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Uroscopy - the diagnosis of disease by visual examination of the urine - played a very prominent role in early modern medical practice and in the lives of ordinary people. Widely considered as the most reliable way to diagnose diseases and pregnancies it was taught at the best universities. Leading physicians prided themselves on their mastery in this field. Countless medical writings were dedicated to uroscopy and artists represented it in hundreds of illustrations and paintings. Based on a wide range of textual and visual sources, such as autobiographies, court records, medical treatises and genre painting, this book offers the first comprehensive study of the place of uroscopy in early modern medicine, culture and society and of the - gradually changing - ways in which medical practitioners, lay persons and, last but not least, artists perceived and used it.
This volume provides a practical, comprehensive overview on benign and malignant disease of the adult kidney. The text addresses the topic of assessment and management of patients with surgical renal disease. Within this scope, it includes hereditary and spontaneous renal neoplasms, as well as non-neoplastic disease that manifests as a clinically relevant mass. The book is organized into chapters focusing on discrete disease entities and incorporating pathology, surgical management, oncologic therapy, radiologic findings, and molecular alterations. This text is designed to address relevant areas of clinical management of renal neoplastic and non-neoplastic disease across multiple specialties and levels of training. Written by experts in the field, The Kidney: A Comprehensive Guide to Pathologic Diagnosis and Management is a valuable resource on the diagnosis and management of patients with not only renal cell carcinoma, but also other renal processes that require surgical intervention.
This fourth edition of the Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology builds on the success and international reputation of the publication as an important resource for the practising clinician in the field. It provides practical, scholarly, and evidence-based coverage of the full spectrum of clinical nephrology, written by a global faculty of experts. The most relevant and important reference to clinical nephrology, this is an authoritative and comprehensive textbook combining the clinical aspects of renal disease essential to daily clinical practice with extensive information about the underlying basic science and current evidence available. Each section of the textbook has been critically and comprehensively edited under the auspices of a leading expert in the field. This new edition has been significantly expanded and reapportioned to reflect developments and new approaches to topics, and includes treatment algorithms to aid and enhance patient care where possible. The fourth edition offers increased focus on the medical aspects of transplantation, HIV-associated renal disease, and infection and renal disease, alongside entirely new sections on genetic topics and clinical and physiological aspects of fluid/electrolyte and tubular disorders. The emphasis throughout is on marrying advances in scientific research with clinical management. Richly illustrated throughout in full colour, this is a truly modern and attractive edition which reinforces the Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology's position as an indispensable reference work of consistent quality and reliability. Enriched and refined by careful revision, this new edition continues the tradition of excellence. This print edition of The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology comes with a year's access to the online version on Oxford Medicine Online. By activating your unique access code, you can read and annotate the full text online, follow links from the references to primary research materials, and view, enlarge and download all the figures and tables. Oxford Medicine Online is mobile optimized for access when and where you need it.
This issue of Radiation Medicine Rounds examines the latest advances in the use of radiation medicine in treatment of prostate cancer Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in males and radiation therapy is a major tool in the management of the disease. This issue of Radiation Medicine Rounds includes reviews of all major recent advances in treatment of favorable, intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer as well as newer modalities such as brachytherapy, stereotactic body radiation therapy, and proton beam radiotherapy. Articles also review current knowledge in the areas of new biomarkers, risk stratification, and risk stratification. This issue of RMR will provide the practitioner with a full current overview of the present best practices and recent research in management of this complex and challenging disease. Radiation Medicine Rounds features:
With the rising incidence of urolithiasis, the management of ureteral stones continues to become a larger component of urologic practice. Though almost all urologists deal with ureteral stones, there have been many recent improvements in instrumentation and adjunctive equipment as well as improvements in imaging and the data we can obtain from radiologic imaging in order to guide stone management. Newer topics such as how to limit radiation exposure to both the patient and the urologist, the accuracy and limitations of low-dose computed tomography as well as a review of the most recent studies will be covered in this book. The purpose of this book is to provide a complete updated roadmap to treating ureteral stones, from early management decisions from information found on radiologic studies to adjusting to intra-operative challenges.
Cet ouvrage de reference reunit les principaux experts nationaux et parfois internationaux des differentes specialites de la reproduction. La premiere partie passe en revue les donnees fondamentales de la physiologie et retrace l'histoire de l'assistance medicale a la procreation. Sont abordes ensuite les aspects epidemiologiques et surtout medico-legaux. Un chapitre complet detaille le diagnostique, le pronostique et les traitements chirurgicaux. Les techniques les plus recentes d'assistance medicale a la procreation sont ensuite passees en revue, de meme que les procedes de cryopreservation. L'ouvrage fait enfin une large place aux considerations transversales (cancer, pathologies auto-immunes, implications ethiques, etc.) mais essentielles autour de la fertilite et de l'infertilite, et de son impact psychologique sur les couples.
Concise and practical, the Penn Clinical Manual of Urology is an indispensable guide to the daily practice of urology. This one-volume medical reference book presents the key clinical information you need to diagnose and treat urologic disorders quickly and effectively, featuring brief, well-illustrated chapters and an easy-to-read format. Essential for clinical questions and answers, the Penn Clinical Manual of Urology deserves a place on the bookshelf of not only every urologist, but every provider treating urologic problems. "This is a powerhouse of a textbook ... it punches well above its diminutive size." Reviewed by: Tim Lane, Consultant Urologist, Lister Hospital, March 2015 Find information quickly and easily with a format that includes clearly presented algorithms, tables, and figures. Effectively review for the boards using the self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter. Stay abreast of new AUA and ICI Incontinence guidelines, and access up-to-date information on the latest treatment recommendations, therapy for castrate-resistant prostate cancer, and active surveillance for prostate cancer. Effectively prepare for board examinations and recertification. Understand and apply evaluation and management techniques for male subfertility and androgen deficiency. Focus on hot topics in urology, including stress and mixed urinary incontinence; therapy for prolapse; overactive bladder; and renal cell carcinoma. Review chapters on the major categories of urologic diseases, and integrate radiology, radiation therapy, nephrology, pediatric urology, transplantation surgery, and vascular surgery. Search the entire contents online at Expert Consult!
Primer on Prostate Cancer will provide readers with a thorough introductory review on prostate cancer, treatment guidelines, and emerging therapies available for the disease. The book was originally commissioned due to recent developments in therapies for prostate cancer. This concise pocket book will review prostate cancer's epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and medical management (discussing surgery, radiotherapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, bone-targeting therapy, and more). Busy healthcare professionals will benefit from this text, which will not only cover the basics of prostate cancer, but discuss up-to-date national and international treatment guidelines and upcoming therapies.
Advanced Urologic Surgery" is a stimulating operative atlas
which includes the latest innovations, modifications, and
improvements in the field, edited by a distinguished international
The text is divided into sections;
It is further divided into sub-sections, each devoted to a
specific urologic operative procedure, graded according to its
standardisation and acceptance by the wider surgical
The text is descriptive and is complimented by over 800 clear
operative line illustrations providing a step-by-step approach. The
end result is an exciting survey of the practical applications of
the latest techniques.
Joining Professor Hohenfellner as Editor is Professor John
Fitzpatrick, one of the most prominent figures on the world urology
scene and the editor of leading urology journal, BJU
In addition to John Fitzpatrick, the book will feature Professor
Jack McAninch from the USA as an editor. Jack McAninch based at San
Francisco General Hospital, is one the true giants of American
urology, current President of the Societe Internationale
d'Urologie, and past President of the American Urological
All chapters include a list of key references explaining the practical application of the latest techniques in urologic surgery - essential reading for urologists in both practice and training.
This book introduce neurourology as an emerging interdisciplinary area that covers the basic and clinical studies of the neural control on the normal lower urinary tract and the lower/upper urinary tract dysfunction due to neuropathy disorders. It systematically describes all aspects of neurourology from the epidemiology of the neurogenic bladder; to the pathology and pathophysiology of the lower urinary tract; to the diagnosis and treatment of the neurogenic bladder by conservative therapies or surgeries. This book provides a useful resource for medical doctors, nurses and students in the field of neurourological conditions. All the topics are written by internationally recognized specialists in their field.
The "ABC of Urology" provides a comprehensive review of current practice in urology and is a structured and practical guide to the diagnosis, treatment and management of the most common urological conditions. This new third edition has been fully revised and expanded with additional chapters and improved coverage of renal and testis cancer, management of haematuria, laparoscopy, trauma and new urological advances. Prostate, bladder, renal and penile cancers are also covered in detail and new techniques and procedures for safer and effective treatment options are featured.
The ABC of Urology is the ideal reference for general practitioners and general practitioner trainees, junior doctors and practice nurses, medical students and all primary health care professionals working to provide the best possible care for patients with urological conditions.
This book offers a detailed description of various forms of urinary diversions, including the ileal conduit, orthotopic neobladder, and a variety of continent cutaneous diversions with specific focus on the techniques of reconstruction, appropriate patient selection, and management of common complications. The book also includes chapters on management of complications encountered with various forms of diversion. There are also chapters devoted to quality of life following urinary diversion and well as future perspectives. Urinary Diversion will be of great value for the urologist in training or in practice who wishes to not only expand the repertoire of urinary diversions offered to patients but also refine techniques of managing common complications.
Laparoscopic colectomy has been introduced in the early 90ies as a new technique with proven improvement in short and long term outcome. Despite significant patient benefits the overall adoption rate remains low. On the other hand significant more advanced techniques such as single incision laparoscopy, robotics and transanal access surgery have been introduced in the last several years and are rapidly evolving. Therefore a significant gap between the practicing community surgeon and innovator seems to exist. Advanced Techniques in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Colorectal Surgery bridges that gap and provides a foundation summarizing and organizing all classic and new techniques in minimally invasive colorectal surgery available in literature and from masters within the field.It provides tips and tricks that allow the user to move up the learning curve, manage difficult scenarios, overcome challenges, increase the utilization of minimal invasive techniques and decrease the conversion to open surgery. By enhancing the surgical tool box the surgeon will be able to progress from the novice to the master. Rather than describing operative procedures which may be very biased by an individual author, the guide provides alternative building blocks of various difficulty for different procedures which can be then tailored to the patient and surgeon`s own comfort level and experience. Advanced Techniques in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Colorectal Surgery will serve as a inspirational guide for the innovator of the future. It will allow surgeons of all levels to better adapt to inevitable changes in future techniques and will be of great value to general surgeons, colon and rectal surgeons, minimally invasive surgeons as well as residents and fellows.
This book provides, for the first time, a detailed, up-to-date, holistic approach to the pathology and biology of germ cell tumors. The main focus is the complex histopathology of these tumors, but special considerations are also given to their morphologic variations in relation to age, gender and organ. Critical updates are provided on terminology and classification; the discussion of biology and pathogenesis includes references to many molecular genetic and immunohistochemical findings from recent stem cell research. Individual chapters are devoted to germ cell tumors at different anatomic locations, including not only the ovaries and testes but also the mediastinum and central nervous system, and pediatric tumors. All of the contributing authors are opinion leaders from universities of excellence in Europe and the United States. This monograph will be of wide interest to practitioners and researchers in many fields of medicine, including pathology, gynecology, urology, and pediatrics, as well as stem cell scientists.
Peyronie's Disease: A Guide to Clinical Management is the first comprehensive book on this prevalent disorder in adult men (estimated range from 5-9 per cent) designed to clarify misconceptions and myths, provide an update on the etiology, pathophysiology and current research, provide useful information for clinical practice and hopefully stimulate further research into understanding the pathophysiology of this devastating problem. There will also be extensive attention to the current medical and surgical treatments with detail on surgical technique.
Bladder injection of onabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of urinary incontinence due to neurogenic detrusor overactivity has recently been approved by regulatory agencies in several EU countries and by the FDA in the United States. This is the first book to focus on the practical application of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in the genitourinary tract. It covers in detail applications of BoNT in the bladder and the prostate and pelvic floor, with reviews of the latest clinical series and techniques in both adults and children. Appendices containing easy-to-read instructions for patients undergoing bladder and prostate BoNT injections are included, in addition to procedural guidelines for nursing staff. The book is written in a concise, clinically relevant style by two leading pioneers in the field, who were the first to undertake comprehensive basic research into the mechanisms underlying the efficacy and potential uses of BoNT within the lower urinary tract.
This comprehensive reference expounds the current state of hormone therapy and castration resistance of prostate cancer (PCa). Previously, the incidence of PCa in Asian countries was relatively low, but it has been increasing dramatically in recent years. Although most of the new cases are diagnosed in early stages, a significant proportion of patients receive hormone therapy for metastatic disease or for relapse after local treatment. Thus the situation has gradually changed toward earlier and longer use of hormone therapy. The malignancy finally forms castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) despite the lack of testicular androgen. With advances in understanding of the molecular basis of hormone dependence and CRPC, many new androgen receptor-targeted agents have emerged. During the last decade, much evidence on hormone therapy has been accumulated in Japan. Interestingly, some of these findings are different from those reported from Western countries, suggesting ethnic variation in the outcome of hormone therapy. In the chapters of this book, expert authors provide exhaustive interpretations of the evidence recently reported from Japan and provide important Asian perspectives on hormone therapy for PCa. This work benefits not only Asian urologists but also their Western counterparts and all physicians and medical personnel who are involved in the treatment of PCa.
This book addresses knowledge gaps in RARP in 3 key sections: 1) Step-by-step approach including multiple technique options and innovations, 2) Patient selection, safety, outcomes, and 3) Preparing the patient for surgery. The order is more based upon knowledge priority rather than a chronologic sequence in which part 3 would go first. Part two allows more summary and commentary on evidence and part three allows some creative content that is otherwise hard to find in one place-medical evaluations, imaging, clinical trials, patient education, etc. This textbook emphasizes content for the advanced skills surgeon in that multiple techniques are presented as well as state of the art evidence. The learning curve is addressed and the authors clarify how this text is useful for learners. The caveat is that they should be careful in patient selection and stick with what their mentors are showing them. With experience, they can then branch out into the many techniques presented here. Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy: Beyond the Learning Curve will also have cross-over appeal for surgical assistants, physician assistants, nurses, and anyone else involved in the surgical care of prostate cancer.
Now in a revised and expanded second edition, this comprehensive clinical guide remains a state-of-the-art synthesis of the literature, covering all aspects of treating erectile dysfunction (ED) and other related male sexual dysfunctions. Cardiovascular, hormonal, psychological and lifestyle factors are each considered in diagnosis and treatment, which includes pharmacological, surgical and prosthetic management strategies. The effects of prostate cancer and its treatment are also discussed, as are Peyronie's disease, priapism and ejaculatory disorders. New chapters in this edition discuss the profound effects of lifestyle change on sexual function, alternative and internet drugs that affect sexual function, endovascular approaches to ED, penile length considerations, the effect of radiation on erectile function, and optimizing ED research. Presenting a better understanding of what causes erectile dysfunction and the effective medications and non-medication treatments used to treat the condition, this invaluable title offers all physicians, residents, and fellows - and even medical students and other health professionals such as nurse practitioners and physician assistants - an essential reference for enhancing diagnosis and treatment of this common and debilitating disorder.
The second edition of this text reviews the prevention, evaluation and management of complications arising from female pelvic surgery. As the field has advanced and now become its own recognized subspeciality offering Board Certification there is even more interest in this area. This edition provides more specific detail of potential complications of robotic female pelvic surgery, different categories of midurethral slings and specific transvaginal apical procedures. There are unique complications based on the specific mode of sling placement or apical repair and they are further subdivided in this text. Potential complications of both routine and specialized vaginal procedures such as transvaginal slings, cystocele and rectocele repairs, urethral diverticulectomy, and transvaginal mesh repairs are reviewed. The chapters are divided by procedure allowing the reader to easily find what they are looking for. Images and diagrams of methods of evaluation and repair of these complications are included. The second edition of Complications of Female Incontinence and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery should serve as a reference allowing the surgeon quick and ready access to information about the complications of female pelvic surgery procedures - including detail on how to prevent, identify and manage them.
This book provides an overview of research and practice dealing with the specific needs of gay and bisexual men living with prostate cancer, as well as the special psychosocial needs of their partners. The intention is twofold: to provide insight into the unique experiences and concerns of gay or bisexual men living with prostate cancer in order to inform and assist future research, clinical practice and supportive care, and policy; and to ensure that the needs of gay and bisexual men are recognized and advanced on the mainstream prostate cancer agenda. Featuring both cutting-edge research and powerful portraits of gay and bisexual men living with prostate cancer, this book will be indispensable for health care, oncology, and mental health practitioners who seek to address their specific experiences and challenges.
This book comprehensively reviews the potential of focal therapy and discusses why the changing face of prostate cancer warrants a change in the way we treat men with the disease. It deals with the mechanisms by which disease can be localized within the gland and then the different technologies used for focal ablation. Bringing together eminent contributors in one accessible reference, this book introduces focal therapy to all urologists, oncologists, and radiologists who are involved in the treatment of men with prostate cancer.
The role of genetics is becoming increasingly important in all aspects of healthcare and particularly in the field of cancer care. Genetics for Health Professionals in Cancer Care: From Principles to Practice equips health professionals with the knowledge and skills required for all aspects of managing cancer family history. This includes taking an accurate cancer family history and drawing a family tree; understanding cancer biology, basic cancer genetics and the genes involved in hereditary breast, ovarian, prostate, colorectal, gastric and related gynaecological cancers and rare cancer predisposing syndromes; assessing cancer risk and communicating risk information; early detection and risk reducing measures available for those at increased risk and managing individuals with hereditary cancer. Drawing on experiences of health professionals, Genetics for Health Professionals in Cancer Care discusses the challenges raised and provides practical advice and insight into what happens when a patient is referred for genetic counselling and genetic testing, including the psychological, social and ethical issues faced by individuals and families with and at risk of hereditary cancer. The book also provides practical guidance on setting up a cancer family history clinic in primary and secondary care. Genetics for Health Professionals in Cancer Care is essential reading for healthcare professionals working with cancer patients and their families, and is an ideal reference text for non-specialists working in cancer genetics.
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