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Written by internationally renowned experts, this volume is a collection of chapters dealing with imaging diagnosis and interventional therapies in chest and heart disease. The different topics are disease-oriented and encompass all the relevant imaging modalities including X-ray technology, nuclear medicine, ultrasound and magnetic resonance, as well as image-guided interventional techniques. The book represents a condensed overview of many topics relevant in chest and heart disease and is aimed at residents in radiology as well as at experienced radiologists wishing to be updated on the current state-of-the art.
This updated textbook provides an essential evidence-based approach to echocardiography and includes practical case-based instruction illustrating a wide variety of clinical scenarios in which echocardiography is a vital diagnostic option for physicians. It reflects how echocardiography has evolved into a complex multimodality method for evaluating and quantifying cardiovascular lesions, and explains the use of hemodynamic assessment of the heart using echocardiography, transesophageal and three-dimensional echocardiography, deformation imaging and assessment of myocardial perfusion, which have added a new dimension to real-time noninvasive evaluation of patients. Echocardiography highlights the clinical utility of these evolving modalities that are now crucial to the renaissance of echocardiography, and it provides a thorough clinical review of this most revealing and adaptable methods of imaging a patient. The Editors and their world-class group of contributors have created an essential reference for those in training or who already use echocardiography in their practice.
The aims and scope of this atlas include a complete review of the embryology of the normal heart, the normal cardiac anatomy along with a complete discussion of the terms and definitions used to identify and clarify both normal and abnormal anatomy. In addition, techniques of cardiac CT angiography as it pertains to imaging congenital abnormalities are discussed including radiation concepts and radiation saving techniques. The bulk of this book then goes on to completely review the field of adult congenital heart disease using text and more importantly a multitude of pictorial examples (in color and grey scale) to demonstrate the abnormalities. Drawings accompany each picture to better explain the example. Furthermore, difficult and complex anatomical examples are supplemented with digital images and movies to aid in illustrating and understanding the anatomy. Each general set of anomalies as well as each specific abnormality or set of abnormalities includes a concise and simple review of the embryology and epidemiology of the abnormality as well as a concise explanation of the anatomy of the abnormality. In addition, the methods to identify and recognize the abnormality by computed tomography is discussed. Finally, the prognosis and common treatment options for the anomaly are addressed within this comprehensive book.
Prepare for success on the ARRT exam and in the practice of radiography! Essentials of Radiographic Physics and Imaging, 3rd Edition follows the ASRT recommended curriculum and focuses on what the radiographer needs to understand to safely and competently perform radiographic examinations. This comprehensive text gives you a foundational understanding of basic physics principles such as atom structure, electricity and magnetism, and electromagnetic radiation. It then covers imaging principles, radiation production and characteristics, digital image quality, imaging equipment, digital image acquisition and display, image analysis, and more- linking physics to the daily practice of radiographers. New for the third edition is updated information on radiation classifications, a shift in focus to SI units, and a thoroughly updated chapter on Fluoroscopic Imaging. UPDATED! Content reflects the newest standards outlined by the ARRT and ASRT, providing you with the information you needed to pass the boards. Chapter Review Questions at the end of every chapter allow you to evaluate how well you have mastered the material in each chapter. Critical Thinking Questions at the end of every chapter offer opportunity for review and greater challenge. Critical Concept boxes further explain and emphasize key points in the chapters. Radiation Protection callout boxes help you understand the ethical obligations to minimize radiation dosages, shielding, time and distance, how to limit the field of exposure and what that does to minimize dose, and technical factors and how they affect the primary beam and image quality. More than 400 photos and line drawings encourage you to visualize important concepts. Strong pedagogy, including chapter objectives, key terms, outlines, bulleted chapter summaries, and specialty boxes, help you to organize information and focus on what is most important in each chapter. An emphasis on the practical information?highlights just what you need to know to ace the ARRT exam and become a competent practitioner. Numerous critique exercises teach you how to evaluate the quality of radiographic images and determine which factors produce poor images. NEW! A shift in focus to SI units aligns with international system of measurement. UPDATED Information regarding radiation classifications helps you to understand radiation levels. NEW! Inclusion of advances in digital imaging helps familiarize you with state-of-the-art images. NEW and UPDATED! Expanded Digital Fluoroscopy chapter, familiarizes you with the equipment you will encounter.
The purpose of this atlas is to illustrate how to achieve reliable diagnoses when confronted by the different abnormalities, or "disease patterns," that may be visualized on CT scans of the chest. The task of pattern recognition has been greatly facilitated by the advent of multidetector CT (MDCT), and the focus of the book is very much on the role of state-of-the-art MDCT. A wide range of disease patterns and distributions are covered, with emphasis on the typical imaging characteristics of the various focal and diffuse lung diseases. In addition, clinical information relevant to differential diagnosis is provided and the underlying gross and microscopic pathology is depicted, permitting CT-pathology correlation. The entire information relevant to each disease pattern is also tabulated for ease of reference. This book will be an invaluable handy tool that will enable the reader to quickly and easily reach a diagnosis appropriate to the pattern of lung abnormality identified on CT scans.
Practical Manual of Echocardiography in the Urgent Setting covers the essentials of echocardiography in the acute setting, from ultrasound basics to descriptions of all pertinent echocardiographic views to clear stepwise advice on basic calculations and normal/abnormal ranges.
This compact new reference:
- Provides step-by-step guidance to acquiring the correct views and making the necessary calculations to accurately diagnose cardiac conditions commonly encountered in urgent settings.
- Presents information organized by complaint/initial presentation so that readers can work from this first knowledge of the patient through the steps required to pinpoint a diagnosis.
- Covers echo basics, from sound wave characteristics/properties to common device settings to basic ultrasound formulas.
- Includes diagnostic algorithms fitted to address the differential diagnosis in the most commonly-encountered clinical scenarios.
Designed and written by frontline clinicians with extensive experience treating patients, Practical Manual of Echocardiography in the Urgent Setting is the perfect pocket-sized guide for residents in cardiology, emergency medicine, and hospital medicine; trainees in echocardiography; medical students on cardiology or emergency medicine rotations; technicians, nurses, attending physicians -- anyone who practices in the urgent setting and who needs reliable guidance on echocardiographic views, data and normal/abnormal ranges to aid rapid diagnosis and decision-making at the point of care.
Vascular management and care has become a truly multidisciplinary enterprise as the number of specialists involved in the treatment of patients with vascular diseases has steadily increased. While in the past, treatments were delivered by individual specialists, in the twenty-first century a team approach is without doubt the most effective strategy. In order to promote professional excellence in this dynamic and rapidly evolving field, a shared knowledge base and interdisciplinary standards need to be established. Pan Vascular Medicine, 2nd edition has been designed to offer such an interdisciplinary platform, providing vascular specialists with state-of-the art descriptive and procedural knowledge. Basic science, diagnostics, and therapy are all comprehensively covered. In a series of succinct, clearly written chapters, renowned specialists introduce and comment on the current international guidelines and present up-to-date reviews of all aspects of vascular care.
Electromyography (EMG) is a technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by nerves and muscles. Interpreting EMG is a mandatory skill for neurologists and rehabilitation specialists. This textbook provides the reader with a detailed discussion of the concepts and principles underlying electrodiagnostic medicine. It is written for an audience without pre-existing knowledge in this discipline, including beginner technicians and physicians in training. It is an ideal review for seasoned practitioners and those preparing for board examinations. It begins with a review of the foundational sciences and works through the field in twenty chapters, including a large number of case studies demonstrating correct application and interpretation. Appendices of information frequently required in the EMG laboratory, such as Nerve Conduction Study techniques and their age-related normal values, anatomic regions assessed by each NCS and needle EMG studies, safety issues, and other important topics, are also included.
Dynamic online learning makes it easier to understand imaging and patient care! Reflecting the latest ASRT core curriculum requirements, Mosby's Radiography Online: Introduction to Imaging Sciences & Patient Care, 2nd Edition helps you learn and apply radiography concepts with an exciting range of interactive exercises, narrated animations and video clips, slide shows, simulations, and more. Online tutoring for quizzes includes immediate feedback for incorrect answers, and puts your review on the fast track. Ideal for visual and hands-on learning, MRO offers more learning opportunities than you'll have by using a textbook alone. Duration for access to this product is for the life of the edition. Interactive quizzing exercises include labeling, matching, sequencing, image association, fill-in, and more. Narrated animations and short video clips bring imaging sciences and patient care principles to life. 500 full-color illustrations enhance the material, with drawings or graphics on nearly every screen. Simulation activities cover the atom, circuits, generators, and digital radiography. Interesting factoids emphasize important information and make learning more fun. End-of-module reviews summarize the most important material. Quizzes and exams at the end of each module evaluate your mastery of content and help to identify your strengths and weaknesses. Tutoring feature in quiz format includes feedback for incorrect answers plus a reference to the related module content. A linked glossary makes it easy to look up definitions for more than 200 terms. Hypertext links connect you to related resources for further study. UPDATED content reflects current ASRT core curriculum guidelines, preparing you with the knowledge needed for classroom and clinical success.
"Transesophageal Echocardiography for Congenital Heart Disease" represents a unique contribution as the only contemporary reference to focus exclusively on the clinical applications of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in congenital heart disease (CHD). Written by numerous prominent specialists and renowned leaders in the field, it presents a comprehensive, modern, and integrated review of the subject in light of the cumulative experience and most recent advances in the technology. Topics related to CHD include:
. Physics and instrumentation of TEE, particularly as they apply to the structural evaluation.
. Specialized aspects of the examination, with emphases on technical considerations pertinent to both pediatric and adult patients with congenital cardiovascular pathology.
. Segmental approach to diagnosis and functional assessment.
. Extensive discussion of the TEE evaluation of the many anomalies encompassing the CHD spectrum.
. Use of the imaging modality in the perioperative and interventional settings.. Important aspects of 3D TEE evaluation.
Richly illustrated by more than 700 figures/illustrations and 400 videos, this textbook will serve as an indispensable resource for all who use TEE in the care of both children and adults with CHD, from the novice to the expert."
Proper ultrasound examination and interpretation hinges on thorough knowledge of the relevant anatomy, artifacts, and technique. This book provides an excellent foundation by going beyond pathology and concentrating on these fundamentals. Basic physics and artifact recognition and prevention are outlined. Chapters review essential anatomy and include images and tables that highlight relevant bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves. Sites of attachment and the best positions for examination are also noted.Technique is presented via a three-tiered approach and photographs of patients in the transducer position are matched with the resulting ultrasound images and complementary anatomical overlays. The accompanying DVD offers ultrasound technique as performed by experienced radiologists and clinicians. Procedures are detailed with a split screen showing the examination and the corresponding ultrasound image. The dynamic presentation is of value to those just learning the modality as well as physicians wanting to review anatomy and fine-tune their skills.
Basic Guide to Dental Radiography provides an essential introduction to radiography in the dental practice. Illustrated throughout, this guide outlines and explains each topic in a clear and accessible style. * Comprehensive coverage includes general physics, principles of image formation, digital image recording, equipment, biological effects of x-rays and legislation * Suitable for the whole dental team * Illustrated in full colour throughout * Ideal for those completing mandatory CPD in radiography * Useful study guide for the NEBDN Certificate in Dental Radiography, the National Certificate in Radiography or the Level 3 Diploma in Dental Nursing
This book is a highly visual guide to the radiographic and advanced imaging modalities - such as computed tomography and ultrasonography - that are frequently used by physicians during the treatment of emergency patients. Covering practices ranging from ultrasound at the point of care to the interpretation of CT scan results, this book contains over 2,200 images, each with detailed captions and line-art that highlight key findings. Within each section, particular attention is devoted to practical tricks of the trade and tips for avoiding common pitfalls. Overall, this book is a useful source for experienced clinicians, residents, mid-level providers, or medical students who want to maximize the diagnostic accuracy of each modality without losing valuable time.
Early Pregnancy Ultrasound is a comprehensive and hands-on practical guide that is essential for all health professionals working in the field of early pregnancy. It is highly illustrated with ultrasound images of normal and abnormal pregnancies. It demonstrates how ultrasound can be used to identify and manage complications in early pregnancy. As well as sample ultrasound scan images, the text includes annotated schematic diagrams, tables, flow diagrams, and lists of key learning points, making it an easily accessible learning tool. Early Pregnancy Ultrasound is a key resource for obstetricians, gynaecologists, midwives, nurses and sonographers. It is also an essential text for medical trainees undertaking the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) Advanced Training Module in Early Pregnancy, or any trainee interested in early pregnancy.
This book provides a collection of optical coherence tomographic (OCT) images of various diseases of posterior and anterior segments. It covers the details and issues of diagnostic tests based on OCT findings which are crucial for ophthalmologists to understand in their clinical practice. Throughout the chapters all aspects of this non-invasive, popular imaging technique, known for ingenuity and accuracy, is clearly illustrated. Atlas of Ocular Optical Coherence Tomography has been categorized into eleven sections, discussing and illustrating distinct OCT features, as well as showing other image modalities such as fluorescein angiography, fundus autofluorescence, perimetry and laboratory examination. This book also covers choroidal pathologies and vitreous abnormalities. The last section has been allocated to anterior segment disease, including cornea, angle, iris and conjunctival abnormalities. Above all, the numerous images, and detailed descriptions of diseases, make this book an essential guide for general ophthalmologists and ophthalmology residences.
With constant improvements to MR image quality, it's important to have a resource reflecting the most recent developments. Diagnostic Imaging: Spine, now in its third edition, showcases the latest cutting-edge research from Dr. Jeffrey Ross and his team of experts in the field. Expanding upon the core of the highly popular second edition, this updated reference is fully revised to provide the best spine-related diagnostic support available. Covers the latest advancements in imaging the postoperative spine, including bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) utilization Includes additional genetic information, such as OMIM entry numbers, where appropriate Highlights updates to new classification and grading schemes Hundreds of full-color pathology images are carefully annotated to help pinpoint the most relevant factors New references direct you to additional trustworthy resources Bulleted lists provide guidance through the intricacies of the spine Presents brand new images and cases to keep you at the forefront of your field Expert Consult eBook version included with purchase. This enhanced eBook experience allows you to search all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices
Covering the basics of X-rays, CT, PET, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, and MRI, this textbook provides senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students with a broad introduction to medical imaging. Over 130 end-of-chapter exercises are included, in addition to solved example problems, which enable students to master the theory as well as providing them with the tools needed to solve more difficult problems. The basic theory, instrumentation and state-of-the-art techniques and applications are covered, bringing students immediately up-to-date with recent developments, such as combined computed tomography/positron emission tomography, multi-slice CT, four-dimensional ultrasound, and parallel imaging MR technology. Clinical examples provide practical applications of physics and engineering knowledge to medicine. Finally, helpful references to specialised texts, recent review articles, and relevant scientific journals are provided at the end of each chapter, making this an ideal textbook for a one-semester course in medical imaging.
This book comprehensively highlights modern emergency radiology diagnosis of the acute abdomen. In traumatic as well as non-traumatic emergencies, the clinical term "acute abdomen" refers to a variety of serious conditions in an often progressive clinical situation that call for an immediate diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. Today, thorough and rapid diagnostic radiological imaging is broadly available and the radiologist has gained a central role in patient handling in many emergency medicine departments. In addition to proficient radiological knowledge, communication and close co-operation among the various specialists involved are essential for successful patient management. Emergency radiologists must not only acquire a full understanding of the imaging modalities and technical requirements, but they should also have appropriate clinical knowledge of the various disorders in order to become valuable contributors to the therapy decision-making process. Emergency Radiology of the Abdomen provides a comprehensive review of the etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation of acute abdominal conditions, both after traumatic events and in the non-traumatic setting. It focuses on imaging features and high-end emergency radiology that are indispensable for a timely management approach. Numerous high-quality images, diagrams, and easy-to-read tables are provided.
The inaugural publication of the 7.0 Tesla MRI Brain Atlas: In Vivo Atlas with Cryomacrotome Correlation in 2010 provided readers with a spectacular source of ultra-high resolution images revealing a wealth of details of the brainstem and midbrain structures. This second edition contributes additional knowledge gained as a result of technologic advances and recent research. To facilitate identification and comparison of brain structures and anatomy, a detailed coordination matrix is featured in each image. Updated axial, sagittal, and coronal images are also included. This state-of-the-art and user-friendly reference will provide researchers and clinicians with important new perspectives.
This book provides basic information about the relatively new and evolving technology -positron emission tomography- for its clinical applications and practical guidance for the referring physicians. Chapters cover application of PET in various clinical settings including oncology, cardiology, and neurology with a focus on role in various cancers. Because most of the new PET equipments come as hybrid machines with CT or MRI, two chapters have been included at the end of the book to provide basic and comprehensive information about these two technologies. Molecular imaging is going to revolutionize the way we practice medicine in the future. It will lead to more accurate diagnosis of diseases and its extent which will lead to better management and better outcomes. In the history of medicine no imaging modality has ever become so popular for use in such a short time as has the PET technology. PET imaging is mostly used in oncology, neurology and cardiology but also finds application in other situations such as infection imaging. The main focus, of course, is in management of cancer patients. PET (PET-CT) is not only very sensitive as it can detect changes in abnormal biochemical processes at cellular level but in one go all such areas can be detected in a whole body scan. It can show response to therapy, eradication of the disease or recurrence during the follow-up period. One of the main differences between a PET scan and other imaging tests like CT scan or MRI is that the PET scan reveals the cellular level metabolic changes occurring in an organ or tissue. This is important and unique because disease processes begin with functional changes at the cellular level. A PET scan can detect these very early changes whereas a CT or MRI detect changes much later as the disease begins to cause changes in the structure of organs or tissues. Some cancers, especially lymphoma or cancers of the head and neck, brain, lung, colon, or prostate, in very early stage may show up more clearly on a PET scan than on a CT scan or an MRI. A PET scan can measure such vital functions as blood flow, oxygen use, and glucose metabolism, which can help to evaluate the effectiveness of a patient's treatment plan, allowing the course of care to be adjusted if necessary. Apart from its vital role in oncology it can estimate brain's blood flow and metabolic activity. A PET scan can help finding nervous system problems, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, transient ischemic attack (TIA), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington's disease, stroke, and schizophrenia. It can find changes in the brain that may cause epilepsy. PET scan is also increasingly being used to find poor blood flow to the heart, which may mean coronary artery disease. It can most accurately estimate the extent of damage to the heart tissue especially after a heart attack and help choose the best treatment, such as coronary artery bypass graft surgery, stenting or medical treatment. It can also contribute significantly in identifying areas exactly where radiotherapy is to be targeted avoiding unnecessary radiation exposure to surrounding tissue.
This book provides a comprehensive review of the imaging features that are seen following the application of a variety of ophthalmic and orbital procedures and therapies in patients with disorders affecting the cornea, retina, lens and ocular adnexa, as well as glaucoma. A wealth of high-quality radiographic images, including CT, MRI and ultrasound, depict expected post-treatment findings and appearances in patients with complications. In addition, correlations are made with clinical photographs and photographs of implanted devices. This reference has been prepared by experts in the field and should serve as a valuable guide to both radiologists and ophthalmologists, facilitating navigation of the intricacies of the treated eye and orbit and optimization of patient management.
An essential guide to designing, conducting, and analyzing event-related potential (ERP) experiments, completely updated for this edition. The event-related potential (ERP) technique, in which neural responses to specific events are extracted from the EEG, provides a powerful noninvasive tool for exploring the human brain. This volume describes practical methods for ERP research along with the underlying theoretical rationale. It offers researchers and students an essential guide to designing, conducting, and analyzing ERP experiments. This second edition has been completely updated, with additional material, new chapters, and more accessible explanations. Freely available supplementary material, including several online-only chapters, offer expanded or advanced treatment of selected topics. The first half of the book presents essential background information, describing the origins of ERPs, the nature of ERP components, and the design of ERP experiments. The second half of the book offers a detailed treatment of the main steps involved in conducting ERP experiments, covering such topics as recording the EEG, filtering the EEG and ERP waveforms, and quantifying amplitudes and latencies. Throughout, the emphasis is on rigorous experimental design and relatively simple analyses. New material in the second edition includes entire chapters devoted to components, artifacts, measuring amplitudes and latencies, and statistical analysis; updated coverage of recording technologies; concrete examples of experimental design; and many more figures. Online chapters cover such topics as overlap, localization, writing and reviewing ERP papers, and setting up and running an ERP lab.
A comprehensive guide to the conceptual, mathematical, and implementational aspects of analyzing electrical brain signals, including data from MEG, EEG, and LFP recordings. This book offers a comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of analyzing electrical brain signals. It explains the conceptual, mathematical, and implementational (via Matlab programming) aspects of time-, time-frequency- and synchronization-based analyses of magnetoencephalography (MEG), electroencephalography (EEG), and local field potential (LFP) recordings from humans and nonhuman animals. It is the only book on the topic that covers both the theoretical background and the implementation in language that can be understood by readers without extensive formal training in mathematics, including cognitive scientists, neuroscientists, and psychologists. Readers who go through the book chapter by chapter and implement the examples in Matlab will develop an understanding of why and how analyses are performed, how to interpret results, what the methodological issues are, and how to perform single-subject-level and group-level analyses. Researchers who are familiar with using automated programs to perform advanced analyses will learn what happens when they click the "analyze now" button. The book provides sample data and downloadable Matlab code. Each of the 38 chapters covers one analysis topic, and these topics progress from simple to advanced. Most chapters conclude with exercises that further develop the material covered in the chapter. Many of the methods presented (including convolution, the Fourier transform, and Euler's formula) are fundamental and form the groundwork for other advanced data analysis methods. Readers who master the methods in the book will be well prepared to learn other approaches.
This book provides up-to-date evidence on laparoscopic emergency surgery and supplies concrete advice on when and how to approach patients laparoscopically in an emergency setting. All the diseases elegible for emergency laparoscopy are addressed, and for each disease recommendations, levels of evidence, and technical key points are discussed and analyzed. Diagnostic flow charts are included for cases in which laparoscopy turns out to be the final diagnostic step and the first therapeutic one. Furthermore, problematic and positive aspects of the laparoscopic approach from the anesthesiologic point of view are fully explored. Finally, a useful overview of current practice in hospitals across the world is provided, highlighting the varying applications in relation to different medical "cultures", skills, resources, and healthcare systems.
This book covers the full range of current applications of Doppler sonography in infancy and childhood, describing the variety of potential findings with the aid of a wealth of images. After an introductory chapter on the physical and technical basis of Doppler sonography, applications of cerebral Doppler sonography in infancy and of transcranial Doppler sonography in childhood are addressed, with numerous examples of imaging appearances. The major part of the book is devoted to Doppler sonography of the brain, face and neck and of the abdomen, covering normal abdominal vessels, liver, spleen, pancreas, and mesenteric and renal circulation. Imaging of the ovaries and testes is also presented, encompassing the differential diagnosis of acute scrotum and other space-occupying lesions of the testis. The book closes by considering Doppler sonography of soft tissue and vascular malformations, and the influence of congenital heart malformations on flow parameters in peripheral arteries. Doppler Sonography in Infancy and Childhood will be an invaluable reference for pediatricians, neonatologists, pediatric sonographers, and pediatric and general radiologists.
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