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This open access book presents a strong philosophical, theoretical and practical argument for the mainstreaming of indigenous knowledge in curricula development, and in teaching and learning across the African continent. Since the dawn of political independence in Africa, there has been an ongoing search for the kind of education that will create a class of principled and innovative citizens who are sensitive to and committed to the needs of the continent. When indigenous or environment-generated knowledge forms the basis of learning in classrooms, learners are able to immediately connect their education with their lived reality. The result is much introspection, creativity and innovation across fields, sectors and disciplines, leading to societal transformation. Drawing on several theoretical assertions, examples from a wide range of disciplines, and experiences gathered from different continents at different points in history, the book establishes that for education to trigger the necessary transformation in Africa, it should be constructed on a strong foundation of learners' indigenous knowledge. The book presents a distinct and uncharted pathway for Africa to advance sustainably through home-grown and grassroots based ideas, leading to advances in science and technology, growth of indigenous African business and the transformation of Africans into conscious and active participants in the continent's progress. Indigenous Knowledge and Education in Africa is of interest to educators, entrepreneurs, policymakers, researchers and individuals engaged in finding sustainable and strategic solutions to regional and global advancement.
Africa's rapid population growth and urbanisation has made its socioeconomic development a global priority. But as China ramps up its assistance in bridging Africa's basic infrastructure gap to the detriment of institutions building, warnings of a debt trap have followed. Building upon an extensive body of evidence, the editors argue that developing institutions and infrastructure are two equally desirable but organisationally incompatible objectives. In conceptualising this duality by design, a new theoretical framework proposes better understanding of the differing approaches to development espoused by traditional agencies, such as the World Bank, and emergent Chinese agencies. This new framing moves the debate away from the fruitless search for a 'superior' form of organising, and instead suggests looking for complementarities in competing forms of organising for development. For students and researchers in international business, strategic and public management, and complex systems, as well as practitioners in international development and business in emergent markets.
International business (IB) research on Asian firms is on the rise, focusing on Japan, China and other countries and potentially enriching theory development and practice. The rise of Asian firms has challenged conventional theories and provided opportunities for IB researchers to address several paradoxical issues such as ownership advantage, risk-return, and the flying geese hypothesis. Moreover, researchers would benefit from paying attention to multi-level analysis, the role of history 'vis-a-vis' culture, and the variance across countries at different levels of economic development. Multinationals and Global Consumers is a collection of articles written by leading scholars on IB research in Asia and addresses some of these problems in several key areas of IB research including Multinationals and Organizational Management, International Business and FDI, Marketing and Consumer Behavior, and furnish meaningful implications for practice and future research.
Innovation is about ideas that make life better. But what does it really take to deliver innovative propositions? And what separates companies that drive their industries forward from those that simply talk the talk? This book takes you inside the minds of the world's most effective innovators to answer these questions and more. In real stories from industries as diverse as healthcare, finance, technology, and telecommunications, business leaders reveal what it takes to bring new products and services to life. They weigh in on the big debates: how to design an innovative organization of diverse voices, how to protect and grow ideas so they succeed, and how to tune corporate radar to inspiration and turn the signals received into new value. An essential resource for leaders, aspiring leaders and students of entrepreneurship, business management, HRM, technology and innovation management, and design thinking, the book enables the reader to: Hear from leaders with direct responsibility for innovating in a wide range of industries and learn how they do it See how to structure for innovation, gain momentum inside an organization and use ideas to shift companies and industries Gain insight into what innovators look for when they sense the environment and learn to avoid common pitfalls and misconceptions that stop great ideas coming to life Approach innovation in a more balanced way with the 6 Building Blocks helping you prioritize execution and value delivery from inspiration to implementation
Now in its third edition, this is the only outsourcing and offshoring book to offer a broad but coherent guide to the strategy, operations and management of ITO and BPO outsourcing and offshoring, from how to source new relationships to managing business processes in a national and global context.
Diverse in economic development, political and mass media systems, the countries in Southeast Asia cast a unique light on the parallels between development-cum-participative communication and corporate social responsibility. In our globalized environments, knowledge of power, culture and the colonial histories that influence and shape business and governance practices are increasingly important. Focusing on six countries-Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam-the book discusses how public relations (PR) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) discourse are constructed, interpreted, communicated and enacted in this diverse emerging region. By connecting the disparate disciplines of participatory and development communication with PR and CSR discourse, this innovative text explores the tensions between concepts of modernity and traditional values and their role in engendering creativity, compliance or resistance. This book will be of interest to researchers, educators and advanced students in the fields of public relations, communication, corporate social responsibility, corporate communications and Southeast Asia studies.
Experiences of Emerging Economy Firms investigates the different elements of the experiences of emerging economy firms and sheds essential light on a large variety of aspects associated with their functioning in both home and host contexts.
This handbook makes a unique contribution to the fields of organizational psychology and human resource management by providing comprehensive coverage of the contemporary field of employee recruitment, selection and retention. It provides critical reviews of key topics such as job analysis, technology and social media in recruitment, diversity, assessment methods and talent management, drawing on the work of leading thinkers including Melinda Blackman, Nancy Tippins, Adrian Furnham and Binna Kandola. The contributors are drawn from diverse backgrounds and a wide range of countries, giving the volume a truly international feel and perspective. Together, they share important new work which is being undertaken around the globe but is not always easily accessible to real-world practitioners and students.
Twenty-seven international scholars and business leaders analyse the challenges facing business ethics in China: the role of different ethical traditions, the creation of ethical corporate cultures, corruption and the lack of confidence, consumption patterns and income distribution, globalization, WTO and information technology, to name a few.
Value chain trade has challenged economic implications of conventional trade statistics and transformed bilateral trade relationships into multilaterals. Conventional trade statistics exaggerate trade volumes and bilateral trade imbalances. It is imperative to measure trade in value-added and examine trade relations in the context of global value chains. This book is a collection of research papers on new approaches to measure trade in value added and the role of global value chains in modern international trade. It introduces the input output method for measuring trade and a direct approach for measuring the domestic value added of the People's Republic of China - the center of global assembly. In addition, it shows how to analyze trade relations in the context of global value chains.
Through a series of case studies and surveys, the authors examine current sustainability trends in outsourcing and recommend how providers should prepare for increasing buyer demands in this area, suggesting buyers and providers can work together to build successful outsourcing relationships through collaborative sustainability projects.
A window into the highly complex Indian luxury market, providing strategies to guide brands in entering this high potential market and capturing the luxury rupee. It sets out to uncover strategies that will help to avoid market failure and leverage opportunities to win in India.
While globalization of the Japanese economy has been advancing with astounding speed, significant differences remain between the management philosophy and techniques used within Japanese companies and those used in the West. These include the significant differences in the use of capital budgeting techniques, economic and political assessment of projects, decision-making styles, and techniques of corporate governance. Furthermore, Keiretsu (interlocking shareholdings) still plays an important role in the financing of companies in Japan. Such differences have a momentous impact on decision-making processes within companies.This case book illustrates many of the key differences that exist in the realm of corporate governance and finance. As one of the very few casebooks written in English on Japanese corporations, this book offers valuable insights into Japan's unique business culture.
Product recalls spanning toys, children's products, food, pet food, and automobiles have increased dramatically in the recent past. Consequently, the safety of imported products has been pushed to the top of the agenda for companies, consumers, and governments. It has often been argued that recalls occur due to differences among national standards, cost pressures and opportunistic behavior by companies. However, analysis of US toy recalls over a 20 year period reveals that the key to decreasing recalls and harm from defective products lies in improving product designs, learning from recalls and swiftly acting on incidents. Together, these point to the inherent dangers in the disaggregation of value chain and the need to effectively manage those dangers.
Most business leaders struggle mightily when transitioning from working in the U.S. or any modern country to working in Shanghai, Dubai, Nairobi or Pune. Despite organizational efforts to facilitate this transition through training and coaching, leaders often find themselves bewildered and frustrated by the unwritten and often unacknowledged cultural dictates of a given country. These leaders struggle with everything from motivating direct reports to getting deals done. They discover that their best practices have little to do with the practices that have been ingrained in societies for thousands of years. This book is written to provide inside information about working outside traditional business environments. It presents nine rules that will serve leaders well no matter where they're stationed--Asia, South America, the Middle East and elsewhere. As readers will discover, these rules are not taught in typical global leadership courses. Instead, they have emerged from the work of the authors with leading companies in foreign countries or from our efforts to coach others in all parts of the globe.
India is one of the largest food and grocery markets in the world and a large consumer of food products. Despite having a rich raw material base for food products, high food price inflation is becoming a major challenge facing the country. There is a shortage of supply due to issues in the food supply chain. The food supply chain is fragmented and only seven per cent of the perishable products are being processed. To counter this, the Indian government is offering several incentives to private and foreign investors in the food processing sector reflecting the government's intention to attract investment. The large and unsaturated Indian market has attracted a number of foreign companies yet the country has not been able to be a part of their global production networks. There is a need for reforms in the food supply chain to enable India to reach out to its unrealised potential. Given this background, this report examines the opportunities and potential for international businesses in the food supply chain of India. The report tries to make international businesses better acquainted with the Indian market by providing detailed information about the central and state governments' policies on the food supply chain. It highlights the barriers faced by international businesses in India and suggests a go-to-market strategy for international businesses. The report identifies the current and potential gains for India from the entry of foreign businesses and makes policy recommendation based on a clear understanding of the expectations and experiences of international businesses in India and global best practices.
What does global justice look like, and how can leadership help get us there? The contributors explore justice in various spheres: citizenship, the marketplace, health, education, and the environment. And they provide creative and constructive moral approaches for evaluating and promoting global justice.
This book explores different topics in the field of female entrepreneurship, such as motivational factors of female entrepreneurs, career perspectives of women, social female enterprises, tourism and hospitality, and emotional and institutional support of female entrepreneurial initiatives in the perspective of different transitional countries.
This book is a timely study in light of the resurgence of resource nationalism that is currently occurring in several resource-rich, developing countries. It moves away from the traditional explanations for the disappointing economic performance of resource-rich, developing countries, notably those advanced by key researchers.
This text provides the theoretical framework on how to manage crises in organizations. The authors connect crisis management theories with practical examples from Chinese companies and it contributes to better crisis management not only in Chinese organizations, but also in organizations from other countries.
The Japanese management style is unique compared with those in the U.S. and Europe as is the overseas operation for Japanese companies. This book demonstrates the three essences for successful overseas operations that global enterprises as well as Japanese companies possess.
What makes some international firms and managers successful and why do others fail? What can firms and managers do to adjust to the specific local business environment? Can we observe patterns that could guide the adjustment strategies of multinational enterprises (MNEs) and managers charged with succeeding in a global context? To answer these questions, the editors start with the belief that location and actors matter in addition to the 'home and abroad' context in which the MNEs and managers operate. As yet another phase of development dawns -- post financial crisis -- in which globalization is a given and still in progress, the urgency increases to learn how MNEs, managers and governments can increase efficiency, minimize failure and maximize success. This volume proposes cultural hybridization of organizations and managers as well as ascertaining the resources necessary for the effective interface of national, regional, and international networks.
This volume discusses continuous improvement strategies of Japanese convenience store operators. The study highlights the efforts of companies operating under lean management systems to identify new, dynamic, firm-specific capabilities in highly competitive markets.
In recent years China and India have captured the world's imagination and many foreign investors are now seeking to capitalize on opportunities in these countries. Yet, negotiation in India and China poses its own set of challenges for foreign investors and they will need to be shrewd, patient, and exercise perseverance if they are to succeed in these markets. The authors highlight the key differences between the two societies and show how these differences affect the negotiating style in each culture. The two countries differ in many respects. China is a Confucian based society while India's cultural legacy is that of Hinduism. China is an authoritarian state while India is democratic. China was never subject to foreign domination of the sort that India experienced. These differences have had a profound impact on their negotiating style and this book analyses the key aspects of such a style and the most appropriate strategies for negotiating in these environments.
This book provides insight into a region which is characterized by rapid economic and social changes with a significant rise in foreign direct investments and privatization. Analysis covers political, legal, economic and social trends, and topics such as the influence of informal networks and corruption, as well as cultural diversity.
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