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The contents of this book touch on the all major dental biomaterials: polymers, composites, ceramics and metals. The first part introduces the readers to the surface physicochemical and mechanical characterizations at the nanoscopic level, and the use of finite element analysis. The second part discusses dental adhesion, resin-based composites, polymerization contraction stress, impression materials and soft liners for total prosthesis. The third part deals with ceramics in restorative dentistry: zirconia and lithium disilicate, the fractography of dental ceramics, as well as bioglass for bone growth. The fourth part discusses the toxicity of mercury in dentistry, and the use of preventive materials for dental diseases. The concluding part identifies imminent techniques for dental biomaterials, such as additive manufacturing (3D printing), and bioprinting in dentistry.
A comprehensive and authoritative compilation of up-to-date developments in stem cell research and its use in toxicology and medicine * Presented by internationally recognized investigators in this exciting field of scientific research * Provides an insight into the current trends and future directions of research in this rapidly developing new field * A valuable and excellent source of authoritative and up-to-date information for researchers, toxicologists, drug industry, risk assessors and regulators in academia, industry and government
A comprehensive guide to understanding and interpreting digital images in medical and functional applications Biomedical Image Understanding focuses on image understanding and semantic interpretation, with clear introductions to related concepts, in-depth theoretical analysis, and detailed descriptions of important biomedical applications. It covers image processing, image filtering, enhancement, de-noising, restoration, and reconstruction; image segmentation and feature extraction; registration; clustering, pattern classification, and data fusion. With contributions from experts in China, France, Italy, Japan, Singapore, the United Kingdom, and the United States, Biomedical Image Understanding: * Addresses motion tracking and knowledge-based systems, two areas which are not covered extensively elsewhere in a biomedical context * Describes important clinical applications, such as virtual colonoscopy, ocular disease diagnosis, and liver tumor detection * Contains twelve self-contained chapters, each with an introduction to basic concepts, principles, and methods, and a case study or application With over 150 diagrams and illustrations, this bookis an essential resource for the reader interested in rapidly advancing research and applications in biomedical image understanding.
There is a continuous exchange of ideas taking place at the border of the biological and physical sciences in many areas of nanoscience. Nanotechnology uses biomimetic or bio-inspired processes to produce nanosized materials for applications in biology and other fields. In return, the fruits of nanotechnology are applied to expanding areas of biomedical and therapeutic processes, such as new nanostructures and scaffolds for tissue engineering or targeted drug delivery. In this way, nanobiotechnology serves as a bridge between nano and bio, with nanoscale materials providing the building blocks for the construction of the "bridge." Nanobiomaterials: Development and Applications gives you a broad, interdisciplinary view of current developments as well as new findings and applications in bionanomaterials. The book brings together the work of international contributors who are actively engaged at the forefront of research in their respective disciplines.
Organized into four parts, this book explores the preparation and characterization of nanomaterials, new preparation routes of soft nanomaterials using biomolecules, nano- and microscale hybridization of materials, and nanotoxicity. The contributors cover a diverse set of topics, including:
Each chapter is richly illustrated and includes an extensive list of references to guide you toward further research. Combining bionanomaterial development and applications, the book clearly demonstrates the importance of these materials to biotechnology, biomedicine, and environmental remediation. It offers an accessible overview for students, industrial researchers, pharmaceutical innovators, medical and public health personnel, environmental scientists and engineers, and anyone interested in this interdisciplinary field.
This book introduces readers to essential methods and applications in translational biomedical informatics, which include biomedical big data, cloud computing and algorithms for understanding omics data, imaging data, electronic health records and public health data. The storage, retrieval, mining and knowledge discovery of biomedical big data will be among the key challenges for future translational research. The paradigm for precision medicine and healthcare needs to integratively analyze not only the data at the same level - e.g. different omics data at the molecular level - but also data from different levels - the molecular, cellular, tissue, clinical and public health level. This book discusses the following major aspects: the structure of cross-level data; clinical patient information and its shareability; and standardization and privacy. It offers a valuable guide for all biologists, biomedical informaticians and clinicians with an interest in Precision Medicine Informatics.
This book discusses a number of case studies to showcase the translation of research concepts to lab-scale materials development for biomedical applications. The book intends to motivate active researchers to develop new generation biomaterials. This book is meant for readers, who are already familiar with the broad area of biomaterials. The book introduces readers to the field of additive manufacturing of biomaterials and teaches them how to extend this innovative processing approach to a variety of biomaterials for musculoskeletal applications. It covers both in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility and toxicity assessment for a broad range of biomaterials in the context of bone tissue engineering. It works to sensitise researchers in the field of translational biomedical engineering on the importance of clinical trials and discusses the challenges ahead in this important field of research. This book will be useful to clinicians, professionals and researchers alike.
The first edition of the book was written employing mathematical techniques to formulate the physical principles involved in the structural and functional correlates of the underlying physiology.This current and self-contained second edition updates many of the new findings since its first edition a decade ago. It also includes a new chapter on the 'Interaction with the Heart'. The dynamics of the arterial system, the venous system, the microcirculation and their interaction with the heart are quantitatively described in terms of their structures and functions. Clinical measurements, applications to the cardiovascular field and physiological mechanisms are clearly identified throughout the text. Most importantly, worked examples are provided, such that the readers can appreciate the application aspects of the underlying formulation.
Examining how biomedical nanosensors play a central role in the development of diagnostics and therapeutics for the early detection and treatment of diseases, this incisive account asserts that bringing a nanoscale perspective to sensing is expected to allow interrogation of biological systems; detection of ultra small concentration of biomolecules, ions, and molecular interactions; exploration of cellular mechanisms; and integration of nanosensors into many other devices, including implantable devices. Specifically addressing nanomaterials--nanoparticles, nanowires, and nanotubes--as sensing and therapeutic agents, this expansive study also covers selected technologies involving single-molecule and single-particle methods for tracking and reveals why biomedical nanosensors constitute a major new direction in nanomedicine.
This informative book discusses the various spectroscopic techniques applied in the analysis of food and beverages. The respective chapters cover techniques such as Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), FTIR spectroscopy, Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and Thermoluminescence. The book also presents artificial intelligence applications that can be used to enhance the spectral data analysis experience in food safety and quality analysis. Given its scope, the book will appeal to novice researchers and students in the area of food science. It offers an equally exciting read for food scientists and engineers working in the food industry.
This useful volume contains the contributions from the keynote speakers of the BIOMAT 2006 symposium as well as selected contributions in the areas of mathematical biology, biological physics, biophysics and bioinformatics. It contains new results, contributions and comprehensive reviews to the mathematical modeling of infectious diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis and hepatitis B. Mathematical models for physiological disorders including tumors, aneurysms and metabolic diseases are discussed and analyzed.This book also contains original contributions to de novo protein structure prediction and multi-objective optimization techniques applied to protein tertiary structure prediction. DNA evolutionary issues, stem cell biology, dynamics of biologic membranes, reaction-diffusion mechanisms, population dynamics, and bioeconomics are covered and discussed throughout this book.
As the third volume in the author's series on "Biomedical Signals and Sensors," this book explains in a highly instructive way how electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields propagate and interact with biological tissues. The series provides a bridge between physiological mechanisms and theranostic human engineering. The first volume focuses on the interface between physiological mechanisms and the resultant biosignals that are commonplace in clinical practice. The physiologic mechanisms determining biosignals are described from the cellular level up to the mutual coordination at the organ level. In turn, the second volume considers the genesis of acoustic and optic biosignals and the associated sensing technology from a strategic point of view. This third volume addresses the interface between electric biosignals and biomedical sensors. Electric biosignals are considered, starting with the biosignal formation path to biosignal propagation in the body and finally to the biosignal sensing path and the recording of the signal. The series also emphasizes the common features of acoustic, optic and electric biosignals, which are ostensibly entirely different in terms of their physical nature. Readers will learn how these electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields propagate and interact with biological tissues, are influenced by inhomogeneity effects, cause neuromuscular stimulation and thermal effects, and finally pass the electrode/tissue boundary to be recorded. As such, the book helps them manage the challenges posed by the highly interdisciplinary nature of biosignals and biomedical sensors by presenting the basics of electrical engineering, physics, biology and physiology that are needed to understand the relevant phenomena.
This book deals with computational anatomy, an emerging discipline recognized in medical science as a derivative of conventional anatomy. It is also a completely new research area on the boundaries of several sciences and technologies, such as medical imaging, computer vision, and applied mathematics. Computational Anatomy Based on Whole Body Imaging highlights the underlying principles, basic theories, and fundamental techniques in computational anatomy, which are derived from conventional anatomy, medical imaging, computer vision, and applied mathematics, in addition to various examples of applications in clinical data. The book will cover topics on the basics and applications of the new discipline. Drawing from areas in multidisciplinary fields, it provides comprehensive, integrated coverage of innovative approaches to computational anatomy. As well, Computational Anatomy Based on Whole Body Imaging serves as a valuable resource for researchers including graduate students in the field and a connection with the innovative approaches that are discussed. Each chapter has been supplemented with concrete examples of images and illustrations to facilitate understanding even for readers unfamiliar with computational anatomy.
For this ready reference, the internationally renowned authority in the field, Roland Kontermann, has assembled a team of outstanding contributors from industry and academia to convey the worldwide knowledge on modifying therapeutic proteins in order to optimize their pharmacological potential. The result is a comprehensive work covering all approaches and aspects of the topic in one handy volume, making this indispensable reading for companies and research institutions working on the development of biopharmaceuticals.
The book covers the basic science and clinical aspects of cardiovascular calcification and bone mineralization. Cardiovascular calcification is the leading predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, with a predictive value more significant than blood lipid levels. The presence of calcific mineral in cardiovascular tissues alters biomechanical performance, increasing workload on the heart and potentiating atherosclerotic plaque rupture and subsequent heart attack and stroke. This book examines the role of calcification in cardiovascular disease covering topics such as calcification in the atherosclerotic plaques and aortic valves arteries and valves, aortic valve replacement, peripheral artery disease, imaging of early calcification and target discovery. In addition, various forms of ectopic calcification as well as mechanisms of bone mineralization are discussed. Cardiovascular Calcification and Bone Mineralization is an essential resource for clinicians, researchers, and other medical professionals in cardiology, pathology, and biomedical engineering.
This book presents the state of the art of Internet of Things (IoT) from the perspective of healthcare and Ambient Assisted Living (AAL). It discusses the emerging technologies in healthcare services used for healthcare professionals and patients for enhanced living environments and public health. The topics covered in this book include emerging eHealth IoT applications, Internet of Medical Things, health sensors, and wearable sensors for pervasive and personalized healthcare, and smart homes applications for enhanced health and well-being. The book also presents various ideas for the design and development of IoT solutions for healthcare and AAL. It will be useful for bioengineers and professionals working in the areas of healthcare as well as health informatics.
This book celebrates Professor Shu Chien's contributions and achievements in his eight decades of learning, servicing, innovation and creation. The book is composed of tributes written by family, friends, colleagues, students, and trainees, as well as an autobiography by Professor Chien.Professor Chien is one of the most eminent scientists in the world. He is a laureate of US National Medal of Science and Taiwan's Presidential Prize in Life Sciences, as well as members of six American and Chinese Academies. Besides his academic achievements in physiology and biomedical engineering, he has made outstanding contributions through leadership in professional organizations in these disciplines. His dedications to education and teaching have inspired countless young scientists around the world. The tribute articles written by family, friends, colleagues, students, and trainees, together with memorable photographs, provide an excellent summary of how this remarkable person is viewed by others. Professor Chien's autobiography presents his illustrious life history and shares his precious experience and philosophy, resonating with the tributes by others. This book makes a very enjoyable and inspirational reading to everyone.
An important guide that reviews the basics of magnetic biosensor modeling and simulation Magnetic Sensors for Biomedical Applications offers a comprehensive review of magnetic biosensor modelling and simulation. The authors--noted experts on the topic--explore the model's strengths and weaknesses and discuss the competencies of different modelling software, including homemade and commercial (for example Multi-physics modelling software). The section on sensor materials examines promising materials whose properties have been used for sensing action and predicts future smart-materials that have the potential for sensing application. Next, the authors present classifications of sensors that are divided into different sub-types. They describe their working and highlight important applications that reveal the benefits and drawbacks of relevant designs. The book also contains information on the most recent developments in the field of each sensor type. This important book: Provides an even treatment of the major foundations of magnetic biosensors Presents problem solution methods such as analytical and numerical Explains how solution methods complement each other, and offers information on their materials, design, computer aided modelling and simulation, optimization, and device fabrication Describes modeling work challenges and solutions Written for students in electrical and electronics engineering, physics, chemistry, biomedical engineering, and biology, Magnetic Sensors for Biomedical Applications offers a guide to the principles of biomagnetic sensors, recent developments, and reveals the impact of sensor modelling and simulation on magnetic sensors.
Nanotechnology is a budding field and has a pivotal role in sensing. Nanomaterials exist in various forms such as nanoparticles, nanoclusters, nanobelts, and nanospheres. These nanomaterials act as sensing interfaces and immobilization surfaces for various biomolecules such as enzymes, DNA, and antigens. Therefore, the preparation and characterization of these nanoparticles play an important role in sensing devices. This handbook has evolved from the authors' teaching and research experience in the field of nanoparticle biosensing. It encompasses protocols for the synthesis of various forms of metal oxide nanoparticles; study of the various characterizing techniques that help deduce the shape, size, and morphology of these nanoparticles; and applications of these nanoparticles in the field of biosensors. It presents voltammetry techniques such as cyclic, linear wave, wave pulse, and differential pulse voltammetry, throws light on the interactions of nanomaterials and biomolecules, and discusses microfluidic devices, which due to their unique capability of miniaturization fascinate many researchers. It is a practical and user-friendly textbook that introduces the various basic principles and practical information that will help undergraduate and advanced-level students and researchers understand the science behind nanoscale sensing.
This book offers a systematic introduction to the engineering principles and techniques of cavitation in biomedicine on the basis of its physics and mechanism. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, it covers areas of interest ranging from physics and engineering to the biological and medical sciences. Individual chapters introduce the fundamentals of cavitation, describe its characterization, control and imaging techniques, and present cavitation-enhanced thermal and mechanical effects and their applications. Intended as both a reference work for graduate students, and as a guide for scientists and engineers who work with cavitation in biomedicine, it provides a broad and solid foundation of knowledge. The aim is to bridge the different disciplines involved, and to promote cross-discipline research, thus encouraging innovations in the scientific research and engineering applications alike. Dr. Mingxi Wan is a professor at Department of Biomedical Engineering, Xi'an Jiao Tong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China; Dr. Yi Feng works at Department of Biomedical Engineering, Xi'an Jiao Tong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China; Dr. Gail ter Haar is a professor at The Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surry, UK.
Conventional materials technology has yielded clear improvements in regenerative medicine. Ideally, however, a replacement material should mimic the living tissue mechanically, chemically, biologically and functionally. The use of tissue-engineered products based on novel biodegradable polymeric systems will lead to dramatic improvements in health care. The most important materials in development for use in tissue engineering, replacement, and regeneration are based on polymers and on composites reinforced with bioactive ceramics. The first book to address the topic in an integrated manner, Biodegradable Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine presents an extensive description of biodegradable polymers used in medicine and explores their design, development, and processing. The authors discuss the performance of biodegradable systems and the special requirements that should be taken into account when evaluating their biocompatibility. Included are several methodologies for tailoring cell adhesion and proliferation on the surface of biodegradable polymers. This book represents a coordinated effort by outstanding international experts, and provides an integrated, forward-looking perspective. By joining together the most active groups in the field, the editors offer a unified approach, representing diverse fields of study, to produce a revolution in regenerative medicine.
Nanogel-based systems have gained tremendous attention due to their diverse range of applications in tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, biosensors, orthopaedics, wound healing and drug delivery. Nanogels for Biomedical Applications provides a comprehensive overview of nanogels and their use in nanomedicine. The book starts with the synthesis, methods and characterization techniques for nanogel-based smart materials followed by individual chapters demonstrating the different uses of the materials. Applications covered include anticancer therapy, tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment, tissue engineering, gene delivery and targeted drug delivery. The book will appeal to biologists, chemists, and nanotechnologists interested in translation research for personalized nanomedicine for health care.
The unique physico-chemical properties of cationic polymers and their ability to be easily modified make them attractive for many biological applications. As a result there is a vast amount of research focussed on designing novel natural or synthetic cationic polymers with specific biological functionality. Cationic Polymers in Regenerative Medicine brings together the expertise of leading experts in the field to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent advances in cationic polymer synthesis, modification and the design of biomaterials with different structures for therapeutic applications. Chapters cover recent developments in novel cationic polymer based systems including poly(L-lysine), Poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) and cationic triazine dendrimers as well as cationic polymer-coated micro- and nanoparticles and cationic cellulose and chitin nanocrystals. Applications discussed in the book include drug and gene delivery, therapeutics in thrombosis and inflammation as well as gene therapy. Suitable both for an educational perspective for those new to the field and those already active in the field, the book will appeal to postgraduates and researchers. The broad aspects of the topics covered are suitable for polymer chemists interested in the fundamentals of the materials systems as well as pharmaceutical chemists, bioengineering and medical professionals interested in their applications.
This edited book explores the use of technology to enable us to visualise the life sciences in a more meaningful and engaging way. It will enable those interested in visualisation techniques to gain a better understanding of the applications that can be used in visualisation, imaging and analysis, education, engagement and training. The reader will be able to explore the utilisation of technologies from a number of fields to enable an engaging and meaningful visual representation of the biomedical sciences, with a focus in this volume related to anatomy, and clinically applied scenarios. All chapters in this volume feature collaborative and innovative postgraduate research projects from graduate students of the MSc Medical Visualisation and Human Anatomy. This pioneering, world-leading postgraduate taught degree program is a joint partnership degree between the School of Life Sciences within the College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences in the University of Glasgow, and the School of Simulation and Visualisation, The Glasgow School of Art. These chapters truly showcase the amazing and diverse technological applications that have been carried out as part of their research projects.
At the interface of biology, chemistry, and materials science, this
book provides an overview of this vibrant research field, treating
the seemingly distinct disciplines in a unified way by adopting the
common viewpoint of surface science.
A comprehensive reference and teaching aid on tissue engineering--covering everything from the basics of regenerative medicine to more advanced and forward thinking topics such as the artificial liver, bladder, and trachea
Regenerative medicine/tissue engineering is the process of replacing or regenerating human cells, tissues, or organs to restore or establish normal function. It is an incredibly progressive field of medicine that may, in the near future, help with the shortage of life-saving organs available through donation for transplantation.
"Introduction to Tissue Engineering: Applications and Challenges" makes tissue engineering more accessible to undergraduate and graduate students alike. It provides a systematic and logical eight-step process for tissue fabrication. Specific chapters have been dedicated to provide in-depth principles for many of the supporting and enabling technologies during the tissue fabrication process and include biomaterial development and synthesis, bioreactor design, and tissue vascularization. The tissue fabrication process is further illustrated with specific examples for liver, bladder, and trachea. Section-coverage includes an overall introduction of tissue engineering; enabling and supporting technologies; clinical applications; and case studies and future challenges.
"Introduction to Tissue Engineering: "Presents medical applications of stem cells in tissue engineeringDeals with the effects of chemical stimulation (growth factors and hormones)Covers current disease pathologies and treatment options (pacemakers, prosthesis)Explains bioengineering, design and fabrication, and critical challenges during tissue fabricationOffers PowerPoint(R) slides for instructorsFeatures case studies and a section on future directions and challenges
As pioneering individuals look ahead to the possibility of generating entire organ systems, students may turn to this text for a comprehensive understanding and preparation for the future of regenerative medicine.
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