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Fetal Echocardiography is a comprehensive, lavishly illustrated guide to fetal heart scanning for anyone involved in obstetric ultrasound. Authored by a leading pediatric cardiologist with over 30 years of experience, it brings together all the information needed by cardiologists, obstetricians, sonographers or maternal-fetal medicine clinicians in order to obtain clear, high-quality echocardiograms and interpret them. Initial chapters provide the basic principles of echocardiography and how to obtain the standard views, giving numerous illustrations of each standard view and the possible deviations from normal. Subsequent chapters present a complete pictorial representation of almost all malformations recognised in fetal life. An overview of the likely outcome of each malformation is given, backed up by personal data involving nearly 4000 abnormal fetal hearts. Additional chapters cover Fetal Arrhythmias and Early Fetal Heart Scanning. Highly illustrated and full of practical guidance, Fetal Echocardiography is an invaluable resource for all practitioners involved in obstetric scanning.
Delayed recognition of an injury or improper stabilization of the spine can lead to irreversible spinal cord injury and permanent neurological damage. This highly illustrated resource chronicles the rapid developments in imaging technology and expertise over the past decades that have transformed the medical management of vertebral injury, including thoracolumbar trauma classification. With over 250 CT and MRI images, this essential text is designed to aid both trainees and practicing physicians in making rapid and accurate diagnoses to patients with spinal trauma and provide appropriate care. This clear, concise, case-based resource will serve as a guide and learning source for trainees as well as an easily navigable reference for medical practitioners that can be essential to establishing the presence of an acute spinal injury.
Gamma cameras are traditionally large devices that are situated in nuclear medicine departments, but recent advances in detector design have enabled the production of compact gamma cameras that allow nuclear imaging at the patient bedside and in the operating theatre. Gamma Cameras for Interventional and Intraoperative Imaging is the first book to cover this new area of imaging, and provides a unique insight into the experimental and clinical use of small field of view gamma cameras in hospitals. This book explores advances in the design and operation of compact gamma cameras and conducts a thorough review of current SFOV systems, before exploring the clinical applications of the technology. It is an essential reference for surgeons, operating theatre staff, clinical scientists (medical physicists), technologists, nuclear physicians and radiologists whose patients could benefit from this technology.
An overview of statistical methods for analyzing data from fMRI experiments. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which allows researchers to observe neural activity in the human brain noninvasively, has revolutionized the scientific study of the mind. An fMRI experiment produces massive amounts of highly complex data; researchers face significant challenges in analyzing the data they collect. This book offers an overview of the most widely used statistical methods of analyzing fMRI data. Every step is covered, from preprocessing to advanced methods for assessing functional connectivity. The goal is not to describe which buttons to push in the popular software packages but to help readers understand the basic underlying logic, the assumptions, the strengths and weaknesses, and the appropriateness of each method. The book covers all of the important current topics in fMRI data analysis, including the relation of the fMRI BOLD (blood oxygen-level dependent) response to neural activation; basic analyses done in virtually every fMRI article-preprocessing, constructing statistical parametrical maps using the general linear model, solving the multiple comparison problem, and group analyses; the most popular methods for assessing functional connectivity-coherence analysis and Granger causality; two widely used multivariate approaches, principal components analysis and independent component analysis; and a brief survey of other current fMRI methods. The necessary mathematics is explained at a conceptual level, but in enough detail to allow mathematically sophisticated readers to gain more than a purely conceptual understanding. The book also includes short examples of Matlab code that implement many of the methods described; an appendix offers an introduction to basic Matlab matrix algebra commands (as well as a tutorial on matrix algebra). A second appendix introduces multivariate probability distributions.
In the last decade, bioimaging and therapy based on near-infrared (NIR) nanomaterials have played an important role in biotechnology due to their intrinsic advantages when compared with the traditional imaging probe and medicine. NIR nanomaterials allow deeper penetration depth, low detection threshold concentration and better targeted performance. This book systematically summarises the recent progress in the fabrication and application of NIR nanomaterials for biomedical imaging and therapy, and discusses the advantages, challenges and opportunities available. Near-infrared Nanomaterials contains achapter highlighting the outlook of these materials, detailing novel ideas for the further application of NIR nanomaterials in bioimaging and medicine. Written by leading experts working in the field, this title will have broad appeal to those working in chemistry, materials science, nanotechnology, biology, bioengineering, biomedical science and biophysics.
A complete and practical guide, this text describes how to produce high-quality radiographic and ultrasound images. The first half of the book covers equipment, safety, and technique - all major responsibilities of the veterinary technician. The second half details radiographic positioning for small animals, large animals, and exotics. Reflecting the major role of ultrasonography in veterinary practice, the book concludes with an expanded chapter on diagnostic ultrasound. Practical, concise clinical format Written at the appropriate reading level for technicians Abundant illustrations emphasize basic radiographic and ultrasonographic principles, techniques, and equipment used in veterinary practice Concise and understandable discussion of physics and radiography Examples of common artifacts show how to avoid misinterpretation of imaging studies Excellent coverage of radiation safety Practical technique charts Excellent coverage of small- and large-animal positioning Exotics chapter featuring rodents (including ferrets), reptiles, and birds Ultrasound chapter that includes normal ultrasonographic findings, along with corresponding images Helpful hints given for obtaining quality images and avoiding common pitfalls reflect the authors' experiences at a busy teaching institution New cardiac ultrasound scanning techniques with 20 new ultrasound images New images of the latest x-ray equipment Updated pedagogical features, including outlines, key points, chapter objectives, and helpful hints for veterinary technicians
Image-guided therapy (IGT) uses imaging to improve the localization and targeting of diseased tissue and to monitor and control treatments. During the past decade, image-guided surgeries and image-guided minimally invasive interventions have emerged as advances that can be used in place of traditional invasive approaches. Advanced imaging technologies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography (PET) entered into operating rooms and interventional suites to complement already-available routine imaging devices like X-ray and ultrasound. At the same time, navigational tools, computer-assisted surgery devices, and image-guided robots also became part of the revolution in interventional radiology suites and the operating room.
"Intraoperative Imaging and Image-Guided Therapy" explores the fundamental, technical, and clinical aspects of state-of the-art image-guided therapies. It presents the basic concepts of image guidance, the technologies involved in therapy delivery, and the special requirements for the design and construction of image-guided operating rooms and interventional suites. It also covers future developments such as molecular imaging-guided surgeries and novel innovative therapies like MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery.
IGT is a multidisciplinary and multimodality field in which teams of physicians, physicists, engineers, and computer scientists collaborate in performing these interventions, an approach that is reflected in the organization of the book. Contributing authors include members of the National Center of Image-Guided Therapy program at Brigham and Women s Hospital and international leaders in the field of IGT.
The book includes coverage of these topics:
- Imaging methods, guidance technologies, and the therapy delivery systems currently used or in development.
- Clinical applications for IGT in various specialties such as neurosurgery, ear-nose-and-throat surgery, cardiovascular surgery, endoscopies, and orthopedic procedures.
- Review and comparison of the clinical uses for IGT with conventional methods in terms of invasiveness, effectiveness, and outcome.
- Requirements for the design and construction of image-guided operating rooms and interventional suites."
Clinical conformal radiotherapy is the holy grail of radiation treatment and is now becoming a reality through the combined efforts of physical scientists and engineers, who have improved the physical basis of radiotherapy, and the interest and concern of imaginative radiotherapists and radiographers. Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy describes in detail the physics germane to the development of a particular form of clinical conformal radiotherapy called intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). IMRT has become a topic of tremendous importance in recent years and is now being seriously investigated for its potential to improve the outcome of radiation therapy. The book collates the state-of-the-art literature together with the author's personal research experience and that of colleagues in the field to produce a text suitable for new research workers, Ph.D. students, and practicing radiation physicists that require a thorough introduction to IMRT. Fully illustrated, indexed, and referenced, the book has been prepared in a form suitable for supporting a teaching course.
Podrid's Real-World ECGs: A Master's Approach to the Art and Practice of Clinical ECG Interpretation Podrid's Real-World ECGs combines traditional case-based workbooks with a versatile Web-based program to offer students, health care professionals, and physicians an indispensable resource for developing and honing the technical skills and systematic approach needed to interpret ECGs with confidence. ECGs from real patient cases offer a complete and in-depth learning experience by focusing on fundamental electrophysiologic properties and clinical concepts as well as detailed discussion of important diagnostic findings and relevant management decisions. Six comprehensive volumes encompass more than 600 individual case studies--plus an online repository of hundreds more interactive case studies (www.realworldECGs.com)--that include feedback and discussion about the important waveforms and clinical decision-making involved. From an introductory volume that outlines the approaches and tools utilized in the analysis of all ECGs to subsequent volumes covering particular disease entities for which the ECG is useful, readers will take away the in-depth knowledge needed to successfully interpret the spectrum of routine to challenging ECGs they will encounter in their own clinical practice. Volume 2, Myocardial Abnormalities, breaks down the essential skills necessary for diagnosing acute myocardial ischemia as well as acute and chronic myocardial infarction--arguably the most important component of the ECG armamentarium across the spectrum of health care professions. It also demonstrates the skills needed for the diagnosis of myocardial hypertrophy, atrial abnormality, and pericarditis.
This volume reviews the history of endoscopy to diagnose small bowel disorders, places other diagnostic modalities into perspective, and defines the role of capsule endoscopy and per overtube assisted and retrograde enteroscopy in disorders as disparate as gluten sensitive enteropathy, small bowel neoplasms, and inflammatory bowel disease. The book further details the nonoperative approach to NSAID strictures, foreign body retrieval (to include impacted capsule endoscopes), and the diagnosis and treatment of chronically bleeding angiodysplastic lesions. The text is also richly illustrated with over 150 images and includes online video segments. Written by experts in the field, Endoscopy in Small Bowel Disorders is a valuable resource for medical and surgical residents, gastroenterologists in training and practice, therapeutic endoscopists, and general and colorectal surgeons.
An introduction to Neuroimaging and Neurophysiology in Psychiatry, this book explains the basic physics and physiology behind the main techniques of neuroimaging, including MRI and PET, and non-invasive neurophysiology. This title covers all the clinically relevant aspects of neuroimaging and neurophysiology methods. It includes individual chapters on techniques, diagnostic disease markers, and neurophysiological treatments to ensure psychiatrists are familiar with the clinical relevance of reported abnormalities. With the latest research, Neuroimaging and Neurophysiology in Psychiatry is an invaluable and easy-to-read reference that will help practising psychiatrists in the evaluation of the use of neuroimaging methods in clinical, research, and forensic settings.
This book covers the main mathematical and numerical models in computational electrocardiology, ranging from microscopic membrane models of cardiac ionic channels to macroscopic bidomain, monodomain, eikonal models and cardiac source representations. These advanced multiscale and nonlinear models describe the cardiac bioelectrical activity from the cell level to the body surface and are employed in both the direct and inverse problems of electrocardiology. The book also covers advanced numerical techniques needed to efficiently carry out large-scale cardiac simulations, including time and space discretizations, decoupling and operator splitting techniques, parallel finite element solvers. These techniques are employed in 3D cardiac simulations illustrating the excitation mechanisms, the anisotropic effects on excitation and repolarization wavefronts, the morphology of electrograms in normal and pathological tissue and some reentry phenomena. The overall aim of the book is to present rigorously the mathematical and numerical foundations of computational electrocardiology, illustrating the current research developments in this fast-growing field lying at the intersection of mathematical physiology, bioengineering and computational biomedicine. This book is addressed to graduate student and researchers in the field of applied mathematics, scientific computing, bioengineering, electrophysiology and cardiology.
The scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope, both capable of imaging and manipulating individual atoms, were crowned with the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986, and are the cornerstones of nanotechnology today. The first edition of this book has nurtured numerous beginners and experts since 1993. The second edition is a thoroughly updated version of this 'bible' in the field. The second edition includes a number of new developments in the field. Non-contact atomic-force microscopy has demonstrated true atomic resolution. It enables direct observation and mapping of individual chemical bonds. A new chapter about the underlying physics, atomic forces, is added. The chapter on atomic force microscopy is substantially expanded. Spin-polarized STM has enabled the observation of local magnetic phenomena down to atomic scale. A pedagogical presentation of the basic concepts is included. Inelastic scanning tunneling microscopy has shown the capability of studying vibrational modes of individual molecules. The underlying theory and new instrumentation are added. For biological research, to increase the speed of scanning to observe life phenomena in real time is a key. Advances in this direction are presented as well. The capability of STM to manipulate individual atoms is one of the cornerstones of nanotechnology. The theoretical basis and in particular the relation between tunneling and interaction energy are thoroughly presented, together with experimental facts.
In vivo magnetic resonance spectrosopy (MRS) is increasingly being used in the clinical setting, particularly for neurological disorders. Clinical MR Spectroscopy - Techniques and Applications explains both the underlying physical principles of MRS and provides a perceptive review of clinical MRS applications. Topics covered include an introduction to MRS physics, information content of spectra from different organ systems, spectral analysis methods, recommended protocols and localization techniques, and normal age- and region-related spectral variations in the brain. Clinical applications in the brain are discussed for brain tumors, hypoxic and ischemic injury, infectious, inflammatory and demyelinating diseases, epilepsy, neurodegenerative disorders, trauma and metabolic diseases. Outside of the brain, techniques and applications are discussed for MRS in the musculosketal system, breast and prostate. Written by leading MRS experts, this is an invaluable guide for anyone interested in in vivo MRS, including radiologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, oncologists and medical researchers.
Attention SIIM Members: a special discount is available to you; please log in to the SIIM website at www.siim.org/pii or call the SIIM office at 703-723-0432 for information on how you can receive the SIIM member price. Imaging Informatics Professionals (IIPs) have come to play an indispensable role in modern medicine, and the scope of this profession has grown far beyond the boundaries of the PACS. A successful IIP must not only understand the PACS itself, but also have knowledge of clinical workflow, a base in several medical specialties, and a solid IT capability regarding software interactions and networking. With the introduction of a certification test for the IIP position, a single source was needed to explain the fundamentals of imaging informatics and to demonstrate how those fundamentals are applied in everyday practice. Practical Imaging Informatics describes the foundations of information technology and clinical image management, details typical daily operations, and discusses rarer complications and issues.
New edition for the ARDMS SPI exam Here is the new SPI edition of the single best-selling mock exam devoted to the ARDMS exam in ultrasound physics. If you are looking for guidance and a clear understanding of the principles and facts you must know to pass the SPI exam, this is the review for you. Written by a sonographer who not only loves ultrasound physics but delights in-and excels at-explaining it to others, this mock examination hones your test-taking skills, measures your progress as you study, and assesses your strengths and weaknesses by exam topic so that you can focus your effort where it counts. With 600 registry-like questions, 83 image-based questions, and simple, clear explanations, the SPI edition of the best-selling Ultrasound Physics Review illuminates this difficult subject from the point of view of the sonographer and points the way to success. An Image Gallery prepares you to tackle the scans on the exam. Precisely based on the ARDMS exam outline and edited by eminent medical physicist Jim Zagzebski, PhD, Ultrasound Physics Review covers all topics in the new revised exam. Very effective in combination with any of the physics texts in our online catalog. 12 hours of SDMS-approved CME credit. More than 80 images. 235 pp.
Image processing is a hands-on discipline, and the best way to learn is by doing. This text takes its motivation from medical applications and uses real medical images and situations to illustrate and clarify concepts and to build intuition, insight and understanding. Designed for advanced undergraduates and graduate students who will become end-users of digital image processing, it covers the basics of the major clinical imaging modalities, explaining how the images are produced and acquired. It then presents the standard image processing operations, focusing on practical issues and problem solving. Crucially, the book explains when and why particular operations are done, and practical computer-based activities show how these operations affect real images. All images, links to the public-domain software ImageJ and custom plug-ins, and selected solutions are available from www.cambridge.org/books/dougherty.
The new edition of Practice of Clinical Echocardiography provides expert guidance on interpreting echocardiographic images and Doppler flow data. Designed for those already equipped with a mastery of basic principles, this definitive reference shows you how to apply these findings to your daily clinical decision making. Each chapter focuses on a specific disease process with technical details of qualitative and quantitative interpretation of echocardiographic images and Doppler flow data. Disease-oriented chapters emphasize the role of echocardiography in clinical decision making and prediction of clinical outcomes. New chapters cover emerging technologies, including transcatheter procedures for structural heart disease. Numerous images illustrate findings, while diagrams explain pathophysiology and flow charts guide clinical practice. Each chapter includes a summary box with a practical approach to echo data acquisition, measurement, and interpretation. Expert Consult digital book for your phone and tablet is included at no cost with the print book. Echo images play in real time when clicked on your smart device or online.
This brand new guide assists students, interns and residents in developing a functional understanding of the set-up, workings and interpretation of ECGs * Step-by-step graphics and short, bite-sized explanations * Covers all major cardiac abnormalities including hypertrophy, arrhythmias, conduction blocks, and pre-excitation syndromes * Begins with a section on physiology of the heart and the basic set up of ECG recording * Features top tips on what to look for, complete with illustrated examples * Supported by a companion website featuring additional practice tracings
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has emerged as an important innovative treatment for various primary and metastatic cancers. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the physical/technological, biological, and clinical aspects of SBRT. It will serve as a detailed resource for this rapidly developing treatment modality. The organ sites covered include lung, liver, spine, pancreas, prostate, adrenal, head and neck, and female reproductive tract. Retrospective studies and prospective clinical trials on SBRT for various organ sites from around the world are examined, and toxicities and normal tissue constraints are discussed. This book features unique insights from world-renowned experts in SBRT from North America, Asia, and Europe. It will be necessary reading for radiation oncologists, radiation oncology residents and fellows, medical physicists, medical physics residents, medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, and cancer scientists.
This book provides a detailed overview of the latest innovations in respiratory endoscopy, from both diagnostic and therapeutic perspectives; each chapter focuses on one disease and the techniques for early diagnosis as well as treatment. It comprehensively covers treatment and procedures, including simultaneous X-ray fluoroscopy and its use during bronchoscopic procedures. This fast-developing technology is essential for the medical management of non-malignant and malignant diseases of the chest, especially lung cancer. Respiratory Endoscopy describes the cooperation between all the members of the healthcare team, and as such is a valuable resource not only for medical staff, but also for radiological technicians and nursing staff who contribute significantly in the care of the patients undergoing these invasive procedures. By promoting teamwork and providing practical know-how, it will improve the success and safety of respiratory endoscopy procedures.
Make optimal use of all the latest clinical applications of perfusion imaging! Perfusion Imaging is the first comprehensive resource that encompasses every facet of this important and rapidly advancing area of diagnostic imaging. Authored by an elite cadre of leading perfusion imaging authorities, this clinical reference offers balanced multimodality perspectives to deliver a well-rounded understanding of clinical issues and diagnoses, with a focus on practical clinical applications. In short, Perfusion Imaging provides the expert guidance you need to take advantage of the full capabilities of this powerful diagnostic tool .Key Features Obtain optimal results from perfusion imaging of the brain, cardiac, liver, kidney, prostate, and musculoskeletal system, as well as oncologic and pediatric applications. Master all of today's techniques and technologies including new, faster CT scanners; MRI applications such as DSC, DCE, and ASL; contrast ultrasound, contrast echocardiography, and nuclear perfusion imaging; MDCT; dose-reduction strategies; and other recent trends. Build your interpretation skills with the aid of hundreds of high-resolution cross-sectional images demonstrating the imaging manifestations of various pathologies. Now with the print edition, enjoy the bundled interactive eBook edition , which can be downloaded to your tablet and smartphone or accessed online and includes features like: Complete content with enhanced navigation A powerful search that pulls results from content in the book, your notes, and even the web Cross-linked pages , references, and more for easy navigation Highlighting tool for easier reference of key content throughout the text Ability to take and share notes with friends and colleagues Quick reference tabbing to save your favorite content for future use
The new edition of Physics for Medical Imaging has been fully updated to reflect the latest advances in technology and legislation and the needs of today's radiology trainees. Invaluable reading, particularly for those sitting the primary and final examinations of the Royal College of Radiology, UK, the book will also be of value to radiographers and personnel interested in medical imaging. The concise text is also accompanied by clear line drawings and sample images to illustrate the principles discussed. Closely matches needs of FRCR examination candidates. Updated to reflect changes to FRCR examination. More medically orientated. Covers new legislation concerning radiological safety etc. 'Must-know' summaries at end of each chapter. Completely new design.
More than 200 trauma-related diagnoses that are delineated, referenced, and lavishly illustrated highlight the second edition of Diagnostic Imaging: Musculoskeletal Trauma. Comprehensive coverage of musculoskeletal trauma imaging keeps you current with what's new in the field. Succinct text, outstanding illustrations, and up-to-date content make this title a must-have reference for both general radiologists and musculoskeletal imaging specialists who need a single, go-to clinical guide in this rapidly evolving area. Concise, bulleted text provides efficient information on more than 200 diagnoses that are clearly illustrated with 3,400 superb images Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase, which allows you to search all of the text, figures, images, and references from the book on a variety of devices Meticulously updated throughout, with new literature, new images, expanded ultrasound content, and updates to pearls and pitfalls in every chapter Expert guidance on ischiofemoral impingement and femoral acetabular impingement (FAI), as well as new information on sports medicine injuries and hip and pelvic imaging techniques and treatment options All-new chapters on elbow posterior impingement, fracture healing, and tibia-fibula shaft fractures In-depth coverage of traumatic cases support the surgeon's preoperative and postoperative imaging requirements
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