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With growing interest in the safety of foods, knowledge of food toxicology is gaining more importance every day. Introduction to Toxicology and Food provides a concise overview of both the science of toxicology and food toxicology. It presents easy-to-understand explanations of the concepts and principles of toxicology as a science, the toxicants found in foods, and naturally occurring antitoxic/anticarcinogenic substances in foods. It examines the uses, harmful effects, and safety aspects of a variety of toxicants, including natural toxicants, contaminants, and food additives.
Focusing on Lifshitz-Van der Waals, Lewis acid-base, and electrical double layer interactions, Colloid and Surface Properties of Clays and Related Minerals discusses measuring the surface properties of flat or particulate solids with contact angles of drops of high-energy liquids deposited on solid surfaces or via the thin-layer wicking technique. Topics include: applications of clays and clay minerals, other mineral colloids, surface thermodynamic properties, theory and interactions between colloids, surface thermodynamic properties of minerals, and biological interactions with mineral particles.
This practical text serves as a guide to elaborating and determining the principles, assumptions, strengths, limitations and areas of application for multiple-plant chemical safety and security management. It offers guidelines, procedures, frameworks and technology for actually setting up a safety and security culture in a cluster of chemical companies, thus allowing forward planning. The presentation is conceptually rather than mathematically oriented so as to maximize its utilization within the chemical industry.
Engineering and Food for the 21st Century presents important reviews and up-to-date discussions of major topics relating to engineering and food. Internationally renowned contributors discuss a broad base of food engineering and related subjects, including research and prospective industrial applications. The first part begins with recent trends in food engineering and challenges for the future. It then presents important discussions of fundamental aspects of food engineering, including physical chemistry, mass transfer, food rheology, and food structure. Part 2 contains state-of-the-art presentations on thermal processing and packaging, minimal processing, emerging technologies, process control, biotechnology, and environmental factors associated with the processing of food.
Building upon the success of the bestselling first volume, Functional Foods: Biochemical and Processing Aspects, Volume II explores new sources of nutraceutical and functional food ingredients and addresses crucial issues for product development and processing. It presents the latest developments in the chemistry, biochemistry, pharmacology, epidemiology, engineering, and processing of functional foods. The book provides recent information on important functional food components, including up-to-date evaluations of bioactive compounds. Presenting information on the distribution of functional food components in different sources and their engineering properties, this book provides the essential information for the food industry to develop successful new products.
This reference comprehensively details the analysis, synthesis, and chemistry of thermosetting polymers, blends, and networks and describes practical methods, processes, and formulations of specialized thermosetting polymer materials for industrial applications. Contains diagrams showcasing the structural transformations that may occur during a cure cycle Compiling research spanning two decades, Thermosetting Polymers is an in-depth volume suitable for polymer and materials scientists; plastics, chemical, and polymer engineers; experimental, physical, and polymer chemists; polymer, materials, chemical, and experimental physicists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
A comprehensive text that offers a review of the delivery of food active compounds through emulsion-based systems Emulsion-based Systems for Delivery of Food Active Compounds is a comprehensive recourse that reviews the principles of emulsion-based systems formation, examines their characterization and explores their effective application as carriers for delivery of food active ingredients. The text also includes information on emulsion-based systems in regards to digestibility and health and safety challenges for use in food systems. Each chapter reviews specific emulsion-based systems (Pickering, multiple, multilayered, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers and more) and explains their application for delivery of food active compounds used in food systems. In addition, the authors - noted experts in the field - review the biological fate, bioavailability and the health and safety challenges of using emulsion-based systems as carriers for delivery of food active compounds in food systems. This important resource: Offers a comprehensive text that includes detailed coverage of emulsion-based systems for the delivery of food active compounds Presents the most recent development in emulsion-based systems that are among the most widely-used delivery systems developed to control the release of food active compounds Includes a guide for industrial applications for example food and drug delivery is a key concern for the food and pharmaceutical industries Emulsion-based Systems for Delivery of Food Active Compounds is designed for food scientists as well as those working in the food, nutraceutical and pharmaceutical and beverage industries. The text offers a comprehensive review of the essential elements of emulsion-based systems for delivery of food active compounds.
"Presents the latest research on the flow and structure of complex particulate sustemsions, the adsorption behavior of polymers, and the consolidation behavior and mechanical properties of films. Highlights recent advances in polymer functionality, conformation, and chemistry for biological, biomedical, and industrial applications."
Interfacial phenomena driven by heat or mass transfer are widespread in science and various branches of engineering. Research in this area has become quite active in recent years, attributable in part, at least, to the entry of physicists and their sophisticated experimental techniques into the field. Until now, however, the field has lacked a readable account of the recent developments.
This work highlights contemporary approaches to resource utilization and provides comprehensive coverage of technological advances in residuum conversion. It illustrates state-of-the-art engineering methods for the refinement of heavy oils, bitumen, and other high-sulphur feedstocks.
Reviews actual events and case studies that chronicle the evolution of safety precautions, the establishment of emergency planning requirements, and the design of advanced warning and control systems This authoritative reference/text analyzes health and hazard risk assessment in commercial, industrial, and refining industries-emphasizing legal requirements, emergency planning and response, safety equipment, process implementation, and occupational and environmental protection exposure guidelines. Presents applications and calculations for risk analysis of real systems, as well as numerous end-of-chapter examples and references Containing practical process diagrams for plant equipment, valves, piping, and control systems, Health, Safety, and Accident Management in the Chemical Process Industries covers laws for disaster planning by federal, state, and local governments the implementation of safeguards in chemical process design proper plant operation when using reactors, mass transfer units, heat exchangers, and ancillary devices the physical and chemical properties and health effects of chlorine, ammonia, hydrogen fluoride, sulfuric acid, and ethylene dose-response evaluation and risk characterization and more Offering system checklists as well as effective evacuation procedures, Health, Safety, and Accident Management in the Chemical Process Industries is an invaluable resource for chemical, industrial, manufacturing, and environmental engineers; public safety, human services, and health care managers and administrators; social workers; and public policy specialists; and an ideal text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
The first book of its kind to focus on the chemistry of this promising class of molecules. Edited by an innovator in the field, who has gathered an international team of well-established experts, this is a comprehensive overview of the rapidly developing field of polycyclic (hetero)arenes, specifically highlighting on their molecular design and the latest synthetic procedures, as well as chemical and physical properties. Each chapter is dedicated to a specific compound class, the first eight covering polycyclic arenes, including both planar and non-planar conjugated molecules, while chapters nine to twelve deal with polycylic heteroarenes according to the heteroatoms, namely N, B, S and P. Important current and emergent applications in the field are also discussed, ranging from molecular sensors to electronic devices. The result is an essential reference for researchers in synthetic and physical organic chemistry, supramolecular chemistry, and materials science.
"Presents the latest research on the analysis, metabolism, function, and physicochemical properties of fiber, fiber concentrates, and bioactive isolates--exploring the effect of fiber on chronic disease, cardiovascular health, cancer, and diabetes. Examines food applications and the efficacy and safety of psyllium, sugar beet fiber, pectin, alginate, gum arabic, and rice bran "
Develop the untapped possibilities of this potential tourist El Dorado Given its size, location, cultural attractions, and natural beauty, South America gets far less of the international tourist dollar than it deserves. This valuable book identifies and explores the major issues that influence and shape tourism in South America. Tourism in South America includes original empirical research into the image people have of this varied continent, the factors that draw people to visit South America, and the fears, lack of knowledge, and negative images that can keep tourists away.Tourism in South America examines current practices and suggests alternative models of development. Its informative discussions range from cultural tourism to sustainable tourism to developing human resources. The original empirical research in this volume offers unique insights, and reference notes are included.The reader will encounter varied points of view in Tourism in South America. You can expect to: view Australian travel industry perspectives on Latin American tourism explore the impact of tourism on the Argentina's Patagonian Coast examine the environmental tactics that Mexican and Jamaican hotel companies employ survey the recreation preferences of hikers in a Colombian National Park ponder the implications of performing traditional dances for modern tourists in the AmazonTour operators, hotel managers, local tourism boards, and others seeking the attention of tourists will profit from the new strategies and original research presented in Tourism in South America.
Based on thousands of citations from peer-reviewed, trade, commercial, and patent literature and interviews with those who have worked in the laboratory, in pilot plants, and in production, Active Packaging for Food Applications provides a state-of-the-art guide to understanding and utilizing these technologies. The book highlights technologies that are currently in commercial use or have the potential to become commercial, including oxygen scavenging, moisture control, ethylene removal from fresh food, antimicrobials, odor removal, and aroma emission. In addition, it explores the pros and cons involved in using antimicrobial agents in package materials. Active Packaging for Food Applications provides you with a detailed guide and reference to the technologies - and their applications - involved in enhancing food and beverage preservation.
Develop the untapped possibilities of this potential tourist El Dorado Given its size, location, cultural attractions, and natural beauty, South America gets far less of the international tourist dollar than it deserves. This valuable book identifies and explores the major issues that influence and shape tourism in South America. Tourism in South America includes original empirical research into the image people have of this varied continent, the factors that draw people to visit South America, and the fears, lack of knowledge, and negative images that can keep tourists away. Tourism in South America examines current practices and suggests alternative models of development. Its informative discussions range from cultural tourism to sustainable tourism to developing human resources. The original empirical research in this volume offers unique insights, and reference notes are included. The reader will encounter varied points of view in Tourism in South America.You can expect to: view Australian travel industry perspectives on Latin American tourism explore the impact of tourism on the Argentina's Patagonian Coast examine the environmental tactics that Mexican and Jamaican hotel companies employ survey the recreation preferences of hikers in a Colombian National Park ponder the implications of performing traditional dances for modern tourists in the Amazon Tour operators, hotel managers, local tourism boards, and others seeking the attention of tourists will profit from the new strategies and original research presented in Tourism in South America.
Traditional thermal and freezing processing techniques have been effective in maintaining a safe high quality food supply. However, increasing energy costs and the desire to purchase environmentally responsible products have been a stimulus for the development of alternative technologies. Furthermore, some products can undergo quality loss at high temperatures or freezing, which can be avoided by many alternative processing methods. This second edition of Alternatives to Conventional Food Processing provides a review of the current major technologies that reduce energy cost and reduce environmental impact while maintaining food safety and quality. New technologies have been added and relevant legal issues have been updated. Each major technology available to the food industry is discussed by leading international experts who outline the main principles and applications of each. The degree to which they are already in commercial use and developments needed to extend their use further are addressed. This updated reference will be of interest to academic and industrial scientists and engineers across disciplines in the global food industry and in research, and to those needing information in greener or more sustainable technologies.
This handbook seeks to facilitate the selection, design and operation of large-scale industrial crystallizers that process crystals with the proper size distribution, shape and purity sought - including cooling, evaporation, drowning-out reaction, melt, and related crystallization techniques. This new edition offers new results on direct-contact cooling crystallization. It lists the properties of over 170 organic and inorganic crystallization systems.
Promoting scientific support for the plethora of health benefits related to nutrition and medicine, Nutraceuticals in Health and Disease Prevention delivers a comprehensive and scientifically sound overview of the latest research findings in disease prevention, therapy, and enhanced body function in the revolutionary field of nutraceutical technology-with highlights from the Nutraceutical Conference held in Ludwigshafen, Germany. Includes perspectives and reviews from recognized experts on nutraceuticals of scientific and public interest! Recognizing the need to control the balance between environmental stressors and human health, Nutraceuticals in Health and Disease Prevention -presents developing areas of nutraceutical research with studies of effective examples -examines pathology treatments, including effects of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) on inflammatory disease and polyphenols on cardiovascular disease -investigates the role and benefits of vitamin E in aging and the antioxidant network -discusses the potency, multiple uses, and metabolic aspects of lipoic (thioctic) acid -reviews the second generation of carotenoid research and the disease prevention properties of lycopene and lutein -considers how polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) contribute to a healthy diet, from clinical and molecular perspectives -profiles the efficacy, safety, and use of creatine as an anabolic nutraceutical by athletes -analyzes identification methods for optimum delivery of nutrients, illustrated by the example of methyltetrahydrofolate -and much more! Containing over 1100 valuable literature references, drawings, and tables, Nutraceuticals in Health and Disease Prevention functions as an indispensablereference in the libraries of nutritionists and dietitians, pharmacists, molecular and cell biologists and biochemists, oncologists, endocrinologists, dermatologists, physiologists, epidemiologists, neurochemists, pediatricians, and upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and medical school students in these disciplines.
Bridging the gap between theory and practice, this text provides the reader with a comprehensive overview of industrial crystallization. Newcomers will learn all of the most important topics in industrial crystallization, from key concepts and basic theory to industrial practices. Topics covered include the characterization of a crystalline product and the basic process design for crystallization, as well as batch crystallization, measurement techniques, and details on precipitation, melt crystallization and polymorphism. Each chapter begins with an introduction explaining the importance of the topic, and is supported by homework problems and worked examples. Real world case studies are also provided, as well as new industry-relevant information, making this is an ideal resource for industry practitioners, students, and researchers in the fields of industrial crystallization, separation processes, particle synthesis, and particle technology.
This book will cover several topics to elaborate how proteomics may enhance agricultural productivity. These include crop and food proteomics, farm animal proteomics, aquaculture, microorganisms and insect proteomics. It will also cover several technical advances, which may address the current need for comprehensive proteome analysis.An emerging field of the proteomics aim is to integrate knowledge from basic sciences and to translate it into agricultural applications to solve issues related to economic values of farm animals, crops, food security, health, and energy sustainability. Given the wealth of information generated and to some extent applied in agriculture, there is the need for more efficient and broader channels to freely disseminate the information to the scientific community.
Preparing Participants for Intergenerational Interaction: Training for Success examines established intergenerational programs and provides the training methods necessary for activity directors or practitioners to start a similar program. This book contains exercises that will help you train colleagues and volunteers for these specific programs and includes criteria for activity evaluations. Preparing Participants for Intergenerational Interaction will help you implement programs that enable older adults to build friendships, pass down their skills and knowledge to adolescents, and provide youths with positive role models.Discussing the factors that often limit the interaction of older adults with youths, this text stresses the importance of conveying information and history to younger generations. You will learn why the exchange between different generations is crucial to society and to the improvement of the community in which you live. Preparing Participants for Intergenerational Interaction provides you with proven suggestions and methods that will make your program successful, including: examining Howe-To Industries, a program that teaches entrepreneurial skills to youths through older adults focusing on activities between older adults and youths that address aging sensitivity and racial and ethnic understanding defining the roles of a mentor, including teacher, trainer, developer of talent, and counselor increasing support and understanding in your community by defining target markets and selling the project to the public describing the aspects of group dynamics and how group decisionmaking methods are used to assess the success of the program and its volunteers understanding the community where participants live in order to address issues important to them, such as poverty and other social problems Containing sample handouts, self-evaluations, and detailed lessons for different types of programs, this book offers you guidelines that apply to participants that have a variety of needs within different communities. Preparing Participants for Intergenerational Interaction: Training for Success will enable you to help older adults remain an active and essential part of these communities by teaching youths valuable life skills they may not receive from anyone else.
A discussion of fundamental characteristics, theories and applications for liquid-liquid colloidal dispersions. It profiles experimental and traditional measurement techniques in a variety of emulsified systems, including rheology, nuclear magnetic resonance, dielectric spectroscopy, microcalorimetry, video enhanced microscopy, and conductivity.
Designed specifically for the needs, preferences, and styles distinct to long-term care this OSHA Compliance Management: A Guide for Long-Term Health Care Facilities serves as an excellent working reference. It focuses on priorities and provides you with the background and tools vital to achieving OSHA compliance and inspection preparedness. In this user-friendly, practical, hands-on manual you get: -Inspection preparedness briefing materials that provide you with last minute advice and activities -Real-life scenarios offering hands-on, practical advice and directions to minimize liability -Comprehensive policies with built in flexibility for designing mandatory practices to best fit your organization's needs -Summary discussions give you a quick, concise overview of all the issues covered including historical significance, current developments, and cautionary notes -Long-term care documentation, recordkeeping, and management tools for streamlining activities and maximizing necessary expended efforts -Step-by-step instructions for conducting and documenting specific types of assessments and information necessary for strategic decision and policy making -Flow charts, tables, and other materials containing long term care specific statistics and decision tree processes Streamline your organization's processes, save time and money, avoid liability, and improve safety management and performance. OSHA Compliance Management: A Guide for Long-Term Health Care Facilities gives you a headstart in achieving OSHA compliance and being prepared for OSHA inspections.
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