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A "must-have" for materials engineers, chemists, physicists, and geologists, this is one of the first "coffee-table" books in the field of glass science.
Containing over fifty beautiful micrographs, the book reflects 35 years of original research by a highly regarded authority in the field. It contains 50 slides culled from tens of thousands of images on glass crystal nucleation, growth, and crystallization. The images represent glass crystallization mechanisms, including internal, surface, homogeneous, heterogeneous, and eutectic, crystal nucleation and growth.
The latest updated edition of the market-leading guide to Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) in the food and drink industry This all-new, 7th edition of Food and Drink - Good Manufacturing Practice: A Guide to its Responsible Management features a wealth of new information reflecting changes in the industry and advances in science that have occurred since the publication of the last edition back in 2013. They include topics such as: Food Safety Culture, Food Crime and Food Integrity Management Systems, Food Crime Risk Assessment including vulnerability risk assessment and Threat Analysis Critical Control Point (TACCP), Security and Countermeasures, Food Toxins, Allergens and Risk Assessment, Provenance and authenticity, Electronic and digital traceability technologies, Worker Welfare Standards; Smart Packaging, Food Donation Controls and Animal Food Supply, Safety Culture; Provenance and integrity testing and Sustainability Issues. In addition to the new topics mentioned above, Food and Drink - Good Manufacturing Practice, 7th Edition offers comprehensive coverage of information in chapters on Quality Management System; Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP); Premises and Equipment; Cleaning and Sanitation; Product Control, Testing and Inspection; Heat Preserved Foods; Frozen Foods; Foods for Catering and Vending Operations; and much more. Comprises both general guidance and food sector-specific requirements for good manufacturing practice Incorporates all the most recent developments and changes in UK and EU law Provides a readable and accessible reference for busy managers in the food industry Food and Drink - Good Manufacturing Practice: A Guide to its Responsible Management, 7th Edition is a valuable reference for anyone in a managerial or technical capacity concerned with the manufacture, storage, and distribution of food and drink. The book is also a "must -read" for the recommended reading lists for food science, food technology and food policy undergraduate and postgraduate studies. IFST - the Institute of Food Science and Technology is the leading qualifying body for food professionals in Europe and the only professional qualifying body in the UK concerned with all aspects of food science and technology.
Scientific principles of design and fabrication of packaging materials for food purposes are described in this book, as well as methods for structural modification and other techniques. The main practical properties and applications of polymer materials are described. Great attention is paid to the analysis of all processes taking place during formations and destruction of polymer packaging materials. Methods such as electron microscopy, infrared microscopy and optical polarization were used to describe the behaviour of polymer materials and their composition.
Extraction processes are essential steps in numerous industrial applications from perfume over pharmaceutical to fine chemical industry. Nowadays, there are three key aspects in industrial extraction processes: economy and quality, as well as environmental considerations. This book presents a complete picture of current knowledge on green extraction in terms of innovative processes, original methods, alternative solvents and safe products, and provides the necessary theoretical background as well as industrial application examples and environmental impacts. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and the strong focus on green chemistry throughout the book makes this book a unique reference source. This book is intended to be a first step towards a future cooperation in a new extraction of natural products, built to improve both fundamental and green parameters of the techniques and to increase the amount of extracts obtained from renewable resources with a minimum consumption of energy and solvents, and the maximum safety for operators and the environment.
The scope of opportunities in chemical and biomolecular engineering has grown tremendously in recent years. Careers in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering conveys the breadth and depth of today's chemical and biomolecular engineering practice, and describes the intellectually enriching, socially conscious and financially lucrative opportunities available for such graduates in an ever-widening array of industries and applications. This book aims to help students interested in studying chemical engineering and biomolecular engineering to understand the many potential career pathways that are available in these dynamic fields - and is an indispensable resource for the parents, teachers, advisors and guidance counselors who support them, In addition to 10 chapters that discuss the roles such graduates play in many diverse industries, this book also features 25 Profile articles that share in-depth, first-person insight from industry-leading chemical and biomolecular engineers. These technical professionals discuss their work and educational experiences (in terms of both triumphs and challenges), and share wisdom and recommendations for students pursuing these two dynamic engineering disciplines.
Block copolymers constitute a fascinating group of polymeric materials belonging to the "soft matter" family. These materials are formed by blocks of polymeric chains from different monomers. In most cases, these blocks are thermodynamically incompatible, but the covalent bonds between them impose specific arrangements, generating particular morphologies both in bulk and in solution. In this book, the authors present current research in the study of the phase morphology, material applications and future challenges of block copolymers. Topics discussed include the different experimental skills developed to synthesise model block copolymers; the macromolecular design of stereo block polylactides showing high performance; ion-containing block copolymers and their applications; self-assembled block copolymers for the preparation of advanced materials; the electrical properties of polythylene-b-polyethylene oxide diblock copolymers; and triblock copolymers as tougheners for PMMA matrices.
Around 1885, Alfred Barnard was secretary of Harper's Weekly Gazette, a journal dedicated to the wine and spirit trade. In order to provide his readers with the history and descriptions of the whisky-making process, Barnard decided to visit all distilleries in Scotland, England and Ireland. Accompanied by friends, he visited over 150 distilleries. The names found in his reports still excite the dedicated whisky connoisseur today, as well as others whose fame has faded since the end of the 19th century. The appeal of Barnard's book lies not only in the technical descriptions of each distillery's processes, but also in the colourful descriptions of his journeys, brimming with historical colour and detail. A superbly illustrated facsimile edition, with over 200 engravings, this book is a complete guide to the origins of Scotland's national drink, as well as a lively picture of life and travel in the Victorian age.
This book introduces the theory and applications of nanometer photocatalysis, and it briefly presents the concept of photocatalysts, photocatalytic reaction mechanisms and kinetics, and photocatalytic reactor design. In addition, the use of photocatalysis in the control of flue-gas pollutants is discussed in detail. The book also describes how a photocatalytic reactor is designed and implemented to evaluate the photocatalytic oxidation capacity of different photocatalysts on elemental mercury in a simulated flue gas. After that, the effect of photocatalysts on the SO2, NOx and Hg removal in the flue gas is studied. Photocatalytic cleaning technology can be applied not only in gas pollutant cleaning at power plants, but also in wastewater purification. Readers gain a comprehensive understanding of possible mercury emission control methods and the industrial applications of these technologies.
Joining techniques such as welding, brazing, riveting and screwing
are used by industry all over the world on a daily basis. A
FOOD and interdisciplinary research are the central focus of the 1st International Conference on Food Design and Food Studies: Experiencing Food, Designing Dialogues, reflecting upon approaches evidencing how interdisciplinarity is not limited to the design of objects or services, but seeks awareness towards new lifestyles and innovative ways of dealing with food. This book encompasses a wide range of perspectives on the state of the art and research in the fields of Food and Design, making a significant contribution to further development of these fields. Accordingly, it covers a broad variety of topics from Designing for/with Food, Educating People on Food, Experiencing Food and other Food for Thought.
Bringing a new drug to market is a costly time-consuming process. Increased regional and international regulation over the last twenty years, while necessary, has only served to amplify these costs. In response to this escalation, developmental strategies have shifted towards a more global approach. In order to create the most cost-effective and safe processes, it is critical for those bringing drugs to market to understand both the globally accepted regulations and the local variations. "Nonclinical Safety Assessment: A Guide to International Pharmaceutical Regulations "provides a practical description of nonclinical drug development regulations and requirements in the major market regions.
It includes: ICH - the International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human UseNational regulations, including US FDA, Canada, Mercosur and Brazil, South Africa, China, Japan, India and AustraliaRepeated dose toxicity studiesCarcinogenicity; Genotoxicity; Developmental and reproductive toxicology; ImmunotoxicologyBiotechnology-derived pharmaceuticalsVaccine developmentPhototoxicity and photocarcinogenicityDegradants, impurities, excipients and metabolites
Primarily intended for those professionals actively involved in the nonclinical and clinical development of a pharmaceutical product, including toxicologists, pharmacologists, clinicians and project managers, this book provides a roadmap for successful new drug approval and marketing.""
Skin physiology assessment is moving from a descriptive approach to a deeper understanding of biophysical and biochemical processes in the stratum corneum, such as epidermal barrier function and stratum corneum hydration. New, non-invasive approaches offer reliable and reproducible methods for product testing in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry, as well as in basic research. While standard instruments focus on functional aspects, innovative devices offer a deeper understanding of underlying mechanisms. This book discusses the assessment of skin physiology and of skin functions in clinical studies using non-invasive biophysical instruments, offering readers a comprehensive guide to planning, performing and evaluating the results of scientific studies in skin measurement and the legal framework for these studies. Written by leading experts in the field, it focuses on practical aspects of non-invasive measurements. After introducing the legal aspects of the current framework for clinical cosmetic studies and basic research in cosmetology, it explores the technical practicalities of organizing a testing lab and the pre-requirements for planning a study. The third and main section addresses specific topics in cosmetic testing e.g. skin hydration, and also includes chapters on sensory aspects and in vivo skin structure vizualization. This new, updated edition of Practical Aspects of Cosmetic Testing is a valuable tool for researchers, students, and medical staff wanting to gain insights into how best to assess skin functions in controlled studies using non-invasive biophysical instruments.
A comprehensive guide to numerical methods for simulating physical-chemical systems This book offers a systematic, highly accessible presentation of numerical methods used to simulate the behavior of physical-chemical systems. Unlike most books on the subject, it focuses on methodology rather than specific applications. Written for students and professionals across an array of scientific and engineering disciplines and with varying levels of experience with applied mathematics, it provides comprehensive descriptions of numerical methods without requiring an advanced mathematical background. Based on its author's more than forty years of experience teaching numerical methods to engineering students, Numerical Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations presents the fundamentals of all of the commonly used numerical methods for solving differential equations at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students in science and engineering. Throughout, elementary examples show how numerical methods are used to solve generic versions of equations that arise in many scientific and engineering disciplines. In writing it, the author took pains to ensure that no assumptions were made about the background discipline of the reader. Covers the spectrum of numerical methods that are used to simulate the behavior of physical-chemical systems that occur in science and engineering Written by a professor of engineering with more than forty years of experience teaching numerical methods to engineers Requires only elementary knowledge of differential equations and matrix algebra to master the material Designed to teach students to understand, appreciate and apply the basic mathematics and equations on which Mathcad and similar commercial software packages are based Comprehensive yet accessible to readers with limited mathematical knowledge, Numerical Methods for Solving Partial Differential Equations is an excellent text for advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students in the sciences and engineering. It is also a valuable working reference for professionals in engineering, physics, chemistry, computer science, and applied mathematics.
An important resource that puts the focus on the chemical engineering aspects of biomedical engineering In the past 50 years remarkable achievements have been advanced in the fields of biomedical and chemical engineering. With contributions from leading chemical engineers, Biomedical Engineering Challenges reviews the recent research and discovery that sits at the interface of engineering and biology. The authors explore the principles and practices that are applied to the ever-expanding array of such new areas as gene-therapy delivery, biosensor design, and the development of improved therapeutic compounds, imaging agents, and drug delivery vehicles. Filled with illustrative case studies, this important resource examines such important work as methods of growing human cells and tissues outside the body in order to repair or replace damaged tissues. In addition, the text covers a range of topics including the challenges faced with developing artificial lungs, kidneys, and livers; advances in 3D cell culture systems; and chemical reaction methodologies for biomedical imagining analysis. This vital resource: Covers interdisciplinary research at the interface between chemical engineering, biology, and chemistry Provides a series of valuable case studies describing current themes in biomedical engineering Explores chemical engineering principles such as mass transfer, bioreactor technologies as applied to problems such as cell culture, tissue engineering, and biomedical imaging Written from the point of view of chemical engineers, this authoritative guide offers a broad-ranging but concise overview of research at the interface of chemical engineering and biology.
Polymeric materials are used for a legion of applications in a wide
array of technological areas, and their proper surface/interface
characteristics are of cardinal importance for their applications.
Therefore, the need to characterize polymer surfaces/interfaces and
their suitable modification to impart desired characteristics is
This volume argues for the importance of essential nutrients in our diet. Over the last two decades there has been an explosion of research on the relationship of Omega-3 fatty acids and the importance of antioxidants to human health. Expert authors discuss the importance of a diet rich in Omega-3 Fatty acids for successful human growth and development and for the prevention of disease. Chapters highlight their contribution to the prevention and amelioration of a wide range of conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, cancer, obesity, mental health and bone health. An indispensable text designed for nutritionists, dietitians, clinicians and health related professionals, Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Keys to Nutritional Health presents a comprehensive assessment of the current knowledge about the nutritional effects of Omega-3 fatty acids and their delivery in foods.
This is the first resource to provide researchers in academia and
industry with an urgently needed update on drug intervention
against trypanosomatides. As such, it
Fifteen personalities. Fifteen regions. Fifteen wine styles. All sharing the same passion, drive and concern for quality. Vineyard tells the story of 15 Belgian winemakers who operate in 15 different European countries. Their journeys lead the reader to the most diverse wine domains: from the flanks of the Etna in Sicily to the Douro riversides in Portugal, and the fascinating landscape of the Priorat in Spain. This book details the wine-making process, while giving the reader an intimate feel for the localities where these wines are produced.
In this work, the authors discuss the sources, biotechnology applications, and health challenges of functional foods. The topics discussed include the health potential of pulses and their bioactivity; health promoting phytonutrients and lactic acid bacteria in olives; health benefits of the Mediterranean diet; European consumers acceptance of healthy food products; fermentation of tomato juice with the probiotic yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii; and market strategies to maximise consumer acceptance of functional dairy-based foods and beverages.
Offering step-by-step technical details, Liposome Technology, Third Edition, Three Volume Set provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of liposome technology, including liposome preparation and analysis, entrapment of drugs and other materials into liposomes, and liposome interaction with the biological environment to be applied in the detection, therapy, or prevention of disease. The text offers critical discussions of the methodologies of each technology discussed so that readers can examine the benefits and limitations and compare it to other methods. This Third Edition features 55 chapters written by leading international experts. Because of the considerable progress in liposome related techniques and their application in therapy since the publication of the Second Edition in 1992, over half of the chapters are new to the edition, and the other chapters have been extensively updated. Liposome Technology, Third Edition, Three Volume Set is an ideal resource for pharmaceutical scientists, researchers, regulatory personnel, FDA personnel, and medicinal chemists working in this discipline.
Liposome Technology, Volume I: Liposome Preparation and Related Techniques, Third Edition, is a thoroughly updated and expanded new edition of a classic text in the field. Including step-by-step technical details, Volume I illustrates numerous methods for liposome preparation and auxiliary techniques necessary for the stabilization and characterization of liposomes. This source also offers critical discussions of the methodologies of each technology described so that readers can examine the benefits and limitations and compare it to other approaches.
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