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Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adults as well as in obese children. This book will provide a description of the impact of obesity on the cardiovascular system and increased predisposition to CVD. It will identify the major biochemical mechanisms that lead to the occurrence of myocardial abnormalities and vascular alterations in obesity. We will also have some discussion on the biochemistry of the so-called obesity paradox in relation to CVD. The contributors to this book are international experts on obesity and associated cardiovascular complications. This book is also uniquely positioned as it focuses on the biochemistry of obesity-induced cardiovascular dysfunction. There are 20 chapters in 2 different parts in this book, comprising of Part A: Pathophysiology of Cardiovascular Complications in Obesity (11 chapters) and Part B: Modification of Cardiovascular Dysfunction in obesity (9 chapters). The intent of this volume is to provide current and basic understanding of the biochemical mechanisms of obesity induced cardiovascular dysfunction that will be of value not only to cardiologists and other allied health professionals, but will also stimulate and motivate biomedical researchers and scientists to find the way to prevent the epidemic of obesity associated cardiovascular abnormalities. Furthermore, this book will serve as a highly useful resource for medical students, fellows, residents and graduate students with an interest in the cardiovascular system. In summary, this book covers a broad range of biochemical mechanisms of obesity-induced cardiovascular complications. We hope that the reader will understand that obesity is linked to an increase in the risk and occurrence of fatal CVD. Furthermore, the underlying message presented in the book is that the cause of obesity related disorders is complex and that understanding the biochemistry of cardiovascular dysfunction may contribute to the development of novel interventions for the prevention and treatment of obesity associated comorbidities.
The Female Muscular System chart graphically portrays front and rear views of the female musculature. Other images include a close-up of skeletal muscle, the muscles of the abdominal wall and the outer muscles of the back. Heavy cover stock with protective varnish for durability.
Hormones play an integral part in the balance and workings of the body. While many people are broadly aware of their existence, there are many misconceptions and few are aware of the nature and importance of the endocrine system. In this Very Short Introduction, Martin Luck explains what hormones are, what they do, where they come from, and how they work. He explains how the endocrine system operates, highlighting the importance of hormones in the regulation of water and salt in the body, how they affect reproduction and our appetites, and how they help us adjust to different environments, such as travel across time zones. In this fresh and modern treatment, Luck also touches on the ethical and moral issues surrounding research methods, testing on animals, and hormone misuse. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Biomedical scientists are the foundation of modern healthcare, from cancer screening to diagnosing HIV, from blood transfusion for surgery to food poisoning and infection control. Without biomedical scientists the diagnosis of disease, the evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment, and research into the causes and cures of disease would not be possible. The Fundamentals of Biomedical Science series has been written to reflect the challenges of practicing biomedical science today. It draws together essential basic science with insights into laboratory practice to show how an understanding of the biology of disease is coupled to the analytical approaches that lead to diagnosis. Assuming only a minimum of prior knowledge, the series reviews the full range of disciplines to which a Biomedical Scientist may be exposed-from microbiology to cytopathology to transfusion science. Histopathology describes the processes and practices that are central to the role of the histopathology biomedical scientist, from presampling to diagnosis to laboratory management. It demonstrates throughout how an understanding of cell and tissue physiology is vital to the successful identification of clinical conditions.
The Thrive in Bioscience revision guides are written to help students achieve exam success in all core areas of bioscience. Each title encourages the reader to follow four steps to maximise their learning, with features to support this process. Step one: Review the facts The revision guides are designed to help learning be quick and effective: * Information is set out in bullet points, making it easy to digest * Clear, uncluttered illustrations illuminate what is said in the text * Key concept panels summarise the essential learning points Step two: Check your understanding Readers are encouraged to: * Complete the questions at the end of chapters and online multiple-choice questions to reinforce their learning * Use the flashcard app to master the essential terms and phrases Step three: Take note of extra advice Revision tips, and hints for getting those precious extra marks in exams, are presented throughout. Step four: Go the extra mile Readers can explore the suggestions for further reading to take their understanding one step further. Each title in the series is tailored to maximise understanding and achievement, to ensure that the reader really can thrive in their studies. They are the perfect course companions for any bioscience degree. Each title in the series is accompanied by the following digital resources: A flashcard glossary app, enabling the user to test their understanding of key terminology; A bank of interactive MCQs, giving users a hands-on way to check they have fully understood the concepts presented.
The latest edition of this well organised and authoritative book provides a comprehensive account of the mechanics of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system. Covering the key areas including the properties of biomaterials, common measuring techniques and modelling, "Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal System, Third Edition" also integrates historical aspects thus building a bridge between old and familiar knowledge and the latest developments in biomechanics. As with the previous edition there are numerous applications and extensive questions and answers at the end of sections. Specific changes for this edition include: Major revision of the section on biological materials including bone, cartilage, ligament, tendon, muscle and joints and new discussion of failure and healingExtensive updating of material covering force, pressure distribution, optical methods and simulationIncrease in the number and type of applications across a broad range of disciplines
"Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal System, Third Edition" is an invaluable resource for all students, professionals and researchers concerned with biomechanical aspects of the human or animal body.
Developed by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) and now in its fourth edition, Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning is the essential text for strength and conditioning professionals and students. This comprehensive resource, created by 30 expert contributors in the field, explains the key theories, concepts, and scientific principles of strength training and conditioning as well as their direct application to athletic competition and performance.
The scope and content of Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning, Fourth Edition With Web Resource, have been updated to convey the knowledge, skills, and abilities required of a strength and conditioning professional and to address the latest information found on the Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) exam. The evidence-based approach and unbeatable accuracy of the text make it the primary resource to rely on for CSCS exam preparation.
This book provides an innovative and comprehensive overview of the relationship between lung and exercise, both in healthy, active subjects and in subjects with chronic respiratory diseases. It investigates in detail the central role of the lungs during exercise and illustrates the impact of respiratory impairment due to both acute and chronic lung diseases on performance. Further, the book presents the latest evidence-based findings, which confirm that exercise is an effective and safe form of prevention and rehabilitation in respiratory diseases. The first section describes the changes in the respiratory system during exercise and the contribution of respiration to exercise, while readers will learn how to perform a respiratory assessment in the second section. The third section addresses a broad range of chronic respiratory diseases and the (in)ability of those affected to play sports and perform exercise, thus providing a basis for individual assessments. The last two sections focus on respiratory training, rehabilitation and the relationship between respiration and the environment, e.g. in high-altitude and underwater sports. The book will appeal to a wide readership, including pulmonologists, sport medicine physicians, physiotherapists and trainers, as well as instructors and students in exercise science.
The treatment of bile duct benign pathology demands a multidisciplinary approach, involving a team of both specialised physicians and solid infrastructure. Radiologists, endoscopists, and surgeons are all involved in the treatment of these kinds of patients. This statement is also true for the diagnosis and treatment of the catastrophic results of bile duct injury. Cholecystectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures done either openly or through laparoscopy. The presence of bile duct injury is one of its most severe complications. The solution for this unfortunate event poses a technically demanding approach that involves an array of alternatives comprising surgical and radio-interventional procedures. This book focuses on benign bile duct diseases, mainly related to iatrogenic bile duct injury. The reader will find a complete and profound review of bile duct anatomy and function, a thorough explanation about the type of bile duct injuries and how to approach them, beautiful descriptions of both the surgical and radiological techniques used in the management of bile duct injuries, a compilation of the experience of a high-yield centre of this kind of diseases, and logical techniques to lower the incidence of these injuries. This text is aimed at an audience composed of health care professionals involved in the integrative treatment of iatrogenic bile duct injuries. In a world where the best medical evidence defines the most effective therapeutic alternative, this book focuses on giving a solid and broad enough basis upon which medical teams can approach this disease.
This book systematically introduces the bionic nature of force sensing and control, the biomechanical principle on mechanism of force generation and control of skeletal muscle, and related applications in robotic exoskeleton. The book focuses on three main aspects: muscle force generation principle and biomechanical model, exoskeleton robot technology based on skeletal muscle biomechanical model, and SMA-based bionic skeletal muscle technology. This comprehensive and in-depth book presents the author's research experience and achievements of many years to readers in an effort to promote academic exchanges in this field. About the Author Yuehong Yin received his B.E. , M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, in 1990, 1995 and 1997, respectively, all in mechanical engineering. From December 1997 to December 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow with Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, where he became an Associate Professor in July 1999. Since December 1999, he has been with the Robotics Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, where he became a Professor and a Tenure Professor in December 2005 and January 2016, respectively. His research interests include robotics, force control, exoskeleton robot, molecular motor, artificial limb, robotic assembly, reconfigurable assembly system, and augmented reality. Dr. Yin is a fellow of the International Academy of Production Engineering (CIRP).
This book addresses why and how the aging process is accelerated under diabetes, providing valuable and comprehensive information for the management of various types of diabetes- and aging-related disorders. Since several papers have shown that average life span and healthy life expectancy are reduced in diabetic patients, especially in those with a long history of disease, the early detection and treatment of diabetes-related complications are urgently needed in order to slow the aging process and help people successfully live with diabetes. Each chapter of this book addresses a specific diabetes and aging-related complication. The topics covered include not only diabetic vascular complications, the leading causes of morbidities and high mortality rates in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients, but also other aging-related complications such as Alzheimer's disease, osteoporosis, periodontitis and cancer growth and metastasis. Experts on each topic discuss the background of the aging process and methods for coping with diabetes-related complications. The book as a whole, as well as the individual chapters, offer a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in the fields of diabetic studies, gerontology, and aging science.
In every sport, there are athletes who represent true technical excellence. Their movement seems effortless and efficient: they create and control forces in the most effective way. Functional force management, the foundation for effective sporting movement and injury resistance, results from the integration of stability, mobility, coordination and balance. These elements combine to prevent the physical restrictions, imbalances and inefficient muscle recruitment patterns which can block athletes from meeting their movement goals. The right muscles firing at the right time and in the right sequence can enable athletes to achieve their full physical potential. Full of colour photographs and images to illustrate the techniques and theories involved, Stability, Sport, and Performance Movement introduces functional stability principles as they apply to sporting movement. A comprehensive chapter on movement testing is followed with four chapters of integrated exercise techniques, which clearly demonstrate form and progression from early activation through to higher-level neuromuscular drills.Programmes and clinical examples help the reader to appreciate the application of this approach across a variety of sports. It is an approach that has been used with international-level athletes in disciplines as diverse as swimming, badminton, gymnastics, karate, cycling, weight lifting, basketball, athletics, snow sports, football, golf, equestrian sports, and tennis. Effective movement starts with great foundations, and these are applicable and relevant across all age groups and ability levels, from beginners through to veterans.
This volume comprises select proceedings of the International Conference on Humanizing Work and Work Environment organized by the Indian Society of Ergonomics. The book presents research findings on different areas of ergonomics for developing appropriate tools and work environment considering capabilities and limitations of working people for maximum effectiveness on their performance. The volume is divided into several sections focusing on different ergonomic research activities currently being undertaken at both national and international levels. Considering the high diversity among researchers contributing to this volume, it should prove to be a valuable collection of different approaches that contemporary researchers are adopting on the theme of caring for the people and humanizing work and work environment.
This atlas provides ultrastructural morphological images of human spermatozoa. Sperm morphology plays an essential role in sperm-oocyte interactions and early embryonic development, and human sperm ultrastructural morphology offers a valuable reference tool for assessing certain etiologies of male infertility and reproductive failure. However, the ultrastructural morphology of human sperm has not been systematically evaluated or thoroughly described in the literature. Using 470 original and unpublished images, the book shows various ultrastructural morphological phenotypes; defects of the sperm head, neck, middle piece, principal piece, and terminal piece; as well as artefacts of sperm ultrastructural morphology and phenomena related to inadequate preparation, demonstrating many sperm phenotypes and surface structural appearances for the first time. As such, it helps researchers and practitioners in andrology, reproductive medicine, and reproductive pathology gain a better understanding of human sperm ultrastructural morphology.
This book describes various strategies for the synthesis of green nanoparticles using plant extracts and microbes, including the advantages and disadvantages of different methods and their applications. After discussing strategies for and the potential of green synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles, it highlights the role of the solvent system. The book then explores the stability/toxicity of nanoparticles and the associated-surface engineering techniques for achieving biocompatibility, and examines the antimicrobial efficacy of green nanoparticles with regard to various bacterial pathogens, as well as the underlying cytotoxicity mechanisms. Lastly, the book addresses the potential applications of various green nanoparticles in cancer theranostics, and reviews a number of plant-mediated nanoparticles as potential pharmaceutical agents. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to all scientists and students wanting to learn more about the synthesis and applications of green nanoparticles.
Ideal as a companion to the text. Perfect as a stand-alone study guide. Body system by system, the exercises and activities you'll find inside will help you to master the basics of anatomy and physiology. Complete the corresponding sections of the Workbook as you proceed from topic to topic in class. Instructor resources: Ebook Student resources: Ebook
This title contains 2 DVDs. DVD 1 - "Essentials of ABG": Understand in simple language various parameters of the blood gas report including the Sa02, Pa02, PB, Pi02, Fi02, PaCO2, A-a D02, pH and much more. Understand how and why normal and abnormal values are achieved and what their clinical signifi-cance is. This DVD is at least equivalent to 10 hours of reading. DVD 2 - "Details of ABG": It explains step by step as to how to interpret the blood gas report without using a paper, pen or calculator; It discusses simple and then mixed acid base disorders. Common conditions like metabolic acidosis, metabolic alkalosis, Respiratory Acidosis are explained in more details. This DVD is equivalent to at least 20 hours of reading and trains the reader for a life time in less than an hour.
The book brings together the current knowledge and future perspectives of the complex physiology and pathophysiology of gut-liver interactions in health and disease. It provides readers with a unique overview and access to knowledge that cannot be obtained elsewhere. The structure is logical and covers all aspect including the normal physiology, changes in various liver diseases, technology, sample collection and various interventions. Thus suitable for general reading, lookup for specific questions or as a reference book within the area. The book allows the reader to access all the knowledge that has been generated within the last 10 years in this field.
Robert Provine boldly goes where other scientists seldom tread--in search of hiccups, coughs, yawns, sneezes, and other lowly, undignified human behaviors. Upon investigation, these instinctive acts bear the imprint of our evolutionary origins and can be uniquely valuable tools for understanding how the human brain works and what makes us different from other species. Many activities showcased in Curious Behavior are contagious, but none surpasses yawning in this regard--just reading the word can make one succumb. Though we often take it as a sign of sleepiness or boredom, yawning holds clues to the development of our sociality and ability to empathize with others. Its inescapable transmission reminds us that we are sometimes unaware, neurologically programmed beasts of the herd. Other neglected behaviors yield similar revelations. Tickling, we learn, may be the key to programming personhood into robots. Coughing comes in musical, medical, and social varieties. Farting and belching have import for the evolution of human speech. And prenatal behavior is offered as the strangest exhibit of all, defying postnatal logic in every way. Our earthiest acts define Homo sapiens as much as language, bipedalism, tool use, and other more studied characteristics. As Provine guides us through peculiarities right under our noses, he beckons us to follow with self-experiments: tickling our own feet, keeping a log of when we laugh, and attempting to suppress yawns and sneezes. Such humble investigations provide fodder for grade school science projects as well as doctoral dissertations. Small Science can yield big rewards.
What every neuroscientist should know about the mathematical modeling of excitable cells. Combining empirical physiology and nonlinear dynamics, this text provides an introduction to the simulation and modeling of dynamic phenomena in cell biology and neuroscience. It introduces mathematical modeling techniques alongside cellular electrophysiology. Topics include membrane transport and diffusion, the biophysics of excitable membranes, the gating of voltage and ligand-gated ion channels, intracellular calcium signalling, and electrical bursting in neurons and other excitable cell types. It introduces mathematical modeling techniques such as ordinary differential equations, phase plane, and bifurcation analysis of single-compartment neuron models. With analytical and computational problem sets, this book is suitable for life sciences majors, in biology to neuroscience, with one year of calculus, as well as graduate students looking for a primer on membrane excitability and calcium signalling.
Published by the American College of Sports Medicine, this Fifth Edition of ACSM's Resources for the Personal Trainer is the critical content for those seeking to gain ACSM's Certified Personal Trainer certification, and those currently practicing. This title is now fully aligned to the tenth edition of ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, and includes the new pre-participation guidelines, which will be critical for those in the personal trainer field. This title continues to recognize the Personal Trainer as a professional in the continuum of creating healthy lifestyles and provides the Personal Trainer with both the tools and scientific evidence to build safe and effective exercise programs for a variety of clients. ACSM's Resources for the Personal Trainer is the official preparation book for the ACSM Certified Personal TrainerSM examination. Divided into six distinctly different parts, ranging from an introduction to the profession of personal training to how to run a personal training business, ACSM's Resources for the Personal Trainer provides coverage of anatomy, exercise physiology, biomechanics, behavior modification, and nutrition as well as assessment of strength and flexibility and the development of resistance and cardiorespiratory training programs. The science- and evidence-based approach allows the Personal Trainer to transfer knowledge to their clients effectively.
Leading neuroscientist Gordon M. Shepherd embarks on a paradigm-shifting trip through the "human brain flavor system," laying the foundations for a new scientific field: neurogastronomy. Challenging the belief that the sense of smell diminished during human evolution, Shepherd argues that this sense, which constitutes the main component of flavor, is far more powerful and essential than previously believed. Shepherd begins Neurogastronomy with the mechanics of smell, particularly the way it stimulates the nose from the back of the mouth. As we eat, the brain conceptualizes smells as spatial patterns, and from these and the other senses it constructs the perception of flavor. Shepherd then considers the impact of the flavor system on contemporary social, behavioral, and medical issues. He analyzes flavor's engagement with the brain regions that control emotion, food preferences, and cravings, and he even devotes a section to food's role in drug addiction and, building on Marcel Proust's iconic tale of the madeleine, its ability to evoke deep memories. Shepherd connects his research to trends in nutrition, dieting, and obesity, especially the challenges that many face in eating healthily. He concludes with human perceptions of smell and flavor and their relationship to the neural basis of consciousness. Everyone from casual diners and ardent foodies to wine critics, chefs, scholars, and researchers will delight in Shepherd's fascinating, scientific-gastronomic adventures.
All healthcare students have to study anatomy and physiology. They often find it a challenging subject and struggle to see how the subject will link to their professional practice. Anatomy and Physiology in Healthcare is a brand new textbook focused on what healthcare students need to know about the biological principles which underpin the practice of healthcare. Uniquely, the book integrates clinical cases with the essential biological facts to provide all students with a thorough understanding of how anatomy and physiology can be applied in healthcare. By using clinical cases throughout, the book helps the reader grasp the practical relevance of anatomy and physiology to decision-making and care delivery. The clinical cases have been carefully selected to reflect common conditions encountered in practice today, and the changing patterns of disease and healthcare. Clear high-quality full colour illustrations, links to appropriate web-based content, and self-assessment material make this the perfect, practical textbook for all healthcare students. Early praise: "Having reviewed the text I will be recommending it to my nursing students" "It looks like a very good introductory text, with clear illustrations and diagrams. I think this would be appropriate for student nurses at different levels throughout their training." "I particularly like the approach of making the clinical relevance so clear. Introducing these at the start really sets the scene for why this topic is so important to clinical practice." "I am very interested in adopting this as a key text for our course." "I particularly like the case histories which bring a clear sight of application." "This book is excellent for the two new modules on anatomy and physiology I am putting together." Review: "This textbook presents anatomy and physiology in a fun and interactive way....It is divided into 14 chapters and the way the authors have introduced the information gives it a modern twist. For example, instead of titling a chapter 'The reproductive system', it is called 'From one generation to the next'. .....What works particularly well is the way the authors have used case studies that reflect the reality of the changing patterns of health and disease....This book provides a good foundation in clinical application and it seeks to link theory to practice." Nursing Standard 27 September 2017, volume 32 number 5
This indispensable pocket guide helps the practitioner prioritize nutrition interventions for lipid disorders, hypertension, diabetes, and weight management that will be most effective in reducing risk of disease complications. The latest authoritative guidelines are addressed, including recommendations from the Evidence Analysis Library, American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology, Eighth Joint National Committee, National Lipid Association, American Diabetes Association, Obesity Society, and Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. Organized according to the Nutrition Care Process, this comprehensive guide includes assessment tools, sample PES (problem, etiology, and signs and symptoms) statements, guidelines for nutrition education, and more. Handy appendixes with common formulas and tools make this a true, one-stop pocket guide.
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