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A thoroughly revised new edition of the definitive work on power systems best practices
In this eagerly awaited new edition, "Power Generation, Operation, and Control" continues to provide engineers and academics with a complete picture of the techniques used in modern power system operation. Long recognized as the standard reference in the field, the book has been thoroughly updated to reflect the enormous changes that have taken place in the electric power industry since the Second Edition was published seventeen years ago.
With an emphasis on both the engineering and economic aspects of energy management, the "Third Edition" introduces central "terminal" characteristics for thermal and hydroelectric power generation systems, along with new optimization techniques for tackling real-world operating problems. Readers will find a range of algorithms and methods for performing integrated economic, network, and generating system analysis, as well as modern methods for power system analysis, operation, and control. Special features include: State-of-the-art topics such as market simulation, multiple market analysis, contract and market bidding, and other business topicsChapters on generation with limited energy supply, power flow control, power system security, and moreAn introduction to regulatory issues, renewable energy, and other evolving topicsNew worked examples and end-of-chapter problemsA companion website with additional materials, including MATLAB programs and power system sample data sets
Fuel cell technology attracts increasing attention nowadays,
because it offers potential for lowering emissions owing to a
potentially superior efficiency compared to conventional power
generation. Fuel cells require hydrogen for their operation and
consequently numerous technologies are under worldwide
investigation for hydrogen storage aiming for distributed, mobile
and portable applications.
Offers details on the utilization of electrical heating elements in consumer appliance design and industrial processes. The text includes basic theory, metallurgy and production advice for developing more reliable and cost-effective heaters. It provides tables comparing resistivity and surface resistance of different materials, and listing the resistance and weight per metre as well as surface per ohm of whole and half B&S wire and ribbon sizes for common standard resistance heating alloys. The book also contains calculation equations suitable for use in BASIC programs.
Geared toward experienced programmers as well as those unfamiliar with LISP, this text offers reader-friendly explanations of the artificial intelligence program and debugging tools such as DESCRIBE, INSPECT, TRACE, and STEP.
This contributed volume contains the selected and thoroughly reviewed research papers presented at the conference on logistics management LM2015 in Braunschweig, Germany. The conference of the special interest group in logistics of the German Academic Association for Business Research (VHB) was held in conjunction with the special interest group on production of the VHB. Thus, the papers reflect the current state-of-the-art in logistics and supply chain management while focusing especially on aspects of production logistics, i.e., facility layout, inventory management, line configuration, or flexible production.
INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICITY, 8E is the ideal book to help electrical students, as well as maintenance technicians, master the fundamentals of electrical theory as they pertain to the field of industrial electricity. This fully updated eighth edition contains advanced information on electrical theory and presents all material in a clear, updated, and logical manner. Coverage begins with electrical symbols and drawings, current voltage, resistance, and power. Subsequent chapters cover Ohm's Law, series, parallel, combination circuits, and resistive and reactive circuits. Advanced material, including rotating machinery, motor controls, transformers, electronic drives, and PLCs are also thoroughly discussed. In addition to the theory, the book also covers installation, maintenance, and troubleshooting. This eighth edition contains over eight hundred and fifty updated illustrations and photos that will help students and maintenance technicians master the fundamentals.
The latest developments in hydraulic and pneumatic power Power Transmission and Motion Control is a collection of papers showcasing the latest advances in the field. Curated with an emphasis on hydraulic and pneumatic systems, the collection represents the work of leading researchers from around the world to share new developments and inform future work. Relevant to engineers and mechanics in a variety of disciplines, this book provides a glimpse at technology at all stages of development: from market-ready to proof-of-concept, these projects provide important insight for anyone working with these systems.
Designed to complement a range of power electronics study resources, this unique lab manual helps students to gain a deep understanding of the operation, modeling, analysis, design, and performance of pulse-width modulated (PWM) DC-DC power converters. Exercises focus on three essential areas of power electronics: open-loop power stages; small-signal modeling, design of feedback loops and PWM DC-DC converter control schemes; and semiconductor devices such as silicon, silicon carbide and gallium nitride. Meeting the standards required by industrial employers, the lab manual combines programming language with a simulation tool designed for proficiency in the theoretical and practical concepts. Students and instructors can choose from an extensive list of topics involving simulations on MATLAB, SABER, or SPICE-based platforms, enabling readers to gain the most out of the prelab, inlab, and postlab activities. The laboratory exercises have been taught and continuously improved for over 25 years by Marian K. Kazimierczuk thanks to constructive student feedback and valuable suggestions on possible workroom improvements. This up-to-date and informative teaching material is now available for the benefit of a wide audience. Key features: Includes complete designs to give students a quick overview of the converters, their characteristics, and fundamental analysis of operation. Compatible with any programming tool (MATLAB, Mathematica, or Maple) and any circuit simulation tool (PSpice, LTSpice, Synopsys SABER, PLECS, etc.). Quick design section enables students and instructors to verify their design methodology for instant simulations. Presents lab exercises based on the most recent advancements in power electronics, including multiple-output power converters, modeling, current- and voltage-mode control schemes, and power semiconductor devices. Provides comprehensive appendices to aid basic understanding of the fundamental circuits, programming and simulation tools. Contains a quick component selection list of power MOSFETs and diodes together with their ratings, important specifications and Spice models.
Thermoelectrics is the science and technology associated with thermoelectric converters, that is, the generation of electrical power by the Seebeck effect and refrigeration by the Peltier effect. Thermoelectric generators are being used in increasing numbers to provide electrical power in medical, military, and deep space applications where combinations of their desirable properties outweigh their relatively high cost and low generating efficiency. In recent years there also has been an increase in the requirement for thermoelectric coolers (Peltier devices) for use in infrared detectors and in optical communications. Information on thermoelectrics is not readily available as it is widely scattered throughout the literature. The Handbook centralizes this information in a convenient format under a single cover.
Sensors and Instrumentation, Aircraft/Aerospace and Energy Harvesting, Volume 7: Proceedings of the 37th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2019, the seventh volume of eight from the Conference brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Shock & Vibration, Aircraft/Aerospace, Energy Harvesting & Dynamic Environments Testing including papers on: Alternative Sensing & Acquisition Active Controls Instrumentation Aircraft/Aerospace & Aerospace Testing Techniques Energy Harvesting
This book examines the use of coal as a key domestic fuel source and an important contributor to the U.S. economy. Most coal produced in the United States is used to generate electricity. In 2011, 1,387 coal-fuelled electricity generating units produced about 42 percent of the nation's electricity. After decades of growth, U.S. coal production and consumption have fallen, primarily due to declines in the use of coal to generate electricity. According to the EPA, using coal to generate electricity is associated with health and environmental concerns such as emissions of sulphur dioxide, a pollutant linked to respiratory illnesses, and carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas linked to climate change. In response to recent environmental regulations and changing market conditions, such as the recent decrease in the price of natural gas, power companies may retire some units, which could affect the coal fleet's generating capacity and the amount of electricity generated from coal.
Intelligent Control of Connected Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles presents the development of real-time intelligent control systems for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, which involves control-oriented modelling, controller design, and performance evaluation. The controllers outlined in the book take advantage of advances in vehicle communications technologies, such as global positioning systems, intelligent transportation systems, geographic information systems, and other on-board sensors, in order to provide look-ahead trip data. The book contains simple and efficient models and fast optimization algorithms for the devised controllers to address the challenge of real-time implementation in the design of complex control systems. Using the look-ahead trip information, the authors of the book propose intelligent optimal model-based control systems to minimize the total energy cost, for both grid-derived electricity and fuel. The multilayer intelligent control system proposed consists of trip planning, an ecological cruise controller, and a route-based energy management system. An algorithm that is designed to take advantage of previewed trip information to optimize battery depletion profiles is presented in the book. Different control strategies are compared and ways in which connecting vehicles via vehicle-to-vehicle communication can improve system performance are detailed. Intelligent Control of Connected Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles is a useful source of information for postgraduate students and researchers in academic institutions participating in automotive research activities. Engineers and designers working in research and development for automotive companies will also find this book of interest. Advances in Industrial Control reports and encourages the transfer of technology in control engineering. The rapid development of control technology has an impact on all areas of the control discipline. The series offers an opportunity for researchers to present an extended exposition of new work in all aspects of industrial control.
Inorganic 2D nanomaterials, or inorganic graphene analogues, are gaining great attention due to their unique properties and potential energy applications. They contain ultrathin nanosheet morphology with one-dimensional confinement, but unlike pure carbon graphene, inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials have a more abundant elemental composition and can form different crystallographic structures. These properties contribute to their unique chemical reaction activity, tunable physical properties and facilitate applications in the field of energy conversion and storage. Inorganic Two-dimensional Nanomaterials details the development of the nanostructures from computational simulation and theoretical understanding to their synthesis and characterization. Individual chapters then cover different applications of the materials as electrocatalysts, flexible supercapicitors, flexible lithium ion batteries and thermoelectrical devices. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the field for researchers working in the areas of materials chemistry, physics, energy and catalysis.
Emphasizing a practical conception of system unbalances, basic circuits, and calculations, this essential reference/text presents the foundations of symmetrical components with a review of per unit (percent), phasors, and polarity--keeping the mathematics as simple as possible throughout. According to IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, this book "a ]provides students and practicing engineers with a fundamental understanding of the method of symmetrical components and its applications in three-phase electrical systems. . .A useful feature of this book. . .is the incorporation of numerous examples in the text and 30 pages of problems."
Supercapacitors are a relatively new energy storage system that
provides higher energy density than dielectric capacitors and
higher power density than batteries. They are particularly suited
to applications that require energy pulses during short periods of
time, e.g., seconds or tens of seconds. They are recommended for
automobiles, tramways, buses, cranes, fork-lifts, wind turbines,
electricity load leveling in stationary and transportation systems,
etc. Despite the technological maturity of supercapacitors, there
is a lack of comprehensive literature on the topic. Many high
performance materials have been developed and new scientific
concepts have been introduced. Taking into account the commercial
interest in these systems and the new scientific and technological
developments now is the ideal time to publish this book, capturing
all this new knowledge. The book starts by giving an introduction
to the general principles of electrochemistry, the properties of
electrochemical capacitors, and electrochemical characterization
techniques. Electrical double layer capacitors and pseudocapacitors
are then discussed, followed by the various electrolyte systems.
Modelling, manufacture of industrial capacitors, constraints,
testing, and reliability as well as applications are also covered.
'Supercapacitors - Materials, Systems, and Applications' is part of
the series on Materials for
The book is devoted to the spatial characterization of solar cells and PV modules. It is written both as a monograph as well as a succinct guide for the state-of-the-art spatial characterization techniques and approaches. Amongst the approaches discussed are visual imaging, electro- and photo-luminescence imaging, thermography, and light beam induced mapping techniques. Emphasis is given on the luminescence image acquisition and interpretation due to its great potential. Characterization techniques are accompanied by simulation tools. The contents are aimed at a readership of students and senior researchers in R&D as well as engineers in industry who are newcomers to the spatial characterization of either solar cells or PV modules. The concepts and approaches presented herein are based on but not limited to case studies of real thin-film PV devices. Key features: Review of spatially resolved characterization techniques and accompanying SPICE simulations in photovoltaics Use of spatially resolved characterization techniques and their combinations for the identification of inhomogeneities in small area CdTe and dye-sensitized solar cells Case studies of electroluminescence imaging of commercial PV modules (c-Si, CIGS, CdTe, a-Si, tandem and triple junction thin-film-Si) The contents are aimed at a readership of students and senior researchers in R&D as well as engineers in industry who are newcomers to the spatial characterization of either solar cells or PV modules. The concepts and approaches presented herein are based on but not limited to case studies of real thin-film PV devices. Key features: Review of spatially resolved characterization techniques and accompanying SPICE simulations in photovoltaics Use of spatially resolved characterization techniques and their combinations for the identification of inhomogeneities in small area CdTe and dye-sensitized solar cells Case studies of electroluminescence imaging of commercial PV modules (c-Si, CIGS, CdTe, a-Si, tandem and triple junction thin-film-Si)
This volume investigates the impact of energy technology innovations on economic development and presents new areas of research into the financial economics of energy as well as new studies into valuation, electricity pricing and the economic, regulatory and environmental costs of alternative energy sources. Academics and practitioners take a global perspective and present cases from several countries. The book concentrates on three issues: 1) innovation and shocks in energy markets; 2) environment and renewables and 3) fossil fuel regulation. The book will provide a useful resource for anyone with an academic or business interest in energy and value issues. This is the fourth volume in a series on energy organized by the Center for Energy and Value Issues (CEVI). The previous volumes in the series include Financial Aspects in Energy (2011), Energy Economics and Financial Markets (2012) and Perspectives on Energy Risk (2014).
Large Power Transformers have long been a concern for the U.S. Electricity Sector, because the failure of a single unit can cause service interruption and lead to collateral damage, and there could be difficulties in quickly replacing them. This book assesses the procurement and supply environment of large power transformers (LPTs). Key industry sources have identified the limited availability of spare LPTs as a potential issue for critical infrastructure resilience in the United States, and both the public and private sectors have been undertaking a variety of efforts to address this concern. The following topics are examined in this book: characteristics and procurement of LPTs, including key raw materials and transportation; historical trends and future demands; global and domestic LPT suppliers; potential issues in the global sourcing of LPTs; and assessment of the risks facing LPTs.
Intelligent Transportation Systems: Functional Design for Economical and Efficient Traffic Management provides practical guidance on the efficient use of resources in the design of ITS. The author explains how functional design alternatives can meet project objectives and requirements with optimal cost effectiveness and clarifies how transportation planning and traffic diversion principles relate to functional ITS device selections and equipment locations. Methodologies for translating objectives to functional device types, determining device deployment densities and determining the best placement of CCTV cameras and message signs are provided, as are models for evaluating the benefits of design alternatives based on traffic conditions. Readers will learn how to reduce recurrent congestion, improve incident clearance time in non-recurrent congestion, provide real-time incident information to motorists, and leverage transportation management center data for lane control through important new active transportation and demand management (ATDM) methods. Finally, the author examines exciting developments in connected vehicle technologies, exploring their potential to greatly improve safety, mobility and energy efficiency. This resource will greatly benefit all ITS designers and managers and is of pivotal importance for operating agencies performing evaluations to justify operational funding and system expansions.
Allein im Raum Halle/Leipzig und der Lausitz wurden etwa 30 Braunkohlentagebaue und 90 Kraftwerks- und Veredlungsstandorte seit Anfang der 1990er Jahre saniert mit dem Ziel, Umweltschaden zu beseitigen und die Landschaft wiederherzustellen. Vertreter aus Behorden und Hochschulen, Sanierungsunternehmen und Planungsburos erlautern die eigens dafur entwickelten Technologien, sie beschreiben die Managementstrukturen und ihre Erfahrungen bei der Sanierung des stillgelegten Braunkohlenbergbaus. Mit zahlreichen Abbildungen und Tabellen sowie einem Glossar."
"Wind Energy 2000 - Building the 10%" looks at the role wind power will play in meeting the Governments 2010 target on electricity generation from renewable sources. New projects, both on and off shore, are expected to contribute almost half of the target, recognising the maturity of the technology.
"Wind Energy 2000 - Building the 10%" includes a special report from the development team of the landmark Blyth Offshore project on the challenges experienced in commissioning the UK's first offshore wind turbines.
Changes in both the UK electricity system and the Government's programme of support for renewable energy suggested that the focus of this year's conference should be the new policies. Sessions were accordingly convened as forums with subsequent discussion groups.
Papers presented include contributions from the Department of Trade and Industry, the Crown Estate, and the Countryside Agency, including such topics as: The percentage obligation and the new electricity trading arrangementsThe further development of the offshore wind energy industryRegional and sustainable development within the planning system.
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