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Mastery of ECG interpretation is achieved not only by pattern recognition, but equally importantly, by a clear, practical understanding of how electricity moves through the heart and how disruption of that movement manifests itself via ECG tracings. ECGs for Beginners, written by one of the world's most respected electrophysiologists with over 40 years experience of training clinicians, will provide cardiology and electrophysiology trainees with an easy to follow, step-by-step guide to the topic, thus enabling them to both understand and interpret ECG readings in order to to best manage their patients.Packed with over 250 high-quality ECG tracings, as well as management algorithms and key points throughout, every chapter also contains self-assessment questions, allowing the reader to test themselves on what they've just learnt. All kinds of arrhythmias will be covered, as well as morphological abnormalities such as atrial and ventricular problems. Importantly, normal ECG readings will be presented alongside abnormal readings, to best demonstrate how and why abnormalities occur.ECGs for Beginners is an essential purchase for all cardiology and electrophysiology trainees, as well as being a handy refresher guide for the experienced physician.
Developing an effective computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for lung cancer is of great clinical importance and can significantly increase the patient's chance for survival. For this reason, CAD systems for lung cancer have been investigated in a large number of research studies. A typical CAD system for lung cancer diagnosis is composed of four main processing steps: segmentation of the lung fields, detection of nodules inside the lung fields, segmentation of the detected nodules, and diagnosis of the nodules as benign or malignant. This book overviews the current state-of-the-art techniques that have been developed to implement each of these CAD processing steps. Overviews the latest state-of-the-art diagnostic CAD systems for lung cancer imaging and diagnosis Offers detailed coverage of 3D and 4D image segmentation Illustrates unique fully automated detection systems coupled with 4D Computed Tomography (CT) Written by authors who are world-class researchers in the biomedical imaging sciences Includes extensive references at the end of each chapter to enhance further study Ayman El-Baz is a professor, university scholar, and chair of the Bioengineering Department at the University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky. He earned his bachelor's and master's degrees in electrical engineering in 1997 and 2001, respectively. He earned his doctoral degree in electrical engineering from the University of Louisville in 2006. In 2009, he was named a Coulter Fellow for his contributions to the field of biomedical translational research. He has 17 years of hands-on experience in the fields of bio-imaging modeling and noninvasive computer-assisted diagnosis systems. He has authored or coauthored more than 500 technical articles (132 journals, 23 books, 57 book chapters, 211 refereed-conference papers, 137 abstracts, and 27 U.S. patents and disclosures). Jasjit S. Suri is an innovator, scientist, a visionary, an industrialist, and an internationally known world leader in biomedical engineering. He has spent over 25 years in the field of biomedical engineering/devices and its management. He received his doctorate from the University of Washington, Seattle, and his business management sciences degree from Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. He was awarded the President's Gold Medal in 1980 and named a Fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering for his outstanding contributions in 2004. In 2018, he was awarded the Marquis Life Time Achievement Award for his outstanding contributions and dedication to medical imaging and its management.
Imaging Systems for Medical Diagnostics
The book provides a comprehensive compilation of basics, technical solutions and applications for medical imaging systems. It is intended as a handbook for students in biomedical engineering for medical physicists, and for engineers working on medical technologies, as well as for lecturers at universities and engineering schools. For qualified personnel at hospitals, and physicians working with these instruments it serves as a basic source of information. This also applies for service engineers and marketing specialists.
The book starts with the representation of the physical basics of image processing, implying some knowledge of Fourier transforms. After that, experts working in industry describe technical solutions and applications for imaging systems in medical diagnostics. The applications comprise the fields of X-ray diagnostics, computed tomography, nuclear medical diagnostics, magnetic resonance imaging, sonography, and molecular imaging. Considering the increasing importance of software based solutions, emphasis is also laid on the imaging software platform and hospital information systems.
This detailed volume presents a number of chapters that will aid researchers in jumping the hurdle preventing the popularization of advanced intravital imaging technology usage, namely the complicated experimental protocols. Leading researchers undertaking imaging studies in the field of bone and immune systems have contributed the chapters that aim to guide readers through these complex methodologies. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Intravital Imaging of Dynamic Bone and Immune Systems: Methods and Protocols will serve as an idea guide for general readers in order to establish and perform these experiments by their own.
Torres' Patient Care in Imaging Technology, 9th Edition helps students develop the knowledge and skills they need to become safe, perceptive, and efficient radiologic technologists. The book offers a strong illustration program and a logical organization that emphasizes the connections between classroom learning and clinical practice. Fully aligned with the latest ARRT and ASRT standards, this edition covers current trends and advances in the field and offers an unparalleled array of online teaching and learning resources. eBOOK AVAILABLE. Faster, smarter, and more convenient, today's eBooks can transform learning. These interactive, fully searchable tools offer 24/7 access on multiple devices, the ability to highlight and share notes, and much more. NEW ALIGNMENT! Full alignment with the latest ARRT and ASRT standards helps prepare students for certification and successful practice. ENHANCED CASE STUDIES! New and updated case studies with critical thinking questions give students practice dealing with the types of real-world situations they will encounter on the job. SITUATIONAL JUDGEMENT SECTIONS: These sections build critical thinking skills by presenting practical situations and asking students to assess them based on what they have learned. NEW CONTENT: The text reflects new and relevant advances in the field, including updates in pediatric, geriatric, trauma, and mobile imaging. CULTURALLY SENSITIVE: Cultural Considerations boxes demonstrate the importance of being aware of the cultural and ethnic backgrounds of patients. STUDENT-FOCUSED: Learning Objectives and Key Terms that orient students to the chapter; Display boxes that highlight accreditation, competency, or skills information; and Call Out and Warning boxes that alert students to important facts and common pitfalls help students prepare for practice.
This highly comprehensive and informed textbook has been prepared by the Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance section of the European Society of Cardiology association on imaging, the EACVI. The EACVI Textbook of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance is the authority on the subject. The textbook is aligned with ESC Core Curriculum and EACVI Core Syllabus for CMR. It is a practical resource and provides a disease orientated outlook on the subject. Structured with thirteen clear and detailed sections, ranging from Physics to Methodology, and featuring specific sections on ischemic heart disease, myocardial disease, pericardial disease, and congenital heart disease and adult congenital heart disease, The EACVI Textbook of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance provides extensive knowledge across the entire subject area in CMR. Beautifully illustrated and physical principles enriched with schematic animations, the textbook is advanced further with key video content based on clinical cases. Written by leading experts in the field from across the world, the textbook aims to summarise the existing research and clinical evidence for the various CMR indications and provide an invaluable resource for cardiologists and radiologists across the board. The textbook is ideal for cardiologists and radiologists new to the field of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, those preparing for ESC certification in CMR, and those established in the field wishing to gain a deep understanding of CMR. Online access to the digital version is included with purchase of the print book, with accompanying videos referenced within the text available on Oxford Medicine Online.
Gamma cameras are traditionally large devices that are situated in nuclear medicine departments, but recent advances in detector design have enabled the production of compact gamma cameras that allow nuclear imaging at the patient bedside and in the operating theatre. Gamma Cameras for Interventional and Intraoperative Imaging is the first book to cover this new area of imaging, and provides a unique insight into the experimental and clinical use of small field of view gamma cameras in hospitals. This book explores advances in the design and operation of compact gamma cameras and conducts a thorough review of current SFOV systems, before exploring the clinical applications of the technology. It is an essential reference for surgeons, operating theatre staff, clinical scientists (medical physicists), technologists, nuclear physicians and radiologists whose patients could benefit from this technology.
Drawing together topics from a wide range of disciplines, this text provides a comprehensive insight into the fundamentals of magnetic biosensors and the applications of magnetic nanoparticles in medicine. Internationally renowned researchers showcase topics ranging from the basic physical principles of magnetism to the detection and manipulation, synthesis protocols and natural occurrence of magnetic nanoparticles. Up-to-date examples of their clinical usage and research applications in the biomedical fields of sensing by diverse magnetic detection methods, in imaging by MRI and in therapeutic strategies such as hyperthermia, are also discussed, providing a thorough introduction to this rapidly developing field. Each chapter features questions with answers, highlighted definition boxes, and numerous illustrations which help readers grasp key concepts. Mathematical tools, together with key literature references, provide a strong underpinning for the material, making it ideal for graduate students, lecturers, medical researchers and industrial scientific strategists.
This book presents state of the art knowledge on stroke management in a unique organizational style. Ischemic stroke is extensively covered, with inclusion of overviews that dynamically describe all relevant diagnostic and therapeutic processes in a time sequence mirroring real practice. The individual components of management and key issues are fully discussed with the aid of complementary illustrations that facilitate understanding of practical aspects and enable the reader to retrieve fundamental information quickly. In addition, the book considers the various causes of stroke and provides detailed guidance on means of secondary prevention. The recent demonstration of the substantial benefit of intra-arterial thrombectomy using stentrievers in patients with acute ischemic stroke represents a great moment in the history of stroke management. As we embark on a new era, there is an urgent need to review and evaluate current modalities for stroke diagnosis and treatment. In tackling this task, this book will be invaluable for physicians, angiographic interventionists, surgeons, and students seeking to acquire up-to-date knowledge on stroke.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art computational intelligence research and technologies in computer-assisted radiation therapy based on image engineering. It also traces major technical advancements and research findings in the field of image-based computer-assisted radiation therapy. In high-precision radiation therapies, novel approaches in image engineering including computer graphics, image processing, pattern recognition, and computational anatomy play important roles in improving the accuracy of radiation therapy and assisting decision making by radiation oncology professionals, such as radiation oncologists, radiation technologists, and medical physicists, in each phase of radiation therapy. All the topics presented in this book broaden understanding of the modern medical technologies and systems for image-based computer-assisted radiation therapy. Therefore this volume will greatly benefit not only radiation oncologists and radiologists but also radiation technologists, professors in medical physics or engineering, and engineers involved in the development of products to utilize this advanced therapy.
A transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) test is an alternative way to perform an echocardiogram. An ultrasound transducer, positioned on an endoscope, is guided down the patient's throat into the oesophagus. The test provides a close look at the heart's valves and chambers, without interference from the ribs or lungs. TEE is often used when the results from standard echo tests are not sufficient, or when your doctor wants a closer look at the heart (Cleveland Clinic). This book is a comprehensive guide to TEE of the tricuspid and pulmonary valves, both on the right side of the heart. Divided into three sections, TEE of both valves is discussed in detail, as well as various associated cardiac surgeries. The final section comprises multiple choice questions for revision. This highly illustrated guide includes numerous clinical photographs and diagrams, as well as a DVD ROM demonstrating more than 90 procedural videos to enhance learning. Key points Comprehensive guide to transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) of the tricuspid and pulmonary valves Complete section of multiple choice questions Numerous full colour photographs, diagrams and tables Includes DVD ROM demonstrating TEE procedures
Ultrasound has revolutionized a physician's ability to make urgent and emergent diagnoses at the bedside, and has changed the management of many acute injuries and conditions. This is a practical, concise introduction to what is rapidly becoming an essential tool for all critical care physicians: bedside emergency ultrasound. The Manual covers the full spectrum of conditions diagnosed using ultrasound and gives practical guidance in how to use ultrasound for common invasive procedures. Major applications are introduced using focused diagnostic questions and reviewing the image-acquisition skills needed to answer them. Images of positive and negative findings are presented, and scanning tips for improving image quality. The second edition has been substantially revised and expanded, with new images, updated literature reviews, new applications and clinical algorithms. New chapters cover additional procedures, musculoskeletal and pediatric applications, and the use of ultrasound in resuscitation. This text is invaluable for emergency physicians at all levels.
An up-to-date edition of the authoritative text on the physics of medical imaging, written in an accessible format The extensively revised fifth edition of Hendee's Medical Imaging Physics, offers a guide to the principles, technologies, and procedures of medical imaging. Comprehensive in scope, the text contains coverage of all aspects of image formation in modern medical imaging modalities including radiography, fluoroscopy, computed tomography, nuclear imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound. Since the publication of the fourth edition, there have been major advances in the techniques and instrumentation used in the ever-changing field of medical imaging. The fifth edition offers a comprehensive reflection of these advances including digital projection imaging techniques, nuclear imaging technologies, new CT and MR imaging methods, and ultrasound applications. The new edition also takes a radical strategy in organization of the content, offering the fundamentals common to most imaging methods in Part I of the book, and application of those fundamentals in specific imaging modalities in Part II. These fundamentals also include notable updates and new content including radiobiology, anatomy and physiology relevant to medical imaging, imaging science, image processing, image display, and information technologies. The book makes an attempt to make complex content in accessible format with limited mathematical formulation. The book is aimed to be accessible by most professionals with lay readers interested in the subject. The book is also designed to be of utility for imaging physicians and residents, medical physics students, and medical physicists and radiologic technologists perpetrating for certification examinations. The revised fifth edition of Hendee's Medical Imaging Physics continues to offer the essential information and insights needed to understand the principles, the technologies, and procedures used in medical imaging.
Cardiovascular and Neurovascular Imaging: Physics and Technology explains the underlying physical and technical principles behind a range of cardiovascular and neurovascular imaging modalities, including radiography, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Examining this interdisciplinary branch of medical imaging from academic, clinical, and industrial perspectives, this comprehensive book: Covers each major imaging modality as well as special applications, time-resolved techniques, and image-guided therapies Discusses image quality and accuracy, radiation safety and dosimetry, and image formation and analysis Explores current and future trends in vascular imaging procedures and technologies Featuring chapters authored by field experts, Cardiovascular and Neurovascular Imaging: Physics and Technology combines the latest information on the physics and technology of cardiovascular and neurovascular imaging under one cover, providing students, professionals, and researchers with a single, state-of-the-art reference.
Patients undergoing diagnostic imaging studies often receive a variety of pharmaceutical agents as part of the imaging procedure. Traditionally, pharmacists have had limited opportunity to be involved with these agents, but this trend is changing. Today there is increasing interest in pharmacist involvement. With recent changes in regulatory oversight of medication management and heightened attention by accreditation bodies, pharmacists need a better understanding of the use of pharmacologic agents in this area of patient care. Diagnostic Imaging for Pharmacists will provide practicing pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and radiology department personnel with a basic understanding of the pharmaceuticals used as part of the imaging process. The book presents practical information, not covered in most pharmacy school curricula, on diagnostic imaging techniques and the proper use, indications, and routes of administration for each pharmacologic agent. KEY FEATURES: The 13 chapters, with 10 contributing authors, provide: An introduction to each of the following imaging modalities: x-ray, nuclear medicine and PET imaging, MRI, and ultrasound. Detailed information on the use of specific pharmaceuticals in each modality. Background information on the use of ionizing radiation in x-ray and nuclear medicine imaging. Regulations on the medical use of ionizing radiation. Discussion of the risk and concerns associated with the use of radiation in imaging studies. More than 50 figures, including actual images obtained with the various modalities, illustrating the concepts discussed.
Continuing The Tradition Of Excellence In The Tarascon Pocketbook Series, The Tarascon ECG Pocketbook Is An Evidence-Based Reference Guide Containing An Extensive Collection Of Potential ECG Findings And Their Significance. Beginning With Principles Of Electrocardiography, This Must-Have Portable Reference Guide Continues With An Algorithm For ECG Reading As Well As A Discussion Of Multiple Potential Findings, Providing Numerous Examples And Diagrams. The Tarascon ECG Pocketbook Is An Essential, Quick-Reference Tool That Is Accessible To Novice And Experienced ECG Readers Alike, Including Medical Students, Clinicians, Nurses, Allied Health Professionals, And Other ECG Interpreters. Coming Soon To Iphone, Ipad, Android, And Blackberry.
This book presents a thorough review of coronary angioscopy, ranging from instructions on its use to the latest advances. Starting with the structure and fundamental principles of angioscopy, it shows readers how to apply the image to comprehensive care of coronary-artery patients. Plentiful color photos and illustrations will enable readers to investigate and classify plaques and thrombi and to evaluate coronary stent- and drug-based therapies. The authors are leading researchers on angioscopy. This book offers the perfect guide not only for new clinicians but also for cardiologists who have already adopted this technique for medical examination and treatment. Angioscopy is a unique medical technique for visualizing the interior of blood vessels and helps physicians not only to diagnose the pathology but also to measure the effectiveness of Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or antiarteriosclerotic drugs. Furthermore, the recently developed molecular angioscopy approach allows us to observe Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxide, collagen, and macrophages, and is rapidly growing in importance.
Comprised of chapters carefully selected from CRC's best-selling engineering handbooks, volumes in the Principles and Applications in Engineering series provide convenient, economical references sharply focused on particular engineering topics and subspecialties. Culled from the Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Biomedical Imaging provides an overview of the main medical imaging devices and highlights emerging systems. With applications ranging from imaging the whole body to replicating cellular components, the imaging modalities discussed include x-ray systems, computed tomographic systems, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, MR microscopy, virtual reality, and more.
The Institute of Nuclear Medicine, founded in 1961, celebrates with this Festschrift, its Golden Jubilee. It has been a remarkable 50 years of progress of the radionuclide tracer methodology. From initial, physiology based experimentation, a full independent medical discipline evolved, and with it, a comprehensive clinical service. Diagnosis and Treatment with radiotracers have established the basis for Nuclear Medicine. Technological advances have permeated the field like none other, its multidisciplinary character and its translational research are embedded in the history of the Institute and its success. Recent and latest advances in the field promise a future as bright as has been witnessed and documented in the last 50 years.
Automatic image analysis has become an important tool in many fields of biology, medicine, and other sciences. Since the first edition of Image Analysis: Methods and Applications, the development of both software and hardware technology has undergone quantum leaps. For example, specific mathematical filters have been developed for quality enhancement of original images and for extraction of specific features of interest. Also, more complex programs have been developed for the analysis of object forms in distinguishing cancer cells from normal tissue cells. Just as significant, three-dimensional analysis of proteins, organelles, or macroscopic objects is even more complex. In addition, recent space-based experiments have optimized techniques for the extraction of movement parameters of numerous motile objects.
Practical and concise, this spiral bound, pocket-sized manual is a quick, go-to reference for up-to-date clinical material on today's diagnostic testing and laboratory tests. Three convenient sections provide quick access to key information on clinical laboratory testing, diagnostic imaging, and diagnostic algorithms. Experienced author Dr. Fred Ferri uses a unique, easy-to-follow format to simplify complex information and help you choose the best test to supplement your clinical diagnostic skills. Includes both lab and imaging tests for concise, convenient access to all diagnostic test options for more than 200 common diseases and disorders. Includes essential information on indications, advantages, disadvantages, approximate costs, normal ranges, typical abnormalities, likeliest causes, and more. Features a new appendix on when to use contrast agents in ordering CT and MRI scans. Discusses new modalities including transient elastography (Fibroscan), CT enterography and CT enteroclysis. Provides new comparison tables to easily evaluate the best test; new algorithms for evaluation of immunodeficiency and hematochezia; and new tables and illustrations throughout to improve your test selection. Expert ConsultT eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.
Skeletal dysplasias are rare, they may be genetic, sporadic or environmentally determined conditions, affecting bone and cartilage growth and development. The genetic mutations continue to exert their influence throughout the life of the affected individual. This unique, full colour atlas features 132 conditions with 2300 images of over 500 patients. It brings together the wide-ranging clinical disciplines involved in pre and postnatal care and diagnosis and presents perinatal images of rare skeletal disorders to include skeletal dysplasias and malformation syndromes on a case-by-case basis. It presents the most up-to-date information on the individual conditions to include the mode of inheritance (autosomal dominant or recessive, or non-genetic), the Mendelian Inheritance in Man number (MIM) for further reference reading, the locus (the chromosome number and position on the affected chromosome), the mutated gene and the affected protein. Each condition has a brief summary including synonyms, incidence, genetics, age at presentation, clinical, prenatal ultrasound and postnatal radiological features, bone histology, prognosis and differential diagnosis. Images are presented with each case illustrating different imaging modalities and with gross and/or histopathology findings. Brief clinical findings are also given where available. It is of great value to all clinicians and technicians working in fetal medicine and neonatal care. It greatly assists in diagnostic accuracy and provides clinicians and affected families with the information needed to make informed management decisions.
This brand new guide assists students, interns and residents in developing a functional understanding of the set-up, workings and interpretation of ECGs * Step-by-step graphics and short, bite-sized explanations * Covers all major cardiac abnormalities including hypertrophy, arrhythmias, conduction blocks, and pre-excitation syndromes * Begins with a section on physiology of the heart and the basic set up of ECG recording * Features top tips on what to look for, complete with illustrated examples * Supported by a companion website featuring additional practice tracings
A general consensus exists, that lumbosacral nerve root compression is the primary cause of sciatica and neurogenic claudication, although humoral and vascular factors certainly play a role as well. This book focuses on imaging the various ways in which nerve root compression can come about, and determining which anatomic features are reliably associated with the production of radicular pain. After a discussion of the nature of radicular pain and related symptoms, spinal imaging techniques and options are reviewed, with emphasis on the role of MR myelography in assessing the intradural nerve roots. A chapter on normal topographic, sectional, and functional radiologic anatomy is followed by presentations on pathologic anatomy, addressing mechanisms of nerve root compression, and on pre- and postoperative imaging. Features relevant to prediction of the natural history are discussed, and a section is devoted to the performance and reporting of a spinal imaging study.
The scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope, both capable of imaging and manipulating individual atoms, were crowned with the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986, and are the cornerstones of nanotechnology today. The first edition of this book has nurtured numerous beginners and experts since 1993. The second edition is a thoroughly updated version of this 'bible' in the field. The second edition includes a number of new developments in the field. Non-contact atomic-force microscopy has demonstrated true atomic resolution. It enables direct observation and mapping of individual chemical bonds. A new chapter about the underlying physics, atomic forces, is added. The chapter on atomic force microscopy is substantially expanded. Spin-polarized STM has enabled the observation of local magnetic phenomena down to atomic scale. A pedagogical presentation of the basic concepts is included. Inelastic scanning tunneling microscopy has shown the capability of studying vibrational modes of individual molecules. The underlying theory and new instrumentation are added. For biological research, to increase the speed of scanning to observe life phenomena in real time is a key. Advances in this direction are presented as well. The capability of STM to manipulate individual atoms is one of the cornerstones of nanotechnology. The theoretical basis and in particular the relation between tunneling and interaction energy are thoroughly presented, together with experimental facts.
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