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At the age of 35 and following the death of her mother from ovarian cancer, Clarissa Foster was found to carry a harmful mutation in the BRCA2 gene which drastically increased her risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. She searched for a book that would help her to understand the full extent of what it meant to carry a harmful mutation, the options available to her to lower her risk and, most importantly, how it would feel to undergo risk-reducing surgery. Finding nothing that answered her needs, she set about reading all the available medical literature and liaising with relevant medical professionals to answer her questions. This book is the result of that research and of the decision she took based on it - to have a bilateral mastectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy. Within the context of her own painful experience of family cancer and of elective surgery, Clarissa explains what the BRCA mutation is, what it signifies, what the individual's choices are and what the fall out can be in terms of a woman's body image, identity and sexual functioning.
This book provides up-to-date coverage of the most relevant topics in the diagnosis and management of craniopharyngiomas. After introductory discussion of natural history and clinical presentation, individual chapters are devoted to pathological and molecular aspects, use of diagnostic imaging techniques, the surgical approach to craniopharyngiomas, radiotherapy and radiosurgery, and associated endocrine disturbances. A particular feature of the book is the detailed attention devoted to the metabolic consequences of the disease and related treatments, including obesity and electrolyte disturbances, and to cognitive alterations. This book will be of value to oncologists, neurosurgeons, and endocrinologists by assisting in diagnostic workup, delivery of appropriate treatment, and management of the serious metabolic and endocrine consequences.
The second edition of this well-received book reflects the state of the art in surgery for malignant bone tumors in children, with a particular focus on epiphysiolysis before excision. With a thorough update, new chapters, a clear presentation of tips and tricks to address complications, as well as supplementary online videos and tutorials, this book addresses the challenges of limb preservation that are posed to the surgeon in this new era of cancer treatment characterized by higher survival rates and longer survival times. The authors are experienced practitioners of Canadell's technique, but the book also explores, thanks to the focused contributions of experts from other fields of medicine, a range of topics from the molecular biology and histological aspects of bone tumors, to the use of imaging techniques and surgical options for epiphyseal preservation. Abundant illustrations and accounts of clinical results make this book an indispensable guide for orthopedic surgeons and pediatric oncologists and give the book an interdisciplinary appeal to practitioners in more general orthopedics, oncology, pediatrics and surgery.
Please visit www.cancerstaging.org for information about content updates and staging forms. The AJCC Cancer Staging Manual is used by physicians and health care professionals throughout the world to facilitate the uniform description and reporting of neoplastic diseases. Proper classification and staging of cancer is essential for the physician to assign proper treatment, evaluate results of management and clinical trials, and to serve as the standard for local, regional and international reporting on cancer incidence and outcome. Significantly expanded and developed by international disease site expert panels, the Eighth Edition AJCC Cancer Staging Manual brings together all the currently available knowledge on staging of cancer at various anatomic sites. In this edition, evidence-based TNM staging is supplemented, as appropriate, by selected molecular markers and newly acquired insights into the molecular underpinnings of cancer. This edition features 12 entirely new staging systems, a wide range of changed or new staging definitions, and a refined emphasis on a personalized-medicine approach. To enhance the print and electronic usability of the cancer staging forms, they are now available exclusively for access and downloading at www.cancerstaging.org. The Eighth Edition AJCC Cancer Staging Manual remains the gold standard reference for oncologists, surgeons, pathologists, radiologists, cancer registrars and medical professionals world-wide to ensure that all those caring for cancer patients are fully versed in the language of cancer staging.
This book provides an insightful analysis of the chemopreventive actions of flavonoids. Flavonoids are naturally occurring constituents of plants that have been traditionally used as anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer medicines. In addition, human consumption of vegetables and fruits with high concentrations of flavonoids is associated with decreased cancer mortalities rates.Flavonoids, Inflammation and Cancer presents an in-depth analysis of the mechanisms by which flavonoids are thought to prevent inflammation and the development of GI and steroid-responsive cancers. In addition, the promise and pitfalls associated with using flavonoids as chemopreventive agents are discussed.This book is an invaluable reference for basic and clinical scientists who are interested in exploring the link between nutrition and cancer.
This book will serve as the preeminent text book on the topic of 'base excision repair', a key DNA repair pathway that protects cells from most spontaneous forms of DNA damage, including oxidative lesions that arise both in the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. The book, which includes contributions from many of the world leaders in the field, provides a detailed description of the molecular mechanisms of base excision repair, as well as its emerging relationship to epigenetic regulation, the aging process and human disease, such as cancer susceptibility, immunological defects and neurological disorders. The book will also cover the state-of-the-art technologies being developed to assess base excision repair capacity among individuals in the population, in addition to the strategies being employed to target base excision repair as part of therapeutic paradigms to eradicate disease, namely cancer.This book represents one of the most extensive efforts to date to cover the topic of 'base excision repair'. It includes chapters by many of the most established investigators in the field, from all over the world.
Cancer Immunology is intended as an up-to-date, clinically relevant review of cancer immunology and immunotherapy. This volume is focused on immunopathology of cancers. The interactions between cancerous cells and various components of the innate and adaptive immune system are fully described. The principal focus, however, is very much on clinical aspects, the aim being to educate clinicians in the clinical implications of the most recent research and new developments in the field. Over the past decade, understanding of the interactions between the immune system and cancerous cells has increased markedly, leading to the development of combinatorial immunotherapeutic strategies to combat cancer. This translational, clinically oriented book will be of special value to clinical immunologists, hematologists and oncologists.
This book is a practical guide to the cryopreservation and transplantation of oocytes, embryos, and ovarian and testicular tissue for fertility preservation. Illustrated with a wealth of figures and photos, it provides updated techniques for clinicians, technicians, and researchers. This book also gives insights into in vitro activation (IVA), in vitro growing (IVG), and in vitro maturation (IVM), with both basic research and future directions. These techniques combined with cryopreservation will improve the chances of reproduction. Cryopreservation is essential to protect fertility in cancer patients who undergo treatment with radioiodine or chemotherapy, which may cause damage to their reproductive organs, and also for primary ovarian insufficiency patients. The book also includes a chapter on the risk of the presence of malignant cells in ovarian tissue. Both editors are pioneering researchers in this field.
Uniquely designed for oncologists and general practitioners, this book offers clinicians comprehensive guidelines when dealing with women at high risk for breast cancer. Written by experts in the field on the cutting edge of this research, the following questions will be answered for the reader by the end of the book: * Who is at elevated risk for breast cancer? * Who should be genetically screened? * When and how often should we obtain imaging? * What type of imaging is adequate? * What medications are available for prevention? * When is surgical intervention appropriate? * What lifestyle changes should be implemented to prevent this disaster? With one in eight women likely to contract breast cancer in her lifetime, the significance of identifying and managing the high-risk patient is evident. Breakthroughs in the identification of genes associated with breast carcinoma, particularly BRCA1 and 2, as well as other risk factors, influence not only how patients are screened, but also how they are treated. Breast Cancer Prevention and Treatment provides a guided approach to prevention of breast cancer in women at elevated risk for this malignancy.
The revolutionary, science-based plan to reclaim your health "You have cancer." These are perhaps the most feared three words that will ever come out of a doctor's mouth, and more and more people are hearing them. Yet most patients (and some doctors) do not realize that lifestyle changes can dramatically reduce risk, assist treatment and improve chances of surviving and even thriving after a diagnosis. Over the course of a major study Servan-Schreiber designed with Dr Lorenzo Cohen at the MD Anderson Cancer Center, six key areas have emerged: love and social support, stress management, rest, movement, nutrition and avoiding environmental toxins. Each plays a role--but it's the synergies created by this potent "Mix of Six" that can bring about real shifts in health and well-being, significantly improving quality of life and positively supporting conventional cancer treatments. Dr. David Servan-Schreiber's Anticancer introduced a revolutionary way to understand and confront cancer, changing the lives of millions around the world. He laid out the principles of integrative care that had allowed him to live many years beyond expectations for his own cancer, but readers have long requested a specific plan to implement his approach. Anticancer Living is that book.
Positron Emission Tomography with Computed Tomography (PET/CT) is a nuclear medicine imaging modality using positron-emitting radiotracers and a combined PET and CT scanner in order to detect and localize high radiotracer signal abnormalities. Although PET has evolved into a diagnostic modality of prime importance in oncology (with the radiotracer (F18-FDG) it was originally envisioned to image and diagnose diseases of the brain and the heart. Lack or limited experience in PET may result in an erroneous interpretation of the findings in this sensitive imaging modality.The existence of various rare cancers has resulted in scanty if not a lack of knowledge about the usefulness of PET in these interesting albeit uncommon maladies. The author, drawing from more than ten years of experience as the chairman/director of the only PET Center in the Philippines, aims to present the most interesting cases he has encountered which may be educational to those beginning their practice or even helpful to veterans of the field whose scope of practice has been limited to the most common and reimbursable indications of an FDG-PET scan."
This book provides a comprehensive update on the state of the art in cancer immunology, which has rapidly evolved from a field of clinical research into an established discipline of oncology. The key recent developments in immuno-oncology are all covered, from the ever-changing immunological and regulatory frameworks to the most promising therapeutic concepts. Themes include combination therapies and personalized medicine, as well as identification of biomarkers to guide the clinical development of new approaches and to pinpoint the optimal treatment for each patient. The book acknowledges the continuing dynamic nature of the field as reflected in the development of next-generation immunotherapies that are already in clinical testing.
"Cancer Immunotherapy Meets Oncology" is dedicated to the lifetime achievements of Christoph Huber, founder and chair of the Association for Cancer Immunotherapy (CIMT). It is also a tribute to those researchers and clinicians who are striving to develop novel diagnostics and tailored immunotherapies for the benefit of cancer patients.
"Renal Neoplasms: An Integrative Approach to Cytopathologic Diagnosis" provides a comprehensive review of cytology and all the morphologic correlates, including their respective limitations, related to a broad spectrum of renal neoplasms with special emphasis on cyto-histo correlation. The book also discusses related usual radiologic appearances, gross features and possible targeted therapies where appropriate. The volume features an integrated approach that provides step-by-step guidance in the morphologic evaluation of renal neoplasms. Furthermore, all chapters are written by experts who deal with this type of specimen in their daily practice and have insights into the pathology as well as the clinical aspects of these tumors.
Illustrated with high quality color microphotographs and formatted for ease of use in the lab, R"enal Neoplasms: An Integrative Approach to Cytopathologic Diagnosis"is a helpful guide to everyday pathology practice, especially for pathologists who rarely encounter this type of specimen."
In the past decade, we have experienced an explosion of new information about cancer therapeutic targets. Many of the targets have been validated by the discovery and approval of new medicines which have been approved for the treatment of cancer. On the heels of these successes, innumerable new targets and new potential therapeutics are being developed by many different groups including government agencies, pharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, academic institutions, and individual investigators. Understanding the expanding "universe" of cancer therapies is therefore becoming impossible and no single source exists which serves as a reference for the involved parties. Further, the interested parties have vastly different areas of expertise, from focused laboratory based science, to clinical research, to corporate and regulatory oversight. The text would be updated every two years, more often depending on pace of change, interest and sales. While useful online, this reference book would likely be kept in hard copy as well.
This book -- a conjoint effort of ocular oncologists, general oncologists, and pathologists -- is a comprehensive source of authoritative information on the subject of ocular and adnexal lymphoma. It covers all aspects, including clinical features, classification, epidemiology, diagnostic evaluation, biopsy techniques, histology and molecular pathology, staging procedures, and treatment methods. Detailed information is provided on primary vitreoretinal and adnexal lymphomas and chapters are also included on rare variants such as T cell lymphoma and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia of the ocular adnexa. The emphasis throughout is on easy readability, and the layout ensures rapid retrieval of information. In order to convey fundamental concepts, numerous tables, clinical photographs, histopathologic microphotographs, and imaging studies (fluorescein and indocyanine angiograms, ultrasonograms, CT scans, and MR images) are included.
An accessible and engaging review of board exam essentials Cardiology Board Review lays the groundwork for board exam success with its instructive and easy-to-read explanations of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease. Breaking topics down into case unknowns, this innovative revision aid provides examples of everyday cardiological issues and then explains how best to address the problem at hand. All content is complemented by clinical images and illustrations, as well as helpful summaries and key points. Featuring 56 different cases, this essential text: Places learning in a practical context. Information about disease states is presented in case-based format which leads to better retention. Covers topics including congenital heart disease, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, valvular heart disease, arrhythmias, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, and more Designed to present important concepts and information in a unique way to complement textbook learning Features electrocardiograms, angiograms, and pressure tracings Is applicable to those working towards certification in Cardiovascular Disease from the American Board of Internal Medicine or preparing for board examinations in other countries Is also suitable for those requiring MOC recertification Features cases on aortic insufficiency, atrial fibrillation, Brugada syndrome, carotid artery disease, myocardial bridging, congenital heart disease, electrolyte abnormalities, apical HCM, mitral regurgitation, RV outflow tract tachycardia, pulmonary hypertension, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, aortic stenosis, atrial myxoma, atrial tachycardia, pulmonic insufficiency, Takotsubo, tricuspid regurgitation, Wolfe-Parkinson-White syndrome, pulmonic stenosis, coronary anomalies, ECG changes of hypothermia, endocarditis, pulmonary embolus, ventricular septal defect, hemodynamics of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, complete heart block, heart failure, coronary artery disease, atrial septal defect, constrictive pericarditis, fractional flow reserve, dextrocardia, STEMI, early repolarization, giant cell myocarditis, peripheral arterial disease, pericardial tamponade, peripheral arterial disease, pericarditis, myocarditis, long QT syndrome, mitral stenosis, tetralogy of Fallot, and supraventricular tachycardia among others. Cardiology Board Review offers fellows a fresh and engaging approach to the information required to achieve success in board examinations.
As the number of patients with colitis-associated cancer (CAC) is on the increase, the purpose of this book is to review the latest topics concerning management of the disease. In recent years, the diagnostic power of endoscopy and molecular pathology has also grown tremendously, as a result of which they now have a far greater influence on the treatment of CAC. At the moment, appropriate monitoring programs for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease remain uncertain. At the same time, the latest findings on DNA methylation and microRNAs hold the promise of making revolutionary changes in these areas. Moreover, recent drug advances in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases have changed surgical indications. On the other hand, the indication of mucosectomy on colorectal cancer in ulcerative colitis and prophylactic abdominoperineal resection for Crohn's disease remain controversial. This book provides the latest information on the remaining issues of CAC from the point of view of expert surgeons.
Tumors often start out as a benign growth, but gradually progress toward the malignant stage over a relatively long period of time. Tumor progression results from accumulated genetic mutations and inheritable epigenetic modifications that enable clonal evolution and selection of new clonal populations of tumor cells with aggressive characteristics including metastasis and therapy resistance. Increasing amounts of experimental evidence suggests that tumor microenvironment play a significant role in directing clonal evolution and determining clonal cell fate, which eventually leads to emergence of malignant tumor cell clones. Hypoxia is the most commonly observed feature of tumor microenvironment. Tumor hypoxia is significantly associated with malignant progression and predicts poor patient outcomes. This book provides detailed and up-to-date treaties on the role of hypoxia as a major driving force in tumor microenvironment to elicit cellular adaptation and clonal selection via genetic mutations and epigenetic modifications, to facilitate cancer stem cell maintenance, to enhance metastasis, to augment therapy resistance, and to evade immune surveillance.
This is a concise, practical, case-based book documenting examples and scenarios that will help you manage challenging clinical issues for patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms. The editors and authors have strived to distil the very latest information in this rapidly advancing field in a way that will help you to update your practice and manage your patients. The key focuses are: diagnosis, both standard and challenging; both day-to-day management as well as special situations such as surgery, thrombotic events and pregnancy; and finally, managing evolving situations with MPN such as progression to acute myeloid leukemia. This book is an outstanding resource that includes a discussion of both classical myeloproliferative neoplasms, such as essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera and myelofibrosis, and also less common disorders such as systemic mast cell disease, hypereosinophilia, MPN/MBS overlap syndromes and atypical CML, amongst others. This book is a practical reference for practitioners, hematologists, medical oncologists and trainees.
This book presents the illustrated version of the "TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours, Seventh Edition," promoting the uniform application of the TNM classification in cancer practice. Now featuring beautiful, useful full-color medical artwork, this book is designed as an aid for the practical application of the TNM classification system by illustrating the T and N categories in clear, easily understood graphics. The aim of this presentation is twofold: to reach a more standardized understanding and documentation of the anatomic spread of tumours, and to further enhance the dissemination and use of the TNM classification.
This new edition of Handbook of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology: Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland features practical guidance on how to handle common inpatient and outpatient challenges seen in pediatric hematology and oncology. Designed as a rapid reference to the latest diagnostic and therapeutic protocols, the text is short and didactic and supplemented with practical algorithms and case studies throughout. Completely revised and updated, there are brand-new chapters on subjects including bone marrow transplantation, pain management and palliative care. Comprehensive, yet concise, the handbook presents essential guidelines on the diagnosis and management of the most common pediatric blood disorders and malignancies, in addition to chemotherapeutic drug information and transfusion protocols. Designed for medical students, residents, and fellows, this user- friendly portable reference is also the perfect companion on the ward for pediatric hematology and oncology nurses.
The "Abtropfung" theory that nevi develop through the migration of nevus cells from the epidermis to the dermis prevailed for almost a century until the "Hochsteigerung" theory postulated the reverse pattern of migration. Most recently, however, new insights gained from epidemiology, cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of nevi, dermoscopy and confocal microscopy, and cellular and molecular studies have brought into question both of these theories. This book provides a comprehensive guide to current knowledge about nevogenesis by presenting these latest advances and in addition discusses issues yet to be resolved. It will assist practicing physicians in effectively managing patients with a variety of nevi and will also be of great value to researchers in the field. Importantly, since nevi are associated with an increased risk of melanoma, understanding nevogenesis may help to unravel some of the mysteries of melanomagenesis.
The book you can trust to support you at every stage of your treatment - and beyond Professor Trisha Greenhalgh, an academic GP, and Dr Liz O'Riordan, a Consultant Breast Cancer Surgeon, are not only outstanding doctors, but they have also experienced breast cancer first-hand. The Complete Guide to Breast Cancer brings together all the knowledge they have gathered as patients and as doctors to give you and your family a trusted, thorough and up-to-date source of information. Designed to empower you during your breast cancer treatment, it covers: -Simple explanations of every breast cancer treatment -Coping with the emotional burden of breast cancer -Frank advice about sex and relationships -Staying healthy during and after treatment -Dealing with the fear of recurrence -Living with secondary breast cancer Packed full of all the things the authors wished they'd known when they were diagnosed, and tips on how to cope with surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and beyond, this is the only book you need to read to guide you through your breast cancer diagnosis. 'A much needed guide which is both humane and based on robust evidence.' - Macmillan Cancer Support
Drawing on an extensive series of cases, this book describes and illustrates in detail the FDG-PET/CT appearances of the most common lymphomas in both adults and children, covering presentations at various anatomic sites. In addition, all other aspects of the current application of FDG-PET/CT in the evaluation and management of patients with malignant lymphomas are described. Full explanations are provided of the potential benefits and limitations of advanced PET/CT techniques and technologies that support novel chemotherapy and radiotherapy approaches in the treatment of lymphoma, and particular attention is paid to the major challenge of incorporating progress in quantitative imaging technology into radiotherapy treatment planning, guidance, and monitoring. This clinical case-based atlas will be an invaluable tool for radiologists, hematologists, and clinical oncologists.
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