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Books > Professional & Technical > Industrial chemistry & manufacturing technologies > Industrial chemistry

Electrochemical Engineering - From Discovery to Product (Hardcover): Richard C. Alkire, Philip N. Bartlett, Marc Koper Electrochemical Engineering - From Discovery to Product (Hardcover)
Richard C. Alkire, Philip N. Bartlett, Marc Koper
R3,740 R3,006 Discovery Miles 30 060 Save R734 (20%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This volume in the "Advances in Electrochemical Sciences and Engineering" series focuses on problem-solving, illustrating how to translate basic science into engineering solutions. The book's concept is to bring together engineering solutions across the range of nano-bio-photo-micro applications, with each chapter co-authored by an academic and an industrial expert whose collaboration led to reusable methods that are relevant beyond their initial use. Examples of experimental and/or computational methods are used throughout to facilitate the task of moving atomistic-scale discoveries and understanding toward well-engineered products and processes based on electrochemical phenomena.

Understanding Wine Technology - The Science of Wine Explained (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition): David Bird Understanding Wine Technology - The Science of Wine Explained (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition)
David Bird
R706 R554 Discovery Miles 5 540 Save R152 (22%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The production of wine is described in detail from the creation of a vineyard, through the production of grapes and their subsequent processing and quality control, to the bottling of the finished wine. It explains why the choice of land is important in establishing a new vineyard, and how vines and soil interact and thus create the traditional links between region and grape variety. The main part of the book is devoted to the incredibly complex series of operations that constitute the transformation of grape juice into wine. All of this is done without recourse to the knowledge of advanced chemistry. Chemical formulae and equations are kept to the basic minimum that is necessary to explain the changes that occur during these processes. This third edition includes extended chapters on the production of the main categories of wine: red, pink, white, sparkling, sweet and fortified. This section of the book is of particular interest for those who are not studying for exams, but are merely dedicated amateurs who want to know more about how their favourite wine is produced. There is a chapter devoted to the faults and problems that can occur with wine, giving an explanation of the causes and remedies for each. With quality assurance playing a large role in modern food production, this chapter has been extended to include a large section on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) in the production of wine. This process is poorly understood, so the author has included a model HACCP system that can be applied to any winery in the world. The chapter on European wine regulations has been brought up-to-date and the final chapter gives a brief but pertinent description of the correct way to taste wine, thus enabling the drinker to get the maximum enjoyment from each bottle. As Hugh Johnson states in the Foreword: "David's first edition has been my stand-by for years. I have my Peynaud, my Amerine & Joslyn, my Michael Schuster for going deeper where necessary, but it is always good to have Bird in the hand. This third edition adds a valuable insight into the production of the principal styles of the wines of the world, making it equally interesting for those who are simply lovers of wine and for those who are serious students of the Master of Wine examination. The detailed explanation of the mysteries of Hazard Analysis make this book particularly useful for wineries that are faced with the problems of modern food safety legislation. Essentially, though, it updates the second and makes it available once more to ease the pangs of students young and old." Re-printed in 2012 and 2014.

Introduction to Particle Technology (Paperback, 2nd Edition): Martin J. Rhodes Introduction to Particle Technology (Paperback, 2nd Edition)
Martin J. Rhodes
R1,352 R1,240 Discovery Miles 12 400 Save R112 (8%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Particle technology is a term used to refer to the science and technology related to the handling and processing of particles and powders. The production of particulate materials, with controlled properties tailored to subsequent processing and applications, is of major interest to a wide range of industries, including chemical and process, food, pharmaceuticals, minerals and metals companies and the handling of particles in gas and liquid solutions is a key technological step in chemical engineering.

This textbook provides an excellent introduction to particle technology with worked examples and exercises. Based on feedback from students and practitioners worldwide, it has been newly edited and contains new chapters on slurry transport, colloids and fine particles, size enlargement and the health effects of fine powders. Topics covered include:

Characterization (Size Analysis)Processing (Granulation, Fluidization)Particle Formation (Granulation, Size Reduction)Storage and Transport (Hopper Design, Pneumatic Conveying, Standpipes, Slurry Flow)Separation (Filtration, Settling, Cyclones)Safety (Fire and Explosion Hazards, Health Hazards)Engineering the Properties of Particulate Systems (Colloids, Respirable Drugs, Slurry Rheology)

This book is essential reading for undergraduate students of chemical engineering on particle technology courses. It is also valuable supplementary reading for students in other branches of engineering, applied chemistry, physics, pharmaceutics, mineral processing and metallurgy. Practitioners in industries in which powders are handled and processed may find it a useful starting point for gaining an understanding of the behavior of particles and powders.

Review of the First Edition taken from "High Temperatures - High pressures" 1999 31 243 - 251

..""This is a modern textbook that presents clear-cut knowledge. It can be successfully used both for teaching particle technology at universities and for individual study of engineering problems in powder processing.""

Pharma-Ecology - The Occurrence and Fate of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Environment (Hardcover, 2nd... Pharma-Ecology - The Occurrence and Fate of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Environment (Hardcover, 2nd Edition)
Patrick K. Jjemba
R3,972 R3,540 Discovery Miles 35 400 Save R432 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The revised edition of the guide to environmental impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products The revised and updated second edition of Pharma-Ecology joins the health and environmental sciences professions' concern over the occurrence and fate of pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) in the environment and explores how to best minimize their impact. The text highlights the biological effects of various classes of pharmaceutical compounds under clinical settings, their modes of action, and approximate quantities consumed. The second edition contains the most recent knowledge about the ecological impact of PPCPs as more sensitive detection techniques have become available, since the book was first published. The second edition offers the most up-to-date information on pharma ecology and bridges the gap between medicine, public health, and environmental science. This new edition contains helpful learning objectives for each chapter, as well as a brief section at the end of each chapter that presents a set of open ended questions. This vital resource: - Explores the biological effects of pharmaceutical compounds under clinical settings, their modes of action, approximate quantities consumed - Provides researchers and scientists with critical background data on the environmental impacts of PPCPs - Contains the most current information on PPCPs' ecological impacts, based on new detection techniques - Bridges the gap between medicine, public health, and environmental science Written for ecologists, engineers, microbiologists, pharmacists, toxicologists, chemists, physicians, and veterinarians involved in pollution and environmental analysis, the second edition of Pharma-Ecology contains the most current information available on the environmental impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products.

Food Safety, Risk Intelligence and Benchmarking (Paperback): Sylvain Charlebois Food Safety, Risk Intelligence and Benchmarking (Paperback)
Sylvain Charlebois
R1,542 R1,402 Discovery Miles 14 020 Save R140 (9%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book comprehensively argues for more future benchmarking between nations. Since the initial food safety benchmarking report was published in 2008, the sharing of data and protocols among nations has dramatically increased. It was intended to identify and evaluate common elements among global food safety systems. More specifically, benchmarking identifies those countries that employ comparatively best practices to assess, manage, and communicate the risks related to the safety of food and their respective food systems. The overarching intent of this benchmarking assessment, however, is to stimulate exchange and discussion on food safety performance among nations.

Physical Gels from Biological and Synthetic Polymers (Hardcover, New): Madeleine Djabourov, Katsuyoshi Nishinari, Simon B.... Physical Gels from Biological and Synthetic Polymers (Hardcover, New)
Madeleine Djabourov, Katsuyoshi Nishinari, Simon B. Ross-Murphy
R3,475 R3,197 Discovery Miles 31 970 Save R278 (8%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Presenting a unique perspective on state-of-the-art physical gels, this interdisciplinary guide provides a complete, critical analysis of the field and highlights recent developments. It shows the interconnections between the key aspects of gels, from molecules and structure through to rheological and functional properties, with each chapter focusing on a different class of gel. There is also a final chapter covering innovative systems and applications, providing the information needed to understand current and future practical applications of gels in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, cosmetic, chemical and food industries. Many research teams are involved in the field of gels, including theoreticians, experimentalists and chemical engineers, but this interdisciplinary book collates and rationalises the many different points of view to provide a clear understanding of these complex systems for researchers and graduate students.

Voigt's Pharmaceutical Technology (Hardcover): Alfred Fahr Voigt's Pharmaceutical Technology (Hardcover)
Alfred Fahr; Translated by Gerrit L. Scherphof
R2,514 R2,273 Discovery Miles 22 730 Save R241 (10%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

A textbook which is both comprehensive and comprehensible and that offers easy but scientifically sound reading to both students and professionals Now in its 12th edition in its native German, Voigt's Pharmaceutical Technology is an interdisciplinary textbook covering the fundamental principles of pharmaceutical technology. Available for the first time in English, this edition is produced in full colour throughout, with a concise, clear structure developed after consultation with students, instructors and researchers. This book: Features clear chapter layouts and easily digestible content Presents novel trends, devices and processes Discusses classical and modern manufacturing processes Covers all formulation principles including tablets, ointments, capsules, nanosystems and biopharmaceutics Takes account of legal requirements for both qualitative and quantitative composition Addresses quality assurance considerations Uniquely relates contrasting international pharmacopeia from EU, US and Japan to formulation principles Includes examples and text boxes for quicker data assimilation Written for both students studying pharmacy and industry professionals in the field as well as toxicologists, biochemists, medical lab technicians, Voigt's Pharmaceutical Technology is the essential resource for understanding the various aspects of pharmaceutical technology.

Cook, Taste, Learn - How the Evolution of Science Transformed the Art of Cooking (Hardcover): Guy Crosby Cook, Taste, Learn - How the Evolution of Science Transformed the Art of Cooking (Hardcover)
Guy Crosby
R650 R520 Discovery Miles 5 200 Save R130 (20%) Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Cooking food is one of the activities that makes humanity unique. It's not just about what tastes good: advances in cooking technology have been a constant part of our progress, from the ability to control fire to the emergence of agriculture to modern science's understanding of what happens at a molecular level when we apply heat to food. Mastering new ways of feeding ourselves has resulted in leaps in longevity and explosions in population-and the potential of cooking science is still largely untapped. In Cook, Taste, Learn, the food scientist and best-selling author Guy Crosby offers a lively tour of the history and science behind the art of cooking, with a focus on achieving a healthy daily diet. He traces the evolution of cooking from its earliest origins, recounting the innovations that have unraveled the mysteries of health and taste. Crosby explains why both home cooks and professional chefs should learn how to apply cooking science, arguing that we can improve the nutritional quality and gastronomic delight of everyday eating. Science-driven changes in the way we cook can help reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases and enhance our quality of life. The book features accessible explanations of complex topics as well as a selection of recipes that illustrate scientific principles. Cook, Taste, Learn reveals the possibilities for transforming cooking from a craft into the perfect blend of art and science.

Economic Model Predictive Control - Theory, Formulations and Chemical Process Applications (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Matthew... Economic Model Predictive Control - Theory, Formulations and Chemical Process Applications (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Matthew Ellis, Jinfeng Liu, Panagiotis D. Christofides
R4,171 R3,301 Discovery Miles 33 010 Save R870 (21%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book presents general methods for the design of economic model predictive control (EMPC) systems for broad classes of nonlinear systems that address key theoretical and practical considerations including recursive feasibility, closed-loop stability, closed-loop performance, and computational efficiency. Specifically, the book proposes: Lyapunov-based EMPC methods for nonlinear systems; two-tier EMPC architectures that are highly computationally efficient; and EMPC schemes handling explicitly uncertainty, time-varying cost functions, time-delays and multiple-time-scale dynamics. The proposed methods employ a variety of tools ranging from nonlinear systems analysis, through Lyapunov-based control techniques to nonlinear dynamic optimization. The applicability and performance of the proposed methods are demonstrated through a number of chemical process examples. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for the design of economic model predictive control systems for chemical processes.In addition to being mathematically rigorous, these methods accommodate key practical issues, for example, direct optimization of process economics, time-varying economic cost functions and computational efficiency. Numerous comments and remarks providing fundamental understanding of the merging of process economics and feedback control into a single framework are included. A control engineer can easily tailor the many detailed examples of industrial relevance given within the text to a specific application. The authors present a rich collection of new research topics and references to significant recent work making Economic Model Predictive Control an important source of information and inspiration for academics and graduate students researching the area and for process engineers interested in applying its ideas.

Theory and Practice of Wood Pellet Production (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019): Zoltan Kocsis, Etele Csanady Theory and Practice of Wood Pellet Production (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019)
Zoltan Kocsis, Etele Csanady
R1,481 R1,343 Discovery Miles 13 430 Save R138 (9%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In the agriculture, forestry, the primary and secondary wood working industry there are considerable resources of raw materials which can only be used in a rational manner for energetic purposes. Due to requirements from the users. one of the most retinal way of utilization is to make pellets with high density and specific energy content. Making pellets of 6-8 mm diameter, their utilization in furnaces allows an almost fully automated operation with high thermal efficiency. This book describes both the theoretical and practical aspects of pellet production including material requirements and preparation, pressing technologies, quality requirements, burning properties, investments and the overall economy of pellet production.

Ammonium Nitrate Facilities - Safety & Oversight (Hardcover): Allegra Ward Ammonium Nitrate Facilities - Safety & Oversight (Hardcover)
Allegra Ward
R3,416 Discovery Miles 34 160 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In April 2013, about 30 tons of ammonium nitrate fertiliser detonated during a fire at a facility in West, Texas, killing at least 14 people and damaging nearby schools, homes, and a nursing home. This incident raised concerns about the risks posed by similar facilities across the country. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) play a central role in protecting workers and communities from chemical accidents, and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) administers a chemical facility security program. This book addresses how many facilities have ammonium nitrate in the United States; how OSHA and EPA regulate and oversee facilities that have ammonium nitrate; and what approaches selected other countries have adopted for regulating and overseeing facilities with ammonium nitrate. It also focuses on some of the federal regulatory programs overseeing storage of ammonium nitrate and anhydrous ammonia by retailers.

Wine Reads - A Literary Anthology of Wine Writing (Paperback, Main): Jay McInerney Wine Reads - A Literary Anthology of Wine Writing (Paperback, Main)
Jay McInerney 1
R275 R220 Discovery Miles 2 200 Save R55 (20%) Ships in 5 - 10 working days

Country & Townhouse's Best Book for Christmas, 2018 A delectable anthology celebrating the finest writing on wine. In this richly literary anthology, Jay McInerney - bestselling novelist and acclaimed wine columnist for Town & Country, the Wall Street Journal and House and Garden - selects over twenty pieces of memorable fiction and nonfiction about the making, selling and, of course, drinking of fine wine. Including excerpts from novels, short fiction, memoir and narrative nonfiction, Wine Reads features big names in the trade and literary heavyweights alike. We follow Kermit Lynch to the Northern Rhone, while long-time New Yorker writer A. J. Liebling raises feeding and imbibing on a budget in Paris into something of an art form. Michael Dibdin's fictional Venetian detective Aurelio Zen gets a lesson in Barolo, Barbaresco and Brunello vintages from an eccentric celebrity, and writer and gourmet Joseph Wechsberg visits the medieval Chateau d'Yquem to sample different years of the roi des vins. Also showcasing an iconic scene from Rex Pickett's Sideways and work by Jancis Robinson, Roald Dahl, Auberon Waugh and McInerney himself, this is an essential volume for any disciple of Bacchus.

Lifestyles Related to Eating Habits in Ready Meal Consumption - Comparative Study between Sao Paulo & Rome (Paperback):... Lifestyles Related to Eating Habits in Ready Meal Consumption - Comparative Study between Sao Paulo & Rome (Paperback)
Paulette Siekierski, Mateus Canniatti Ponchio
R1,788 Discovery Miles 17 880 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In the last ten years the ready meals market has had considerable growth with an average of 4.0% in value and 3.0% in volume per year. Several factors have contributed to this growth. The changes in the lifestyle of individuals in the Western world have increased the demand for convenience in the preparation of meals. Consumers work more hours, spend more time in traffic and wish to maximise their increasingly diminished leisure time; therefore, they demand both products and services that facilitate and support a busy life. As a reaction to this demand the Food Industry has expanded its options of ready-to-eat food. The main objective of this study is to characterise the influence of lifestyles in the habit of eating these meals. We present an analysis about the health, flavour, convenience and tradition dimensions in the consumption of ready-to-eat products and eating habits of consumers' samples from Sao Paulo and Rome. The concepts of lifestyles, multiculturalism, eating habits and the consumption of ready meals are revised. According to the results, the consumers of both cities present different styles regarding eating habits. More elderly populations from southern Europe are traditional regarding their eating habits. Similarly, in this work, consumers of Rome in general present greater concern with tradition and health in comparison to Sao Paulo. The Germanic cultures are more concerned with health, while in Italy the sensorial element would matter more. This study indicated that in Sao Paulo there is a great emphasis in convenience and flavour. The city of Sao Paulo takes pride in being a gastronomical centre and many of the social activities of the city's habitants takes place at gatherings that involve feeding; therefore the importance of flavour aspect is easily explained. Simultaneously, the convenience aspect is supported by another characteristic of the city: the fact that it is a large urban centre. The circumstances of contemporary life and the impacts of advertisement have changed the acquisition and consumption of food, highlighting the relevance of prepared food in Sao Paulo. It is believed that the results of this line of investigation are relevant not only to professionals that work on the development of new products, positioning of brands and products that operate in the current markets, but also to the distributors that commercialise food products and the food packaging industry.

Chemistry of Organo-hybrids - Synthesis and Characterization of Functional Nano-Objects (Hardcover): Bernadette Charleux,... Chemistry of Organo-hybrids - Synthesis and Characterization of Functional Nano-Objects (Hardcover)
Bernadette Charleux, Christophe Coperet, Emmanuel Lacote
R3,316 R2,965 Discovery Miles 29 650 Save R351 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book provides readers with a one-stop entry into the chemistry of varied hybrids and applications, from a molecular synthetic standpoint

- Describes introduction and effect of organic structures on specific support components (carbon-based materials, proteins, metals, and polymers).- Chapters cover hot topics including nanodiamonds, nanocrystals, metal-organic frameworks, peptide bioconjugates, and chemoselective protein modification- Describes analytical techniques, with pros and cons, to validate synthetic strategies - Edited by internationally-recognized chemists from different backgrounds (synthetic polymer chemistry, inorganic surfaces and particles, and synthetic organic chemistry) to pull together diverse perspectives and approaches

Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications (Paperback): Vaibhav Jain, Akshay Kokil Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications (Paperback)
Vaibhav Jain, Akshay Kokil
R2,019 R1,806 Discovery Miles 18 060 Save R213 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications provides a basic introduction to the optical properties of polymers, as well as a systematic overview of the latest developments in their nano engineering applications. Covering an increasingly important class of materials relevant not only in academic research but also in industry, this comprehensive text: Considers the advantages of the liquid gradient refractive index (L-GRIN) lenses over the conventional solid lenses Explores the electrochemistry of photorefractive polymers, the molecular structure of commonly used polymers, and various 3D holographic displays Discusses gene detection using the optical properties of conjugated polymers Highlights the physics of fluorescence in photoluminescent polymers, and energy and electron transfer mechanisms Introduces conventional polymer ion sensors based on the optical sensors of conjugated polymers prepared by click chemistry reactions Explains colorimetric visual detection of ions by donor-acceptor chromophores Describes optical sensors based on fluorescent polymers and for the detection of explosives and metal ion analytes Addresses holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal technology, its optical setups, and its applications in organic lasers Presents cutting-edge research on electrochromic devices, along with new concepts, prototypes, commercial products, and future prospects Demonstrates new techniques for creating nanoscale morphologies through self-assembly, which affect the optical properties of the functional polymers Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications emphasizes the importance of nano engineering in improving the fundamental optical properties of the functional polymers, elaborating on high-level research while thoroughly explaining the underlying principles.

Polymer Blends and Composites - Chemistry and Technology (Hardcover): Murali Srinivasan Natamai Subramanian Polymer Blends and Composites - Chemistry and Technology (Hardcover)
Murali Srinivasan Natamai Subramanian
R4,169 R3,665 Discovery Miles 36 650 Save R504 (12%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Because it is critically important to manufacture quality products, a reasonable balance must be drawn between control requirements and parameters for improved processing method with respect to plastics additives. An important contribution to the commercial polymer industry, "Polymer Blends and Composites" is one of the first books to combine plastics additives, testing, and quality control. The book is a comprehensive treatise on properties that provides detailed guidelines for selecting and using blends and composites for applications. A valuable resource for operators, processors, engineers, chemists, the book serves to stimulate those already active in natural polymer composites.

Integrated Membrane Systems and Processes (Hardcover): Angelo Basile, Catherine Charcosset Integrated Membrane Systems and Processes (Hardcover)
Angelo Basile, Catherine Charcosset
R3,091 R2,767 Discovery Miles 27 670 Save R324 (10%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The book examines the possibility of integrating different membrane unit operations (microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis and gas separation) in the same industrial cycle or in combination with conventional separation systems. It gives careful analysis of the technical aspects, and the possible fields of industrial development. The book reviews many original solutions in water desalination, agro-food productions and wastewater treatments, highlighting the advantages achievable in terms of product quality, compactness, rationalization and optimization of productive cycles, reduction of environmental impact and energy saving. Also included are examples of membrane reactors and their integration with a fuel cell; polymeric membranes in the integrated gasification combined cycle power plants; integrating a membrane reformer into a solar system; and potential application of membrane integrated systems in the fusion reactor fuel cycle. With detailed analysis and broad coverage, the book is divided into two sections: Bio-applications and Inorganic Applications.

Handbook of Chlor-Alkali Technology - Volume I: Fundamentals, Volume II: Brine Treatment and Cell Operation, Volume III:... Handbook of Chlor-Alkali Technology - Volume I: Fundamentals, Volume II: Brine Treatment and Cell Operation, Volume III: Facility Design and Product Handling, Volume IV: Operations, Volume V: Corrosion, Environmental Issues, and Future Developments (Hardcover, 2005 ed.)
Thomas F. O'Brien, Tilak V. Bommaraju, Fumio Hine
R66,469 Discovery Miles 664 690 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Foreword: - It is surprising that we had to wait so long for a new book that gives a comprehensive treatment of chlor-alkali manufacturing technology. Technologists are largely still making do with the classical book edited by Sconce, but that is more than thirty years old. At the time of its publication, metal anodes were just beginning to appear, and ion-exchange membrane technology was confined to laboratories. The various encyclopedias of industrial technology have more up-to-date information, but they are necessarily limited in their scope. Schmittinger recently provided an excellent shorter treatment of the broad field of chlorine technology and applications. After discussing electrolysis and the principal types of cell, this, too, gives rather brief coverage to brine and product processing. It then follows on with descriptions of the major derivatives and direct uses of chlorine and a discussion of environmental issues. The last feature named above has relieved the authors of this work of the obligation to cover applications in any detail. Instead, they provide a concentrated treatment of all aspects of technology and handling directly related to the products of electrolysis. It covers the field from a history of the industry, through the fundamentals of thermodynamics and electrochemistry, to the treatment and disposal of the waste products of manufacture. Membrane cells are considered the state of the art, but the book does not ignore mercury and diaphragm cells. They are considered both from a historical perspective and as examples of current technology that is still evolving and improving. Dear to the heart of a director of Euro Chlor, the book also pays special attention to safe handling of the products, the obligations of Responsible Care(r), and process safety management. Other major topics include corrosion, membranes, electrolyzer design, brine preparation and treatment, and the design and operation of processing facilities. Perhaps uniquely, the book also includes a chapter on plant commissioning. The coverage of membranes is both fundamental and applied. The underlying transport processes and practical experience with existing types of membrane both are covered. The same is true of electrolyzer design. The book explores the basic electrode processes and the fundamentals of current distribution in electrolyzers as well as the characteristics of the leading cell designs. The authors have chosen to treat the critical subject of brine treatment in two separate chapters. The chapter on brine production and treatment first covers the sources of salt and the techniques used to prepare brine. It then explains the mechanisms by which brine impurities affect cell performance and outlines the processes by which they can be removed or controlled. While pointing out the lack of fundamental science in much of the process, it describes the various unit operations phenomenologically and discusses methods for sizing equipment and choosing materials of construction. The chapter on processing and handling of products is similarly comprehensive. Again, it is good to see that the authors have included a lengthy discussion of safe methods and facilities for the handling of the products, particularly liquid chlorine. While the discussion of the various processing steps includes the topic of process control, there is also a separate chapter on instrumentation which is more hardware-oriented. Other chapters deal with utility systems, cell room design and arrangement (with an emphasis on direct current supply), alternative processes for the production of either chlorine or caustic without the other, the production of hypochlorite, industrial hygiene, and speculations on future developments in technology. There is an Appendix with selected physical property data. The authors individually have extensive experience in chlor-alkali technology but with diverse backgrounds and fields of specialization. This allows them to achieve both the breadth and the depth which are offered here. The work is divided into five volumes, successively treating fundamentals, brine preparation and treatment, production technology, support systems such as utilities and instrumentation, and ancillary topics. Anyone with interest in the large field of chlor-alkali manufacture and distribution, and indeed in industrial electrochemistry in general, will find something useful here. The work is recommended to students; chlor-alkali technologists; electrochemists; engineers; and producers, shippers, packagers, distributors, and consumers of chlorine, caustic soda, and caustic potash. This book is thoroughly up to date and should become the standard reference in its field. Barrie S. Gilliatt, Executive Director, Euro Chlor

Sustainable Metal Extraction from Waste Streams (Hardcover): Garima Chauhan, Perminder Jit Kaur, K.K. Pant, K.D.P. Nigam Sustainable Metal Extraction from Waste Streams (Hardcover)
Garima Chauhan, Perminder Jit Kaur, K.K. Pant, K.D.P. Nigam
R4,333 Discovery Miles 43 330 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Provides a comprehensive overview on developing sustainable practices for waste minimization via green metal extraction from waste streams This book introduces readers to sustainable management and defines the challenges as well as the opportunities in waste stream management. It starts by covering conventional technologies for metal extraction then focuses on emerging tools and techniques such as green adsorption, bioleaching, and chelation. It also discusses the scale-up and process intensification of metal extraction from waste streams from process design to pilot plan. Sustainable Metal Extraction from Waste Streams begins by covering sustainability-related constructs and illustrates the pre-requisites for sustainable management of waste streams. It then introduces the basics of solid waste handling, ranging from an analysis of the relevance, categories of wastes, consequences of untreated waste disposal into the environment, government initiatives, management strategies, and unit operations for pre-treatment of wastes. The book also looks at widely accepted, conventional metal extraction technologies like hydro and pyro metallurgical methods; discusses the possibility of sustainable green processes for metal extraction; and introduces the recently deployed coiled flow inverter process. -Provides a comprehensive collection of the conventional, emerging, and future technologies for metal extraction from industrial waste and electrical & electronic equipment in a sustainable way -Demonstrates trans-disciplinary research as an executable direction to achieve the sustainable governance of natural resources and solid waste management -Presents a dedicated section on scale-up and process intensification of metallurgical processes -Summarizes various aspects of novel processes ranging from basic concepts, benchmark performance of technologies on lab scale, and recent research trends in metal extraction Covering a variety of interdisciplinary topics on resource optimization and waste minimization, Sustainable Metal Extraction from Waste Streams is an excellent resource for engineers, science students, entrepreneurs, and organizations who are working in the field of waste management and wish to gain information on upcoming sustainable processes.

Principles of Food Sanitation (Hardcover, 6th ed. 2018): Norman G. Marriott, Robert B. Gravani Principles of Food Sanitation (Hardcover, 6th ed. 2018)
Norman G. Marriott, Robert B. Gravani
R2,062 R1,749 Discovery Miles 17 490 Save R313 (15%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Now in its 6th Edition, this highly acclaimed textbook provides sanitation information needed to ensure hygienic practices and safe food for food industry personnel as well as students. It addresses the principles related to contamination, cleaning compounds, sanitizers, cleaning equipment. It also presents specific directions for applying these concepts to attain hygienic conditions in food processing or food preparation operations. New in this edition: Updated chapters on the fundamentals of food sanitation, contamination sources and hygiene, Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points, cleaning and sanitizing equipment, waste handling disposal, biosecurity, allergens, quality assurance, pest control, cleaning compound and sanitizer properties and selection criteria, hygienic construction, sanitation guidelines for food and foodservice establishments, and sanitation management principles.

The Art and Science of Dermal Formulation Development (Hardcover): Marc B. Brown, Adrian C. Williams The Art and Science of Dermal Formulation Development (Hardcover)
Marc B. Brown, Adrian C. Williams
R3,881 Discovery Miles 38 810 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The Art and Science of Dermal Formulation Development is a comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of transdermal and topical formulation development, covering preclinical studies, evaluation, and regulatory approval. It enables the reader to understand the opportunities and challenges in developing products and how risks can be mitigated. Over the last 25 years, expertise in this area has declined whilst drug delivery systems for other administration routes have developed significantly. The advantages offered by transdermal and topical drug delivery remain compelling for sectors including the pharmaceutical industry, personal care, and cosmetics. This text addresses the dearth of expertise and discusses how skin can be a route of delivery and the processes in formulation development, but how such an application is very different to that used for oral, IV, and other administration routes. Key Features: Presents a practical guide for both industry and academia Focuses on and draws together the fundamental principles behind transdermal and topical drug delivery Illustrates the practicalities of formulation design using key case studies Gives an understanding of the skin as a route of delivery and how formulation development for such application differs from that for other administration routes

Piezo-Particulate Composites - Manufacturing, Properties, Applications (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019): Hamideh Khanbareh, Vitaly Yu.... Piezo-Particulate Composites - Manufacturing, Properties, Applications (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019)
Hamideh Khanbareh, Vitaly Yu. Topolov, Christopher R. Bowen
R2,941 R2,632 Discovery Miles 26 320 Save R309 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

This book provides an overview of the current state of the art in novel piezo-composites based on ferroelectrics. Covering aspects ranging from theoretical materials simulation and manufacturing and characterization methods, to the application and performance of these materials, it focuses on the optimization of the material parameters. Presenting the latest findings on modern composites and highlighting the applications of piezoelectric materials for sensors, transducers and hydro-acoustics, the book addresses an important gap in the physics of active dielectrics and materials science and describes new trends in the research on ferroelectric composites.

Engineering of Submicron Particles - Fundamental Concepts and Models (Hardcover): Jayanta Chakraborty Engineering of Submicron Particles - Fundamental Concepts and Models (Hardcover)
Jayanta Chakraborty
R2,987 R2,672 Discovery Miles 26 720 Save R315 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Brings together in one place the fundamental theory and models, and the practical aspects of submicron particle engineering This book attempts to resolve the tricky aspects of engineering submicron particles by discussing the fundamental theories of frequently used research tools--both theoretical and experimental. The first part covers the Fundamental Models and includes sections on nucleation, growth, inter-molecular and inter-particle forces, colloidal stability, and kinetics. The second part examines the Modelling of a Suspension and features chapters on fundamental concepts of particulate systems, writing the number balance, modelling systems with particle breakage and aggregation, and Monte Carlo simulation. The book also offers plenty of diagrams, software, examples, brief experimental demonstrations, and exercises with answers. Engineering of Submicron Particles: Fundamental Concepts and Models offers a lengthy discussion of classical nucleation theory, and introduces other nucleation mechanisms like organizer mechanisms. It also looks at older growth models like diffusion controlled or surface nucleation controlled growth, along with new generation models like connected net analysis. Aggregation models and inter-particle potentials are touched upon in a prelude on intermolecular and surface forces. The book also provides analytical and numerical solutions of population balance models so readers can solve basic population balance equations independently. Presents the fundamental theory, practical aspects, and models of submicron particle engineering Teaches readers to write number balances for their own system of interest Provides software with open code for solution of population balance model through discretization Filled with diagrams, examples, demonstrations, and exercises Engineering of Submicron Particles: Fundamental Concepts and Models will appeal to researchers in chemical engineering, physics, chemistry, engineering, and mathematics concerned with particulate systems. It is also a good text for advanced students taking particle technology courses.

Understanding Membrane Distillation and Osmotic Distillation (Hardcover): Robert A. Johnson, Minh H. Nguyen Understanding Membrane Distillation and Osmotic Distillation (Hardcover)
Robert A. Johnson, Minh H. Nguyen
R3,582 R3,196 Discovery Miles 31 960 Save R386 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

Distillation is a method of separation of substances based on differences in their volatilities (the point at which liquids become gases). Written by one of the inventors of the osmotic distillation technique, Membrane Distillation and Osmotic Distillation is the only available book that addresses the principles and practical applications of membrane distillation and osmotic distillation, two closely related, novel processes that offer several advantages over conventional concentration processes. Because of the widespread impact and application of the technology in industries such as food, environment, and nuclear cleanup/containment, the book addresses plant setup, process economics, hybrid processes, and potential applications so that the technique can be used in combination with existing distillation setups. Tables, equations, and data supplied by manufacturers are included, thereby making it a complete package for researchers and plant operators.

Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Hardcover, Volume 158): Mitsuru Nagasawa Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions (Hardcover, Volume 158)
Mitsuru Nagasawa; Series edited by Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner
R4,122 R3,671 Discovery Miles 36 710 Save R451 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

The Advances in Chemical Physics series provides the chemical physics field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. This volume explores topics from Thermodynamic Properties of Polyelectrolyte Solutions to ion-binding of polyelectrolytes. The book features: * The only series of volumes available that presents the cutting edge of research in chemical physics * Contributions from experts in this field of research * Representative cross-section of research that questions established thinking on chemical solutions * An editorial framework that makes the book an excellent supplement to an advanced graduate class in physical chemistry or chemical physics

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