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The Instrument and Automation Engineers' Handbook (IAEH) is the #1 process automation handbook in the world. Volume one of the Fifth Edition, Measurement and Safety, covers safety sensors and the detectors of physical properties. Measurement and Safety is an invaluable resource that: * Describes the detectors used in the measurement of process variables * Offers application- and method-specific guidance for choosing the best measurement device * Provides tables of detector capabilities and other practical information at a glance * Contains detailed descriptions of domestic and overseas products, their features, capabilities, and suppliers, including suppliers' web addresses Complete with 163 alphabetized chapters and a thorough index for quick access to specific information, Measurement and Safety is a must-have reference for instrument and automation engineers working in the chemical, oil/gas, pharmaceutical, pollution, energy, plastics, paper, wastewater, food, etc. industries. About the eBook The most important new feature of the IAEH, Fifth Edition is its availability as an eBook. The eBook provides the same content as the print edition, with the addition of thousands of web addresses so that readers can reach suppliers or reference books and articles on the hundreds of topics covered in the handbook. This feature includes a complete bidders' list that allows readers to issue their specifications for competitive bids from any or all potential product suppliers.
This book describes the development of core technologies to address two of the most challenging issues in research for future IT platform development, namely innovative device design and reduction of energy consumption. Three key devices, the FinFET, the TunnelFET, and the electromechanical nanoswitch are described with extensive details of use for practical applications. Energy issues are also covered in a tutorial fashion from material physics, through device technology, to innovative circuit design. The strength of this book lies in its holistic approach dealing with material trends, state-of-the-art of key devices, new examples of circuits and systems applications. This is the first of three books based on the Integrated Smart Sensors research project, which describe the development of innovative devices, circuits, and system-level enabling technologies. The aim of the project was to develop common platforms on which various devices and sensors can be loaded, and to create systems offering significant improvements in information processing speed, energy usage, and size. The book contains extensive reference lists and with over 200 figures introduces the reader to the general subject in a tutorial style, also addressing the state-of-the-art, allowing it to be used as a guide for starting researchers in these fields.
This book describes the three major power system transients and dynamics simulation tools based on a circuit-theory approach that are widely used all over the world (EMTP-ATP, EMTP-RV and EMTDC/PSCAD), together with other powerful simulation tools such as XTAP. In the first part of the book, the basics of circuit-theory based simulation tools and of numerical electromagnetic analysis methods are explained, various simulation tools are introduced and the features, strengths and weaknesses are described together with some application examples. In the second part, various transient and dynamic phenomena in power systems are investigated and studied by applying the numerical analysis tools, including: transients in various components related to a renewable system; surges on wind farm and collection systems; protective devices such as fault locators and high-speed switchgear; overvoltages in a power system; dynamic phenomena in FACTS, especially STATCOM (Static Synchronous Compensator); the application of SVC to a cable system; and grounding systems. Combining underlying theory with real-world examples, this book will be of use to researchers involved in analysis of power systems for development and optimization, and professionals and advanced students working with power systems in general.
Provides in-depth knowledge of flexible energy conversion and storage devices-covering aspects from materials to technologies Written by leading experts on various critical issues in this emerging field, this book reviews the recent progresses on flexible energy conversion and storage devices, such as batteries, supercapacitors, solar cells, and fuel cells. It introduces not only the basic principles and strategies to make a device flexible, but also the applicable materials and technologies, such as polymers, carbon materials, nanotechnologies and textile technologies. It also discusses the perspectives for different devices. Flexible Energy Conversion and Storage Devices contains chapters, which are all written by top researchers who have been actively working in the field to deliver recent advances in areas from materials syntheses, through fundamental principles, to device applications. It covers flexible all-solid state supercapacitors; fiber/yarn based flexible supercapacitors; flexible lithium and sodium ion batteries; flexible diversified and zinc ion batteries; flexible Mg, alkaline, silver-zinc, and lithium sulfur batteries; flexible fuel cells; flexible nanodielectric materials with high permittivity for power energy storage; flexible dye sensitized solar cells; flexible perovskite solar cells; flexible organic solar cells; flexible quantum dot-sensitized solar cells; flexible triboelectric nanogenerators; flexible thermoelectric devices; and flexible electrodes for water-splitting. -Covers the timely and innovative field of flexible devices which are regarded as the next generation of electronic devices -Provides a highly application-oriented approach that covers various flexible devices used for energy conversion and storage -Fosters an understanding of the scientific basis of flexible energy devices, and extends this knowledge to the development, construction, and application of functional energy systems -Stimulates and advances the research and development of this intriguing field Flexible Energy Conversion and Storage Devices is an excellent book for scientists, electrochemists, solid state chemists, solid state physicists, polymer chemists, and electronics engineers.
Electrical Engineering Power System Protection In a world of huge, interconnected networks that can be completely blacked out by disturbances, Power System Protection offers an improved understanding of the requirements necessary for prompt and accurate corrective action. P.M. Anderson, a noted expert on power systems, presents an analytical and technical approach to power system protection. His discussion shows how abnormal system behavior can be detected before damage occurs, and points to effective control action to limit system outages. Advance your knowledge of power system protection through a better understanding of:
This is the 4th edition of the IET's Code of Practice for Inservice Inspection and Testing of Electrical Equipment. The book has been revised to take account of the PAT aspects of Professor Lofstedt s report and the HSE view that promotes a proportionate riskbased approach when assessing the safety of electrical equipment and appliances. This will help users, those responsible for the equipment and testers of the equipment to maintain safety. HSE encourages the adoption of this approach and the changes will also be reflected in the City & Guilds 2377 course. The Code of Practice enables duty holders to understand the requirements placed on them in law to maintain electrical equipment, using correct documentation, that falls under their control and to understand what inspection and testing involves. It also gives guidance to those carrying out inservice inspection and testing of electrical equipment (PAT)."
The first edition of this title proved the most successful of the Portable Handbook series launched in 1999. Aimed at electrical engineers and technicians working in building power systems, the relentlessly practical Handbook succeeded as an in the field working tool. This new edition is necessitated by the new 2002 version of the National Electrical Code (NEC). This code changes render much of the existing material obsolete, so over half the chapters require heavy rewrites to stay current.
For the latest digital principles, techniques, and hardware, look no further than this up-to-date fifth edition! Practical, easy-to-understand coverage of the basics of digital design is provided, along with information on the necessary hardware to implement the design, and VHDL programming language for programming PLD devices. Everything from basic programming concepts to microprocessors and microcontrollers is featured, with updated coverage of CMOS sub-families and IC packages that reflect recent industry changes. The only book of its kind that includes both hands-on labs and MultiSIM computer-simulated labs, Digital Electronics, 5th Edition provides users with opportunities to apply theory in real-world situations while becoming familiar with computer simulation technology.
Ten years ago, D.M. Rowe introduced the bestselling CRC Handbook of Thermoelectrics to wide acclaim. Since then, increasing environmental concerns, desire for long-life electrical power sources, and continued progress in miniaturization of electronics has led to a substantial increase in research activity involving thermoelectrics. Reflecting the latest trends and developments, the Thermoelectrics Handbook: Macro to Nano is an extension of the earlier work and covers the entire range of thermoelectrics disciplines. Serving as a convenient reference as well as a thorough introduction to thermoelectrics, this book includes contributions from 99 leading authorities from around the world. Its coverage spans from general principles and theoretical concepts to material preparation and measurements; thermoelectric materials; thermoelements, modules, and devices; and thermoelectric systems and applications. Reflecting the enormous impact of nanotechnology on the field-as the thermoelectric properties of nanostructured materials far surpass the performance of conventional materials-each section progresses systematically from macro-scale to micro/nano-scale topics. In addition, the book contains an appendix listing major manufacturers and suppliers of thermoelectric modules. There is no longer any need to spend hours plodding through the journal literature for information. The Thermoelectrics Handbook: Macro to Nano offers a timely, comprehensive treatment of all areas of thermoelectrics in a single, unified reference.
This book highlights the recent research advances in the area of operation, management and control of electricity distribution networks. It addresses various aspects of distribution network management, including operation, customer engagement and technology accommodation. Electricity distribution networks are an important part of the power delivery system, and the smart control and management of distribution networks is vital in order to satisfy technical, economic, and customer requirements. A new management philosophy, techniques, and methods are essential to handle uncertainties, security, and stability associated with the integration of renewable-based distributed generation units, demand forecast and customer needs. This book discusses these topics in the context of managing the capacity of distribution networks while addressing the future needs of electricity systems. Furthermore, the efficient and economic operation of distribution networks is an essential part of management of system for effective use of resources, and as such the also addresses operation and control approaches and techniques suitable for future distribution networks.
This book aims to help the reader understand the linear continuous-time time-invariant dynamical systems theory and its importance for systems analysis and design of the systems operating in real conditions, i.e., in forced regimes under arbitrary initial conditions. The text completely covers IO, ISO and IIO systems. It introduces the concept of the system full matrix P(s) in the complex domain and establishes its link with the also newly introduced system full transfer function matrix F(s). The text establishes the full block diagram technique based on the use of F(s), which incorporates the Laplace transform of the input vector and the vector of all initial conditions. It explores the direct relationship between the system full transfer function matrix F(s) and the Lyapunov stability concept, definitions and conditions, as well as with the BI stability concept, definitions, and conditions. The goal of the book is to unify the study and applications of all three classes of the of the linear continuous-time time-invariant systems, for short systems.
The wind is a renewable energy resource that can never be exhausted and which avoids pollution. This makes it one of the most environmentally sound energy options available.;Applied to water pumping, the wind has been central in the stimulation of many rural economies, such as the Great Plains in the United States, the Australian outback, and Argentina, and there is still great potential for future development of the wind-pumping resource. However, the scarcity of appropriate information on the technology, economics and potential has restricted dissemination in the developing world. "Windpumping: A Guide for Development Workers" overcomes this problem by taking the reader through every aspect of this topic in a systematic way.;The appendix includes a list of international suppliers and manufacturers of windpumping equipment, together with a summary of their products and services.
The transition of the North African electricity system towards renewable energy technologies is analyzed in this book. Large potentials of photovoltaics, concentrating solar power and onshore wind power in North Africa provide the opportunity to achieve a long-term shift from conventional power sources to a highly interconnected and sustainable electricity system based on renewable energy sources. A multi-dimensional analysis evaluates the economic and technical effects on the electricity market as well as the impact on manufacturing and employment caused by large deployment of renewable energy technologies. The integration of renewable energy in the electricity systems of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt is modeled in a linear optimization model (RESlion) which minimizes total system costs of the long-term expansion planning and the hourly generation dispatch problem. An additional focus of the analysis is set on the option to export electricity from North Africa to Southern European countries. For the analysis of the impact on local manufacturing of components and job creation in the renewable energy sector, a decision model, so called RETMD, is used.
The Get Qualified series provides clear and concise guidance for people looking to work within the electrical industry. This book outlines why the inspection and testing of electrical installations is important, and what qualifications are required in order to test, inspect and certify. All you need to know about the subject of inspection is covered in detail, making this book the ideal guide for those who are new to the subject and experienced professionals alike. There are also sections on exam preparation, revision exercises and sample questions.
Over the last century, energy storage systems (ESSs) have continued to evolve and adapt to changing energy requirements and technological advances. Energy Storage in Power Systems describes the essential principles needed to understand the role of ESSs in modern electrical power systems, highlighting their application for the grid integration of renewable-based generation. Key features: * Defines the basis of electrical power systems, characterized by a high and increasing penetration of renewable-based generation. * Describes the fundamentals, main characteristics and components of energy storage technologies, with an emphasis on electrical energy storage types. * Contains real examples depicting the application of energy storage systems in the power system. * Features case studies with and without solutions on modelling, simulation and optimization techniques. Although primarily targeted at researchers and senior graduate students, Energy Storage in Power Systems is also highly useful to scientists and engineers wanting to gain an introduction to the field of energy storage and more specifically its application to modern power systems.
Opportunistic networking, by definition, allows devices to communicate whenever a window of opportunity is available. Many emerging technologies employ opportunistic exchanges of information. This book addresses this trend in communications engineering, taking into account three specific areas vehicular, device-to-device (D2D), and cognitive radio while describing the opportunistic communication methods of each. From smart homes to smart cities, smart agriculture to never-die-networks and beyond, the text explores the state of the art of opportunistic networking, providing the latest research, developments, and practices in one concise source."
This book presents topical research in the study of ferroelectrics. Topics discussed in this compilation include metal ferroelectric insulator semiconductor field effect transistors; resonant and non-resonant microwave absorption studies in multiferroic materials; the nanoscale ferroelectric behavior of GeSbTe films studied by piezoresponse force microscopy; composition design and electrical properties' investigation of silver-containing perovskite lead-free piezoelectric ceramics; low temperature fabrication of high-k and ferroelectric thin films for capacitive applications and coplanar waveguide ferrolectric thin film microwave phase shifters.
Awarded the Dexter Prize by the Society for the History of Technology, this book offers a comparative history of the evolution of modern electric power systems. It described large-scale technological change and demonstrates that technology cannot be understood unless placed in a cultural context.
This book covers the analysis, modelling, planning, and design of airport landside access modes and their systems. It elaborates on the issues and related problems of airport landside accessibility in an innovative, comprehensive and systematic way. In addition to the general concept of accessibility, the book addresses the analysis and modelling of infrastructure-related, technological, operational, economic, social and environmental performance of road- and rail-based transport systems, as well as the core principles of their planning and design. The book provides guidelines on the modelling, planning, and design of airport landside access modes and their systems, which will contribute to the overall sustainable development of airports. Its main features are: presents a multidimensional examination of performance for specific airport landside access modes and their systems; pursues a qualitative and quantitative approach to developing performance indicators for estimating the sustainability of airport landside access modes and their systems; includes illustrative cases of airport landside accessibility, and numerical examples as exercises for assessing performance using the systems' indicators. As such, the book offers a valuable source of information for all practitioners involved in analysing, planning and designing more environmentally friendly airport access modes and systems, and who want to learn how to overcome the issues and problems surrounding landside accessibility. It will also benefit students studying the analysis and modelling of transportation systems, and researchers seeking to promote improved sustainability at airports.
This book discusses the latest developments of the synthesis, preparation, characterization, and applications of nano/microstructure-based materials in biomedical and energetic fields. It introduces several popular approaches to fabricating these materials, including template-assisted fabrication, electrospinning of organic/inorganic hybrid materials, biomineralization-mediated self-assembly, etc. The latest results in material evaluation for targeted applications are also presented. In particular, the book highlights the latest advances and future challenges in polymer nanodielectrics for energy storage applications. As such, it offers a valuable reference guide for scholars interested in the synthesis and evaluation of nano/microstructure-based materials, as well as their biomedical and energetic applications. It also provides essential insights for graduate students and scientists pursuing research in the broad fields of composite materials, polymers, organic/inorganic hybrid materials, nano-assembly, etc.
The book presents an integrated planning concept for heat flows in production systems comprising various short term and long term related models. Detailed explanations about the modeling and implementation of all relevant system elements such as generic and specific machines types, technical building services (TBS), production planning and control aspects, heat storage units and (waste) heat designs follow. Due to resulting amounts of data, the concept foresees system level appropriate indicators and visualizations for a facilitatedevaluation of the model results. An application procedure embeds and describes all models as well.Three exemplary application cases demonstrate the applicability, including the manufacturing of shafts for automotive transmissions, a cooling water system and an academic learning environment.
This textbook is intended for engineering students taking courses in power electronics, renewable energy sources, smart grids or static power converters. It is also appropriate for students preparing a capstone project where they need to understand, model, supply, control and specify the grid side power converters. The main goal of the book is developing in students the skills that are required to design, control and use static power converters that serve as an interface between the ac grid and renewable power sources. The same skills can be used to design, control and use the static power converters used within the micro-grids and nano-grids, as the converters that provide the interface between such grids and the external grid. The author's approach starts with basic functionality and the role of grid connected power converters in their typical applications, and their static and dynamic characteristics. Particular effort is dedicated to developing simple, concise, intuitive and easy-to-use mathematical models that summarize the essence of the grid side converter dynamics. Mathematics is reduced to a necessary minimum, solved examples are used extensively to introduce new concepts, and exercises are used to test mastery of new skills.
This book describes two target applications for synchronous systems: regulated 3-phase voltage supply and voltage sag mitigation. It presents a detailed design procedure for converter switches and filters considering all steady-state, commutation and dynamic requirements. This work has evolved from previously published research by the authors, which in turn is part of a larger effort to expand the application domain of matrix converters to power systems. The objectives of the work have been categorized into the following: developing a dynamic model that provides adequate design insights; designing filters; and devising a control scheme. The low frequency dynamic model is first analyzed for regulated voltage supplies assuming balanced system. The system is modeled relative to a synchronous rotating (dq) frame linearized around an operating point. The input-output variables are related by non-diagonal transfer function matrices. Individual transfer function sub-matrices are sequentially investigated and it is shown that, depending on the input power, input voltage and filter parameters, the appearance of a set of right half zeros is possible. The book then considers filter design, as well as general issues like ripple attenuation, regulation, reactive current loading, and filter losses. The book also addresses additional constraints that may be imposed by dynamic requirements and commutation. In the third stage, voltage controller design is detailed for a 3-phase regulated voltage supply. In dq domain, output voltage control represents a multivariable control problem. This is reduced to a single variable control problem while retaining all possible right half zeros, thereby preserving the internal stability of the system. Consequently, the standard single variable control design technique has been used to design a controller. The analytically predicted dynamic response has been verified by experimental results. It was possible to operate the system beyond the critical power boundary where the right half zeros emerge. Lastly, the developed control approach has been extended to voltage sag mitigation with adequate modifications. A 3-wire linear load and both symmetrical and asymmetrical voltage sags have been considered. Experimentally obtained response time for sag mitigation was found to be less than the power supply holdup time of most of the sensitive equipment. This book will be useful to both researchers and graduate students.
This book discusses recent advances in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs), focusing on material development and design, mechanism study, reaction kinetics and practical applications. It consists of five chapters presenting different types of reactions and materials employed in electrolytes, cathodes, anodes, interconnects and sealants for IT-SOFCs. It also includes two chapters highlighting new aspects of these solid oxide fuel cells and exploring their practical applications. This insightful and useful book appeals to a wide readership in various fields, including solid oxide fuel cells, electrochemistry, membranes and ceramics. Zongping Shao is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering and the College of Energy, Nanjing University of Technology, China. Moses O. Tade is a Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Australia.
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