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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Applied Reconfigurable Computing, ARC 2009, held in Karlsruhe, Germany, in March 2009.
The 21 full papers and 21 short papers presented together with the abstracts of 3 keynote lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from about 100 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on FPGA security and bitstream analysis, fault tolerant systems, architectures, place and route techniques, cryptography, and resource allocation and scheduling, as well as on applications.
Grids are a crucial enabling technology for scientific and industrial development. Grid and Services Evolution, the 11th edited volume of the CoreGRID series, was based on The CoreGRID Middleware Workshop, held in Barcelona, Spain, June 5-6, 2008.
Grid and Services Evolution provides a bridge between the application community and the developers of middleware services, especially in terms of parallel computing. This edited volume brings together a critical mass of well-established researchers worldwide, from forty-two institutions active in the fields of distributed systems and middleware, programming models, algorithms, tools and environments.
Grid and Services Evolution is designed for a professional audience composed of researchers and practitioners within the Grid community industry. This volume is also suitable for advanced-level students in computer science.
This volume contains the proceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning (IJCAR 2010). IJCAR 2010 was held during July 16-19 as part of the 2010 Federated Logic Conference, hosted by the School of Informatics at the University ofEdinburgh,Scotland. Support by the conference sponsors - EPSRC, NSF, Microsoft Research, Association for Symbolic Logic, CADE Inc. , Google, Hewlett-Packard, Intel - is gratefully acknowledged. IJCARisthepremierinternationaljointconferenceonalltopicsinautomated reasoning, including foundations, implementations, and applications. Previous IJCAR conferences were held at Siena (Italy) in 2001, Cork (Ireland) in 2004, Seattle (USA) in 2006, and Sydney (Australia) in 2008. IJCAR comprises s- eral leading conferences and workshops. In 2010, IJCAR was the fusion of the following events: -CADE: International Conference on Automated Deduction -FroCoS: International Symposium on Frontiers of Combining Systems -FTP: International Workshop on First-Order Theorem Proving - TABLEAUX: InternationalConferenceonAutomatedReasoningwith- alytic Tableaux and Related Methods There were 89 submissions (63 regular papers and 26 system descriptions) of which 40 were accepted (28 regular papers and 12 system descriptions). Each submission was assigned to at least three Program Committee members, who carefully reviewed the papers, with the help of 92 external referees. Afterwards, the submissions were discussed by the ProgramCommittee during two weeks by means of Andrei Voronkov's EasyChair system. We want to thank Andrei very much for providing his system, which was very helpful for the management of the submissions and reviews and for the discussion of the Program Committee.
In the mid 1990s, researchers began applying Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) on a kind of computer chip that could dynamically alter the functionality and physicalconnectionsofits circuits. This combinationofEAs withprogrammable electronics (e. g., Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) and Field P- grammable Analogue Arrays (FPAAs)) spawned a new ?eld of Evolutionary Computation (EC) called Evolvable Hardware (EH) with its ?rst workshop, - wards Evolvable Hardware, held in Lausanne, Switzerland in October 1995. This workshop was followed by the First International Conference on Evolvable S- tems: From Biology to Hardware (ICES' 96), held inTsukuba, Japanin October 1996. The second ICES was held in Lausanne, September 1998, the third was in Edinburgh, April 2000, the fourth was in Tokyo, October 2001, the ?fth was in Trondheim, March 2003, the sixth was in Sitges, September 2005, and the seventh was in Wuhan, September 2007. Over the years the EH ?eld has expanded beyond the use of EAs on simple electronic devices to encompass many di?erent combinations of EAs and biol- ically inspired algorithms (BIAs) with various physical devices (or simulations of physical devices). Present research in the ?eld of EH can be split into the two related areas of Evolvable HardwareDesign (EHD) and Adaptive Hardware (AH). Evolvable Hardware Design (EHD) is the use of EAs and BIAs for cre- ing physical devices and designs, examples of where EHD has had some success include analogue and digital electronics, antennas, MEMS chips, opticalsystems aswell asquantum circuits.
The 18th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming was held in Prague, September 10-12, 2008. ILP returned to Prague after 11 years, and it is tempting to look at how the topics of interest have evolved during that time. The ILP community clearly continues to cherish its beloved ?rst-order logic representation framework. This is legitimate, as the work presented at ILP 2008 demonstrated that there is still room for both extending established ILP approaches (such as inverse entailment) and exploring novel logic induction frameworks (such as brave induction). Besides the topics lending ILP research its unique focus, we were glad to see in this year's proceedings a good n- ber of papers contributing to areas such as statistical relational learning, graph mining, or the semantic web. To help open ILP to more mainstream research areas, the conference featured three excellent invited talks from the domains of the semantic web (Frank van Harmelen), bioinformatics (Mark Craven) and cognitive sciences (Josh Tenenbaum). We deliberately looked for speakers who are not directly involved in ILP research. We further invited a tutorial on stat- tical relational learning (Kristian Kersting) to meet the strong demand to have the topic presented from the ILP perspective. Lastly, Stefano Bertolo from the European Commission was invited to give a talk on the ideal niches for ILP in the current EU-supported research on intelligent content and semantics.
TheSAMOSworkshopisaninternationalgatheringofhighlyquali?edresearchers from academia and industry, sharing their ideas in a 3-day lively discussion. The workshop meeting is one of two co-located events-the other event being the IC-SAMOS. The workshop is unique in the sense that not only solved research problems are presented and discussed, but also (partly) unsolved problems and in-depth topical reviews can be unleashed in the scienti?c arena. Consequently, the workshopprovidesthe participantswithanenvironmentwherecollaboration rather than competition is fostered. The workshopwas established in 2001 by ProfessorStamatis Vassiliadis with thegoalsoutlinedaboveinmind, andlocatedinoneofthemostbeautifulislands oftheAegean.Therichhistoricalandculturalenvironmentoftheisland, coupled with the intimate atmosphere and the slow pace of a small village by the sea in the middle of the Greek summer, provide a very conducive environment where ideas can be exchangedand sharedfreely. The workshop, since its inception, has emphasized high-quality contributions, and it has grown to accommodate two parallel tracks and a number of invited sessions. This year, the workshopcelebratedits eighthanniversary, and it attracted24 contributionscarefullyselected outof62 submitted worksfor anacceptancerate of 38.7%. Each submission was thoroughly reviewed by at least three reviewers and considered by the international Program Committee during its meeting at Delft in March
Modern information systems rely increasingly on combining concurrent, d- tributed, real-time, recon?gurable and heterogeneous components. New models, architectures, languages, and veri?cation techniques are necessary to cope with thecomplexityinducedbythedemandsoftoday'ssoftwaredevelopment. COOR- DINATIONaimstoexplorethespectrumoflanguages, middleware, services, and algorithms that separate behavior from interaction, therefore increasing mo- larity, simplifying reasoning, and ultimately enhancing software development. This volume contains the proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Coordination Models and Languages, COORDINATION 2008, held in Oslo, Norway in June 2008, as part of the federated DisCoTec conference. COORDI- NATIONitselfispartofaserieswhoseproceedingshavebeenpublishedinLNCS volumes 1061, 1282, 1594, 1906, 2315, 2949, 3454, 4038, and 4467. From the 61 submissions received from around the world, the Program Committee selected 21 papers for presentation and publication in this volume on the basis of or- inality, quality, and relevance to the topics of the conference. Each submission received at least three reviews. As with previous editions, the paper submission and selection processes were managed entirely electronically. This was acc- plished using EasyChair, a free Web-based conference management system. In addition to the technical paper presentations, COORDINATION 2008 hosted an invited presentation by Matt Welsh from Harvard University. We are grateful to all the Program Committee members who devoted much e?ort and time to read and discuss the papers. Moreover, we acknowledge the help of additional external reviewers who evaluated submissions in their area of expertise. Finally, wewouldliketothanktheauthorsofallthesubmittedpapersandthe conferenceattendees, for keeping this researchcommunity lively and interactive, and ultimately ensuring the success of this conference series.
As technology continues to advance in today's global market, practitioners are targeting systems with significant levels of applicability and variance. Instrumentation is a multidisciplinary subject that provides a wide range of usage in several professional fields, specifically engineering. Instrumentation plays a key role in numerous daily processes and has seen substantial advancement in recent years. It is of utmost importance for engineering professionals to understand the modern developments of instruments and how they affect everyday life. Advancements in Instrumentation and Control in Applied System Applications is a collection of innovative research on the methods and implementations of instrumentation in real-world practices including communication, transportation, and biomedical systems. While highlighting topics including smart sensor design, medical image processing, and atrial fibrillation, this book is ideally designed for researchers, software engineers, technologists, developers, scientists, designers, IT professionals, academicians, and post-graduate students seeking current research on recent developments within instrumentation systems and their applicability in daily life.
For manyyears, the idea of recon?gurablehardwaresystems hasrepresentedthe Holy Grail for computer systemdesigners.It has been recognizedfor a long time that the microprocessor provides high ?exibility but at a very low performance merit in terms of MIPS/W or other such measures. Recon?gurable systems are thus attractive as they can be con?gured to provide the best match for the computational requirements at that speci?c time, giving much better area - speed - power performance. However, the practicalities of achieving such a recon?gurable system are - merous andrequirethe developmentof: suitable recon?gurablehardwareto s- portthe dynamicbehavior;programmingtoolsto allowthe dynamicbehavior of the recon?gurability to be modelled; programming languages to support rec- ?guration;andveri?cationtechniquesthatcandemonstratethatrecon?guration hashappenedcorrectlyateachstage.Whiletheproblemsaremany, theexistence and development of technologies such as the multi-core processor architecture, recon?gurable computing architectures, and application-speci?c processors s- gest there is a strong desire for recon?gurable systems. Moreover, FPGAs also provide the ideal platforms for the development of such platforms. The major motivation behind the International Workshop on Applied - con?gurable Computing (ARC) series is to create a forum for presenting and discussing on-going research e?orts in applied recon?gurable computing. The workshop also focuses on compiler and mapping techniques, and new recon- urablecomputingarchitectures.Theseriesofeditionsstartedin2005inAlgarve, Portugal, followed by the 2006 workshop in Delft, The Netherlands, and last year's workshop in Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. As in previous years, selectedpapershavebeenpublished asa SpringerLNCS(LectureNotes in C- puter Science) volume.
This book presents several significant advances in algorithms designed to solve the Do-All problem in distributed message-passing settings under various models of adversity, including processor crashes, asynchrony, message delays, network partitions, and malicious processor behaviors. Upper and lower bounds are presented, demonstrating the extent to which efficiency can be combined with fault-tolerance. This book contains the recent advances in the principles of efficient and fault-tolerant cooperative computing, narrowing the gap between abstract models of dependable network computing and realistic distributed systems.
"Fundamentals of Digital Logic With Verilog Design" is intended for an introductory course in digital logic design. The main goals are (1) to teach students the fundamental concepts in classical manual digital design, and (2) illlustrate clearly the way in which digital circuits are designed today, using CAD tools.
Use of CAD software is well integrated into the book. Some excellent CAD tools are available free of charge. For example, the Altera Corporation has its Quartus II CAD software, used for implementing designs in programmable logic devices such as FPGAs. The Web Edition of the Quartus II software can be downloaded from Altera's website and used free of charge, without the need to obtain a license. Previous editions of this book a set of tutorials for using Quartus II software was provided in the appendices. These tutorials can now be found on the Author's website. Another set of useful tutorials about Quartus II can be found on Altera's University Program website, which is located at www.altera.com/education/univ
This volume comprises the edited proceedings of the 2006 CoreGRID Integration Workshop (CGIW'2006), held October 2006 in Krakow, Poland. A ?Network of Excellence? funded by the European Commission's Sixth Framework Program, CoreGRID, aims to strengthen and advance scientific and technological excellence in the area of Grid and Peer-to-Peer technologies by bringing together a critical mass of well-established researchers from 41 European research institutions. Achievements in European Research on Grid Systems covers, though is not limited to, the following topics: knowledge and data management; programming models; system architecture; Grid information, resource and workflow monitoring services; resource management and scheduling; systems, tools and environments; trust and security issues on the Grid. Designed for a professional audience of industry practitioners and researchers, Achievements in European Research on Grid Systems is also suitable for advanced-level students in computer science.
Das 20. Fachgesprach Autonome Mobile Systeme (AMS 2007) ist ein Forum, das Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern aus Forschung und Industrie, die auf dem Gebiet der autonomen mobilen Systeme arbeiten, eine Basis fur den Gedakenaustausch bietet und wissenschfltiche Diskussionen sowie Kooperationen auf diesem Forschungsgebiet fordert bzw. initiiert. Inhaltlich setzt das Fachgesprach den diesjahrigen Schwerpunkt auf Arbeiten im Bereich der kognitiven Automobile und Laufmaschinen. Ausgewahlte Beitrage zu den Themen Fahrerassistenzsysteme, Humanoide Roboter, Kartierung und Lokalisation, Navigation, Lernverfahren, System- und Steuerungsarchitekturen sowie der Anwendung von autonomen mobilen Systemen bilden den Inhalt dieses Bandes. "
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th European PVM/MPI Users' Group Meeting held in Paris, France, September 30 - October 3, 2007.
The 40 revised full papers presented together with abstracts of 6 invited contributions, 3 tutorial papers and 6 poster papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 68 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on collective communication, communication protocols, debugging and verification, fault tolerance, metacomputing and grid, parallel I/O, implementation issues, object-oriented message passing, limitations and extensions, performance, and are completed with 6 contributions to the special ParSim session on current trends in numerical simulation for parallel engineering environments.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Evolvable Systems, ICES 2007, held in Wuhan, China, in September 2007.
The 41 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 123 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on digital hardware evolution, analog hardware evolution, bio-inspired systems, mechanical hardware evolution, evolutionary design, evolutionary algorithms in hardware design, and hardware implementation of evolutionary algorithms.
This book constitutes the refereed joint proceedings of seven international workshops held in conjunction with the 5th International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications, ISPA 2007, held in Niagara Falls, Canada, in August 2007 (see LNCS 4742).
The 53 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from many high quality submissions. The workshops are very specific and contribute to enlarging the spectrum of the more general topics treated in the ISPA 2007 main conference. Topics addressed are Security and Survivability in Distributed Sensor Networks (SSDSN 2007), Ubiquitous Processing for Wireless Networks (UPWN 2007), Intelligent Systems and Smart Home (WISH 2007), Semantic and Grid Computing (SGC 2007), Parallel and Distributed Multimedia Computing (ParDMCom 2007), High Performance Computing in Medicine and Biology (HiPCoMB 2007), as well as Intelligent Systems Techniques for Ad Hoc and Wireless Sensor Networks (IST-AWSN 2007).
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Parallel Computing Technologies, PaCT 2007, held in Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia in September 2007 - in conjunction with the the Russian-Taiwan symposium on Methods and Tools of Parallel Programming of Multicomputers.
The 37 revised full papers and 24 revised poster papers presented together with 2 invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 98 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on models and languages, applications, techniques for parallel programming supporting, cellular automata, as well as methods and tools of parallel programming of multicomputers.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th Asia-Pacific Computer Systems Architecture Conference, ACSAC 2007, held in Seoul, Korea in August 2007.
The 26 revised full papers presented together with 2 keynote 8 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 92 submissions. The papers encompass a wide range of topics, with much emphasis in hardware and software techniques for state-of-the-art multicore and multithreaded architectures.
The two volumes LNCS 10199 and 10200 constitute the refereed conference proceedings of the 20th European Conference on the Applications of Evolutionary Computation, EvoApplications 2017, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in April 2017, collocated with the Evo* 2016 events EuroGP, EvoCOP, and EvoMUSART. The 46 revised full papers presented together with 26 poster papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 108 submissions. EvoApplications 2016 consisted of the following 13 tracks: EvoBAFIN (natural computing methods in business analytics and finance), EvoBIO (evolutionary computation, machine learning and data mining in computational biology), EvoCOMNET (nature-inspired techniques for telecommunication networks and other parallel and distributed systems), EvoCOMPLEX (evolutionary algorithms and complex systems), EvoENERGY (evolutionary computation in energy applications), EvoGAMES (bio-inspired algorithms in games), EvoIASP (evolutionary computation in image analysis, signal processing, and pattern recognition), EvoINDUSTRY (nature-inspired techniques in industrial settings), EvoKNOW (knowledge incorporation in evolutionary computation), EvoNUM (bio-inspired algorithms for continuous parameter optimization), EvoPAR (parallel implementation of evolutionary algorithms), EvoROBOT (evolutionary robotics), EvoSET (nature-inspired algorithms in software engineering and testing), and EvoSTOC (evolutionary algorithms in stochastic and dynamic environments).
This book is concerned with studying the co-design methodology in general, and how to determine the more suitable interface mechanism in a co-design system in particular. This is based on the characteristics of the application and those of the target architecture of the system. Guidelines are provided to support the designer's choice of the interface mechanism. The content of this book is divided into eight chapters presenting co-design as a methodology for the integrated design of systems implemented using both hardware and software components. This includes high-level synthesis and the new technologies available for its implementation. The physical co-design system is then presented.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications, ISPA 2006, held in Sorrento, Italy in November 2006. The 79 revised full papers presented together with five keynote speeches cover architectures, networks, languages, algorithms, middleware, cooperative computing, software, and applications.
This book addresses the topic of exploiting enterprise-linked data with a particular focus on knowledge construction and accessibility within enterprises. It identifies the gaps between the requirements of enterprise knowledge consumption and "standard" data consuming technologies by analysing real-world use cases, and proposes the enterprise knowledge graph to fill such gaps. It provides concrete guidelines for effectively deploying linked-data graphs within and across business organizations. It is divided into three parts, focusing on the key technologies for constructing, understanding and employing knowledge graphs. Part 1 introduces basic background information and technologies, and presents a simple architecture to elucidate the main phases and tasks required during the lifecycle of knowledge graphs. Part 2 focuses on technical aspects; it starts with state-of-the art knowledge-graph construction approaches, and then discusses exploration and exploitation techniques as well as advanced question-answering topics concerning knowledge graphs. Lastly, Part 3 demonstrates examples of successful knowledge graph applications in the media industry, healthcare and cultural heritage, and offers conclusions and future visions.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature, PPSN 2006, held in Reykjavik, Iceland in September 2006.
The 106 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 255 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics, from evolutionary computation to swarm intelligence and from bio-inspired computing to real-world applications; they are organized in topical sections on theory, new algorithms, applications, multi-objective optimization, evolutionary learning, as well as representations, operators, and empirical evaluation.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th European PVM/MPI Users' Group Meeting, held in September 2006. The book presents 38 revised full papers together with abstracts of 6 invited contributions, 4 tutorial papers and 6 poster papers. The papers are organized in topical sections on collective communication, communication protocols, debugging and verification, fault tolerance, metacomputing and grid, parallel I/O, implementation issues, object-oriented message passing, limitations and extensions and performance.
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