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This open access book provides a comprehensive overview of the application of the newest laser and microscope/ophthalmoscope technology in the field of high resolution imaging in microscopy and ophthalmology. Starting by describing High-Resolution 3D Light Microscopy with STED and RESOLFT, the book goes on to cover retinal and anterior segment imaging and image-guided treatment and also discusses the development of adaptive optics in vision science and ophthalmology. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the reader will learn about the latest developments and most up to date technology in the field and how these translate to a medical setting. High Resolution Imaging in Microscopy and Ophthalmology - New Frontiers in Biomedical Optics has been written by leading experts in the field and offers insights on engineering, biology, and medicine, thus being a valuable addition for scientists, engineers, and clinicians with technical and medical interest who would like to understand the equipment, the applications and the medical/biological background. Lastly, this book is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Gerhard Zinser, co-founder of Heidelberg Engineering GmbH, a scientist, a husband, a brother, a colleague, and a friend.
Using a clear and concise format, Introduction to Radiologic and Imaging Sciences and Patient Care, 7th Edition delivers the latest radiologic, imaging science and patient care skills you need to prepare for certification and practice. This new edition includes updates on current digital imaging and instrumentation, providing you with the essential information and tools needed to master any introduction to radiologic sciences class. Chapter review questions and lab activities available online and on tear sheets in the text give you easy access to on-the-go learning. This text not only helps to prepare you for parts of the certification exam, but the content provides useful and practical information that is needed for professional practice and clinical success. Step-by-step procedures presented in boxed lists throughout the text supply you with easy to follow steps so you are well prepared for clinical success. Back-of-book review questions provide you with an opportunity for review and greater challenge. More than 300 photos and line drawings help you understand and visualize patient-care procedures. Strong pedagogy, including chapter objectives, key terms, outline and summaries helps you organize information and ensure that you understand what is most important in every chapter. NEW and UPDATED! Updates on current digital imaging and instrumentation provide you with the important information you need for clinical success. NEW! The latest technical terminology incorporated throughout text keeps you up-to-date with industry verbiage. NEW and UPDATED! Appendices containing practice standards, professional organizations, state licensing agencies, the ARRT code of ethics and patient care partnership offer you additional information about professional opportunities and obligations and prepare you for what you will encounter in the practice environment.
"Handbook of Capsule Endoscopy "is a concise guide to the clinical diagnostic use of capsule endoscopy, a non-invasive imaging technology of the gastrointestinal tract. This book is written by an international team with over 30 authors from 8 countries, mainly China, Britain, Israel, Italy, Germany, Korea, United Arab Emirates and the United States.
This book introduces nearly all aspects of capsule endoscopy, including the six devices currently in use, the set up procedures, indications and contraindications, its application in three organs, special use in pediatrics, safety issues and case presentations. This book is an ideal reference work for physicians and surgeons who wish to utilize this helpful imaging technology.
Prof. Zhaoshen Li and Associate Prof. Zhuan Liao are doctors in Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. Mark McAlindon is a consultant gastroenterologist and the directorate of gastroenterology in Royal Hallamshire Hospital, England, the United Kingdom.
From recent advances in helical CT techniques to new developments in lung cancer screening to optimized CT techniques in musculoskeletal diagnosis, Fundamentals of Body CT, 5th Edition, covers the essential information you need to know to effectively perform and interpret CT scans. Step-by-step instructions for all current CT techniques help you quickly understand each procedure and review key steps. Comprehensive and easy to digest, this introduction to body CT is an essential resource for radiology residents, practicing radiologists, and medical students. Features many new topics, discussions of additional diseases, and new, high-quality images from cover to cover, including updated descriptions and illustrations of normal anatomy and incidental findings. Allows you to quickly compare diagnoses with a survey of major CT findings for a variety of common diseases?with an emphasis on those findings that help to differentiate one condition from another. Reviews the spiral/helical CT protocols currently used for the diagnosis of chest, abdominal, and musculoskeletal abnormalities, including high-resolution CT, lung nodule assessment and lung cancer screening, CT pulmonary embolism diagnosis, CT enterography, CT enteroclysis, CT colonography, and optimizing CT techniques in musculoskeletal diagnosis. Brings you up to date with recent advances in chest CT, including the classification of adenocarcinoma, evaluation of lung nodules, lung cancer screening (including Lung-RADS) and staging, and the classification and diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases using high-resolution CT Covers new developments in abdominal CT such as the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (Li-RADS) for imaging and reporting small hepatocellular carcinoma, reviews of the Atlanta Classification of Acute Pancreatitis, and an improved description of CT findings of histologic subtypes of renal cell carcinoma. Includes new discussions of the diagnosis of musculoskeletal abnormalities detected on chest and abdominal CT scans obtained for non-musculoskeletal indications. Contains updated disease classifications, including those for pulmonary adenocarcinoma, diffuse lung diseases, and pancreatic lesions. Enhanced eBook version included with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.
User-friendly and well organized, Easy EMG is designed to help residents learn the fundamental principles of electrodiagnostic testing (including nerve conduction studies and needle EMG). This one-of-a-kind resource offers expert guidance on performing and interpreting EMGs, as well as how to test the most common conditions encountered in daily practice. At-a-glance tables combine with clear illustrations and a pocket-sized format to make Easy EMG ideal for on-the-go reference! Pocket-sized format efficiently presents just the basic facts needed by beginners. At-a-glance tables concisely present complex information. Unique illustrations depict precise needle placement. Twenty-eight brand-new videos, including clips on Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) and needle testing, bolster learning at the bedside. New chapters cover critical neuropathy and myopathy, inflammatory neuropathies, and neuromuscular junction disorders. Updated EMG billing codes reflect the latest changes to ensure practical application. Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, references, and videos from the book on a variety of devices.
This monograph covers all aspects of the radiologic diagnosis of urinary tract diverticula, including calyceal, ureteral, bladder, and urethral diverticula. Characteristic and subtle diagnostic features are identified with the aid of numerous high-quality ultrasound, X-ray, and magnetic resonance images, the vast majority of which are drawn from the author's personal clinical practice. In addition, issues relating to terminology, classification, statistics, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and differential diagnosis are discussed. The text is complemented by two helpful appendices that document the latest recommendations of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology regarding use of contrast media and the European Medicines Agency on minimizing the risk of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis when using gadolinium- containing contrast agents. This book will be of value for specialists in radiology and urology and also trainees and medical students.
Ultrasound has revolutionized a physician's ability to make urgent and emergent diagnoses at the bedside, and has changed the management of many acute injuries and conditions. This is a practical, concise introduction to what is rapidly becoming an essential tool for all critical care physicians: bedside emergency ultrasound. The Manual covers the full spectrum of conditions diagnosed using ultrasound and gives practical guidance in how to use ultrasound for common invasive procedures. Major applications are introduced using focused diagnostic questions and reviewing the image-acquisition skills needed to answer them. Images of positive and negative findings are presented, and scanning tips for improving image quality. The second edition has been substantially revised and expanded, with new images, updated literature reviews, new applications and clinical algorithms. New chapters cover additional procedures, musculoskeletal and pediatric applications, and the use of ultrasound in resuscitation. This text is invaluable for emergency physicians at all levels.
The critical care unit is an intense clinical environment with huge responsibilities on the professionals caring for these patients. Imaging is a key source of diagnostic information, but the conditions in which diagnostic imaging has to be performed are often extremely challenging and significantly different to imaging in the non acute setting. Imaging the ICU Patient reviews imaging procedures on the ICU in a highly practical and memorable manner. Swift and efficient clinical decision-making is rewarded on the ICU and this book serves as a practical handbook.
This book describes and illustrates the gamut of errors that may arise during the performance and interpretation of imaging of both nontraumatic and traumatic emergencies, using a head-to-toe approach. The coverage encompasses mistakes related to suboptimal imaging protocols, failure to review a portion of the examination, satisfaction of search error, and misinterpretation of imaging findings. The book opens with an overview of an evidence-based approach to errors in imaging interpretation in patients in the emergency setting. Subsequent chapters describe errors in radiographic, US, multidetector CT, dual-energy CT, and MR imaging of common as well as less common acute conditions, including disorders in the pediatric population, and the unique mistakes in the imaging evaluation of pregnant patients. The book is written by a group of leading North American and European Emergency and Trauma Radiology experts. It will be of value to emergency and general radiologists, to emergency department physicians and related personnel, to general and trauma surgeons, and to trainees in all of these specialties.
This book is a practical guide to the performance of ultrasonography in women of reproductive age for the diagnosis and treatment of infertility. The coverage includes the use of ultrasonography for evaluation of the various disorders associated with infertility, such as endometriosis, anovulatory disorders, tubal disease, and adenomyosis; its role in assisted reproductive techniques; and its application to assess the viability and early complications of pregnancy. The more recent advances in the field are all addressed, including assessment of ovarian reserve, new classifications of uterine malformations using three-dimensional ultrasonography, and novel ultrasonographic modalities for the evaluation of tubal patency. Within each chapter, the focus is especially on the performance of the ultrasound examination, with highlighting of useful technical tips. The contributors are acknowledged experts from across the world, and the book will be of value for physicians, ultrasonographers, and other medical staff involved in caring for patients with fertility issues.
This book introduces the latest optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging and computerized automatic image analysis techniques, and their applications in the diagnosis and treatment of retinal diseases. Discussing the basic principles and the clinical applications of OCT imaging, OCT image preprocessing, as well as the automatic detection and quantitative analysis of retinal anatomy and pathology, it includes a wealth of clinical OCT images, and state-of-the-art research that applies novel image processing, pattern recognition and machine learning methods to real clinical data. It is a valuable resource for researchers in both medical image processing and ophthalmic imaging.
This practice-oriented book, containing a wealth of high-quality ultrasound images, provides clear, concise, and complete coverage of the normal anatomy of the hand and wrist - tendons, nerves, and vascular structures - as well as the main pathologic conditions encountered in this area. The ultrasound images have been acquired with state of the art scanners and carefully labeled to facilitate recognition of each and every anatomic structure. Helpful comparison is also made with images and findings obtained using other diagnostic techniques, including in particular magnetic resonance imaging. The lucid text is complemented by practical tables summarizing key points for ease of reference. Readers will find Ultrasonography of the Upper Extremity to be a rich source of information on anatomy, examination techniques, and ultrasound appearances of one of the anatomic regions to have benefited the most from the technological revolution that has taken place in the field of ultrasonography during recent years. The book will appeal to both novice and experienced practitioners, including above all radiologists and ultrasound technicians but also rheumatologists and orthopedic surgeons. The author is the Director of the Operative Unit of Ecography at the Institute of Radiology, University Hospital Foundation IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Pavia (Italy), and is Editor in Chief of The Journal of Ultrasound.
Reflecting the expanding field's need for reliable protocols, Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Microscopy: Methods and Protocols offers techniques from a worldwide team of experts on this versatile and vital subject. The topics covered fall into four broad categories: steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy, time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy, fluorescent probe development, and the various sub-categories of fluorescence microscopy, such as fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP), live cell FRET imaging (FRETim), fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM), fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy (FFS), and single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy (smFS). Written as a part of the popular Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include the kind of unambiguous detail and key implementation advice that proves essential for successful results. Comprehensive and practical, Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Microscopy: Methods and Protocols aims to guide both `novice' and established scientists toward furthering their research with these invaluable techniques.
This book clearly explains the basics of cranial ultrasonography in the neonate, from patient preparation through to screening strategies and the classification of abnormalities. The aim is to enable the reader consistently to obtain images of the highest quality and to interpret them correctly. Essential information is provided both on the procedure itself and on the normal ultrasound anatomy. The standard technique is described and illustrated, and emphasis is placed on the value of supplementary acoustic windows. Attention is also drawn to maturational changes in the neonatal brain and to the limitations of cranial ultrasonography. Frequently occurring abnormalities are described and classifications for these abnormalities are provided. A new classification for neonatal cerebellar hemorrhages is introduced. In this third edition, all ultrasound images have beena replaced, reflecting the improvements in image quality. An entirely new chapter is devoted to Doppler ultrasonography. The illustrations have been improved and new illustrations were added. The reader will have access to highly informative videos on the cranial ultrasound procedure, available online via SpringerLink. The compact design of the book makes it an ideal and handy reference that will guide the novice in understanding the essentials of the technique while also providing useful information for the more experienced practitioner.
The Second ICRP Symposium on the International System of Radiological Protection was held in Abu Dhabi in the UAE on October 22-24, 2013. There were nearly 300 registered participants from 37. The papers in this publication represent a cross-section of the subjects presented during ICRP 2013. In addition to a session providing an overview of the work of ICRP, five topical sessions were held on high-priority issues in radiological protection: tissue reactions, advances in recovery preparedness and response following Fukushima, NORM issues in the real world, the role of the ICRP in medicine and work being carried out by the ICRP on environmental radiation protection. These papers are not recommendations of ICRP and do not necessarily represent the views of ICRP; they are the work of the individual authors. This publication was supported by the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.
This report provides the technical basis for SAFs relevant to internalised radionuclide activity in the organs of the reference adult male and reference adult female as defined in Publications 89 and 110. SAFs are given for uniform distributions of monoenergetic photons, electrons, alpha particles, and fission-spectrum neutrons over a range of relevant energies. Electron SAFs include both their collision and radiative components of energy deposition. SAF data are matched to source and target organs of the biokinetic models of the OIR publication series. The document further outlines the computational methodology and nomenclature for assessment of internal dose in a manner consistent with that used for nuclear medicine applications. Numerical data for particle specific and energy dependent SAFs are given in electronic format for numerical coupling to the respiratory tract, alimentary tract, and systemic biokinetic models of the OIR publication series.
This concise practical guide is designed to facilitate the clinical decision-making process in the management of rotational atherectomy procedures by reviewing a number of cases and defining the various diagnostic and management decisions open to clinicians. It will be well illustrated but concise, enabling the reader to obtain relevant information regarding both standard and unusual cases in a rapid, easy to digest format. Each case will also include a narrative description and patient management tips. Rotational atherectomy (`rotablator') is used to treat heavily calcified lesions within coronary arteries at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Lesions that are inadequately treated may not be dilatable by balloons; and stents that are implanted in such lesions are at high risk for acute stent thrombosis and stent failure. However, rotablator therapy is high risk and present unique challenges to the interventionalists. Complications are generally uncommon. However, when they do occur, they tend to be disastrous. In this case book, we present a series of rotablator cases: basic, complex cases, difficult cases, complications and unusual situations. Although PCI operators all have some degree of experience with this therapy, each operator is unlikely to have significant experience given the cost of the device and the risk involved. Therefore, this book will provide interventionalists with a valuable compendium of cases which can help them in the management of patients whom they plan to treat with rotational atherectomy.
Recognition in the text of the need for constant evaluation of current practice has led to discussion and consideration of alternative methods of obtaining some projections. Throughout, the students are encouraged to evaluate their own practice. Learning and revision are enhanced by the use of photographs and helpful hints that appear with the more formal descriptions of technique. The NRPB and Royal College of Radiologists' recommendations on radiation protection and production of a diagnostic examination with the minimun radiation dose are also taken into account. All general techniques, including skull isocentrics, are covered, as well as techniques that are increasingly being undertaken by radiographers in these days of role extension, for example barium enemas and venograms.
Diagnostic errors are important in all branches of medicine because they are an indication of poor patient care. As the number of malpractice cases continues to grow, radiologists will become increasingly involved in litigation. The aetiology of radiological error is multi-factorial. This book focuses on (1) some medico-legal aspects inherent to radiology (radiation exposure related to imaging procedures and malpractice issues related to contrast media administration are discussed in detail) and on (2) the spectrum of diagnostic errors in radiology. Communication issues between the radiologists and physicians and between the radiologists and patients are also presented. Every radiologist should understand the sources of error in diagnostic radiology as well as the elements of negligence that form the basis of malpractice litigation.
This book reviews the theory and practice of fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided coronary intervention, a technique that gives sense and a rationale to daily decisions in the interventional suite. FFR guidance provides detailed information on coronary hemodynamics for the interventional cardiologist. This technique has profound practical implications for therapeutic decisions and for the prognosis of patients. The Atlas of FFR-Guided Percutaneous Coronary Interventions provides practicing physicians clear information to understand both the complexity of the technique and the correct way to apply it. It is designed both to assist younger faculty and those in training, and to act as a clinical resource for more experienced practitioners. Using the clinical cases outlined, the reader can learn to appreciate the pitfalls, tips and tricks that simplify the performance and interpretation of FFR and iFR.
This book provides up-to-date, comprehensive, and accurate information on the diagnostic imaging of nontraumatic abdominal emergencies in pediatric patients. All of the most common neonatal and pediatric emergencies are covered, with separate discussion of diseases that occur more commonly in newborns and those typically encountered later in childhood. For each condition, the main signs observed using the various imaging techniques - X-ray, Ultrasonography, Computed Tomography, and Magnetic Resonance - are described and illustrated with the aid of a wealth of images. Attention is drawn to those features of particular relevance to differential diagnosis, and the prognostic value of diagnostic imaging is also explained. The final section addresses topics of special interest, including the acute onset of abdominal neoplasms, the problems associated with radiation protection in the emergency setting, and medicolegal issues and informed content. The book will be of value for all radiologists working in emergency settings in which pediatric patients (newborn and children accessing the emergency department) are regularly examined.
Informatics in Medical Imaging provides a comprehensive survey of the field of medical imaging informatics. In addition to radiology, it also addresses other specialties such as pathology, cardiology, dermatology, and surgery, which have adopted the use of digital images. The book discusses basic imaging informatics protocols, picture archiving and communication systems, and the electronic medical record. It details key instrumentation and data mining technologies used in medical imaging informatics as well as practical operational issues, such as procurement, maintenance, teleradiology, and ethics.
The technologies of medical imaging and radiation therapy are so complex and computer-driven that it is difficult for physicians and technologists responsible for their clinical use to know exactly what is happening at the point of care. Medical physicists are best equipped to understand the technologies and their applications, and these individuals are assuming greater responsibilities in the clinical arena to ensure that intended care is delivered in a safe and effective manner. Built on a foundation of classic and cutting-edge research, Informatics in Medical Imaging supports and updates medical physicists functioning at the intersection of radiology and radiation.
This atlas focuses on the imaging and treatment options available for giant intracranial aneurysms since 1990s in the beginning of the so-called modern endovascular era. During this period, there were significant advances made in the therapy of small intracranial aneurysms though the treatment of giant aneurysms continued to pose an insurmountable challenge. At the turn of this century, this grim scenario gradually improved with better understanding of the pathophysiology of giant intracranial aneurysms. This changed scenario in giant intracranial aneurysm therapy has been illustrated with the aid of informative clinical case studies. The clinical presentation of giant aneurysms in adults and children is described as are the merits of different imaging modalities explained and illustrated. Extensive consideration has been given to modern fusion imaging that has improved our insight into the nature of the disease. Endovascular treatment approaches (including illustrative open surgical approaches) and reconstructive and deconstructive strategies are fully documented, with careful attention given to factors that influence management strategies, treatment choice and complications.The atlas will be a valuable reference and practical aid for neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons, neurologists, fellowship trainees, postgraduate & graduate students.
The first resource of its kind, this book covers cutting-edge research on the use of nanoparticles for in vivo diagnostic medical imaging and therapy. It discusses a variety of nanoparticles, including quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, dendrimers, gold nanoshells, metal nanorods, micelles, liposomes, polymers, MRI iron oxide particles, and microbubbles. Examples in the book include multifunctional nanoparticles that designed for multimodality imaging and simultaneous diagnostic and therapy (theranostic) applications.
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