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This book provides a concise and up-to-date summary of the essential thermo-hydraulic analyses and design principles of nuclear reactors for electricity generation. Beginning with the basic nuclear physics, it leads through technical and quantitative analyses to descriptions of both the normal operation of the various modern nuclear reactor designs and the analyses of the possible departures from normal operation. It then describes both the postulated accident scenarios and summaries of the causes for the three major nuclear power generation accidents, Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima, as well as the major improvements to reactor safety that grew out of those analyses and accidents.
Solar cooling systems can be a cost-effective and environmentally attractive air-conditioning solution. The design of such systems, however, is complex. Research carried out under the aegis of the International Energy Agency's Solar Heating and Cooling Program has shown that there is a range of seemingly subtle design decisions that can impact significantly on the performance of solar cooling systems. In order to reduce the risk of errors in the design process, this guide provides detailed and very specific engineering design information. It focuses on case study examples of installed plants that have been monitored and evaluated over the last decade. For three successful plants the design process is described in detail and the rationale for each key design decision is explained. Numerical constraints are suggested for the sizing / selection parameters of key equipment items. Moreover, the application conditions under which the system selection is appropriate are discussed. By following The Guide for any of the three specific solar cooling systems, the designer can expect to reliably achieve a robust, energy-saving solution. This book is intended as a companion to the IEA Solar Cooling Handbook which provides a general overview of the various technologies as well as comprehensive advice to enable engineers to design their own solar cooling system from first principles.
This new edition of EIS: Principles of Design, Installation and Maintenance from the highly successful Electrical Installation series covers all the information required to complete the Principles of Design, Installation and Maintenance unit as part of the Level 3 Diploma for City and Guilds (2357) and EAL equivalent qualifications. The nine studybooks are endorsed by The Electrical Contractors Association (ECA) and cover all core Level 3 S/NVQ Diploma units and are mapped to the National Occupational Standards. The modular, hands-on approach is designed to clearly explain all the key concepts so learners gain all the necessary theoretical and practical skills required for each unit. The expert author team brings a wealth of industry knowledge and experience to each publication all brought to life by full-colour diagrams, images and photographs. Students can use one book per unit as a complete study resource to support learning in the classroom, at work and for personal study at home. These spiral bound, write-it studybooks are the ideal course companion for any aspiring electrician.
Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. The World's #1 Guide to Power Supply Design Now Updated! Recognized worldwide as the definitive guide to power supply design for over 25 years, Switching Power Supply Design has been updated to cover the latest innovations in technology, materials, and components. This Third Edition presents the basic principles of the most commonly used topologies, providing you with the essential information required to design cutting-edge power supplies. Using a tutorial, how-and-why approach, this expert resource is filled with design examples, equations, and charts. The Third Edition of Switching Power Supply Design features: Designs for many of the most useful switching power supply topologies The core principles required to solve day-to-day design problems A strong focus on the essential basics of transformer and magnetics design New to this edition: a full chapter on choke design and optimum drive conditions for modern fast IGBTs Get Everything You Need to Design a Complete Switching Power Supply: Fundamental Switching Regulators * Push-Pull and Forward Converter Topologies * Half- and Full-Bridge Converter Topologies * Flyback Converter Topologies * Current-Mode and Current-Fed Topologies * Miscellaneous Topologies * Transformer and Magnetics Design * High-Frequency Choke Design * Optimum Drive Conditions for Bipolar Power Transistors, MOSFETs, Power Transistors, and IGBTs * Drive Circuits for Magnetic Amplifiers * Postregulators * Turn-on, Turn-off Switching Losses and Low Loss Snubbers * Feedback-Loop Stabilization * Resonant Converter Waveforms * Power Factor and Power Factor Correction * High-Frequency Power Sources for Fluorescent Lamps, and Low-Input-Voltage Regulators for Laptop Computers and Portable Equipment
Written and edited by top fuel cell catalyst scientists and
engineers from both industry and academia, this is the first book
to provide a complete overview of this hot topic. It covers the
synthesis, characterization, activity validation and modeling of
different non-noble metal electrocatalysts, as well as their
integration into fuel cells and their performance validation, while
also discussing those factors that will drive fuel cell
The "Handbook of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles" is a reference text
for the academic and research communities, industry, manufacturers,
users, practitioners, Federal Government, Federal and State
Agencies, the private sector, as well as all organizations that are
and will be using unmanned aircraft in a wide spectrum of
applications. The Handbook covers all aspects of UAVs, from design
to logistics and ethical issues. It is also targeting the young
investigator, the future inventor and entrepreneur by providing an
overview and detailed information of the state-of-the-art as well
as useful new concepts that may lead to innovative research. The
contents of the Handbook include material that addresses the needs
and " know how " of all of the above sectors targeting a very
The ongoing discussion about reaching the "peak-oil point" (maximal delivery rate with conventional methods) emphasizes a fundamental change of the frame conditions of oil-based basic products. The alternative with the largest potential is the use of coal. Coal gasification is the production of coal gas (a mixture of mainly hydrogen and carbon monoxide) from coal adding agents like steam/water and oxygen, which can be used in a number of industrial processes (e.g. hydroformulation and Fischer-Tropsch process). Many different kinds of coal do naturally occur, and due to shrinking natural resources, there has been a substantial gain of interest in poor, ash-rich coal. Beside the quality of coal, there is a number of other parameters influencing the efficiency of coal gasification, such as temperature, pressure, and reactor type. Although several books dealing with the subject of gasification have recently been published, few are strictly focussed on coal as feedstock. This monograph provides the reader with the necessary chemical background on coal gasification. Several types of coal (baseline coal and ash-rich coal) are compared systematically, pointing out the technological efforts achieved so far to overcome this challenge. Using a new, innovative order scheme to evaluate the gasification process at a glance (the ternary diagram), the complex network of chemistry, engineering, and economic needs can be overviewed in a highly efficient way. This book is a must-have for Chemical and Process Engineers, Engineering Students, as well as Scientists in the Chemical Industry.
Guidance Note 3: Inspection & Testing is a fundamental guidance book for all those involved with the testing and inspection of electrical installations. It also contains essential guidance for those studying for inspection and testing qualifications and has been fully updated to BS 7671:2018. The 18th Edition IET Wiring Regulations publishes in July 2018 and comes into effect on 1st January 2019. All new installations from this point must comply with BS 7671:2018.
Covering both fundamental and advanced aspects in an accessible way, this textbook begins with an overview of nuclear reactor systems, helping readers to familiarize themselves with the varied designs. Then the readers are introduced to different possibilities for materials applications in the various sections of nuclear energy systems. Materials selection and life prediction methodologies for nuclear reactors are also presented in relation to creep, corrosion and other degradation mechanisms. An appendix compiles useful property data relevant for nuclear reactor applications.
Throughout the book, there is a thorough coverage of various materials science principles, such as physical and mechanical metallurgy, defects and diffusion and radiation effects on materials, with serious efforts made to establish structure-property correlations wherever possible. With its emphasis on the latest developments and outstanding problems in the field, this is both a valuable introduction and a ready reference for beginners and experienced practitioners alike.
Bridging the gap between the well-known technological description of gasification and the underlying theoretical understanding, this book covers the latest numerical and semi-empirical models describing interphase phenomena in high-temperature conversion processes. Consequently, it focuses on the description of gas-particle reaction systems by state-of-the-art computational models in an integrated, unified form. Special attention is paid to understanding and modeling the interaction between individual coal particles and a surrounding hot gas, including heterogeneous and homogeneous chemical reactions inside the particle on the particle interface and near the interface between the solid and gas phases. While serving the needs of engineers involved in industrial research, development and design in the field of gasification technologies, this book's in-depth coverage makes it equally ideal for young and established researchers in the fields of thermal sciences and chemical engineering with a focus on heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions.
When planning an industrial power supply plant, the specific
requirements of the individual production process are decisive for
the design and mode of operation of the network and for the
selection and design and ratings of the operational equipment.
Since the actual technical risks are often hidden in the profound
and complex planning task, planning decisions should be taken after
responsible and careful consideration because of their deep effects
on supply quality and energy efficiency.
This series introduces the exciting world of electrotechnics to the learner or enthusiast with little previous experience. The content is presented in an elementary, step-by-step manner and is reinforced by a number of large, simple diagrams. This title is outcomes-based, with each learning unit consisting of outcomes, pre-knowledge for learning, notes to the lecturer, key concepts, examples, self-assessments and assessments. Clear analysis is given to support each topic, which is expanded to its logical conclusion.
Offering step-by-step, in-depth coverage, the new Third Edition of Power Electronics: Converters, Applications, and Design provides a cohesive presentation of power electronics fundamentals for applications and design in the power range of 500 kW or less. The text describes a variety of practical and emerging power electronic converters made feasible by the new generation of power semiconductor devices. The new edition is now enhanced with a new CD-ROM, complete with PSpice-based examples, a new magnetics design program, and PowerPoint slides.
THE DIGITAL INFORMATION AGE SECOND EDITION by bestselling author Roman Kuc is designed for students considering electrical engineering as a major, and non-engineering majors interested in understanding digital communication systems. Communication between humans and smart devices takes place through sensors and actuators, with logic circuits manipulating binary data to implement useful tasks. The text then examines the basic problem of communicating audio and video data over a network connecting computers and smart devices. System operation is described from analog-to-digital conversion, signals that encode data, through the processing that extracts data from noise-corrupted signals and error correction techniques, to data packet transmission over wired and wireless networks. Basic topics from probability and digital signal processing are presented as needed and illustrated with relevant examples. Ideas are illustrated and extended by problems and projects completed in Excel, with sophistication that evolves along with the course, starting with spreadsheet formulas and graphs, through macros, to simple Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) programming that produces animations that simulate system operation. The accrued facility with Excel techniques is a course outcome valued by students in all majors.
The history of the grid, the world's largest interconnected power machine that is North America's electricity infrastructure. The North American power grid has been called the world's largest machine. The grid connects nearly every living soul on the continent; Americans rely utterly on the miracle of electrification. In this book, Julie Cohn tells the history of the grid, from early linkages in the 1890s through the grid's maturity as a networked infrastructure in the 1980s. She focuses on the strategies and technologies used to control power on the grid-in fact made up of four major networks of interconnected power systems-paying particular attention to the work of engineers and system operators who handled the everyday operations. To do so, she consulted sources that range from the pages of historical trade journals to corporate archives to the papers of her father, Nathan Cohn, who worked in the industry from 1927 to 1989-roughly the period of key power control innovations across North America. Cohn investigates major challenges and major breakthroughs but also the hidden aspects of our electricity infrastructure, both technical and human. She describes the origins of the grid and the growth of interconnection; emerging control issues, including difficulties in matching generation and demand on linked systems; collaboration and competition against the backdrop of economic depression and government infrastructure investment; the effects of World War II on electrification; postwar plans for a coast-to-coast grid; the northeast blackout of 1965 and the East-West closure of 1967; and renewed efforts at achieving stability and reliability after those two events.
Reflecting the R&D efforts in the field that have resulted in a plethora of novel applications over the past decade, this handbook gives a comprehensive overview of the tangible benefits of nanotechnology in catalysis. By bridging fundamental research and industrial development, it provides a unique perspective on this scientifically and economically important field. While the first three parts are devoted to preparation and characterization of nanocatalysts, the final three provide in-depth insights into their applications in the fine chemicals industry, the energy industry, and for environmental protection, with expert authors reporting on real-life applications that are on the brink of commercialization. Timely reading for catalytic chemists, materials scientists, chemists in industry, and process engineers.
An essential guide to the stability and control of power systems integrating large-scale renewable energy sources The rapid development of smart grids and the integration of large scale renewable energy have added daunting new layers of complexity to the long-standing problem of power system stability control. This book offers a systematic stochastic analysis of these nonlinear problems and provides comprehensive countermeasures to improve power system performance and control with large-scale, hybrid power systems. Power system stability analysis and control is by no means a new topic. But the integration of large scale renewable energy sources has added many new challenges which must be addressed, especially in the areas of time variance, time delay, and uncertainties. Robust, adaptive control strategies and countermeasures are the key to avoiding inadequate, excessive, or lost loads within hybrid power systems. Written by an internationally recognized innovator in the field this book describes the latest theory and methods for handling power system angle stability within power networks. Dr. Jing Ma analyzes and provides control strategies for large scale power systems and outlines state-of-the-art solutions to the entire range of challenges facing today s power systems engineers. Features nonlinear, stochastic analysis of power system stability and control Offers proven countermeasures to optimizing power system performance Focuses on nonlinear time-variance, long time-delays, high uncertainties and comprehensive countermeasures Emphasizes methods for analyzing and addressing time variance and delay when integrating large-scale renewable energy Includes rigorous algorithms and simulations for the design of analysis and control modeling Power System Wide-area Stability Analysis and Control is must-reading for researchers studying power system stability analysis and control, engineers working on power system dynamics and stability, and graduate students in electrical engineering interested in the burgeoning field of smart, wide-area power systems.
Despite all the efforts being put into expanding renewable energy sources, large-scale power stations will be essential as part of a reliable energy supply strategy for a longer period. Given that they are low on CO2 emissions, many countries are moving into or expanding nuclear energy to cover their baseload supply. Building structures required for nuclear plants whose protective function means they are classified as safety-related, have to meet particular construction requirements more stringent than those involved in conventional construction. This book gives a comprehensive overview from approval aspects given by nuclear and construction law, with special attention to the interface between plant and construction engineering, to a building structure classification. All life cycle phases are considered, with the primary focus on execution. Accidental actions on structures, the safety concept and design and fastening systems are exposed to a particular treatment. Selected chapters from the German concrete yearbook are now being published in the new English "Beton-Kalender Series" for the benefit of an international audience. Since it was founded in 1906, the Ernst & Sohn "Beton-Kalender" has been supporting developments in reinforced and prestressed concrete. The aim was to publish a yearbook to reflect progress in "ferro-concrete" structures until - as the book's first editor, Fritz von Emperger (1862-1942), expressed it - the "tempestuous development" in this form of construction came to an end. However, the "Beton-Kalender" quickly became the chosen work of reference for civil and structural engineers, and apart from the years 1945-1950 has been published annually ever since.
Photovoltaics have received increasing attention in the last decade from the research community as well as industry. The PV market has grown at compound annual rates of 20-40%, and new technologies such as thin films based on CdTe and Cu(In,Ge)Se2 have taken a hold in the market. Tremendous research and development innovation in photovoltaics is occurring around the world. Symposium C, 'Advanced Materials Processing for Scalable Solar-Cell Manufacturing', at the 2011 MRS Spring Meeting held April 25-29 in San Francisco, California, provided a forum for exploring advanced materials processing for manufacturing of solar photovoltaics, with new research highlighted by academia and industry (start-ups and large companies) alike.
The aim of this book is to familiarize the reader with the concept of electromagnetic time reversal, and introduce up-to-date applications of the concept found in the areas of electromagnetic compatibility and power systems. It is original in its approach to describing propagation and transient issues in power networks and power line communication, and is the result of the three main editors pioneering research in the area.
Engineers face many challenges in systems design and research. Modeling and Approximation in Heat Transfer describes the approach to engineering solutions through simplified modeling of the most important physical features and approximating their behavior. Systematic discussion of how modeling and associated synthesis can be carried out is included - in engineering practice, these steps very often precede mathematical analysis or the need for precise results.
This essential handbook and ready reference offers a detailed
overview of the existing and currently researched technologies
available for the control of mercury in coal-derived gas streams
and that are viable for meeting the strict standards set by
environmental protection agencies.
A guide to the latest developments in grid dynamics and control and highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids offers a concise and comprehensive review of the most recent developments and research in grid dynamics and control. In addition, the authors present a new style of presentation that highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply. The authors -- noted experts in the field -- offer an introduction to the topic and explore the basic characteristics and operations of the grid. The text also reviews a wealth of vital topics such as FACTS and HVDC Converter controllers, the stability and security issues of the bulk power system, loads which can be viewed as negative generation, the power limits and energy availability when distributed storage is used and much more. This important resource: Puts the focus on the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply Includes modeling and control of wind and solar energy generation for secure energy transfer Presents timely coverage of on-line detection of loss of synchronism, wide area measurements and applications, wide-area feedback control systems for power swing damping and microgrids-operation and control Written for students of power system dynamics and control/electrical power industry professionals, Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids is a comprehensive guide to the recent developments in grid dynamics and control and highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply.
Photovoltaic Design and Installation For Dummies (9781119544357) was previously published as Photovoltaic Design and Installation For Dummies (9780470598931). While this version features a new Dummies cover and design, the content is the same as the prior release and should not be considered a new or updated product. The fun and easy way to get a grip on photovoltaic design and installation Designing and installing solar panel systems is a trend that continues to grow. With 'green collar' jobs on the rise and homeowners looking for earth-friendly ways to stretch their dollars and lesson their carbon imprint, understanding photovoltaic design and installation is on the rise. Photovoltaic Design & Installation For Dummies gives you a comprehensive overview of the history, physics, design, installation, and operation of home-scale solar-panel systems. You'll also get an introduction to the foundational mathematic and electrical concepts you need to understand and work with photovoltaic systems. Covers all aspects of home-scale solar-power systems Viable resource for professionals, students, and technical laymen Can be used to study for the NABCEP exam Whether you're a building professional looking to expand your business and skills to meet the growing demand for solar power installation or are seeking a career in this rapidly expanding field, Photovoltaic Design & Installation For Dummies has you covered!
The book is a review of essential skills that an entry-level or experienced engineer must be able to demonstrate on a job interview and perform when hired. It will help engineers prepare for interviews by demonstrating application of basic principles to practical problems. Hiring managers will find the book useful because it defines a common ground between the student's academic background and the company's product or technology-specific needs, thereby allowing managers to minimize their risk when making hiring decisions. Ten Essential Skills contains a series of "How to" chapters. Each chapter realizes a goal, such as designing an active filter or designing a discrete servo. The primary value of these chapters, however, is that they apply engineering fundamentals to practical problems. The book is a handy reference for engineers in their first years on the job. * Enables recent graduates in engineering to succeed in challenging technical interviews * Written in an intuitive, easy-to-follow style for the benefit of busy students and employers * Book focuses on the intersection between company-specific knowledge and engineering fundamentals * Companion website includes interview practice problems and advanced material
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