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This textbook focuses on the connections between psychological theory and human resource management within the South African context.
Psychology in the work context 5e is an introductory text for students of industrial and organisational psychology. The book provides a comprehensive conceptual framework for understanding work behaviour and relationships at work and equips the student with a theoretical framework form which to analyse issues in the work place.
The seventh edition of Sociology, Work and Organisation is outstandingly effective in explaining how we can use the sociological imagination to understand the nature of institutions of work, organisations, occupations, management and employment and how they are changing in the twenty-first century.
Intellectual and accessible, it is unrivalled in the breadth of its coverage and its authoritative overview of both traditional and emergent themes in the sociological study of work and organisation. The direction and implications of trends in technological change are fully considered and the book recognises the extent to which these trends are intimately related to changing patterns of inequality in modern societies and to the changing experiences of individuals and families.
Key features of the text are:
This text engages with cutting-edge debates and makes conceptual innovations without any sacrifice to clarity or accessibility of style. It will appeal to a wide audience, including undergraduates, postgraduates and academics working or studying in the area of work and the organisation of work, as well as practitioners working in the area of human resources and management generally.
How does psychological theory help you to understand, shape and influence work behaviour and relationships? How does workplace learning take place? How do you assess workplace values and attitudes? Introduction to Work Psychology 2e features the practical application of theory using relevant workplace examples. Its strength lies in a sound balance between the discussion of psychology, industrial psychology and human resource management. Written in an accessible, academic style, with a focus on African perspectives, examples and indigenous knowledge systems, Introduction to Work Psychology 2e caters for first-year students of industrial psychology at universities, and first-year students of personnel management at universities of technology. Each chapter includes learning objectives; boxed features that illustrate the theory within each chapter; self-assessment tasks for students to measure their progress, and a summary and reflection section that highlights the implications of the theory in practice. This title is suitable for first-year students of industrial psychology at universities, and first-year students of personnel management at universities of technology. New to this edition: There is a greater focus on Africanisation throughout the chapters, with content and theoretical concepts discussed in light of the local context; Complex theoretical concepts are discussed in greater detail to improve understanding; All theoretical concepts, research, data and references have been updated to reflect the latest trends in the market.
'Roger Kneebone is a legend' Mark Miodownik, author of Stuff Matters 'If you want to do anything better, from surgery to embroidery, you can learn something from this book' Christopher Peters, Imperial College London What could a lacemaker have in common with vascular surgeons? A Savile Row tailor with molecular scientists? A fighter pilot with jazz musicians? At first glance, very little. But Roger Kneebone is the expert on experts, having spent a lifetime finding the connections. In Expert, he combines his own experiences as a doctor with insights from extraordinary people and cutting-edge research to map out the path we're all following - from 'doing time' as an Apprentice, to developing your 'voice' and taking on responsibility as a Journeyman, to finally becoming a Master and passing on your skills. As Kneebone shows, although each outcome is different, the journey is always the same. Whether you're developing a new career, studying a language, learning a musical instrument or simply becoming the person you want to be, this ground-breaking book reveals the path to mastery. 'The doctor stitching together medicine and art' Guardian 'Kneebone is our foremost expert on expertise. Expert is a desperately important book at a moment when we've begun to wonder just what we might still be good at' Ken Arnold, Wellcome Collection 'Superbly written, passionately argued and very necessary' Tim Ingold, University of Aberdeen 'Whisper it quietly, but post COVID-19, there is a growing realization that experts do matter' Susan Standring, King's College London
Occupational Psychology: An Applied Approach introduces you to the essential key theories in this area, from motivation and well-being to group roles and individual differences. The book explores the impact of every topic from the perspective of the individual, management, and the organisation as a whole, encouraging you to consider the consultancy process at each stage.
A genuinely student-friendly and engaging introduction to work psychology and organisational behaviour - this textbook offers authoritative content presented in a refreshingly accessible way, packed with real-life examples and ethical dilemmas to start debate and get students thinking critically.
The Psychology Express undergraduate revision guide series will help you to understand key concepts quickly, revise effectively and make sure your answers stand out. Each text is tailored to help you: * Prepare for exams and coursework using sample questions and assessment advice * Maximise your marks and approach exams with confidence * Quickly grasp key research, critical issues and practical applications
From Stephen R. Covey's eldest son come a revolutionary book that will guide business leaders, public figures and their organizations towards unprecedented productivity and satisfaction. Trust, says Stephen M. R. Covey, is the very basis of the 21st century's global economy, but its power is generally overlooked and misunderstood. Covey shows you how to inspire immediate trust in everyone you encounter - colleagues, constituents, the marketplace - allowing you to forego the time-killing and energy-draining check and balance bureaucracies that are so often relied upon in lieu of actual trust.
Forget the old concept of the 9-5. Companies around the world are redesigning the work week to increase efficiency, health and happiness in their workers. A growing number of businesses are shortening their working week to address problems with low productivity, poor mental health and unequal working opportunities. Workers are still paid the same salary for a four-day week and the results are revolutionary. In Shorter, bestselling author Alex Pang studies these trailblazing businesses where managers are reporting their teams to be: - More creative in their problem solving - Happier and with lower stress and anxiety and cases of burn out - More productive Pang will reveal step by step, how they have gone about making these changes, the challenges and solutions and, most importantly, how you can do the same.
What do lace makers share with pulmonary surgeons? Saville Row tailors with molecular scientists? Jazz musicians with fighter pilots? Seemingly, they have little in common, other than being skilled at what they do. But the expert on experts, Professor Roger Kneebone, has spent his life finding the points of connection. As he shows, while the outcome is always different, the journey to expertise is always the same. From 'doing time' as an Apprentice, knowing nothing and learning by copying how things are already done, through setting out on your own as a Journeyman, developing your own voice and taking responsibility for your work, to finally becoming a Master and refining your knowledge through passing it on to future generations, Kneebone articulates a path we're all following - and there's comfort in locating yourself, understanding how far there is to go, and seeing how far you've come. Drawing on cutting-edge research, including his own work with a variety of extraordinary experts from taxidermists to neurosurgeons, and a tradition of learning established in medieval workshops, in this ground-breaking book, Professor Kneebone reveals with colour and panache the symbiotic system that creates and sustains experts, whatever their field, and explains how you can become one yourself, whether you're learning a language, giving a presentation, or simply becoming the person you want to be.
The power of gender difference, not gender equality, is a secret source for success. Some smart businesses are starting to wake up to this fact. This book explores why and how. Properly valuing brain gender diversity in the workplace is one of the biggest and largely untapped sources of competitive advantage for modern businesses. Recent advances in neuroscience provide the key to unlocking it. Modern research shows that there are gender-based differences in the brain - it's just not as simple as a binary between a 'male brain' and 'female brain'. In fact, our brains are like a mosaic where many of the tiles are available in thousands of shades on a spectrum between pink and blue. The problem is that our workplaces tend to be governed by structures, processes and cultures that are practically pure blue. All the brains in the business that are elsewhere on the spectrum cannot thrive as they might, so sources of productivity, creativity and agility go untapped. Anyone who manages people needs to understand how the brain works and the impact it has on how people work together as teams. Anyone who wants to unlock the talent and productivity of all of their people needs to understand how recent findings around male- and female-type brains should shape the way they manage. Leading applied neuroscientists and international corporate coaches Kate Lanz and Paul Brown show you why and how to access all the brains in your business.
The difference between what's possible and what's not is a construct of the human mind, a matter of perspective, and it's one that can be changed. Working Wonders explains the fundamentals that shape the mind: how it builds walls to protect itself and how a person can tear those walls down to tackle challenges that would have previously been discounted as unrealistic. This volume shares case studies featuring people making the impossible a reality and, in doing so, changing the world for the better. On a deeper level and yet still using non-technical language, the book identifies possible neurological and psychosocial mechanisms that limit the brain, and techniques that may open it up to exploring the seemingly unachievable. Praszkier also introduces the concept of 'possibilitivity', a personality trait that reflects the propensity to perceive insurmountable challenges as doable, and concludes by presenting a portfolio of 'Do It Yourself' techniques.
Nursing, by its very nature, involves all the processes of life from birth to death. In response to new consumer needs and demands, health care services are moving more and more into the home, into the community and into alternative settings. A basic knowledge of psychology, communication skills and culture, as well as coping skills, have become vital to render holistic care to the individual, the family and society. 21st Century psychology for nurses: an introduction provides the necessary skills to understand, educate and support patients and clients through painful and unpleasant health situations. 21st Century psychology for nurses introduces six important perspectives in psychology which influence how people respond to their circumstances: behavioural, psychoanalytic, humanistic, neurobiological, cognitive and sociocultural. Each chapter focuses on a different health aspect and includes key terms, interim summaries and critical thinking questions. 21st Century psychology for nurses is aimed at student nurses and caregivers, as well as educators, and was compiled after intensive market research at all the nursing colleges in South Africa. Andrea van Vuren has a BA(Nursing) from the University of Pretoria and postgraduate diplomas in midwifery, nursing education and community nursing science. After becoming a nursing educator, she specialised in the fields of sociology and psychology. She has over 35 years of nursing experience, and has done intensive research on HIV and AIDS and its psychosocial impact on the patient/client, family and community.
Comprehensive yet accessible, this text provides a practical introduction to the skills, attitudes, and methods required to assess the worth and value of human services offered in public and private organizations in a wide range of fields. Students are introduced to the need for such activities, the methods for carrying out evaluations, and the essential steps in organizing findings into reports. The text focuses on the work of people who are closely associated with the service to be evaluated, and is designed to help program planners, developers, and evaluators to work with program staff members who might be threatened by program evaluation.
To date, academics, practitioners and students in South Africa interested in career psychology have had to rely largely on textbooks from the US and Europe. However, politics, economics and prevailing social conditions have had a major influence on the nature, form and direction of this field in South Africa, and while many of these are excellent references, they understandably focus on issues relevant to their own environment. Career psychology in the South African context examines historical and state-of-the-art career practices in career psychology, particularly in relation to conditions in this country. Career psychology in the South African context provides descriptive and critical analyses of career theories and current thought on career development, referring to many published articles both in South Africa and abroad. It gives a South African perspective on the process of career choice, and considers which aspects of overseas practice can be applied locally and which aspects require further research. Additional chapters in this edition include life design, unemployment and the influence of poverty on career choice. Career psychology in the South African context is aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as career practitioners, psychologists, educationists and teacher-counsellors.
Aviation remains one of the most active and challenging domains for human factors and applied psychology. Since 1981, the biennial International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (ISAP) has been convened for the purposes of (a) presenting the latest research on human performance problems and opportunities within aviation systems, (b) envisioning design solutions that best utilize human capabilities for creating safe and efficient aviation systems, and (c) bringing together scientists, research sponsors, and operators in an effort to bridge the gap between research and application. Though rooted in the presentations of the 17th ISAP, held in 2013 in Dayton, Ohio, Advances in Aviation Psychology is not simply a collection of selected proceeding papers. Based upon the potential impact on emerging trends, current debates or enduring issues present in their work, select authors were invited to expand on their work following the benefit of interactions at the symposium. The invited authors include the featured keynote and plenary speakers who are all leading scientists and prominent researchers that were selected to participate at the symposium. These contributions are supplemented by additional contributors whose work best reflects significant developments in aviation psychology. Consequently the volume includes visions for the next generation of air management and air traffic control, the integration of unmanned (i.e. remotely piloted vehicles) into operational air spaces, and the use of advanced information technologies (e.g. synthetic task environments) for research and training. This book is the first in a series of volumes to be published in conjunction with each subsequent ISAP. The aim of each volume is not only to report the latest findings in aviation psychology but also to suggest new directions for advancing the field.
Entrepreneurship is an academic discipline that, despite decades of growth in research and teaching activity lacks a traditionally distinct or common pedagogy. In this book, editors Thomas N. Duening and Matthew L. Metzger explore entrepreneurial identity as a new basis upon which curricula can be constructed for aspiring entrepreneurs. Critically, this perspective is based on the insight that there is a fundamental difference between venture development and entrepreneur development. Unfortunately, most current interventions for aspiring entrepreneurs focus on the former at the expense of the latter. The editors have collected work from an international team of authors with diverse views on how identity theory applies to entrepreneur development. Chapters focus primarily on macro-level identity issues (that is, how do these entrepreneurial archetypes form, persist, and sometimes change) or micro-level identity issues (that is, how can educators and resource providers identify, communicate, and incentivize identity construction among aspiring entrepreneurs). This book provides a general theoretical background and offers numerous suggestions for application and further research. One example of this is the 'For Further Reading' feature at the end of each chapter which is perfect for assisting those who want to delve deeper into various topics. This essential resource will be of interest to researchers, resource providers and students alike.
Conquer the most essential adaptation to the knowledge economy The Fearless Organization: Creating Psychological Safety in the Workplace for Learning, Innovation, and Growth offers practical guidance for teams and organizations who are serious about success in the modern economy. With so much riding on innovation, creativity, and spark, it is essential to attract and retain quality talent--but what good does this talent do if no one is able to speak their mind? The traditional culture of "fitting in" and "going along" spells doom in the knowledge economy. Success requires a continuous influx of new ideas, new challenges, and critical thought, and the interpersonal climate must not suppress, silence, ridicule or intimidate. Not every idea is good, and yes there are stupid questions, and yes dissent can slow things down, but talking through these things is an essential part of the creative process. People must be allowed to voice half-finished thoughts, ask questions from left field, and brainstorm out loud; it creates a culture in which a minor flub or momentary lapse is no big deal, and where actual mistakes are owned and corrected, and where the next left-field idea could be the next big thing. This book explores this culture of psychological safety, and provides a blueprint for bringing it to life. The road is sometimes bumpy, but succinct and informative scenario-based explanations provide a clear path forward to constant learning and healthy innovation. Explore the link between psychological safety and high performance Create a culture where it's "safe" to express ideas, ask questions, and admit mistakes Nurture the level of engagement and candor required in today's knowledge economy Follow a step-by-step framework for establishing psychological safety in your team or organization Shed the "yes-men" approach and step into real performance. Fertilize creativity, clarify goals, achieve accountability, redefine leadership, and much more. The Fearless Organization helps you bring about this most critical transformation.
This is an ideal reference for those looking to understand, study, and practice community engagement and outreach. It discusses the different ways individuals - including faculty, administrators, and management in organizations - engage in their communities. It supplies case studies, best practices, and theoretical approaches to the study of community engagement. Scholars active in this field can use this book as an integration of the current knowledge concerning community engagement and as an inspiration for future research agendas. Whilst directing how to implement effective community engagement practices, the book also facilitates the application of organizational theory to community engagement. It will appeal to academics who are interested in the theoretical background of community engagement.
At present, about 45 million Americans are over the age of 65, and by 2020, one out of every six Americans will be 65 or older. These statistics are reflective of a worldwide phenomenon in developing and developed countries alike unrivalled since the Industrial Revolution.
This edited volume, written by experts in many fields, examines the economic and psychological research on how aging consumers behave, make decisions, and choose in the marketplace. The book takes stock of what is known, identifies gaps and open questions, and outlines an agenda for future research. It covers topics from the individual to the societal level of analysis.
Now in its third edition, Woods and West's The Psychology of Work and Organizations provides students with a complete introduction to how psychology can help us to better understand the world of work and to change it for the better. Work psychology has the potential to help people be more productive and prosperous in their jobs, to derive joy from work, flourish rather than languish as a result of their work lives, and to ensure the effectiveness and adaptability of work organizations. Ensuring organizations support environmental concerns, enable positive approaches to equality, diversity and inclusion, and achieve the benefits of new technologies are key themes of this new edition. The authors address these issues with an engaging, optimistic and very accessible approach.
With the number of international migrants globally reaching an estimated 272 million (United Nations report, September 2019), the need for intercultural training is stronger than ever. Since its first edition, this handbook has evaluated the methodologies and suggested the best practice to develop effective programs aimed at facilitating cross-cultural dialogue and boosting the economic developments of the countries mostly affected by migration. This handbook builds and expands on the previous editions by presenting the rational and scientific foundations of intercultural training and focuses on unique approaches, theories, and areas of the world. In doing so, it gives students, managers, and other professionals undertaking international assignments a theoretical foundation and practical suggestions for improving intercultural training programs.
Compiling extensive research findings with real insights from the business world, this must-read book on performance appraisal explores its evolution from the classic appraisal to its current form, and the methodology behind its progression. Looking forward, Aharon Tziner and Edna Rabenu emphasize that well-conducted appraisals combine a mixture of classic and current, and are here to stay. The book first presents a primer to performance appraisals, covering the role of management, the appraisers, and external and political influences. The authors then present ways to improve the appraisal system through training, methodology and diversification. Consequently, they outline the key questions and opportunities facing the research and business communities, including the rapidly developing technological and democratic workforce. In particular, the authors highlight the need for the creation of a "climate of performance" and innovation in research, for the betterment of both the individual employee and society as a whole. Improving Performance Appraisal at Work is a comprehensive guide for researchers in business and management, human resource management and organizational behavior. The authors cover an extensive array of issues relating to the role of employee performance appraisal, making this book an excellent advisory text for those in professional human resource roles.
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