regulation, pathology and therapeutics, clinical examination and investigation - all supported by clinical cases for self-assessment. Highly visual colour illustrations complement the text and consolidate learning. The Cardiovascular System at a Glance is the perfect introduction and revision aid to understanding the heart and circulation and now also features: * An additional chapter on pulmonary hypertension * Even more simplified illustrations to aid easier understanding * Reorganized and revised chapters for greater clarity * Brand new and updated clinical case studies illustrating clinical relevance and for self-assessment The fourth edition of The Cardiovascular System at a Glance is an ideal resource for medical students, whilst students of other health professions and specialist cardiology nurses will also find it invaluable. Examination candidates who need an authoritative, concise, and clinically relevant guide to the cardiovascular system will find it extremely useful. A companion website featuring cases from this and previous editions, along with additional summary revision aids, is available at www.ataglanceseries.com/cardiovascular.
Discover new concepts in cardiovascular and hemodynamic functionality during pregnancy, with international experts in feto-maternal medicine. During the early stages of pregnancy, the maternal heart and circulation are subject to major gestational adaptive changes that allow for a normal course and outcome for both mother and baby. Any disruption to these processes can precipitate the onset of severe maternal and fetal complications such as preeclampsia, or intrauterine growth restriction. This invaluable reference work provides a comprehensive discussion of each aspect of the circulation. With a focus on the physiologic and pathophysiologic aspects of maternal cardiovascular function, this guide supports non-invasive assessment, management and prevention techniques for cardiovascular disease, for all stages of fetal and neonatal life. This text supports researchers and specialists in maternal-fetal medicine, whilst providing a key grounding in the topic, for trainees wishing to be at the cutting edge of theories and research.
The objective of this Atlas is to contribute to the knowledge of morphological findings of the main cardiovascular diseases among the various specialists who deal with people affected of heart diseases: cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons, clinical and forensic pathologists, coroners, sports medicine doctors. The interest in cardiovascular pathology, neglected for years in many countries, is increasing worldwide and we are witnessing the revitalization of a discipline, which, in collaboration with clinicians, is making great contributions to the fight against heart diseases and sudden-unexpected deaths. This atlas of cardiovascular diseases is the result of close collaboration between Spanish specialists in cardiology and in cardiovascular pathology and describes the clinical and pathologic features (gross and histopathologial) of major cardiovascular diseases in adults, especially those acquired, but also treat relevant congenital anomalies. This book contains 635 images, 78 tables and graphics distributed in 12 chapters across the spectrum of diseases that can be found in each of the structures of the cardiovascular system (aorta, pulmonary vessels, coronaries, valves, myocardium, pericardium and conduction system). The coordinated work of forensic pathologists from different cities in Spain and cardiologists (primarily from the Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro de Madrid) has assembled in all chapters their two worlds (forensic pathology and cardiology) to achieve a practical work with the aim to serve as a practical tool for multiple specialists.
'Heart Failure in Clinical Practice' provides a toolkit for clinicians to guide them in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with suspected heart failure. Algorithms and flow diagrams are included to give the reader an illustrated snapshot of the decisions involved in the management of these patients.
This book is the ultimate reference on patent foramen ovale (PFO), a defect in the septum of the heart estimated to be present in more than twenty percent of the adult population and a proven cause of systemic embolism. All chapters have been written by internationally recognized experts in the field and cover PFO genetics and anatomy in addition to the effect PFO can have on various different organs and its supposed involvement in several conditions and clinical syndromes such as migraine, diving incidence, platynea orthodeoxia, economy class syndrome, sleep apnea and persistent desaturations in mild right ventricular dysfunction. As PFO anatomy varies significantly between individuals, chapters have also been included on the diagnostic tools, methods and techniques for appropriate assessment, detection and characterization of PFO. Furthermore, the multitude of available closure devices and techniques for PFO closure are discussed together with current and ongoing trial data. The book concludes with guidance and instruction on establishing a successful PFO program. Patent Foramen Ovale will be an essential text for the whole adult and pediatric interventional community, general cardiologists, internists, primary care physicians, neurologists and device companies in addition to medical students, graduate students and fellows in training.
This book delineates the state of the art of the diagnosis and treatment of J wave syndromes, as well as where future research needs to be directed. It covers basic science, translational and clinical aspects of these syndromes. The authors are leading experts in their respective fields, who have contributed prominently to the literature concerning these topics. J wave syndromes are one of the hottest topics in cardiology today. Cardiac arrhythmias associated with Brugada syndrome (BrS) or an early repolarization (ER) pattern in the inferior or infero-lateral ECG leads are thought to be mechanistically linked to accentuation of transient outward current (Ito)-mediated J waves. Although BrS and ER syndrome (ERS) differ with respect to magnitude and lead location of abnormal J waves, they are thought to represent a continuous spectrum of phenotypic expression termed J wave syndromes. ERS is divided into three subtypes with the most severe, Type 3, displaying an ER pattern globally in the inferior, lateral and right precordial leads. BrS has been linked to mutations in 19 different genes, whereas ERS has been associated with mutations in 7 different genes. There is a great deal of confusion as to how to properly diagnose and treat the J wave syndromes as well as confusion about the underlying mechanisms. The demonstration of successful epicardial ablation of BrS has provided new therapeutic options for the management of this syndrome for which treatment alternatives are currently very limited, particularly in the case of electrical storms caused by otherwise uncontrollable recurrent VT/VF. An early repolarization pattern is observed in 2-5% of the US population. While it is clear that the vast majority of individuals exhibiting an ER pattern are not at risk for sudden cardiac death, the challenge moving forward is to identify those individuals who truly are at risk and to design safe and effective treatments.
Most postgraduate examinations now include radiographic interpretation. This may be presented as a slide show of as a film-viewing session. Radiographs and other imaging modalities are also used ubiquitously in the viva section of most such examinations including those of the American Boards and professional societies and universities worldwide. This series of Clinical Film Viewing will assist candidates to prepare for this process. Each book examines a particular system or technique followed by profusely illustrated cases typical of those presented in postgraduate examinations. The Cardiovascular System is aimed at candidates for postgraduate examinations in all specialties and especially those doctors with some training in cardiovascular disease who need to assess their knowledge of the subject. This book is particularly applicable to candidates for postgraduate examinations in radiology.
The ESC Handbook on Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy, based on the most recent guidelines in cardiovascular pharmacology, and containing a comprehensive A-Z formulary of common and less commonly used cardiac drugs and drug groups, provides practical and accessible guidance on all areas of drug prescribing. Previously published as Drugs in Cardiology, this new edition has been developed by the ESC Working Group on Cardiovascular Pharmacology. Pharmacology is an integral aspect in almost all disciplines within cardiology and all cardiologists use cardiovascular drugs. Completely updated and aligned with the ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines for prescribing, this handbook is essential reading for consultants, registrars in training, general practitioners, specialist cardiac nurses and cardiovascular pharmacologists.
This up-to-date textbook comprehensively reviews all aspects of cardiac CT and MRI and demonstrates the value of these techniques in clinical practice. A wide range of applications are considered, including imaging of atherosclerotic and non-atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, coronary revascularization, ischemic heart disease, non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease, cardiac tumors, and pericardial disease. The numerous high-quality images illustrate how to interpret cardiac CT and MRI correctly for the purposes of diagnosis, treatment planning, and follow-up. Helpful summarizing sections in every chapter will facilitate rapid retrieval of information. This book will be of great value to radiologists and cardiologists seeking a reliable guide to the optimal use of cardiac CT and MRI in real clinical situations. An additional feature is the provision of QR codes allowing internet access to references, further figures, and motion pictures. The reader will be able to enjoy this book using a smartphone or tablet PC.
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