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Major new revisions on the best-selling book, including extensive updates to all existing chapters and new coverage on surge protective devices, electromagnetic compatibility, medical locations and new special locations, bringing it in line with the regulation Amendment No.1 published in July 2011
This is a significant revision to the existing, best-selling book and is necessary to bring it in line with the revisions to the standard BS7671: 2008 Amendment No.1, published in July 2011. The revision includes new chapters and content on: surge protective devices and their applications; electromagnetic compatibility; medical locations; and new special locations. It will also include a fairly extensive modification to existing chapters.Timely publication, covering all the essential new technical requirements of the amended standard with new and revised materialIncludes new coverage on 'hot' topics such as EMC, Harmonics, surge protective devices and medical locationsEndorsed by the ECA and SELECTPrevious edition is well-established within the electrical industryAuthor is on the panel of the BS 7671 committee amending the standardsFully-integrated colour including 60 brand new colour illustrations, 20 tables and new high-quality photographsRetains its handy size and binding, ideal for practicing electricians to carry with them for quick reference
This book presents essential information on systems and
interactions in automotive transmission technology and outlines the
methodologies used to analyze and develop transmission concepts and
designs. Functions of and interactions between components and
subassemblies of transmissions are introduced, providing a basis
for designing transmission systems and for determining their
potentials and properties in vehicle-specific applications:
passenger cars, trucks, buses, tractors and motorcycles. With these
fundamentals the presentation provides universal resources for both
state-of-the-art and future transmission technologies, including
systems for electric and hybrid electric vehicles.
Electric utilities have accelerated their deployment of smart meters to millions of homes across the United States with help from the Department of Energy's Smart Grid Investment Grant program. As the meters multiply, so do issues concerning the privacy and security of the data collected by the new technology. This Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) promises to increase energy efficiency, bolster electric power grid reliability, and facilitate demand response, among other benefits. However, to fulfil these ends, smart meters must record near-real time data on consumer electricity usage and transmit the data to utilities over great distances via communications networks that serve the smart grid. This book examines the privacy and cybersecurity considerations of smart meters and the smart grid.
This book focuses on novel reduced cell and stack models for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and planar solid oxide fuel cells (P-SOFCs) that serve to reduce the computational cost by two orders of magnitude or more with desired numerical accuracy, while capturing both the average properties and the variability of the dependent variables in the 3D counterparts. The information provided can also be applied to other kinds of plate-type fuel cells whose flow fields consist of parallel plain channels separated by solid ribs. These fast and efficient models allow statistical sensitivity analysis for a sample size in the order of 1000 without prohibitive computational cost to be performed to investigate not only the individual, but also the simultaneous effects of a group of varying geometrical, material, and operational parameters. This provides important information for cell/stack design, and to illustrate this, Monte Carlo simulation of the reduced P-SOFC model is conducted at both the single-cell and stack levels.
Electrical machines and drives, and their associated power electronics, are a key part of an industrialized society. Reliability is a major challenge in systems design, operation, and maintenance of these technologies. Unreliable systems drive up costs, so diagnostics and fault tolerance become important to help maintain the system and estimate its operational lifetime. Diagnosis and Fault Tolerance of Electrical Machines, Power Electronics and Drives describes techniques for fault analysis, diagnostics, condition monitoring methods, reconfiguration, remedial operating strategies and fault tolerance in electrical machines, power electronics and variable speed drives. It is a must-read for researchers in academia and industry, as well as for manufacturers and advanced students involved with electrical machines.
These lecture notes present selected topics concerning a wide range of electrical and electronics applications, highlighting innovative approaches and offering state-of-the-art overviews. The book is divided into 14 topical areas, including e.g. telecommunication, power systems, robotics, control systems, renewable energy, mechanical engineering, computer science and more. Readers will find revealing papers on the design and implementation of control algorithms for automobiles and electrohydraulic systems, efficient protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks and motor control, and energy-saving methods that can be applied in various fields of electrical engineering. The book offers a valuable resource for all practitioners who want to apply the topics discussed to solve real-world problems in their challenging applications. Offering insights into common and related subjects in the research fields of modern electrical, electronic and related technologies, it will also benefit all scientists and engineers working in the above-mentioned fields.
The Up-to-Date Guide to Complex Networks for Students, Researchers, and Practitioners Networks with complex and irregular connectivity patterns appear in biology, chemistry, communications, social networks, transportation systems, power grids, the Internet, and many big data applications. Complex Networks offers a novel engineering perspective on these networks, focusing on their key communications, networking, and signal processing dimensions. Three leading researchers draw on recent advances to illuminate the design and characterization of complex computer networks and graph signal processing systems. The authors cover both the fundamental concepts underlying graph theory and complex networks, as well as current theory and research. They discuss spectra and signal processing in complex networks, graph signal processing approaches for extracting information from structural data, and advanced techniques for multiscale analysis. What makes networks complex, and how to successfully characterize them Graph theory foundations, definitions, and concepts Full chapters on small-world, scale-free, small-world wireless mesh, and small-world wireless sensor networks Complex network spectra and graph signal processing concepts and techniques Multiscale analysis via transforms and wavelets
Electrical Engineering Power System Protection In a world of huge, interconnected networks that can be completely blacked out by disturbances, Power System Protection offers an improved understanding of the requirements necessary for prompt and accurate corrective action. P.M. Anderson, a noted expert on power systems, presents an analytical and technical approach to power system protection. His discussion shows how abnormal system behavior can be detected before damage occurs, and points to effective control action to limit system outages. Advance your knowledge of power system protection through a better understanding of:
This popular guide provides an understanding of basic design criteria and calculations, along with current inspection and testing requirements and explains how to meet the requirements of the IET Wiring Regulations. The book explains in clear language those parts of the regulations that most need simplifying. There are common misconceptions regarding bonding, voltages, disconnection times and sizes of earthing conductors. This book clarifies the requirements and outlines the correct procedures to follow. This provides an affordable reference for all electrical contractors, technicians and other workers involved in designing and testing electrical installations. The content covers the requirements for both City & Guilds and EAL courses, and contains sample exam questions and answers. It also makes an ideal revision guide. Fully up to date with the 18th Edition of IET Wiring Regulations. Simplifies the advice found in the Wiring Regulations, explaining what they mean in actual working practice for design and testing. Expert advice from an engineering training consultant, supported with colour diagrams, examples and key data.
Energy-Efficient Electrical Systems for Buildings offers a systematic and practical analysis and design approaches for electrical distribution and utilization systems in buildings. In addition to meeting the minimal safety requirements set by the National Electrical Code (NEC), the design approach consider the life-cycle cost analysis of designing energy efficient electrical distribution systems as well as integrating renewable energy technologies into both residential and commercial buildings. The book first provides a general overview of basic power systems commonly available in buildings. Then, detailed discussions of various components of typical building electrical distribution system are outlined through several chapters including transformers, protection devices, conductors and conduits, power and lighting panels, and motor control centers. The book includes several illustrations and numerous examples and analysis exercises are included, along with detailed design examples.
Nikola Tesla, a Serbian-American, invented the radio, the induction motor, the neon lamp and the remote control. His breakthrough came in alternating current, which pitted him against Thomas Edison's direct current empire and bitter patent battles ensued. But Tesla's technology was superior and he prevailed. He had no business sense, could not capitalise on this success and his most advanced ideas were unrecognised for decades. Tesla's personal life was magnificently bizarre. Strikingly handsome, he was germophobic and never shook hands. He required nine napkins when he sat down to dinner. In later years he ate only white food and conversed with the pigeons in Bryant Park. This authoritative and highly readable biography takes account of all phases of this remarkable life.
An electric machine is a device that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy or vice versa. It can take the form of an electric generator, electric motor, or transformer. Electric generators produce virtually all electric power we use all over the world. Electric machine blends the three major areas of electrical engineering: power, control and power electronics. This book presents the relation of power quantities for the machine as the current, voltage power flow, power losses, and efficiency. This book will provide a good understanding of the behavior and its drive, beginning with the study of salient features of electrical dc and ac machines.
A fully comprehensive text for courses in electrical principles, circuit theory and electrical technology, providing 800 worked examples and over 1,350 further problems for students to work through at their own pace. This book is ideal for students studying engineering for the first time as part of BTEC National and other pre-degree vocational courses, as well as Higher Nationals, Foundation Degrees and first-year undergraduate modules.
This book presents theoretical and practical aspects of providing reliable electrical network operation by 6 500 V voltage. The topics covered includes semiconductor systems for de-icing overhead transmission lines, dispatching solutions in power systems by expert systems, partial discharge diagnostics, electrodynamic testing of reactors, an investigation of technological breakdowns with damage to power transformers, perspectives for using photothyristors, IGCT and IGBT for electrodynamic, programmable static converters for intelligent electrical networks, and digital current transformers for digital substations. Chapter 1 describes the serious problem of glacial deposits on overhead transmission lines during the autumn-winter period. One of the methods to combat this is melting the glacial deposits on alternating current lines by creating short circuits, or direct currents using uncontrolled or controlled rectifier blocks. Chapter 2 discusses the expansion of the Automatic Dispatch Control System for substations and electrical networks using intelligent subsystems based on the technology of expert systems. Chapter 3 presents an application's experience with monitoring the electric activity of the partial discharges into the insulation of transformers, data on electrical tests in autotransformer windings, and testing XLPE cables. Chapter 4 shows the thermal and electrodynamic tests of reactors on the reliability and durability of windings during the passage of short-circuit currents, serving as a tool for improving the reliability of their design. Chapter 5 investigates a technological breakdown with damage to power transformers, which is a difficult task, and is performed to improve the reliability of the power supply. Chapter 6 shows diagnostic and mathematical models of the windings of the high-voltage transformers and reactors. Mathematical models of winding radial and axial deformations are also calculated. Chapter 7 provides the comparative characteristics of switching capabilities of photothyristors, lockable thyristors IGCT, and high-power transistors IGBT, taking into account the specific operating conditions in the composition of the high-voltage high-current semiconductor key (HHCSK) during electrodynamic tests. In Chapter 8, the author considers the basic operations of implicative algebra for the choice of the logical-algebraic modeling of static converters, provided that the objective and predicate variables are identified with the parameters of the energy and information processes. Chapter 9 presents controlled reactor-transformers with reduced high current harmonics and the calculation of parameters of the active parts of transformers. Finally, chapter 10 presents the results of designing a device for calculating the current on digital current transformers, based on the Faraday Effect. This book is based on the authors previous research, including more than 240 scientific and technical publications.
This book focuses on the mitigation of the destabilizing effects introduced by constant power loads (CPLs) in various non-isolated DC/DC converters and island DC microgrids using a robust non-linear sliding mode control (SMC) approach. This book validates theoretical concepts using real-time simulation studies and hardware implementations. Novel sliding mode controllers are proposed to mitigate negative impedance instabilities in DC/DC boost, buck, buck-boost, bidirectional buck-boost converters, and islanded DC microgrids. In each case, the condition for the large-signal stability of the converter feeding a CPL is established. An SMC-based nonlinear control scheme for an islanded DC microgrid feeding CPL dominated load is proposed so as to mitigate the destabilizing effect of CPL and to ensure system stability under various operating conditions. A limit on CPL power is also established to ensure system stability. For all proposed solutions, simulation studies and hardware implementations are provided to validate the effectiveness of the proposed sliding mode controllers.
This book presents a novel, generalized approach to the design of nonlinear state feedback control laws for a large class of underactuated mechanical systems based on application of the block backstepping method. The control law proposed here is robust against the effects of model uncertainty in dynamic and steady-state performance and addresses the issue of asymptotic stabilization for the class of underactuated mechanical systems. An underactuated system is defined as one for which the dimension of space spanned by the configuration vector is greater than that of the space spanned by the control variables. Control problems concerning underactuated systems currently represent an active field of research due to their broad range of applications in robotics, aerospace, and marine contexts. The book derives a generalized theory of block backstepping control design for underactuated mechanical systems, and examines several case studies that cover interesting examples of underactuated mechanical systems. The mathematical derivations are described using well-known notations and simple algebra, without the need for any special previous background in higher mathematics. The chapters are lucidly described in a systematic manner, starting with control system preliminaries and moving on to a generalized description of the block backstepping method, before turning to several case studies. Simulation and experimental results are also provided to aid in reader comprehension.
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