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A comprehensive guide to numerical methods for simulating physical-chemical systems This book offers a systematic, highly accessible presentation of numerical methods used to simulate the behavior of physical-chemical systems. Unlike most books on the subject, it focuses on methodology rather than specific applications. Written for students and professionals across an array of scientific and engineering disciplines and with varying levels of experience with applied mathematics, it provides comprehensive descriptions of numerical methods without requiring an advanced mathematical background. Based on its author's more than forty years of experience teaching numerical methods to engineering students, Numerical Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations presents the fundamentals of all of the commonly used numerical methods for solving differential equations at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students in science and engineering. Throughout, elementary examples show how numerical methods are used to solve generic versions of equations that arise in many scientific and engineering disciplines. In writing it, the author took pains to ensure that no assumptions were made about the background discipline of the reader. Covers the spectrum of numerical methods that are used to simulate the behavior of physical-chemical systems that occur in science and engineering Written by a professor of engineering with more than forty years of experience teaching numerical methods to engineers Requires only elementary knowledge of differential equations and matrix algebra to master the material Designed to teach students to understand, appreciate and apply the basic mathematics and equations on which Mathcad and similar commercial software packages are based Comprehensive yet accessible to readers with limited mathematical knowledge, Numerical Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations is an excellent text for advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students in the sciences and engineering. It is also a valuable working reference for professionals in engineering, physics, chemistry, computer science, and applied mathematics.
"...a useful addition to the bookshelf of every natural material specialist..." -Pharmazie in unserer Zeit, 2010 (review in German) Organized in a classical alphabetical format, this two-volume reference covers 1000 carefully screened natural product structures. For each compound or compund class, a basic chemical characterization is given, followed by a description of the biological source and a discussion of their pharmaceutical potential as lead molecules for new drugs. The letter takes into account the documented uses of many of these compounds in Asian traditional medicine. By way of its clearly structured articles, and with the aid of classification tables in the appendix, this dictionary is easy to use and provides quick and reliable information for researchers as well for scholars and student. Compounds have been selected from the following chemical classes: - Alkaloids - Phenolics - Antibiotics - Polyketides - Carbohydrates - Proteins - Chalcones - Steroids - Coumarins - Terpenoids - Flavonoids - Xanthonoids - Peptides
This first book on this new green material collates all the
information hitherto scattered in journal articles and on websites,
thus meeting the application-oriented needs of the reader.
Modern look at the thermodynamics of hydrocarbon reservoirs
This textbook puts design at the center of introducing students to the course in mass and energy balances in chemical engineering. Employers and accreditations increasingly stress the importance of design in the engineering curriculum, and design-driven analysis will motivate students to dig deeply into the key concepts of the field. The second edition has been completely revised and updated. It introduces the central steps in design and three methods of analysis: mathematical modeling, graphical methods, and dimensional analysis. Students learn how to apply engineering skills, such as how to simplify calculations through assumptions and approximations; how to verify calculations, significant figures, spreadsheets, graphing (standard, semi-log and log-log); and how to use data maps, in the contexts of contemporary chemical processes such as the hydrogen economy, petrochemical and biochemical processes, polymers, semiconductors, and pharmaceuticals.
Did you know wine can protect you from a heart attack? Would you like to protect yourself from diabetes with wine? Understand the history of wine and medicine? Who drinks wine with you and 80 million others? NutriWine is full to the brim with the reasons why moderate wine drinking can safeguard your health and boost your wellbeing. Over 14 million conversations are now taking place in social media about wine every year. By reading NutriWine you can jump into the conversation. Wine culture is also under serious threat from climate change and NutriWine explains the environmental innovations being employed to save vineyards.
The Advances in Chemical Physics series provides the chemical physics field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. This volume explores topics from Thermodynamic Properties of Polyelectrolyte Solutions to ion-binding of polyelectrolytes. The book features: * The only series of volumes available that presents the cutting edge of research in chemical physics * Contributions from experts in this field of research * Representative cross-section of research that questions established thinking on chemical solutions * An editorial framework that makes the book an excellent supplement to an advanced graduate class in physical chemistry or chemical physics
The potential use of hydrogen as a clean and renewable fuel resource has generated significant attention in recent years, especially given the rapidly increasing demand for energy sources and the dwindling availability of fossil fuels. Hydrogen is an ideal fuel in several ways. Its only byproduct of consumption is water; it is the most abundant element in the universe; and it is available at low cost. Hydrogen generation is possible via a number of possible chemical processes, to separate the hydrogen from its bond with atoms such as carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. In this book, the authors provide the scientific foundations for established and innovative methods of hydrogen extraction; outline solutions for its storage; and illustrate its applications in the fields of petroleum, chemical, metallurgical, physics, and manufacturing. * Addresses the three fundamental aspects of hydrogen as a fuel resource: generation, storage, and utilization * Provides theoretical basis for the chemical processes required for hydrogen generation, including solar, photoelectrochemical, thermochemical, and fermentation methods * Discusses storage of hydrogen based on metal hydrides, hydrocarbons, high pressure compression, and cryogenics * Examines the applications of hydrogen utilization in the fields of petroleum, chemical, metallurgical, physics, and manufacturing * Contains over 90 figures, including 27 color figures
This book provides comprehensive information on starch modification using physical approaches - a field that has attracted increasing interest in recent years due to the fact that it is no longer desirable to label starch a modified. The required functionalities can be conveniently achieved by physical methods that are less expensive and more environmentally friendly. Intended for researchers and product developers working on starch, the book summarizes recent developments in the areas of starch physical modifications and reviews the structure, function and potential industrial applications of modified starch. Dr. Zhongquan Sui is an Associate Professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Dr. Xiangli Kong is an Assistant Professor at Zhejiang University.
In the interest of consumer health, many fats and oils processors continuously strive to develop healthier preparation procedures. Following in the footsteps of its previous bestselling editions, Fats and Oils: Formulating and Processing for Applications, Third Edition delineates up-to-date processing procedures and formulation techniques as well as the effects of new ingredients, processing, and formulation on globally relevant applications.
In addition to examining all product categories, such as types of shortening, margarine, and liquid oil, this new edition includes an array of new features, including:
Doused with practical advice, this ready reference combines 45 years of indispensable literature with the personal experiences of the expert author. It is an essential knowledge base for determining the best way to make processing and formulation techniques healthier and more cost-effective.
The level of quality that food maintains as it travels down the production-to-consumption path is largely determined by the chemical, biochemical, physical, and microbiological changes that take place during its processing and storage. Authored by an internationally respected food quality expert, Kinetic Modeling of Reactions in Foods demonstrates how to effectively capture these changes in an integrative fashion using mathematical models. Thus, kinetic modeling of food changes creates the possibility to control and predict food quality from a technological point of view. Illustrating how kinetic modeling can predict and control food quality from farm to fork, this authoritative resource: Applies kinetic models using general chemical, physical, and biochemical principles Introduces Bayesian statistics in kinetic modeling, virtually unchartered territory in the food science field Integrates food science, kinetics, and statistics to predict and control food quality attributes using computer models Uses real-world examples rather than hypothetical data to illustrate concepts This essential reference is an indispensable guide to understanding all aspects of kinetic food modeling. Unlike many other kinetic volumes available, this book opens the door to the many untapped research opportunities in the food science realm where mathematical modeling can be applied.
Both solid knowledge of the basics as well as expert knowledge is
needed to create rigid, long-lasting and material-specific
adhesions in the industrial or trade sectors. Information that is
extremely difficult and time-consuming to find in the current
This textbook gives a clear and coherent overview of ceramic membranes, from preparation methods all the way to applications and economics. The authors, who are known for their clear writing style, combine their expertise in environmental engineering and porous materials to cover a wide range of examples, with over 1000 references. Chapters 1, 2 and 3 give a detailed introduction to membrane synthesis, transport mechanisms, and characterisation. Building on this, Chapter 4 outlines the state-of-the-art in ceramic membrane applications, including fuel cells, water purification, gas separation, and the making of cheeses, fruit juice, wine and beer. The final chapter deals with the economics of ceramic membrane processes, using industrial case studies to examine market barriers and opportunities. Ceramics are known throughout history, but now, after thousands of years, they're making a comeback. Indeed, they may hold the key for addressing three of today's biggest challenges: clean energy, drinking water and air pollution. This book is a must-have for anyone who wants to enter the ceramic membranes field, or keep up-to-date with the latest developments and applications. This textbook gives a clear and coherent overview of ceramic membranes, from preparation methods all the way to applications and economics. The authors, who are known for their clear writing style, combine their expertise in environmental engineering and porous materials to cover a wide range of examples, with over 1000 references. Chapters 1, 2 and 3 give a detailed introduction to membrane synthesis, transport mechanisms, and characterisation. Building on this, Chapter 4 outlines the state-of-the-art in ceramic membrane applications, including fuel cells, water purification, gas separation, and the making of cheeses, fruit juice, wine and beer. The final chapter deals with the economics of ceramic membrane processes, using industrial case studies to examine market barriers and opportunities. Ceramics are known throughout history, but now, after thousands of years, they're making a comeback. Indeed, they may hold the key for addressing three of today's biggest challenges: clean energy, drinking water and air pollution. This book is a must-have for anyone who wants to enter the ceramic membranes field, or keep up-to-date with the latest developments and applications.
An Examination of Detergent Applications
The fifth volume in a six volume project penned by detergent industry experts, this segment deals with the various applications of detergent formulations - surfactants, builders, sequestering/chelating agents - as well as other components. These applications are discussed with respect to the scope of their domestic, institutional, or industrial usages. Special focus is given to technological advancement, health and environmental concerns, and the rapid changes occurring in the field within the past several years. With each chapter providing the special access of a pioneering researcher, this text offers an insider's look at the most current advances.
This is the first comprehensive guide to the principles and techniques of chemical looping partial oxidation. With authoritative explanations from a pioneer of the chemical looping process, you will: * Gain a holistic overview of metal oxide reaction engineering, with coverage of ionic diffusion, nanostructure formation, morphological evolution, phase equilibrium, and recyclability properties of metal oxides during redox reactions * Learn about the gasification of solid fuels, the reforming of natural gas, and the catalytic conversion of methane to olefins * Understand the importance of reactor design and process integration in enabling metal oxide oxygen carriers to produce desired products * Discover other applications of catalytic metal oxides, including the production of maleic anhydride and solar energy conversions Aspen Plus (R) simulation software and results accompany the book online. This is an invaluable reference for researchers and industry professionals in the fields of chemical, energy and environmental engineering, and students studying process design and optimization.
Explore the Pros and Cons of Food Analysis Instruments The identification, speciation, and determination of components, additives, and contaminants in raw materials and products will always be a critical task in food processing and manufacturing. With contributions from leading scientists, many of whom actually developed or refined each technique or instrument, the Handbook of Food Analysis Instruments discusses how to apply proper methods and use increasingly sophisticated instruments. Examine Benefits, Drawbacks, and Appropriate Use In a format that facilitates comparison of techniques, the book presents each technique in a uniform and easily accessible style. It begins with information relevant to all techniques, including calibration, standard addition, internal standards, selectivity, accuracy, precision, detection limit, quantification limit, range, robustness, speed, and convenience. Each subsequent chapter focuses on a specific type of instrument and includes a description of the information the technique can provide, a simple explanation of how it works, and examples of its application. The chapters also provide practical information such as names of instrument vendors, relative costs of instruments and materials, training and education of personnel, and references for more detailed information. Increasingly Sophisticated Instruments Solve Analysis Problems While there are any number of books that explain the principles of food analysis, describe how to conduct food analysis, and discuss test results, there are few that focus on understanding the actual instruments used in the analysis. Prepared by a team of food scientists, chemists, and biochemists, this handbook provides a valuable reference on the instruments of newly developed and practiced methods of analysis of food components and additives. Using the information in this book, readers can analyze each technique's potential benefits and limitations and apply them to solve specific problems.
The third edition of this best-selling book continues to offer a user-friendly, step-by-step introduction to all the key processes involved in bringing a drug to the market, including the performance of pre-clinical studies, the conduct of human clinical trials, regulatory controls, and even the manufacturing processes for pharmaceutical products. Concise and easy to read, Drugs: From Discovery to Approval, Third Edition quickly introduces basic concepts, then moves on to discuss target selection and the drug discovery process for both small and large molecular drugs. The third edition incorporates the latest developments and updates in the pharmaceutical community, provides more comprehensive coverage of topics, and includes more materials and case studies suited to college and university use. Biotechnology is a dynamic field with changes across R&D, clinical trials, manufacturing and regulatory processes, and the third edition of the text provides timely updates for those in this rapidly growing field.
Offering a unique perspective summarizing research on this timely important topic around the globe, this book provides comprehensive coverage of how molecular biomass can be transformed into sustainable polymers. It critically discusses and compares a few classes of biomass - oxygen-rich, hydrocarbon-rich, hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon (including carbon dioxide) as well as natural polymers - and equally includes products that are already commercialized. A must-have for both newcomers to the field as well as established researchers in both academia and industry.
In the quest for accurate and efficient analysis of the diverse
area encompassed by functional foods and nutraceuticals, analysts
encounter unique challenges. Uncertainty over which compound is
responsible for a particular health benefit forces analysts to look
for marker compounds, sometimes at extremely low levels, and
sometimes as part of a matrix possessing its own individual
obstacles. Increasing interest from the media, the scientific and
nutritional community, and the end consumer, demand a single,
comprehensive resource focused on the analysis of this complex
Molecular Techniques in Food Biology: Safety, Biotechnology, Authenticity & Traceability explores all aspects of microbe-food interactions, especially as they pertain to food safety. Traditional morphological, physiological, and biochemical techniques for the detection, differentiation, and identification of microorganisms have severe limitations. As an alternative, many of those responsible for monitoring food safety are turning to molecular tools for identifying foodborne microorganisms. This book reviews the latest molecular techniques for detecting, identifying, and tracing microorganisms in food, addressing both good foodborne microbes, such as those used for fermentation and in probiotics, and harmful ones responsible for foodborne illness and food quality control problems. Molecular Techniques in Food Biology: Safety, Biotechnology, Authenticity & Traceability brings together contributions by leading international authorities in food biology from academe, industry, and government. Chapters cover food microbiology, food mycology, biochemistry, microbial ecology, food biotechnology and bio-processing, food authenticity, food origin traceability, and food science and technology. Throughout, special emphasis is placed on novel molecular techniques relevant to food biology research and for monitoring and assessing food safety and quality. Brings together contributions from scientists at the leading edge of the revolution in molecular food biology Explores how molecular techniques can satisfy the dire need to deepen our understanding of how microbial communities develop in foods of all types and in all forms Covers all aspects of food safety and hygiene, microbial ecology, food biotechnology and bio-processing, food authenticity, food origin traceability, and more Fills a yawning gap in the world literature on food traceability using molecular techniques This book is an important working resource for professionals in agricultural, food science, biomedicine, and government involved in food regulation and safety. It is also an excellent reference for advanced students in agriculture, food science and food technology, biochemistry, microbiology, and biotechnology, as well as academic researchers in those fields.
Hydrogen offers a promising alternative for supplying clean and sustainable energy to meet increasing demands worldwide. However, materials are key to transforming the technology into a viable industry. Materials for the Hydrogen Economy describes the technical challenges and the current efforts in developing materials possessing the properties required for handling each stage of the hydrogen fuel chain. Thorough coverage offers newcomers as well as experienced engineers and researchers a reliable and fully scalable foundation in this field. This book covers all seven of the current hydrogen production methods, as well as distribution, storage, and utilization technologies, particularly fuel cells. It details the chemical reactions, processes, types of feedstock, and commercial equipment involved in hydrogen production. It also covers methods, membranes, liners, and sensors used for separating, sealing, and purifying hydrogen. Several chapters examine corrosion effects in pipeline steels and other storage and transportation vessels, leading to discussions of hydrogen permeation barriers, barrier coatings, and hydrides for on-board hydrogen storage. The final chapters focus on electrolytes and component materials for solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and H2/O2 PEM fuel cells. Materials for the Hydrogen Economy provides a broad review of material requirements for handling hydrogen from production to market. It explores the development of these materials alongside essential considerations and issues associated with their deployment.
Due to the lower costs of nickel catalysts and the high abundance of nickel complexes, enantioselective nickel-mediated transformations have received a continuous and growing attention in recent years. This book demonstrates the diversity of chemistry catalysed by chiral nickel catalysts. Discussing several different enantioselective transformations, this book presents the impressive range of uses that have been found for novel and already known nickel chiral catalysts, from basic organic transformations to completely novel methodologies including fascinating one-pot domino and multicomponent reactions. This much-needed book is ideal for researchers and industrialists in organic chemistry, synthesis and medicinal chemistry.
Pharmaceutical manufacturing was one of the first industries to recognize the importance of green chemistry, with pioneering work including green chemistry metrics and alternative solvents and reagents. Today, other topical factors also have to be taken into consideration, such as rapidly depleting resources, high energy costs and new legislation. This book addresses current challenges in modern green chemical technologies and sustainability thinking. It encompasses a broad range of topics covered by the CHEM21 project - Europe's largest public-private partnership project which aims to develop a toolbox of sustainable technologies for green chemical intermediate manufacture. Divided into two sections, the book first gives an overview of the key green chemistry tools, guidance and considerations aimed at developing greener processes, before moving on to look at cutting-edge synthetic methodologies. Featuring innovative research, this book is an invaluable reference for chemists across academia and industry wanting to further their knowledge and understanding of this important topic.
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