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The emerging specialty of pediatric interventional radiology uses a variety of intravascular techniques to manage a wide range of childhood conditions, including cerebrovascular, soft-tissue, bone and joint, oncologic, gastrointestinal, venous, urologic, pulmonary, trauma, and hepatobiliary disorders. It has pioneered the use of several new radiologic techniques, such as the use of high-end ultrasound as a guidance modality in the performance of multi-modality procedures. Comprehensively covering the field, this volume highlights safe practice and features the diversity of problems for which treatment falls within the scope of this specialty. Over 700 illustrations, including high-quality radiographs and intraoperative photographs, give the reader an extensive insight into these conditions and procedures. Essential reading for pediatric interventional radiologists and trainees in pediatric and interventional radiology, this book will also be a useful reference for practitioners who treat childhood illnesses, and those who perform procedures such as central venous access, biopsy, and drainage in children.
MRI has emerged as a powerful way of studying in-vivo brain structure and function in both healthy and disease states. Whilst new researchers may be able to call upon advice and support for acquisition from operators, radiologists and technicians, it is more challenging to obtain an understanding of the principles of analysing neuroimaging data. This is crucial for choosing acquisition parameters, designing and performing appropriate experiments, and correctly interpreting the results. This primer gives a general and accessible introduction to the wide array of MRI-based neuroimaging methods that are used in research. Supplemented with online datasets and examples to enable the reader to obtain hands-on experience working with real data, it provides a practical and approachable introduction for those new to the neuroimaging field. The text also covers the fundamentals of what different MRI modalities measure, what artifacts commonly occur, the essentials of the analysis, and common 'pipelines' including brain extraction, registration and segmentation. As it does not require any background knowledge beyond high-school mathematics and physics, this primer is essential reading for anyone wanting to work in neuroimaging or grasp the results coming from this rapidly expanding field. The Oxford Neuroimaging Primers are short texts aimed at new researchers or advanced undergraduates from the biological, medical or physical sciences. They are intended to provide a broad understanding of the ways in which neuroimaging data can be analyzed and how that relates to acquisition and interpretation. Each primer has been written so that it is a stand-alone introduction to a particular area of neuroimaging, and the primers also work together to provide a comprehensive foundation for this increasingly influential field.
This renowned work is derived from the authors' acclaimed national
review course ("Physics of Medical Imaging") at the University of
California-Davis for radiology residents. The text is a guide to
the fundamental principles of medical imaging physics, radiation
protection and radiation biology, with complex topics presented in
the clear and concise manner and style for which these authors are
known. Coverage includes the production, characteristics and
interactions of ionizing radiation used in medical imaging and the
imaging modalities in which they are used, including radiography,
mammography, fluoroscopy, computed tomography and nuclear medicine.
Special attention is paid to optimizing patient dose in each of
these modalities. Sections of the book address topics common to all
forms of diagnostic imaging, including image quality and medical
informatics as well as the non-ionizing medical imaging modalities
of MRI and ultrasound.
This book provides an up-to-date, systematic review of all facets of emergency radiology in patients with chest trauma or pain with the aim of equipping the reader with a detailed knowledge of the various radiological patterns, which is essential in order to make a prompt diagnosis under circumstances when time is of critical importance. To this end, the indications, value, and results of the various emergency imaging modalities, including sonography and interventional radiology, are described and illustrated in the full range of blunt chest injuries and nontraumatic chest emergencies. Technological aspects, protocols tailored to the mechanism of injury, and post-processing techniques are also extensively covered. Emergency Radiology of the Chest and Cardiovascular System will be of value to general and interventional radiologists, radiology residents, radiology technicians, and all physicians and surgeons who work in emergency care.
This book provides a detailed, up-to-date overview of cystic tumors of the pancreas, with coverage of all aspects of diagnosis and treatment (medical, endoscopic, and surgical). After opening chapters on pathology and classification, cytology, molecular biology, and epidemiology, the role of each of the relevant diagnostic methods is carefully examined. The treatment-related chapters describe surgical approaches, including minimally invasive surgery, as well as ablation modalities and chemo-radiotherapy. Thorough guidance is also provided specifically on the management of cystic tumors in high-risk cases and on follow-up. The authors are global opinion leaders in their field who have contributed cutting-edge chapters, with emphasis on clear diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms and with numerous supporting tables and illustrations. Owing to the widespread use of imaging modalities, clinicians are being confronted by an increasing number of patients with cystic tumors of the pancreas, ranging from benign cysts to metastasized malignancies. The widening spectrum of available diagnostic measures has resulted in controversy over the choice of further means of investigation when cystic changes are encountered, and the growth in therapeutic options has similarly been accompanied by considerable debate over their use. Against this background, Cystic Tumors of the Pancreas will be a valuable source of relevant information for both clinicians and surgeons and will also be of interest to radiologists, pathologists, and basic scientists.
Since the first edition of this book was published in 2004, computed tomography has seen groundbreaking technical innovations that have transformed the field of thoracic imaging and opened novel possibilities for the detection of thoracic pathologies. This book highlights cutting-edge thoracic applications of CT imaging in the context of these technical innovations and discusses the latest opportunities, with critical appraisal of challenges and controversies. All topics are covered by renowned international experts. Chapters from the original edition have been thoroughly updated to reflect the state of the art in technology and scientific evidence, and new contributions included on recent developments such as dual-energy CT and CT imaging in patients with acute chest pain. The book is abundantly illustrated with high-quality images and illustrations.
For over 50 years, coronary angiography has been the mainstay of diagnosing and quantifying the extent of coronary artery disease. However appreciation of the inherent limitations of conventional angiography has led to a plethora of new imaging modalities, each with their relative strengths and potential pitfalls. Advances in these techniques have given clinicians, as well as researchers, an overwhelming amount of information and the need for thoughtful interpretation. This outstanding book provides a comprehensive overview of the current status of imaging of coronary atherosclerosis. Covering the wide variety of available imaging modalities, the book provides state-of-the-art knowledge from leading authorities in each area. In their discussion, the authors include both invasive and non-invasive modalities, including the gold standard coronary angiography, the growing field of IVUS, and novel techniques such as functional imaging, molecular imaging, and the integration of biomarkers. The key concepts and practical information given in this volume will provide the reader with the necessary understanding to choosing appropriate imaging studies and building confidence in their skill set with each.
The companion workbook for Radiographic Analysis, 3rd Edition, provides you with ample opportunities to practice and apply information from the text. With study questions, additional suboptimal images for analysis, and an answer key to guide you through the problems, you'll have all the tools you need to hone your imaging and evaluation skills. Positioning and technique exercises prepare you for success in radiography practice. Suboptimal images with questions ensure you know and understand what features need to be visible in an image and how to adjust when the images are incorrect or poor. Extra images offer additional practice with identifying poor quality images and recognizing how they are produced. Study questions reinforce text material and prepare you for certification. NEW! More suboptimal images for analysis and correction help you hone your evaluation skills. NEW! Expansion of pediatric, obesity, and trauma sections provide pertinent information needed for clinical success.
Addressing the basic concepts of radiological physics and radiation protection, together with a structured approach to image interpretation, Radiology at a Glance is the perfect guide for medical students, junior doctors and radiologists. Covering the radiology of plain films, fluoroscopy, CT, MRI, intervention, nuclear medicine, and mammography, this edition has been fully updated to reflect advances in the field and now contains new spreads on cardiac, breast and bowel imaging, as well as further information on interventional radiology. Radiology at a Glance: * Assumes no prior knowledge of radiology * Addresses both theory and clinical practice through theoretical and case-based chapters * Provides structured help in assessing which radiological procedures are most appropriate for specific clinical problems * Includes increased image clarity Supported by 'classic cases' chapters in each section, and presented in a clear and concise format, Radiology at a Glance is easily accessible whether on the ward or as a quick revision guide.
Digestive diseases have always been a major threat to global health. Despite the rapid advances in various diagnostic modalities, many a time the final verdict can be elusive and present a diagnostic challenge for the attending doctor. The book presents 50 real life cases to illustrate an evidence based approach for the diagnosis, investigation and management of gastrointestinal diseases commonly encountered in everyday practice, with a special focus on the interpretation of endoscopic and radiological images. This book provides a pragmatic approach for medical students, residents, specialist trainees and specialists alike who have an interest in gastroenterology. Other healthcare providers, such as general practitioners, nurses and dieticians, will also benefit from these case illustrations. The authors of this book are based at the Institute of Digestive Disease, Chinese University of Hong Kong. This institute has contributed to major breakthroughs that have improved the clinical management of digestive diseases including, but not limited to, the advent of endoscopic therapies and minimally invasive surgery, molecular diagnostic tools for cancers and inflammatory bowel disease, and the development of novel treatments for acid peptic disease and viral hepatitis.
Revolutionary advances in imaging technology that provide high resolution, 3-D, non-invasive imaging of biological subjects have made biomedical imaging an essential tool in clinical medicine and biomedical research. Key technological advances include MRI, positron emission tomography (PET) and multidetector X-ray CT scanners. Common to all contemporary imaging modalities is the creation of digital data and pictures. The evolution from analog to digital image data is driving the rapidly expanding field of digital image analysis. Scientists from numerous disciplines now require in-depth knowledge of these complex imaging modalities. Introduction to the Science of Medical Imaging presents scientific imaging principles, introduces the major biomedical imaging modalities, reviews the basics of human and computer image analysis and provides examples of major clinical and research applications. Written by one of the world's most innovative and highly respected neuroradiologists, Introduction to the Science of Medical Imaging is a landmark text on image acquisition and interpretation.
Dr. Smirnova's updated text is devoted to the theoretical studies of radiation effects on mammals. It summarizes 35 years of results the author obtained from analyzing dose rate equivalents for the Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) and for Solar Particles Events (SPE). This edition also includes two new chapters on skin epidermal epithelium and risk assessment for myeloid leukemia, as well as extended revisions addressing the radiation effects on the blood-forming system. Mathematical models are used to explain the effects of both acute and chronic irradiation on the dynamics of vital body systems, like the hematopoietic system, the development of autoimmune diseases, and the mortality dynamics in homogeneous and nonhomogeneous mammalian populations. The proposed methodology of these studies, the models themselves, and the obtained results are of a great theoretical significance and can find wide practical use.
Expert Report Writing Software--provides a step-by-step guide to writing clinically sound and rich psychological reports
The "Psychological Report Writing Assistant" software is a highly interactive program that guides the report writer through all phases of writing a report that is comprehensive, includes integrated interpretation, uses everyday language, and answers the referral questions. Key features include: A composition screen with links to resources to facilitate report writingSample reports with links to guidelines on how to write sections of the reportA comprehensive menu of treatment recommendationsSearch function to identify problem phrases with suggestions for alternative wordingCompatible with Microsoft(R) Windows and some Mac Windows emulator software
Blending the best of science with an appreciation for the art of doing clinical work, the accompanying guide: Describes six core qualities of an optimal psychological reportProvides an overview of cognitive, neuropsychological, personality, psychoeducational, and forensic reportsOffers guidelines for formatting and completing various sections of a reportDiscusses recommendations for treatment and for tailoring the report to the individualIncludes instructions for navigating the" "software
Filling the need for an easy-to-use, intuitive tool for organizing and writing relevant psychological reports, " Psychological Report Writing Assistant "will help you quickly and easily create thorough and complete psychological reports.
This book is designed as an easily readable manual that will be of great practical value for radiology and otolaryngology residents during their clinical rotations. Key facts on head and neck imaging are presented in short chapters written in an easily readable style. Line drawings are used to illustrate key concepts, and tables, checklists, and algorithms will enable the readers to arrive at a quick diagnosis. In addition, emphasis is placed on clinical pearls that will assist them in preparing suitable reports. The Manual of Head and Neck Imaging is sized to allow residents to read it completely within a matter of days, and it will also serve as an ideal quick reference guide as different clinical situations arise.
How often have you been confronted with an image on a thoracic CT exam where you knew it didn't look 'normal', but you weren't sure whether it was 'abnormal' either? And if it is abnormal, is there a specific diagnosis you should be able to make directly off the images? Pearls and Pitfalls in Thoracic Imaging is your one-stop resource to answer questions such as: Is this a normal variant or a disease-related abnormality? Are these findings specific for an uncommon disease and if so what is the diagnosis? Is this set of findings strongly suggestive of a diagnosis? Which additional imaging test will allow me to be confident in that diagnosis? Could the 'abnormality' be due to an artifact mimicking disease? Written by leading thoracic radiologists and with concise, image-rich descriptions, Pearls and Pitfalls in Thoracic Imaging is an invaluable diagnostic tool for every radiologist.
Photodynamic Therapy: From Theory to Application brings attention to an exceptional treatment strategy, which until now has not achieved the recognition and breadth of applications it deserves. The authors, all experts and pioneers in their field, discuss the history and basic principles of PDT, as well as the fundamentals of the theory, methods, and instrumentation of clinical diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Non-oncological applications such as the use of PDT in control of parasites and noxious insects are also discussed. This book serves as a standard reference for researchers and students at all levels, clinical specialists interested in the topic and those in industry exploring new areas for development. A comprehensive exposition of both the theory and application of PDT, this book fills the gaps in the current literature by bringing together both basic understanding of the process of PDT and an expanded vision of its applications.
Ultrasound Elastography for Biomedical Applications and Medicine Ivan Z. Nenadic, Matthew W. Urban, James F. Greenleaf, Mayo Clinic Ultrasound Research Laboratory, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, USA Jean-Luc Gennisson, Miguel Bernal, Mickael Tanter, Institut Langevin Ondes et Images, ESPCI ParisTech CNRS, France Covers all major developments and techniques of Ultrasound Elastography and biomedical applications The field of ultrasound elastography has developed various techniques with the potential to diagnose and track the progression of diseases such as breast and thyroid cancer, liver and kidney fibrosis, congestive heart failure, and atherosclerosis. Having emerged in the last decade, ultrasound elastography is a medical imaging modality that can noninvasively measure and map the elastic and viscous properties of soft tissues. Ultrasound Elastography for Biomedical Applications and Medicine covers the basic physics of ultrasound wave propagation and the interaction of ultrasound with various media. The book introduces tissue elastography, covers the history of the field, details the various methods that have been developed by research groups across the world, and describes its novel applications, particularly in shear wave elastography. Key features: * Covers all major developments and techniques of ultrasound elastography and biomedical applications. * Contributions from the pioneers of the field secure the most complete coverage of ultrasound elastography available. The book is essential reading for researchers and engineers working in ultrasound and elastography, as well as biomedical engineering students and those working in the field of biomechanics.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is increasingly being used amongst health practitioners in combating a variety of diseases. This book reviews the current state of development of PDT, and also presents the foreseeable advancements of the field in the next decade. Practitioners in biological sciences, biotechnology and medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry will find this book an invaluable source of information. Chapters are drawn from research discussed at the 10th International Symposium on Photodynamic Therapy and Photodiagnosis in Clinical Practice in Brixen and are written and edited by leaders in the field. Mirroring the philosophy of that meeting, this book contains an informative balance of the basic science and clinical applications of PDT. Following an introduction to PDT, its history, and how techniques have developed, chapters serve as a practical guide for practitioners, covering topics such as sensitizer dosage and light dosage, and examples of relevant studies. The text goes further to explore areas outside the medical field, such as the impact of PDT on society and the environment, and the economics of therapies. This book is dedicated to the memory of Professor Giulio Jori, an expert in this field, who sadly passed away on the 23rd December 2014.
This book presents evidence-based criteria to systematically assess the appropriate use of medical imaging in the emergency department and other acute care settings. Over the last decade, there have been profound changes in the diagnostic testing and work-up of patients presenting to the emergency department with emergent symptoms. One of the most far-reaching changes has been the increased availability, speed, and accuracy of imaging due, in part, to technical improvements in imaging modalities such as CT, MR, and PET. Although the use of high-end imaging has plateaued in general, increased utilization continues in the ED. These patients are more acutely ill and there is additional pressure to make an accurate diagnosis as quickly as possible to facilitate prompt disposition or treatment. There is also strong evidence for the beneficial use of imaging in the emergency setting that results in improved patient outcomes. This book answers that need by providing protocols and guidelines for neuroradiological, cardiothoracic, abdominal and pelvic, musculoskeletal, and pediatric imaging are reviewed in terms of the available imaging modalities, diagnostic criteria, and treatment options. Distinguished by its unique focus on evidence-based emergency imaging in adults, children, and special populations, this book is a unique resource for radiologists, emergency medicine physicians, and physicians in other specialties who need to be informed about the most appropriate uses of diagnostic imaging in the emergency care setting.
This book reviews recent important advances in the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in order to analyze neurodegeneration within the retina through the quantification of axonal loss. Detailed information is provided on the role of OCT as a promising tool for the evaluation of disease progression in numerous neurodegenerative disorders and as a biological marker of neuroaxonal injury. The disorders considered include multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, intracranial hypertension, Friedreich's ataxia, schizophrenia, hereditary optic neuropathies, glaucoma, and amblyopia. Individual chapters are also devoted to OCT technique, new OCT technology in neuro-ophthalmology, OCT and pharmacological treatment, and the use of OCT in animal models. By documenting the ability of OCT to provide key information on CNS diseases, this book illustrates convincingly that the eye is indeed the "window to the brain".
Volume 13: Pineal, Pituitary, and Spinal Tumors is organized in six sections, for convenience and quick access to critical information. Section I, Types of Tumors includes a chapter on molecular characterization of Embryonal tumors, a chapter on diagnosis of metastatic oligodendroglioma using fine-needle aspiration cytology, one covering intra-arterial chemotherapy of oligodendroglial tumors and another on the role of cyclooxygenase-2 in the development and growth of Schwannomas, and others, closing with a chapter on trigeminal neuralgia with cerebellopontine angle tumors. Section II, Diagnosis, includes two chapters on cell counting in histopathologic slides of tumors. Section III offers three chapters which discuss aspects of intraoperative ultrasonography. Section IV covers brain tumor surgery, and Section V surveys Brain Metastasis. The final section offers a wide-ranging review of General Diseases, with chapters on, among others, Alexander Disease; Lipoma; Transplantation of human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells in cases of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage; and a chapter discussing the use of mobile phones and brain cancer risk in children. Like its twelve predecessors in the series, this volume merits distinction for its thorough approach, its roster of 78 distinguished contributors representing 14 different countries and its detailed examination of leading-edge technology and methods.
This book will serve as a comprehensive reference source and self-assessment guide for physicians and technologists who practice myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging. Readers will learn to identify a wide variety of findings apart from the left ventricle, including those in the chest, the abdomen, and the right heart. It is explained which findings are clinically relevant and related to the reason for the myocardial perfusion imaging examination and which are incidental, with or without important clinical ramifications. The coverage includes a wide variety of common and uncommon focal lesions (e.g., benign or malignant neoplasms) and organ/systemic diseases (e.g., emphysema, cirrhosis and its sequelae, cholecystitis, duodenogastric reflux/gastroparesis, end-stage renal disease) that may be detected with myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging. In addition, guidance is provided in the recognition of typical artifacts, which may appear either "hot" or "cold" on the raw (unprocessed) and processed SPECT images, and, thereby, in the avoidance of potential interpretative pitfalls.
This book is designed as a reference and working guide for practitioners who deal with patients with neoplastic diseases of the urinary tract and male genitalia, including tumors of the kidney, ureter and urinary bladder, prostate, testis, adrenal gland, and retroperitoneum. Each chapter describes and illustrates key imaging findings relevant to the characterization, differential diagnosis, and staging of lesions. Pattern recognition is facilitated through the use of schematic drawings, and imaging findings on post-treatment follow-up also form an important component of the book. Brief core descriptions of related multidisciplinary fields, such as nuclear medicine, pathology, urologic surgery, and radiation oncology are included whenever relevant.
Diagnostic imaging is widely used in health care to arrive at a diagnosis of illness and to guide therapeutic techniques to alleviate, and in some cases cure, illness. The number of medical imaging investigations performed is increasing and most patients and health care professionals will encounter the Diagnostic or Medical Imaging department of the hospital as matter of course. Professional barriers are being broken down in the modern NHS and, as new ways of working are used to deliver high quality patient-focussed care, professions other than doctors are often involved in requesting medical imaging tests and receiving test results. This book provides an introductory overview of a wide range of commonly encountered medical imaging tests including radiation-based techniques such as plain film radiography, computed tomography and nuclear medicine, and non-ionising imaging techniques such as medical ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. Each chapter has an initial section explaining `how the technique works' and a second section describing `what the technique is used for'. Learning is supported with case studies, activities, explanations of technical procedures and terminology, diagrams and photographs. This book will appeal to educational institutions delivering training and education to student nurses, students training for roles in the allied health care professions and for any health care practitioner who needs a basic introduction to diagnostic imaging. As an introductory text, the book is also suitable for students in further education establishments preparing for careers in health care.
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