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This book examines the links between physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. It presents an overview of the role of PA and CRF in the prevention and management of risk factors associated with cardiometabolic diseases such as hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, obesity, and atherosclerosis. In addition, it explores how these risks vary with different populations such as the elderly and people of various racial backgrounds. The book also highlights risks associated with exercise and presents a prescription for appropriate and efficacious exercise to minimize risk and maximize health benefits for the heart. Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Prevention and Management of Cardiometabolic Disease is an essential resource for physicians, exercise physiologists, medical students, residents, fellows, nurses, and researchers in cardiology, cardiorespiratory fitness, exercise science, health promotion and disease prevention, public health, and epidemiology.
This fifth edition of Autonomic Failure covers the many recent advances made in our understanding of the autonomic nervous system. There are numerous new chapters and extensive revisions of all other contributions. This book makes diagnosis increasingly precise by fully evaluating the underlying anatomical and functional deficits, thereby allowing more effective treatment. This new edition continues to provide a rational guide to aid in the recognition and management of autonomic disorders for practitioners from a variety of fields, including neurology, cardiology, geriatric medicine, diabetology and internal medicine.
The opening chapter of Horizons in World Cardiovascular Research. Volume 16 discusses the functions of the internal jugular veins, particularly how they are usually valveless except for a single valve situated just above the junction of the vein with the brachiocephalic vein. Additionally, the authors assess the frequency, nature, duration and significance of cardiovascular disorders associated with rotavirus infection in the human body. A careful analysis of electrocardiograms and other diagnostic tools is included with the goal of helping to early identify high risk beta-thalassemia major patients for arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. The authors also examine the coronary vasospasm as a potential risk for thrombus formation in patients with drug-eluting stents implantation by showing several clinical studies and case reports in terms of mechanism and prevention. Following this, an overview of the structure of smooth muscle cells and their main functions in the human umbilical artery is presented. The anatomy and physiology of venous outflow from the brain is described. Since physical effects play an important role in regulating this outflow, it is important to present some basic physical principles governing the flow in the tubes. Moreover, the authors review a transgenic mouse model to study its genetic contribution to Moyamoya syndrome, a cerebrovascular condition defined by the chronic progressive stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid arteries and their major branches, as well as describe a recently-developed surgical model. The closing chapter posits that it would be beneficial to describe the difficulties and challenges that occur during the implantation of permanent biventricular defibrillating systems in cases of Superior Vena Cava is Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava.
This book will provide readers with a detailed understanding of the ischemic damage to the myocardium after myocardial infarction, as well as essential tools for the treatment of damaged heart after myocardial infarction. It discusses various methods such as pharmacological pre- and post-conditioning, cytokine therapy, and cell therapy especially using Muse cells.The coverage of Muse cell therapy, which includes the latest work done by the author and his collaborators, is a unique feature of the book. Muse cells have self-renewability and have ability to differentiate into cells with the characteristics of all three germ layers from a single cell, while they are non-tumorigenic. It is the first book to feature the Muse cell therapy, which may offer the new promising therapeutic strategy for acute myocardial infarction.
Asthma is a disease of high prevalence that has shown a trend toward increasing incidence, morbidity, and mortality over the last three decades despite apparently effective drug treatments and increasing awareness of the need for better disease management. Often the inflammatory component of asthma is studied; however, the tissue remodelling process is a significant process that should not be overlooked. This valuable reference synthesizes current data and concepts developed to determine the relationship between airway wall remodelling and the pathogenesis of asthma. It discusses evidence for structural changes in asthmatic airway, the relationship between airway thickening and hyperresponsiveness, the relationship between cytokine production and tissue remodelling and inflammation, the significance of epithelial changes and the extracellular matrix, and in vivo and in vitro experimental approaches to the assessment of remodelling. Pharmacological and biochemical mechanisms that control cell proliferation are also examined. The consequences of airway wall remodelling for airway hyperresponsiveness is the unique focus of this volume, offering a fresh perspective of advances in asthma research.
Management of Heart Failure: Surgical will provide the full spectrum of surgical options, ICU management and rehabilitation, while also referencing heavily the companion volume of Management of Heart Failure: Medical by introducing the medical options in heart failure . The contributing authors are all key opinion leaders in the medical management of heart failure. This volume is designed to integrate with its sister medical title, but also alone be the definitive guide to the surgical management of heart failure.
This timely Second Edition of a landmark reference furnishes in-depth examinations of the latest developments in the physiology, pathophysiology, and clinical relevance of the respiratory muscles and chest wall--reflecting the explosion of information that has occurred since the publication of the previous edition.
The treatment and management of cardiovascular disease has seen rapid advances in recent years; as a trainee or practitioner of cardiovascular medicine, it can be difficult to find the time to stay abreast of recent updates in information. Unlike standard exhaustive text and reference titles, Essential Facts in Cardiovascular Medicine provides the most critical facts and clinical pearls of cardiovascular medicine, in a high-yield, concise, bulleted format that can fit in your pocket. Essential Facts in Cardiovascular Medicine is the perfect guide to enhance your cardiovascular knowledge, prepare for board examinations, and improve clinical practice. Essential Facts in Cardiovascular Medicine covers numerous important topics from the basics of Statistics, to factoids in General Cardiology, Physical Exam, EKG, Congenital Heart Disease, Valvular Heart Disease, Heart Failure/Transplant, Acute Coronary Syndromes, Pericardial Diseases, Electrophysiology, Pharmacology, Pregnancy, Pulmonary Hypertension, Peripheral Vascular Disease, Echocardiography, Formulas, Interventional Cardiology and Cardiac Tumors.
The second edition of Clinical Arrhythmology provides a fresh, clear, and authoritative overview that will guide readers from a solid understanding of the mechanisms behind cardiac arrhythmias -- which is fundamental to their identification -- to diagnosis via electrocardiograms and other tools, to specific management options for each of the arrhythmias that cardiologists and other clinicians will encounter in clinical practice. * Organized in a clear, intuitive manner; introducing the reader to an understanding of the anatomical and electrophysiological bases of arrhythmias, then to a comprehensive review of how to diagnose the full range of rhythmic abnormalities, and then to a discussion of specific clinical syndromes in which arrhythmias play a part * Highly illustrated chapters ensure key concepts are simpler to understand * Detailed appendices provide quick reference values for diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, and pharmacotherapeutic agents, and Recommendations
The significantly expanded second edition of this important textbook provides a comprehensive overview of the basics of electrocardiography. Each chapter is revised, and the book includes new chapters that focus on pacemakers, low voltage, pulmonary embolism, and hypothermia. The book is intended to help students in all health care delivery fields and at all levels of training to learn the basic concepts of interpreting electrocardiograms. It concisely covers the essential components of electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) and helps readers identify a number of conditions, including arrhythmias, bifascicular blocks, and heart attacks. Chapters are constructed to introduce basic themes, show examples from actual patient tracings, and provide practice through self-test electrocardiograms that reinforce the concepts taught in the chapter. Additionally, practice tracings build on the information provided in earlier chapters as well as on the features of the current one. Designed for the clerkship student, resident, or even the practicing professional who wants to brush up on EKG particulars, the second edition of Basic Electrocardiography is a user-friendly guide to one of medicine's most useful tools.
What chemicals are poisonous to the heart and why are they toxic?
Disease conditions that affect the human heart and the methods used to diagnose and treat them are all covered in one concise volume. Written by a past president of the Boston Chapter of the American Heart Association, Heart Disease is a comprehensive account of the leading cause of death in the West. Sequential chapters describe the structure and function of the heart, the various disease states, and the treatments for each major disease. In addition, the book examines the vast array of diagnostic tests and the most advanced treatments available, from basic drugs for prevention such as aspirin to transplants and artificial hearts. Dr. de Silva, who teaches at Harvard Medical School, also covers historical aspects of heart disease, discoveries about the structure and function of the heart, and the ways in which heart disease can be diagnosed and treated. Underlying conditions that affect the heart are described and linked to the treatments and devices used to correct disease conditions. Illustrations include diagrams of the heart, examples of test results, and images of devices used to treat heart disease A glossary defines medical terms used in the book
Written by world-renowned leaders in the fields of clinical electrophysiology and arrhythmology, the volume has represented since many years a biannual update on the most recent advances in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. The main chapters deal with atrial fibrillation and other supraventricular tachyarrhythmias, diagnosis and management of ventricular arrhythmias, risk stratification and prevention of sudden death in post-MI patients. The systematic and didactic approach to each topic makes the book a very useful tool for physicians working in the field.
This new edition is an integral source of information on Atherosclerosis. It covers topics such as newer coronary risk factors, high-density lipoprotein metabolism, lipid-lowering drugs, endothelium and thrombosis in atherogenesis, and contributing risk factors. With over 500 exceptional photographs, diagrams, and charts, each chapter illustrates an important facet of diagnosing and treating this common and often fatal disease.
This book provides information on the aortic valve. Written in a comprehensive style, it emphasizes the principles behind the development of artificial valves. It covers the principles of valve geometry, tissue structure and function relationships, valve dynamics, fluid dynamics, mechanical stresses, echocardiographic images, mechanisms of valve sounds, valvular pathology, and design and performance of bioprosthetic valves. It enhances our understanding of angiographic and echocardiographic images and calcific stenosis, and will be of value in the development of better prostheses. The Aortic Valve is the ideal text for biomedical engineers and a unique resource for teaching interdisciplinary approaches to medical and engineering students. This work is also an indispensible source for cardiac surgeons, pathologists, cardiologists, and manufacturers of prosthetic valves.
The book comprises contributions by some of the most respected scientists in the field of mathematical modeling and numerical simulation of the human cardiocirculatory system. It covers a wide range of topics, from the assimilation of clinical data to the development of mathematical and computational models, including with parameters, as well as their efficient numerical solution, and both in-vivo and in-vitro validation. It also considers applications of relevant clinical interest. This book is intended for graduate students and researchers in the field of bioengineering, applied mathematics, computer, computational and data science, and medicine wishing to become involved in the highly fascinating task of modeling the cardiovascular system.
"Cardiology Core Curriculum" fills the gap between the preclinical pathophysiology texts and specialist volumes aimed at cardiologists. It covers clinical cardiology for medical students, cardiology trainees and non specialists. Based on a successful course run by the Cardiology Division, University of Texas at Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, the problem oriented approach is in line with current medical school teaching. Case histories with self testing questions reinforce the learning and are ideal for exam preparation.
While there are many excellent pacing and defibrillation books,
they are nearly all written by physicians for physicians. The
second edition of the successful The Nuts and Bolts of Cardiac
Pacing has been thoroughly updated, reflecting the new challenges,
issues, and devices that clinicians deal with. Written specifically
for non-cardiologists in a lively, intelligent and easy to follow
style, it emphasizes real-life clinical practice and practical
tips, including illustrations from actual clinical settings. Each
chapter concludes with a checklist of key points from each subject
("Nuts and Bolts").
Everything you need to know about a pacemaker or defibrillator Implantable cardiac devices are life-saving tools that have been in use for decades. But when you or a loved one has been advised to get a pacemaker, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), or cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device, where do you turn for practical information about what life with your device will be like? The fact is that no single source provides patients and their families with the real-life information they need and want. Until now. Understanding Your Pacemaker or Defibrillator: What Patients and Families Need to Know fills this void with a wealth of useful information for patients who have or require an implantable device. Written from a uniquely comprehensive perspective by three very diverse experts - an experienced cardiologist who has worked with thousands of cardiac device patients and their families, a certified cardiac device specialist who also specializes in patient psychology, and a patient living with an implanted cardiac device - this book explains everything you need to know about living with a pacemaker, ICD, or CRT device including normal and abnormal heart function, misperceptions about implantable devices, what to expect during and after the procedure, follow-up care and possible complications, and practicalities of living with an implanted device. Using accessible, understandable language, Understanding Your Pacemaker or Defibrillator will answer your questions (even the ones you didn't know to ask!), allay your fears, and help you live a long and healthy life with your device.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a technique used in biomedical imaging and radiology to visualize internal structures of the body. Because MRI provides excellent contrast between different soft tissues, the technique is especially useful for diagnostic imaging of the brain, muscles, and heart. In the past 20 years, MRI technology has improved significantly with the introduction of systems up to 7 Tesla (7 T) and with the development of numerous post-processing algorithms such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), functional MRI (fMRI), and spectroscopic imaging. From these developments, the diagnostic potentialities of MRI have improved impressively with an exceptional spatial resolution and the possibility of analyzing the morphology and function of several kinds of pathology. Given these exciting developments, the Magnetic Resonance Imaging Handbook: Imaging of the Cardiovascular System, Thorax, and Abdomen is a timely addition to the growing body of literature in the field. Offering comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge imaging modalities, this book: Discusses MRI of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, breasts, diaphragm, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, adrenal glands, and gastrointestinal tract Explains how MRI can be used in vascular, posttraumatic, postsurgical, and computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) applications Highlights each organ's anatomy and pathological processes with high-quality images Examines the protocols and potentialities of advanced MRI scanners such as 7 T systems Includes extensive references at the end of each chapter to enhance further study Thus, the Magnetic Resonance Imaging Handbook: Imaging of the Cardiovascular System, Thorax, and Abdomen provides radiologists and imaging specialists with a valuable, state-of-the-art reference on MRI.
Get quick access to essential ECG information with the Pocket Guide for ECGs Made Easy, 6th Edition. Reflecting the American Heart Association's 2015 ECC resuscitation guidelines, this full-color guide contains key points and selected ECG rhythm strips to help you correctly identify ECG rhythms whether you're in the classroom or in the field. Each rhythm covered in the guide includes a brief description, a summary of heart rhythm characteristics, and a sample ECG rhythm strip. And with its numerous illustrations, call-out boxes, full-color layout, and easy-to-read, conversational style, this portable reference makes essential information not only easy to find, but also easy to understand. Easy-to-read, conversational tone makes understanding the information quick and easy. Brief description of each dysrhythmia is accompanied by a summary of heart rhythm characteristics and a sample ECG rhythm strip. Numerous tables, boxes, and full-color illustrations highlight and summarize key information. ECG Pearl boxes offer useful hints for interpreting ECGs, such as the importance of the escape pacemaker. NEW! Expanded coverage of ambulatory monitoring provides more in-depth guidance in this critical area. NEW! AHA compliance ensures information reflects the American Heart Association's 2015 ECC resuscitation guidelines. NEW! Updated content mirrors the updates in the core text, ECGs Made Easy, 6th Edition.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. In approximately half of the patients with newly diagnosed CAD, the first presentation is either acute myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac death. This book provides current research on the characteristics, management and long-term outcomes of coronary artery disease. Chapter One begins with an overview of biological characteristics, clinical classification, and spasms of arterial grafts and antispastic management in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Chapter Two discusses coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the current era, and highlights relative strengths and weaknesses of each approach. It also discusses various risk-stratification scoring systems, and consider both procedures in the context of different demographic populations, including advanced age, gender, acute coronary syndromes, previous CABG, renal failure, diabetes mellitus and left main involvement. Chapter Three focuses on contribution facts and fables of gender disparities in cardiovascular diseases. Chapter Four examines the role of multi-detector computed tomography in the detection of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in patients without known CAD.
Echocardiography remains the most commonly used imaging technique to visualize the heart and great vessels, and this clinically oriented text by Drs. Scott D. Solomon, Justina C. Wu, and Linda D. Gillam helps you make the most of its diagnostic and prognostic potential for your patients. Part of the highly regarded Braunwald's family of cardiology references, Essential Echocardiography expertly covers basic principles of anatomy and physiology, the appearance of normal variants across a wide range of cardiovascular diseases, and the hands-on approaches necessary to acquire and interpret optimal echocardiographic images in the clinical setting. Abundant illustrations provide a superb visual learning experience both in print and online. Images convey clear, classic examples that represent decades of experience over multiple institutions, as well as recent advances in the field. More than 485 accompanying video clips mirror the images in the text, with easy-to-follow links from the figure citation to the video online. Each section includes one or two clinical cases that illustrate key concepts. Written by expert echocardiographers and sonographers who emphasize practical applications throughout the text, and superbly illustrated by physician-artist Dr. Bernard Bulwer. Ideal for anyone currently using or learning to use echocardiography, including cardiologists, cardiology fellows, sonographers, anesthesiologists, critical care physicians, emergency physicians, radiologists, residents, and medical students. Expert ConsultT eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.
The Heart chart displays the internal and external structure of a major component of the vascular system. Major features such as heart valves are shown and labeled. Additional illustrations show anterior and posterior views of the heart, along with electrical paths in the heart. Heavy cover stock with protective varnish for durability.
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